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South America (Geographic Keyword)

1-25 (839 Records)

The 2014 Excavations at Cerro Tortolita, an Early Intermediate Period Ceremonial Center in the Upper Ica Valley. (2015)

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Citation DOCUMENT Kevin Vaughn. Michiel Zegarra. Beth Grávalos.

[tDAR id: 396561] This paper reports on the 2014 field season at Cerro Tortolita, a predominantly Early Intermediate Period (EIP) site in the Upper Ica Valley. While the site has been known archaeologically for at least four decades, no systematic investigation has ever been undertaken there. Our work documented the numerous sectors of the site and through vertical excavations established a preliminary chronology. We found that the site has an extensive ceremonial/ritual component including a U-shaped platform...


The 2014 Excavations at the Early Horizon Period Ceremonial Complex of Cosma, Ancash, Peru (2015)

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Citation DOCUMENT Kimberly Munro.

[tDAR id: 397362] The Cosma Archaeological Complex was first documented during a survey in the summer of 2013, outside of the small community of Cosma, Peru. Cosma is located 2600 M.A.S.L at the headwaters of the Nepeña river valley, in the Department of Ancash. This past season was the first to map and excavate within the site complex, which includes three Early Horizon temple mounds, a domestic area, and a hilltop fortress. The 2014 work focused on the main mound of Karecoto, a multistoried ceremonial mound,...


Abundance of Protein in Amazonia: a Reply To Gross (1979)

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Citation DOCUMENT Stephen Beckerman.

[tDAR id: 111886] This resource is a citation record only, the Center for Digital Antiquity does not have a copy of this document. The information in this record has been migrated into tDAR from the National Archaeological Database Reports Module (NADB-R) and updated. Most NADB-R records consist of a document citation and other metadata but do not have the documents themselves uploaded. If you have a digital copy of the document and would like to have it curated in tDAR, please contact us at comments@tdar.org.


Adaption & Ethnozoological Classification: Theoretical Implications of Animal Resources and Diet of the Quaruna and Haumbisa. in Adaptive Responses of Native Amazonians (1983)

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Citation DOCUMENT Brent Berlin. Elois Ann Berlin.

[tDAR id: 177115] This resource is a citation record only, the Center for Digital Antiquity does not have a copy of this document. The information in this record has been migrated into tDAR from the National Archaeological Database Reports Module (NADB-R) and updated. Most NADB-R records consist of a document citation and other metadata but do not have the documents themselves uploaded. If you have a digital copy of the document and would like to have it curated in tDAR, please contact us at comments@tdar.org.


Adding Fuel to the Fire: An Ethnoarchaeological study of Fire amongst the Asurini of Xingu, Brazilian Amazon (2016)

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Citation DOCUMENT Caroline Caromano. Rui Murrieta.

[tDAR id: 404926] Research conducted in the Amazon point to the importance of anthropic fire in the history of people and the forest itself, being a common element in traditional agriculture and responsible for changes in ecosystems and soil productivity. Despite its importance, fire is not subject to systematic study in Amazonian archaeology. Few efforts are made in actively searching for evidences of its use in archaeological contexts, being such evidences documented opportunistically when casually observed...


Adequacy of Kayapo Ecological Adjustment (1968)

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Citation DOCUMENT J. Bamburger.

[tDAR id: 111669] This resource is a citation record only, the Center for Digital Antiquity does not have a copy of this document. The information in this record has been migrated into tDAR from the National Archaeological Database Reports Module (NADB-R) and updated. Most NADB-R records consist of a document citation and other metadata but do not have the documents themselves uploaded. If you have a digital copy of the document and would like to have it curated in tDAR, please contact us at comments@tdar.org.


Adventures Amidst the Equatorial Forests and Rivers of South America; Also in the West Indies and Florida (1891)

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Citation DOCUMENT Villiers Stuart.

[tDAR id: 124805] This resource is a citation record only, the Center for Digital Antiquity does not have a copy of this document. The information in this record has been migrated into tDAR from the National Archaeological Database Reports Module (NADB-R) and updated. Most NADB-R records consist of a document citation and other metadata but do not have the documents themselves uploaded. If you have a digital copy of the document and would like to have it curated in tDAR, please contact us at comments@tdar.org.


After 3,000 years, the enduring site of Potrero Mendieta is still overlooking the Jubones River Basin (2016)

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Citation DOCUMENT Miriam Domínguez.

[tDAR id: 404890] The archaeological study of intercultural encounters in the context of a geographically interstitial zone, such as the Jubones River Basin in present-day Ecuador, elucidates the interconnectedness of multiple historical processes and evaluates the notion that such convergences have existed since antiquity. Preliminary archaeological fieldwork and analysis of the material culture from Potrero Mendieta revealed monumental architecture, and ceramic and lithic traditions that denote cultural...


Agent Based Models of Ache Foraging and Grouping (2015)

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Citation DOCUMENT Kim Hill. Marco Janssen. Eric Fisher. Curtis Marean.

[tDAR id: 396824] We show using detailed environmental and behavioral data from the Ache of Paraguay that agent based modeling can simulate correctly many aspects of human foraging behavior. We then show how this modeling technique can be used on projected paleolandscapes in the Cape Coastal Region between Blombos Cave and Pinnacle Point to predict diet, movement patterns, group size, population density, and other aspects of the behavioral ecology of human foragers in the region. SAA 2015 abstracts made...


Agricultural Landscapes in Northern Argentina (2015)

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Citation DOCUMENT María Albeck.

[tDAR id: 396007] Quebrada de Humahuaca is an important gorge in northwest Argentina, which lies between the altiplano-like puna to the west and the forested lowlands to the east. It has a long and interesting agricultural history spanning nearly three millennia from the settlement of the first farmers to the present. The prehispanic archaeological landscapes are best preserved in the northern part of Quebrada de Humahuaca, due to the strong erosional processes that cut deep into geological sediments. On the...


Agriculturas formativas del desierto tarapaqueño. (2015)

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Citation DOCUMENT Alejandra Vidal Elgueta. Magdalena García. Jorge Razeto. Pablo Mendez-Quirós. Mandakovic Valentina.

[tDAR id: 397071] Se discuten los nociones de progreso y complejidad social arraigados en la concepción del Formativo, a partir de la evidencia de antiguos campos de cultivo, hoy en desuso, asociados a las aldeas formativas (sensu. 1000 a.C- 1000 d.C) de Caserones, Pircas, Ramaditas y Guatacondo, localizadas en la región de Tarapacá, Chile. Se presentan la coexistencia de al menos dos sistemas agrícolas diferenciados, uno que denominamos continuo o anual y otro discontínuo o estacional que requirieron del manejo...


Agriculture and Civilization the Coast of Peru: In: the Evolution of Horticultural Systems in Native South America: Causes and Consequences (1961)

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Citation DOCUMENT D. Collier.

[tDAR id: 127787] This resource is a citation record only, the Center for Digital Antiquity does not have a copy of this document. The information in this record has been migrated into tDAR from the National Archaeological Database Reports Module (NADB-R) and updated. Most NADB-R records consist of a document citation and other metadata but do not have the documents themselves uploaded. If you have a digital copy of the document and would like to have it curated in tDAR, please contact us at comments@tdar.org.


Agriculture and Empire in the High-Altitude Atacama Desert (2015)

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Citation DOCUMENT Frances Hayashida. Andrés Troncoso. Diego Salazar. César Parcero-Oubiña. Pastor Fábrega-Álvarez.

[tDAR id: 396006] How did prehispanic farmers make a living in the hyperarid, high-altitude Atacama Desert, and how did their lives and landscapes change under different political regimes? In this paper, we discuss our ongoing project on irrigated landscapes in the interfluvial region between the Upper Loa and Salado rivers in northern Chile. Research has focused on two sites (Paniri and Topaín) with remarkably well preserved spring-fed canal and terrace systems and a residential and administrative center...


Agriculture is a state of mind- the Andean potato’s unending domestication (2015)

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Citation DOCUMENT Christine Hastorf.

[tDAR id: 395656] Most scholars agree that territoriality and commitment to a landscape participated in the domestication syndrome and agriculture. The geophyte Solanum, the potato, is a particularly engaging crop to study domestication origins, being a stem tuber, with wild species growing throughout the Andes of South America, it is only with recent genetic research that we know its likely location of domestication. Wild potatoes continue to be found in potato fields today, aiding the diverse varieties still...


Agriculture Roles in Landscapes and Taskcapes: An Interdisciplinary Approach from Northwestern Argentina (2015)

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Citation DOCUMENT Maria Alejandra Korstanje. Marcos Quesada. Mariana Maloberti.

[tDAR id: 396008] Traditionally, the Agriculture of the Formative Period (1000 BC-100 AD), was conceived as technologically simple and spatially reduced. However, this simplicity is reconsidered when we take into account that these technologies made possible the practice of agriculture in desert environments with eroded and underdeveloped soils, during millennia. Our research in El Bolsón valley, which is a high basin in western Catamarca, allowed us to know in detail some peasant practice as the irrigation...


Alero las Quemas, a key site for the study of human occupations of Andean forest in Patagonia (Aisén, Chile). (2015)

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Citation DOCUMENT César Méndez. Omar Reyes. Amalia Nuevo Delaunay. Héctor Velásquez. Valentina Trejo.

[tDAR id: 397344] The hunter-gatherer occupation of the Andean forests is a major issue for understanding the variability of human adaptations in Patagonia. The paucity of sites at key locations and the incomplete understanding of the climate-human dynamics undermine the full comprehension of the exploration and colonization of such habitats. We present recent work on Alero Las Quemas, a rock shelter with occupations starting at 6110 cal BP, currently located in the forest-steppe transition of the Aisén region...


Alfarería en las fronteras de La Quebrada de Humahuaca, Jujuy, Argentina (Ceramics at the borders of the Humahuaca Quebrada, Jujuy Argentina) (2015)

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Citation DOCUMENT Veronica Acevedo.

[tDAR id: 396354] Los materiales cerámicos arqueológicos polícromos denominados "vírgulas o comas " tienen una amplia pero desigual distribución espacial y son hallados en cantidades limitadas en sitios arqueológicos de las regiones de Puna central y Quebrada de Humahuaca, Jujuy, Noroeste de la República Argentina. Estas regiones mantienen límites ambientales y geográficos fronterizos. En el pasado los habitantes de ambas zonas sostenían una fluida comunicación, mantenido formas identitarias diferentes entre el...


Algunas consideraciones acerca del orígen y de la organización social de los Chachapoya (2015)

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Citation DOCUMENT Klaus Koschmieder.

[tDAR id: 395956] Hasta el momento dos aspectos importantes sobre los antiguos Chachapoya no fueron discutidos de manera satisfactoria. Se trata del orígen y de la organización social de este grupo prehistórico que pobló un territorio extenso al este del río Maranhon (Perú) antes de estar dominado por los inca y los espanholes. La aparición súbita de numerosas poblaciones Chachapoya durante el Intermedio Tardío deja suponer que fueron inmigrantes, los cuales dejaron su tierra natal por razones todavía...


ALIMENTACIÓN Y SOCIEDAD. PALEODIETA DE UNA POBLACIÓN MUISCA DE LA SABANA DE BOGOTÁ, EL CASO DE TIBANICA – SOACHA (2015)

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Citation DOCUMENT Lucero Aristizabal Losada.

[tDAR id: 394997] El presente estudio fue llevado a cabo combinando información arqueológica, bioantropológica y análisis químico de hueso, específicamente de isótopos estables en una muestra muisca del sur de la sabana de Bogotá. Como objetivo principal se buscó la reconstrucción de la dieta antigua de la sociedad muisca tardía asentada en Tibanica y su relación con aspectos sociales. Específicamente, la investigación estuvo orientada a comparar la relación isotópica de una muestra de 200 individuos con el fin...


Alternative Strategies in Confronting Looting and Trafficking in Defense of Peruvian Portable Heritage. (2015)

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Citation DOCUMENT Alvaro Higueras.

[tDAR id: 395971] In this presentation I aim to address two issues: first, the state of looting and trafficking of monumental and portable heritage in Peru today, and, second, to propose new strategies to contribute to solving the problem of looting and trafficking. The novel strategies I propose are only part of the solution: they should be compounded and should help strengthen the effectiveness of old, tried and partially successful enforcement strategies. The diversification of options is urgent amidst...


Amazon Economics: the Simplicity of Shipibo Indian Wealth (1980)

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Citation DOCUMENT R. Bergman.

[tDAR id: 177110] This resource is a citation record only, the Center for Digital Antiquity does not have a copy of this document. The information in this record has been migrated into tDAR from the National Archaeological Database Reports Module (NADB-R) and updated. Most NADB-R records consist of a document citation and other metadata but do not have the documents themselves uploaded. If you have a digital copy of the document and would like to have it curated in tDAR, please contact us at comments@tdar.org.


An Amazonian Crossroads: Results from Pilot Fieldwork on the Xingu-Amazon Confluence, Brazil (2016)

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Citation DOCUMENT Anna Browne Ribeiro. Helena Pinto Lima.

[tDAR id: 404381] The mouth of the Xingu River was an important Lower Amazonian crossroads in colonial-historic times, as attested to in documentary sources. However, little is known about the rich precolumbian past evinced by extensive terra preta (anthropogenic black earth) and abundant artifact deposits. Here, we present research aimed at understanding the longue durée of the spatial articulation of cultural and natural systems. Sited at the entrance to the Xingu River, Carrazedo was a prominent...


Amazonian Landscapes: the characteristics of anthropic landscapes in the Middle Xingu River (Pará, Brazil) from pre-colonial to Contemporary times (2016)

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Citation DOCUMENT Eliane Faria.

[tDAR id: 403256] Based on a historical ecology approach, this work aims to investigate interactions between indigenous societies and the natural environment expressed in landscape changes through the analyses of their long term occupation of the Middle Xingu River. My goal is to show the specificities of the indigenous settlements in the region considering the multiple aspects of this process in the human settlement of Amazonia. Although not producing great changes in the landscape, small groups of...


Amazonian mounds. When Human sciences met Earth sciences (2016)

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Citation DOCUMENT Stéphen Rostain.

[tDAR id: 403252] Because the subject of the archaeological study disappears nowadays and exists only as traces, it is necessary to diversify the points of view to comprehend the past. The interdisciplinary approach helps to interpret better the human and natural components of the environment. On the basis of two Amazonian cases, from French Guiana and from Ecuador, it will be shown how cooperation between various disciplines improves considerably the interpretation. The first case concerns thousands of small...


America's Yesterday (1937)

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Citation DOCUMENT F. Martin Brown.

[tDAR id: 256310] This resource is a citation record only, the Center for Digital Antiquity does not have a copy of this document. The information in this record has been migrated into tDAR from the National Archaeological Database Reports Module (NADB-R) and updated. Most NADB-R records consist of a document citation and other metadata but do not have the documents themselves uploaded. If you have a digital copy of the document and would like to have it curated in tDAR, please contact us at comments@tdar.org.

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