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Archaic (Temporal Keyword)

1-25 (32 Records)

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Ancestors in Cosmologies (2010)

DOCUMENT [ID: 4789] Linda Cordell. David Freidel. Kelley Hays-Gilpin. Tim Pauketat. Christine VanPool.

This article discusses the role of ancestors in New World cosmologies. Specifically, it gives examples of how ancestors mediate cosmologies through sensory experiences, things, and places. In Eastern North America, ancestors were engaged in posts, bundles, stars, mounds, and temples. In the American Southwest, “conceptual packages” of wind, water, and breath represented the cosmological force shared by humans, ancestors, and places. Mesoamericans transformed the dead into ancestors by...


Archaic Hunters and Gatherers In the American Midwest (1983)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 81270] James L. Phillips. James A. Brown.

This resource is a citation record only, the Center for Digital Antiquity does not have a copy of this document. The information in this record has been migrated into tDAR from the National Archaeological Database Reports Module (NADB-R) and updated. Most NADB-R records consist of a document citation and other metadata but do not have the documents themselves uploaded. If you have a digital copy of the document and would like to have it curated in tDAR, please contact us at comments@tdar.org.


Botanical Resources: Pollen (1985)

DATASET [ID: 6242] Uploaded by: Jesse Clark

The pollen dataset contains basic provenience data for each pollen sample collected. These data are accompanied by taxonomic classification and the grain count per taxon. Detailed locational information can be obtained by linking this dataset with the provenience dataset. Variables for the corn dataset have already been described by Wilshusen et al. (1999). In most cases, their descriptions are suitable for use as metadata and have been repeated almost verbatim here. Selected resources from the...


Chronometric Dating (1985)

DATASET [ID: 6206] Uploaded by: Jesse Clark

The results of chronometric analysis on special specimen samples collected for dating can be found in this dataset. Samples are linked to basic provenience data such as site and field specimen number. The temporal range for each sample will be indicated by variables for earliest and latest dates. These variables give the innermost and outermost dates of wood submitted for dendrochronological dating and their corresponding Tree-Ring Lab symbols indicating how close the date provided is to the...


Cosmology in the New World

PROJECT [ID: 4670] Santa Fe Institute.

This project consists of articles written by members of Santa Fe Institute’s cosmology research group. Overall, the goal of this group is to understand the larger relationships between cosmology and society through a theoretically open-ended, comparative examination of the ancient American Southwest, Southeast, and Mesoamerica.


A Cultural Reconnaissance of Approximately 35 Acres For a Proposed Industrial Park Addition in Pulaski County, Kentucky (1995)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 84302] Jack M. Schock.

This resource is a citation record only, the Center for Digital Antiquity does not have a copy of this document. The information in this record has been migrated into tDAR from the National Archaeological Database Reports Module (NADB-R) and updated. Most NADB-R records consist of a document citation and other metadata but do not have the documents themselves uploaded. If you have a digital copy of the document and would like to have it curated in tDAR, please contact us at comments@tdar.org.


The Dolores Archaeological Program

PROJECT [ID: 5398] Robert A. Bye. Christine K. Robinson. David A. Breternitz. Allen E. Kane. Steven E. James. Timothy A. Kohler. William D. Lipe. Bureau of Reclamation.

From 1978 until 1985 the University of Colorado contracted with the Bureau of Reclamation (Contract No. 8-07-40-S0562) to mitigate the adverse impact of a large water impoundment project on the cultural resources in the project area. This complex and evolving long-term mitigation plan known as the Dolores Archaeological Program (DAP) has been called a “truly unique chapter in American archaeology” (Breternitz 1993:118) and was applauded by Lipe (1998:2) for its ability to “increase the power and...


The Dolores Archaeological Program: In Memoriam (1993)

DOCUMENT [ID: 6259] David A. Breternitz.

The Dolores Archaeological Project (DAP) encompassed a contract period from June 1978 through December 1985. Although investigations both preceded and postdated the contract period, the accomplishments, failures, positive and negative aspects of DAP, and certain comparisons with another major cultural-resource-mitigation project offer historical, methodological, and academic lessons that are instructive, particularly for future, long-term, federally (or non-federally) financed...


The Dolores Legacy: A User's Guide to the Dolores Archaeological Program Data (1999)

DOCUMENT [ID: 6243] Edited by: Richard H. Wilshusen. Karin Burd. Jonathan D. Till. Christine G. Ward. Brian Yunker.

A user's guide to the Dolores Archaeological Program data, compiled with assistance from a State Historical Fund grant from the Colorado Historical Society. This is highly recommended as a point of entry into the large and complex DAP datasets. It contains a general introduction to the DAP and its datasets, by Richard Wilshusen; an introduction to the provenience data and DAP temporal-spatial taxonomy and interpretations, by Christine Ward; brief descriptions of each of the major databases; an...


Final Report: Prehistoric Settlement Along the Lower Zuni River - 1987 Season (1987)

DOCUMENT [ID: 2896] Keith Kintigh.

This report provides a substantive and administrative summary of the results of an intensive archaeological survey of about 8 square kilometers along the Zuni River in east-central Arizona about 25 miles north-northeast of St. Johns. The survey was directed by Keith W. Kintigh of the Department of Anthropology, Arizona State University. This survey has been funded with the assistance of a matching grant-in-aid from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service, under provisions of the...


Flaked Lithic Debitage (1985)

DATASET [ID: 6145] Carl J. Phagan.

The Reductive Technologies Group (RTG) was responsible for supporting the broad research goals of the DAP through the implementation of a mid-level research design governing the collection and analysis of data from “artifacts which were manufactured by reductive, or subtractive techniques” (Phagan 1986a:79). Independent datasets for each of the four preliminary analysis systems reflect the technological distinctions made between flaked lithic tools (FLT10a and FLT10b); the debitage created in...


Flaked Lithic Tools: Temporal-Spatial Dataset (1985)

DATASET [ID: 6032] Carl J. Phagan.

The Reductive Technologies Group (RTG) was responsible for supporting the broad research goals of the DAP through the implementation of mid-level research design governing the collection and analysis of data from “artifacts which were manufactured by reductive, or subtractive techniques” (Phagan 1986a: 79). The RTG was headed by Roger A. Moore between 1978 and 1979; Carl J. Phagan assumed this position from 1979 to 1985, with the assistance of T. Homer Hruby between 1980 and 1984. Supporting...


Geological Study Samples (1985)

DATASET [ID: 6246] Uploaded by: Jesse Clark

The sediments dataset is a catalog of the geological samples used in a study of the physical and chemical properties of local soils. The chemical and granulometric analyses conducted on these samples contributed to an evaluation of potential for successful dry-land agriculture in the Dolores Valley. Soils in the project area are generally derived from eolian parent material and exhibit a loamy texture that indicates their suitability for agricultural production (Decker and Petersen 1987)....


Hafted Items (1985)

DATASET [ID: 6174] Uploaded by: Jesse Clark

The Reductive Technologies Group (RTG) was headed by Roger A. Moore between 1978 and 1979 and by Carl J. Phagan from 1979 to 1985, with the assistance of T. Homer Hruby between 1980 and 1984; supporting work was provided by crew chiefs Gail G. Snyder and Phillip D. Neusius. This DAP analysis group was responsible for supporting the broad research goals of the DAP through the implementation of mid-level research design governing the collection and analysis of data from “artifacts which were...


Koster Site

PROJECT [ID: 2970] Sarah Neusius.

The Koster site is an important open-air, deeply stratified site located in Greene County, Illinois that contains deposits dating from approximately 9000 BP to the Historic period. Although twenty-five cultural horizons have been recognized, the most important part of the sequence is the well-preserved Archaic Period sequence divided as follows: Early Archaic 1 (ca. 9000 BP, Horizon 13), Early Archaic 2 ( 8700-8450 BP, Horizons 12 and 11), Middle Archaic 1 (8300-7600 BP, Horizons 10B-8E),...


Koster-N Horizon 8A-10B Macro Identified File (1981)

DATASET [ID: 2755] Sarah Neusius.

Data includes Faunal Analysis at Site. Site Description: The Koster site is a deeply stratified site located in the lower Illinois River valley containing cultural deposits that span most of the Holocene. This site has provided significant information about the Archaic period in the Midwest as well as human-environment interactions at this time. Due to excellent preservation Koster gives us a complex record of the technologies and food sources of its inhabitants over time. The Koster site is...


The Lower Verde Archaeological Project

PROJECT [ID: 5831] Jeffrey A. Homburg. Richard Ciolek-Torrello. Jeffrey H. Altschul. Stephanie M. Whittlesey. Steven D. Shelley. USDI Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Office.

The Lower Verde Archaeological Project (LVAP) was a four-year data recovery project conducted by Statistical Research, Inc. (SRI) in the lower Verde River region of central Arizona. The project was designed to mitigate any adverse effects to cultural resources from modifications to Horseshoe and Bartlett Dams. The Department of the Interior, Bureau of Reclamation, Arizona Project’s Office sponsored the research program in compliance with historic preservation legislation. The LVAP’s...


Macrobotanical Remains (1985)

DATASET [ID: 6161] Uploaded by: Jesse Clark

The DAP research design was structured to systematically address broad domains of inquiry that encompass economy and adaptation, paleodemography, social organization, extra-regional relationships, and cultural process. The variables used in the botanical datasets represent the various lines of evidence needed to mitigate “bioturbation, preservation, and sampling biases” and establish the “case for cultural association of botanical remains preserved in the archaeological record” (Petersen, Clay...


Maps (1985)

DATASET [ID: 6207] Uploaded by: Jesse Clark

A small percentage of the maps reproduced from field data can be found in the series of published DAP reports, but a much larger collection of original material can be accessed via the Anasazi Heritage Center, Colorado. The maps dataset allows users to easily know what maps are available for any provenience. Maps were sequentially numbered within each site and later classified as one of 47 taxa, according to the type of information the map was meant to convey. Documenting the contents of a site...


Miscellaneous (1985)

DATASET [ID: 6249] Uploaded by: Jesse Clark

Objects in the miscellaneous dataset are grouped together because their interesting, unusual, or otherwise distinctive characteristics distinguish them from items in other DAP datasets. Wilshusen et al. (1999:99) indicate that these items include minerals, fossils, petrified wood, feathers, and eggshell. Users will also find records for human remains in this dataset. Computer instructions for accessing this dataset, on file at the Anasazi Heritage Center, are perhaps the best means of obtaining...


Non-flaked Lithic Tools: Temporal-Spatial Dataset (1985)

DATASET [ID: 6040] Carl J. Phagan.

The Reductive Technologies Group (RTG) was responsible for supporting the broad research goals of the DAP through the implementation of mid-level research design governing the collection and analysis of data from “artifacts which were manufactured by reductive, or subtractive techniques” (Phagan 1986a:79). The RTG was headed by Roger A. Moore between 1978 and 1979 and by Carl J. Phagan from 1979 to 1985, with the assistance of T. Homer Hruby between 1980 and 1984; supporting work was provided by...


Ojo Bonito Archaeological Project (OBAP)

PROJECT [ID: 262] Keith Kintigh. Arizona State University (ASU). Arizona State Parks.

A survey and excavation project directed by Keith Kintigh and executed from 1983 through 1994. Approximate 58km2 were surveyed and 560 sites were recorded. Substantial excavations were undertaken at the Hinkson Site great house complex and Jaralosa Pueblo. Test excavations were completed at H-Spear, a Chacoan Great House located by the project and Ojo Bonito Pueblo. The project took place on the ranch of Mrs. Everett (Mabel) Hinkson (deceased). Most of the project work was done as a part of...


Ornamental Objects (1985)

DATASET [ID: 6250] Uploaded by: Jesse Clark

Designation in this project as "ornament" was utilized to classify items that held some sort of special value to the residents of the Dolores study area, including items such as beads and pendants made from turquoise, jet, bone, and shell. Such artifacts are considered significant because they were traded over very long distances and used in ritual as well as mortuary contexts. These objects can show the extent of trading relations, and allow for the recognition and documentation of possible...


Photographs (1985)

DATASET [ID: 6234] Uploaded by: Jesse Clark

Photographs are one of the few remaining ways to examine the now inundated archaeological sites in the DAP. Photographic images add context to specific aspects of Anasazi life in the DAP area; in a sense, DAP photography "provides the investigator with ways to understand the spatial integration of households and communities" (Wilshusen et al. 1999:115). Only a fraction of all photographs taken during the project can be found in the published series of DAP reports. Individuals wishing to access...


Provenience Data: Temporal-Spatial File (1985)

DATASET [ID: 6254] Uploaded by: Jesse Clark

The provenience system used by the DAP allowed field personnel and analysts to identify where each item in a dataset was located within a site, as well as its spatial relationship with other archaeological contexts. Wilshusen et al. (1999:147) indicate that primary linkage among the DAP datasets is achieved through a few shared provenience attributes including the components of a Smithsonian trinomial designation, a field specimen number, and point location numbers—a subdivision of the field...

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Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America