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Mesoamerica (Geographic Keyword)

1-25 (1,436 Records)

13th Baktun Rebirth at Izapa: discovery vistas with new technologies in applied structural archaeology are writing Preclassic history (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT Garth Norman.

[tDAR id: 397681] Norman's latest "Izapa Sacred Space" book (2013; in English and Spanish) will be introduced, highlighting shared culture contacts near and far. Izapa popularity peaked at the end of 2012 and is being rekindled with the 13th baktun zenith sun (August 13) and new year (Sept 21) calendar monuments and applied technologies. New Izapa civilization discoveries in Preclassic Mesoamerican history have been examined with Reflectance Transformation Imaging (RTI) digital imaging technology recording of...

14C and Maya Long Count Dates: Refining the Approach to Classic Maya Chronologies (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT Gerardo Aldana.

[tDAR id: 405256] In 2013, an innovative study applied Bayesian statistical analysis to new AMS 14C samples taken from a Classic Maya lintel originating at Tikal. Because the lintel was inscribed with a Maya Long Count date, the authors argued that the results of their study confirmed the Calendar Correlation Constant known as the GMT. There are, however, two key problems with this new study and its conclusions. The first is an error of interpretation of the hieroglyphic text; the second is the questionable...

14C and Maya Long Count dates: using Bayesian modeling to develop robust site chronologies (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT Gerardo Aldana.

[tDAR id: 398237] Bayesian Statistics has now demonstrated its strong utility in archaeology, specifically through software that conditions radiocarbon data. Only recently has this technology been applied within Maya archaeology, however, in part because the Mayan calendar provides a much greater resolution in dating archaeological events than is possible with radiocarbon data. The Long Count in particular allows for the assignment of some events relative to each other, accurate to the day. In this paper, a...

The 16th Century Merchant Community of Santa Maria Acxotla, Puebla (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT Kenneth Hirth. Sarah Imfeld. Colin Hirth.

[tDAR id: 395702] Although merchants were an important component of the prehispanic and post-conquest landscape, not much is known about the internal organization of merchant groups and the structure of their respective communities. This paper examines the size, composition, and internal organization of the small merchant community of Santa Maria Acxotla located in the Puebla-Tlaxcala basin of highland Mexico. Census data collected 39 years after the conquest suggests that specialized merchant communities...

1996 BC Report (1996)

DOCUMENT Thomas Guderjan. David Driver. Heather Clagett. Helen Haines.

[tDAR id: 372675] The Blue Creek project is marked by a broadening research design which remains focused on understanding the Blue Creek site core while, at the same time, allowing us to expand our forays into other sites and other issues. While past seasons have been marked by revolutionary changes in how we perceive Blue Creek, this year was marked by an increased depth of understanding. The year, we began shifting focus to the residential and agricultural aspects of the Blue Creek community as well as the...

1998 and 1999 BC Report (1999)

DOCUMENT Thomas Guderjan.

[tDAR id: 372687] This report represents the efforts of the Blue Creek Archaeological Project during the 1998 and 1999 field seasons. The Blue Creek Project is a constantly evolving and growing research effort with the central goal of understanding the history, structure, and dynamics of the ancient Maya City of Blue Creek

2004 Season Summaries of The Blue Creek Regional Political Ecology Project, Upper Northwestern Belize (2004)

DOCUMENT Kerry Sagebiel. Tim Beach. Sheryl Luzzadder-Beach. Jon Lohse. Jimmy Barrera. Antonio Padilla. Jason Gonzalez.

[tDAR id: 372984] 2004 SEASON SUMMARIES OF THE BLUE CREEK REGIONAL POLITICAL ECOLOGY PROJECT: Blue Creek Regional Political Ecology Project Ceramic Report: 2004 Season Kerry Lynn Sagebiel Blue Creek 2004 Field Season Report: Geomorphology, Pollen, and Hydrology Investigations Timothy Beach, Ph.D., and Sheryl Luzzadder-Beach. Ph.D 2004 Season Excavations in the Gran Cacao Ballcourt, Northwestern Belize Jon C. Lohse, Ph.D., Jimmy Barrera, and Antonio Padilla 2004 Ixno’ha Excavation...

2008 Radiocarbon Dating Analyses (2008)

DOCUMENT Veronica Perez Rodriguez.

[tDAR id: 426552] 2008 Radiocarbon Analyses for Samples RGT 14C 2, RGT 14 C3, Tiltepec BR. 14-C-1

2014 Radiocarbon Data report (2014)

DOCUMENT Veronica Perez Rodriguez.

[tDAR id: 426553] 2014 radiocarbon data report

3,065 Sherd Disks and their Potential Uses in Calixtlahuaca in the Toluca Valley (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT Kea Warren.

[tDAR id: 397201] Among the artifacts found at the site of Calixtlahuaca, excavations recovered an unusually large quantity of sherd disks. Calixtlahuaca is an Aztec Postclassic (AD 1130-1530) site located in the Toluca Valley of Central Mexico. These sherd disks, or tejos, were created from bowls and pots broken during antiquity. The potsherds were worked until they were circular in shape. Other researchers have suggested potential uses for these worked sherds, including gaming tokens (for the game patolli), net...

360 grados. Uso y función de las estructuras circulares de la zona costera de la sierra de Santa Marta, Los Tuxtlas, Ver. (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT Marimar Becerra Alvarez.

[tDAR id: 404120] La arquitectura es una forma de expresión cultural producto de la abstracción humana, a través de ella el hombre materializa ciertas ideas y va modificando su entorno para construir paisajes que son determinados por los procesos históricos y que responden a sus necesidades funcionales, prácticas y estéticas. En la zona costera de la Sierra de Santa Marta se tiene el registro de pequeñas estructuras arquitectónicas superficiales de forma circular asociadas a los sitios portuarios de la costa. En...

3D Digitization of Spindle Whorls from Pre-Contact Central Mexico (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT Holly Neville. Tiffany Birakis.

[tDAR id: 404322] Three-dimensional digitization technology is opening up a new world of opportunities for the analysis and manipulation of artifacts without the risk of extraneous handling of the original, which could compromise preservation. This poster examines the practice of digital scanning on a collection of Mesoamerican spindle whorls at the South Florida Museum in Bradenton, Florida, discussing the hardware and software used for digitization, as well as the process of creating accurate three-dimensional...

A 3D Landscape Analysis of Stelae Visibility at Copan, Honduras (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT Heather Richards-Rissetto. Michael Auer. Jennifer von Schwerin. Nicolas Billen.

[tDAR id: 396904] From the early 5th to early 9th centuries, a dynasty of sixteen kings ruled at the ancient Maya site of Copan, Honduras. In the mid-7thth century, Chan Imix K'awiil or Ruler 12, is believed to be the first of Copan’s rulers to erect stelae outside the city’s main civic-ceremonial group. Why did he do this? Did these stelae exist as solar markers? Did they serve as territorial markers? Or, were they part of a communication system? Scholars have set forth these and other hypotheses, to explain the...

Acknowledging Anonymous Artists: Examining the Painted Stucco Facade from a temple at Kiuic, Yucatan (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT Melissa Galvan. Betsy Kohut.

[tDAR id: 403118] Excavations in the main plaza of Kiuic in Yucatan, Mexico, revealed the presence of a dismantled stucco façade south of the temple it once adorned. The façade dates to the temple’s initial Late Classic construction (600-800 AD) and is thought to have been stripped from it during a second construction phase in the Terminal Classic (800-1000 AD). Preliminary analysis of the deposit provided insight into the methods used to sculpt the stucco revealing its theme to have been a historic-narrative...

Acrobatic Games of Mesoamerica (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT Gerardo Gutierrez.

[tDAR id: 394875] In this paper I examine the context and performance of acrobatic games in Mesoamerica using archaeological, ethnohistorical, and ethnographic representations of contorsionists, tightrope walkers, equilibrists, dancers on stilts, jugglers, and participants in rotational devices, like the Palo Volador and the Huahua. I underline the importance of acrobatic games in ritual festivities and secular events where improvisational and professional performers staged spectacles and played tricks designed...

Activity Area Analysis of Elite and Commoner Spaces in the Ancient Maya City of Actuncan, Belize (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT Lisa LeCount. Kara A. Fulton. David W. Mixter. E. Christian Wells. Thomas R. Jamison.

[tDAR id: 403181] This report describes the results of a geochemical analysis of nearly 1,000 samples from earthen and plaster surfaces at Actuncan, a prehispanic Maya city in western Belize. Studies of the social, political, and economic relationships between elites and commoners demonstrate that the lived experiences of both groups were dramatically different. However, we know little about how social roles and relationships impacted the organization and daily use of domestic and public spaces. Multivariate...

Activity Area Analysis of Terminal Classic period Civic Architecture at Actuncan, Belize (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT David Mixter.

[tDAR id: 404500] Researchers have long hypothesized that the 9th century Maya collapse resulted in the end of divine kingship as the dominant political form in the southern Maya Lowlands. In post-royal settlements, tall pyramids and labyrinthine palace spaces are deemphasized in favor of more publically-accessible open courtyards and broad platforms. Some scholars have argued for the increasing prevalence of council houses based on architectural layouts and the iconography of sculptural programs. However, little...

Advances and changes in the surveying and mapping of Guatemalan archaeology aided by new information technologies (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT Rodrigo Guzman.

[tDAR id: 395045] Guatemalan archaeology is benefiting from new technologies for the monitoring and measurement of spatial information. Traditionally, archaeologists have relied on specialists in mapping and surveying to record spatial data and use it as the basis for the study of distribution of cultural traits. However, advances in mapping technology which allow non-specialists to collect multiple data points in shorter amounts of time is greatly aiding archaeologists working at sites in Guatemala. Other...

Album of Maya Architecture (1958)

Citation DOCUMENT Tatiana Proskouriakoff.

[tDAR id: 86213] This resource is a citation record only, the Center for Digital Antiquity does not have a copy of this document. The information in this record has been migrated into tDAR from the National Archaeological Database Reports Module (NADB-R) and updated. Most NADB-R records consist of a document citation and other metadata but do not have the documents themselves uploaded. If you have a digital copy of the document and would like to have it curated in tDAR, please contact us at

Algarrobos_Laja_Path Shapefile (2010)

GEOSPATIAL Karen Holberg.

[tDAR id: 391399] The aim of the LEAP projects was to publish multi-layered e-publications and develop and link them to associated digital archives. The original LEAP project was funded by the AHRC while the LEAP II, A Trans-Atlantic LEAP, was supported by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation. This shapefile is part of a 2011 LEAP II project "Placing immateriality: situating the material of highland Chiriquí" by Karen Holberg. All files associated with this record must be downloaded to ensure that the shapefile...

All the Underworld’s a Stage: Ancient Maya Ritual Stages of Xibalba (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT Cameron Griffith. Brent Woodfill.

[tDAR id: 398356] Ancient Maya rulers dramatically gave offerings to the gods and ancestors on behalf of the local population, and the spectacle was central to the maintenance of the social hierarchy. Some of these public ceremonies took place in in the subterranean realm of Xibalba, from the vantage point of visible, elevated areas within cave sites. The actors using the ritual stages described in this paper, whether from large urban centers or smaller villages in the countryside, would have used the...

Alta Vista (Chalchihuites), Astronomical Implications of a Mesoamerican Ceremonial Outpost at the Tropic of Cancer (1982)

Citation DOCUMENT Anthony F. Aveni. H. Hartung. J. C. Kelley.

[tDAR id: 111539] This resource is a citation record only, the Center for Digital Antiquity does not have a copy of this document. The information in this record has been migrated into tDAR from the National Archaeological Database Reports Module (NADB-R) and updated. Most NADB-R records consist of a document citation and other metadata but do not have the documents themselves uploaded. If you have a digital copy of the document and would like to have it curated in tDAR, please contact us at

Alternative Mexico: a Mobile Application to Preserve Contemporary Heritage Values (2016)

DOCUMENT Sandra L. Lopez Varela.

[tDAR id: 404341] “Alternative Mexico” is a mobile application drawing from the need to preserve and promote contemporary heritage resources that are of great value to its citizens. After more than a century of infrastructure building and promotion of urban lifeways to become a modern country, the experience has resulted in the appropriation of modern spaces and behaviors by Mexico’s citizens, with the inevitable creation of new heritage values. These new heritage resources oppose the national definition of...

Amacuzac archaeological project. (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT Juan Sereno-Uribe.

[tDAR id: 405009] Arqlgo. Pablo Sereno Uribe. INAH Guerrero. The Chimalacatlán archaeological project has focused its research in the southern section of the state of Morelos. Initially, this archaeological site was excavated by the archaeologist Florencia Müller in 1943. The first actions developed by the Chimalacatlan archaeological project centered on the conservation and restoration of the different buildings along the site, focusing on those buildings that were extremely damaged. Subsequently, several...

America's Yesterday (1937)

Citation DOCUMENT F. Martin Brown.

[tDAR id: 256310] This resource is a citation record only, the Center for Digital Antiquity does not have a copy of this document. The information in this record has been migrated into tDAR from the National Archaeological Database Reports Module (NADB-R) and updated. Most NADB-R records consist of a document citation and other metadata but do not have the documents themselves uploaded. If you have a digital copy of the document and would like to have it curated in tDAR, please contact us at