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South America (Geographic Keyword)

1-25 (1,151 Records)

The 2014 Excavations at Cerro Tortolita, an Early Intermediate Period Ceremonial Center in the Upper Ica Valley. (2015)

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Citation DOCUMENT Kevin Vaughn. Michiel Zegarra. Beth Grávalos.

[tDAR id: 396561] This paper reports on the 2014 field season at Cerro Tortolita, a predominantly Early Intermediate Period (EIP) site in the Upper Ica Valley. While the site has been known archaeologically for at least four decades, no systematic investigation has ever been undertaken there. Our work documented the numerous sectors of the site and through vertical excavations established a preliminary chronology. We found that the site has an extensive ceremonial/ritual component including a U-shaped platform...


The 2014 Excavations at the Early Horizon Period Ceremonial Complex of Cosma, Ancash, Peru (2015)

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Citation DOCUMENT Kimberly Munro.

[tDAR id: 397362] The Cosma Archaeological Complex was first documented during a survey in the summer of 2013, outside of the small community of Cosma, Peru. Cosma is located 2600 M.A.S.L at the headwaters of the Nepeña river valley, in the Department of Ancash. This past season was the first to map and excavate within the site complex, which includes three Early Horizon temple mounds, a domestic area, and a hilltop fortress. The 2014 work focused on the main mound of Karecoto, a multistoried ceremonial mound,...


3D Archaeology at MAE/USP (Brazil): Practices and Perspectives (2017)

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Citation DOCUMENT Carolina Guedes.

[tDAR id: 429148] The use of digital photogrammetry and 3D scanning as tools for archaeological heritage record, analysis and dissemination has increased markedly in recent years. Using these technologies a post-doctoral project is currently in progress at the Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology (MAE) of São Paulo University, Brazil with the scope to document, record and analyse the animal stone figurines collection at the Museum. The objects are threefold: 1) to use photogrammetry and 3D scanner technologies to...


4,000 years of animal translocations: Mocha Island and its zooarchaeological record (2017)

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Citation DOCUMENT Roberto Campbell. Ismael Martínez.

[tDAR id: 430485] Islands are territories that allow us to assess phenomena and processes in a way that is impossible to do in the mainland. One of these concerns the human interaction with animals that are usually considered as wild. The case of Mocha Island (Chile; South Pacific, 38,36°S) is remarkable because of its small size (50 km2), proximity to the mainland (30 km), three different and independent human occupation events, and an endemic terrestrial fauna constituted only by small reptiles, amphibians,...


Abundance of Protein in Amazonia: a Reply To Gross (1979)

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Citation DOCUMENT Stephen Beckerman.

[tDAR id: 111886] This resource is a citation record only, the Center for Digital Antiquity does not have a copy of this document. The information in this record has been migrated into tDAR from the National Archaeological Database Reports Module (NADB-R) and updated. Most NADB-R records consist of a document citation and other metadata but do not have the documents themselves uploaded. If you have a digital copy of the document and would like to have it curated in tDAR, please contact us at comments@tdar.org.


Accelerating History and Bayesian Models: The Rapid Emergence of Agropastoralism and the Tiwanaku State in the Lake Titicaca Basin, South America (2017)

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Citation DOCUMENT Erik Marsh.

[tDAR id: 430507] Long-term cultural change can be non-linear and punctuated by brief episodes of accelerating history. Such episodes, or emergent phenomena, have been described by a diverse set of theoretical approaches such as complexity theory, complex adaptive systems, panarchy, resilience theory, "eventful" sociology and archaeology, and the Annales School of History. These episodes can result in profound, lasting changes for large groups of people, but can happen too fast to be clearly documented without...


Adaption & Ethnozoological Classification: Theoretical Implications of Animal Resources and Diet of the Quaruna and Haumbisa. in Adaptive Responses of Native Amazonians (1983)

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Citation DOCUMENT Brent Berlin. Elois Ann Berlin.

[tDAR id: 177115] This resource is a citation record only, the Center for Digital Antiquity does not have a copy of this document. The information in this record has been migrated into tDAR from the National Archaeological Database Reports Module (NADB-R) and updated. Most NADB-R records consist of a document citation and other metadata but do not have the documents themselves uploaded. If you have a digital copy of the document and would like to have it curated in tDAR, please contact us at comments@tdar.org.


Adding Fuel to the Fire: An Ethnoarchaeological study of Fire amongst the Asurini of Xingu, Brazilian Amazon (2016)

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Citation DOCUMENT Caroline Caromano. Rui Murrieta.

[tDAR id: 404926] Research conducted in the Amazon point to the importance of anthropic fire in the history of people and the forest itself, being a common element in traditional agriculture and responsible for changes in ecosystems and soil productivity. Despite its importance, fire is not subject to systematic study in Amazonian archaeology. Few efforts are made in actively searching for evidences of its use in archaeological contexts, being such evidences documented opportunistically when casually observed...


Adequacy of Kayapo Ecological Adjustment (1968)

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Citation DOCUMENT J. Bamburger.

[tDAR id: 111669] This resource is a citation record only, the Center for Digital Antiquity does not have a copy of this document. The information in this record has been migrated into tDAR from the National Archaeological Database Reports Module (NADB-R) and updated. Most NADB-R records consist of a document citation and other metadata but do not have the documents themselves uploaded. If you have a digital copy of the document and would like to have it curated in tDAR, please contact us at comments@tdar.org.


Adolf Bandelier’s 1892-1894 Expedition to the Central Coast of Peru (2017)

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Citation DOCUMENT Stacy Dunn.

[tDAR id: 430487] Adolf Francis Alphonse Bandelier (1840-1914) was an ethnologist and archaeologist best known for his work in the American Southwest. What is less well-known is Bandelier’s later years studying the ancient Andes, such as his 1892-1894 expedition on the central coast of Peru. Due to an unstable political environment, he moved his expedition to the Bolivian highlands and instead wrote about highland myths. Shortly thereafter, he passed away while pursuing historical sources in Seville, Spain to...


Adventures Amidst the Equatorial Forests and Rivers of South America; Also in the West Indies and Florida (1891)

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Citation DOCUMENT Villiers Stuart.

[tDAR id: 124805] This resource is a citation record only, the Center for Digital Antiquity does not have a copy of this document. The information in this record has been migrated into tDAR from the National Archaeological Database Reports Module (NADB-R) and updated. Most NADB-R records consist of a document citation and other metadata but do not have the documents themselves uploaded. If you have a digital copy of the document and would like to have it curated in tDAR, please contact us at comments@tdar.org.


Aeolian Geoforming at a Preceramic Mound in Coastal Peru (2017)

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Citation DOCUMENT Ani St. Amand. Daniel Sandweiss. Alice Kelley.

[tDAR id: 429965] Los Morteros is a preceramic mound located on the North Coast of Peru composed of anthropogenic structures interlayered with aeolian deposits. A study combing multidisciplinary approaches and methodologies was used to evaluate the hypothesis of mound construction through intentional aeolian sand deposition via manipulation of strong winds across the desert environment. Wind velocities were measured across the site and in the surrounding valley. A complex wind model was created utilizing these...


After 3,000 years, the enduring site of Potrero Mendieta is still overlooking the Jubones River Basin (2016)

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Citation DOCUMENT Miriam Domínguez.

[tDAR id: 404890] The archaeological study of intercultural encounters in the context of a geographically interstitial zone, such as the Jubones River Basin in present-day Ecuador, elucidates the interconnectedness of multiple historical processes and evaluates the notion that such convergences have existed since antiquity. Preliminary archaeological fieldwork and analysis of the material culture from Potrero Mendieta revealed monumental architecture, and ceramic and lithic traditions that denote cultural...


Agent Based Models of Ache Foraging and Grouping (2015)

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Citation DOCUMENT Kim Hill. Marco Janssen. Eric Fisher. Curtis Marean.

[tDAR id: 396824] We show using detailed environmental and behavioral data from the Ache of Paraguay that agent based modeling can simulate correctly many aspects of human foraging behavior. We then show how this modeling technique can be used on projected paleolandscapes in the Cape Coastal Region between Blombos Cave and Pinnacle Point to predict diet, movement patterns, group size, population density, and other aspects of the behavioral ecology of human foragers in the region. SAA 2015 abstracts made...


Agricultural Landscapes in Northern Argentina (2015)

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Citation DOCUMENT María Albeck.

[tDAR id: 396007] Quebrada de Humahuaca is an important gorge in northwest Argentina, which lies between the altiplano-like puna to the west and the forested lowlands to the east. It has a long and interesting agricultural history spanning nearly three millennia from the settlement of the first farmers to the present. The prehispanic archaeological landscapes are best preserved in the northern part of Quebrada de Humahuaca, due to the strong erosional processes that cut deep into geological sediments. On the...


Agriculturas formativas del desierto tarapaqueño. (2015)

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Citation DOCUMENT Alejandra Vidal Elgueta. Magdalena García. Jorge Razeto. Pablo Mendez-Quirós. Mandakovic Valentina.

[tDAR id: 397071] Se discuten los nociones de progreso y complejidad social arraigados en la concepción del Formativo, a partir de la evidencia de antiguos campos de cultivo, hoy en desuso, asociados a las aldeas formativas (sensu. 1000 a.C- 1000 d.C) de Caserones, Pircas, Ramaditas y Guatacondo, localizadas en la región de Tarapacá, Chile. Se presentan la coexistencia de al menos dos sistemas agrícolas diferenciados, uno que denominamos continuo o anual y otro discontínuo o estacional que requirieron del manejo...


Agriculture and Civilization the Coast of Peru: In: the Evolution of Horticultural Systems in Native South America: Causes and Consequences (1961)

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Citation DOCUMENT D. Collier.

[tDAR id: 127787] This resource is a citation record only, the Center for Digital Antiquity does not have a copy of this document. The information in this record has been migrated into tDAR from the National Archaeological Database Reports Module (NADB-R) and updated. Most NADB-R records consist of a document citation and other metadata but do not have the documents themselves uploaded. If you have a digital copy of the document and would like to have it curated in tDAR, please contact us at comments@tdar.org.


Agriculture and Empire in the High-Altitude Atacama Desert (2015)

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Citation DOCUMENT Frances Hayashida. Andrés Troncoso. Diego Salazar. César Parcero-Oubiña. Pastor Fábrega-Álvarez.

[tDAR id: 396006] How did prehispanic farmers make a living in the hyperarid, high-altitude Atacama Desert, and how did their lives and landscapes change under different political regimes? In this paper, we discuss our ongoing project on irrigated landscapes in the interfluvial region between the Upper Loa and Salado rivers in northern Chile. Research has focused on two sites (Paniri and Topaín) with remarkably well preserved spring-fed canal and terrace systems and a residential and administrative center...


Agriculture is a state of mind- the Andean potato’s unending domestication (2015)

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Citation DOCUMENT Christine Hastorf.

[tDAR id: 395656] Most scholars agree that territoriality and commitment to a landscape participated in the domestication syndrome and agriculture. The geophyte Solanum, the potato, is a particularly engaging crop to study domestication origins, being a stem tuber, with wild species growing throughout the Andes of South America, it is only with recent genetic research that we know its likely location of domestication. Wild potatoes continue to be found in potato fields today, aiding the diverse varieties still...


Agriculture Roles in Landscapes and Taskcapes: An Interdisciplinary Approach from Northwestern Argentina (2015)

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Citation DOCUMENT Maria Alejandra Korstanje. Marcos Quesada. Mariana Maloberti.

[tDAR id: 396008] Traditionally, the Agriculture of the Formative Period (1000 BC-100 AD), was conceived as technologically simple and spatially reduced. However, this simplicity is reconsidered when we take into account that these technologies made possible the practice of agriculture in desert environments with eroded and underdeveloped soils, during millennia. Our research in El Bolsón valley, which is a high basin in western Catamarca, allowed us to know in detail some peasant practice as the irrigation...


Alero las Quemas, a key site for the study of human occupations of Andean forest in Patagonia (Aisén, Chile). (2015)

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Citation DOCUMENT César Méndez. Omar Reyes. Amalia Nuevo Delaunay. Héctor Velásquez. Valentina Trejo.

[tDAR id: 397344] The hunter-gatherer occupation of the Andean forests is a major issue for understanding the variability of human adaptations in Patagonia. The paucity of sites at key locations and the incomplete understanding of the climate-human dynamics undermine the full comprehension of the exploration and colonization of such habitats. We present recent work on Alero Las Quemas, a rock shelter with occupations starting at 6110 cal BP, currently located in the forest-steppe transition of the Aisén region...


Alfarería en las fronteras de La Quebrada de Humahuaca, Jujuy, Argentina (Ceramics at the borders of the Humahuaca Quebrada, Jujuy Argentina) (2015)

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Citation DOCUMENT Veronica Acevedo.

[tDAR id: 396354] Los materiales cerámicos arqueológicos polícromos denominados "vírgulas o comas " tienen una amplia pero desigual distribución espacial y son hallados en cantidades limitadas en sitios arqueológicos de las regiones de Puna central y Quebrada de Humahuaca, Jujuy, Noroeste de la República Argentina. Estas regiones mantienen límites ambientales y geográficos fronterizos. En el pasado los habitantes de ambas zonas sostenían una fluida comunicación, mantenido formas identitarias diferentes entre el...


Algunas consideraciones acerca del orígen y de la organización social de los Chachapoya (2015)

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Citation DOCUMENT Klaus Koschmieder.

[tDAR id: 395956] Hasta el momento dos aspectos importantes sobre los antiguos Chachapoya no fueron discutidos de manera satisfactoria. Se trata del orígen y de la organización social de este grupo prehistórico que pobló un territorio extenso al este del río Maranhon (Perú) antes de estar dominado por los inca y los espanholes. La aparición súbita de numerosas poblaciones Chachapoya durante el Intermedio Tardío deja suponer que fueron inmigrantes, los cuales dejaron su tierra natal por razones todavía...


ALIMENTACIÓN Y SOCIEDAD. PALEODIETA DE UNA POBLACIÓN MUISCA DE LA SABANA DE BOGOTÁ, EL CASO DE TIBANICA – SOACHA (2015)

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Citation DOCUMENT Lucero Aristizabal Losada.

[tDAR id: 394997] El presente estudio fue llevado a cabo combinando información arqueológica, bioantropológica y análisis químico de hueso, específicamente de isótopos estables en una muestra muisca del sur de la sabana de Bogotá. Como objetivo principal se buscó la reconstrucción de la dieta antigua de la sociedad muisca tardía asentada en Tibanica y su relación con aspectos sociales. Específicamente, la investigación estuvo orientada a comparar la relación isotópica de una muestra de 200 individuos con el fin...


Alterations in South American Oral Health Through the Colonial Period: The Story of Ancient DNA Trapped Within Dental Calculus (2017)

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Citation DOCUMENT Laura Weyrich. Keith Dobney. Alan Cooper.

[tDAR id: 431014] Interpreting the evolutionary history of bacterial communities within the human body (microbiota) is key to understanding the origin of many modern diseases. The link between humans and their microbiota can also be exploited to examine and track the extent and severity of human adaptation to the environment and impacts on health. Here, we utilize a shotgun sequencing approach to examine ancient DNA preserved within dental calculus from a wide range of ancient South Americans (n=162)....

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Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America