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A Supplemental Class III Cultural Resources Survey and Treatment Plan for the San Xavier Farm Extension Project, San Xavier District, Tohono O’odham Nation, Pima County, Arizona

Author(s): Andrea Gregory ; Walter R. Punzmann ; Kerri Bastin ; Peg Davis ; Thomas Jones

Year: 2016

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Summary

In accordance with the provisions of the 2004 Arizona Water Settlement Act, the Bureau of Reclamation (Reclamation) is assisting the Tohono O’odham Nation’s (Nation) San Xavier District’s (District) Farm Cooperative (CoOp) in developing new farm land along both sides of Interstate 19 located south of the existing CoOp fields. Previous investigations in the area included a survey in the mid-1980s by Cultural and Environmental Systems (Heuett 1987b) and survey and testing completed by Archaeological Consulting Services, Ltd. in 1999 (Glass 2001), 2005 (Schilling et al. 2005; Stokes and Schilling 2007a), and most recently during the 2011–2012 field season (Schilling et al. 2012). The focus of this project was to conduct supplemental Class III archaeological survey on additional portions of land related to the farm extension, including linkage and distribution pipelines, areas for bank stabilization along the Santa Cruz River, well pads, access roads, and staging areas and develop a treatment plan for mitigation of eligible properties that will be adversely effected by the CoOp farm extension. Fifteen archaeological sites were identified during survey, 11 of which had been previously recorded and 4 of which were newly identified. Two archaeological sites were not relocated.

Coupled with the results of the previous inventory of the CoOp farm extension footprint, 46 sites were identified within the entire project area, 15 of which were determined eligible for inclusion in the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP), 17 of which were determined not eligible for inclusion in the NRHP, and 14 of which determined to require further investigations to evaluate NRHP eligibility. The historic properties treatment plan recommended a mixture of avoidance, monitoring, and Phase 1 data recovery to mitigate adverse effects to historic properties as well as avoidance or eligibility testing for those sites whose NRHP eligibility was unknown.


Cite this Record

A Supplemental Class III Cultural Resources Survey and Treatment Plan for the San Xavier Farm Extension Project, San Xavier District, Tohono O’odham Nation, Pima County, Arizona. Andrea Gregory, Walter R. Punzmann, Kerri Bastin, Peg Davis, Thomas Jones. Project No. 14-247:CSUR. Tempe, AZ: Archaeological Consulting Services Ltd. 2016 ( tDAR id: 405501) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8X3508Q


Keywords


Temporal Coverage

Calendar Date: 1870 to 1962

Calendar Date: 1940 to 1960

Calendar Date: 300 to 1450


Spatial Coverage

min long: -111.006; min lat: 32.033 ; max long: -110.967; max lat: 32.088 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Contact(s): Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Office, Archaeologist ; USDI Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Office

Lab Director(s): Alanna Ossa

Principal Investigator(s): Andrea Gregory

Sponsor(s): Tohono O’odham Nation, San Xavier District

Permitting Agency(s): Bureau of Indian Affairs ; Tohono O’odham TERO Routing Slips

Repository(s): Tohono O’odham Nation, San Xavier District

Prepared By(s): Archaeological Consulting Services Ltd.


Record Identifiers

Bureau of Reclamation Contract No.(s): R15PB00057

File Information

  Name Size Creation Date Date Uploaded Access
R15PB00057_San_Xavier_Supplemental_Survey_Report_Treatment-Pla... 36.34mb Apr 29, 2016 Apr 29, 2016 4:16:38 PM Confidential
A Supplemental Class III Cultural Resources Survey and Treatment Plan for the San Xavier Farm Extension Project , San Xavier District Tohono O’odham Nation, Pima County, Arizona
Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America