Ceramic: Gallup Black-on-white frog effigy vessel (fragment), AMNH 29.0/6996
Creator(s): Lori Reed
Gallup Black-on-white, frog effigy vessel, AMNH Accession 29.0, Catalog #6996, Morris FS 594. Analyzed by Lori Reed 2004. Sand temper and well-fired paste indicates manufacture in the Chaco Cibola region. Effigy is only 30% complete. Image AMNH 29/6996 A: front view of head. Image AMNH 29/6996 B: side view of head. Recovered from Earl Morris' excavation of Room 47, West Ruin, Aztec Ruins.
Room 47 is in the east wing of West Ruin. Earl Morris’ description of the room at the time of excavation is as follows. “A Chaco refuse deposit 53 to 8 feet deep covered the floor of Room 47. Evidently the waste had been poured in through a hatchway in the center of the ceiling since the accumulation was thickest at that point and sloped thence downward in all directions. This refuse was characteristically rich in specimens, seven black-on-white howls, one black-on-white dipper, one black-on-white water jar, eight portions of effigy pots, potsherds,… [a long list of additional items]. The door in the center of the east wall is 2 feet 3 inches wide, 3 feet 4 inches high, with sill 2 feet 2 inches from the floor. This door is of the recessed type, a shoulder of masonry on either side reducing it to a width of 1 foot 10 inches where it opens into Room 46. The blocked door in the south wall has been described under Room 45. The sill is a thin slab of stone which protrudes 2 inches beyond the masonry. In the northeast corner is a recessed diagonal second story doorway leading into Room 48. On the side of Room 47 it is 3 feet wide, dropping to 1 foot 10 inches at the opposite end. The sill is 2 feet 1 inch above the level of the second floor and 14 feet above the first” (Morris 1928:304-305).
Reference: Earl Morris, 1928, Notes on Excavations in the Aztec Ruin, Volume XXVI, Part V, Anthropological Papers of the American Museum of Natural History, New York.
Cite this Record
Ceramic: Gallup Black-on-white frog effigy vessel (fragment), AMNH 29.0/6996. Lori Reed. 2004. NPS Aztec Ruins National Monument, Aztec, NM ( tDAR id: 365194) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8RF5T3Z
Aztec Ruins, West Ruin
Late Chacoan - Post Chacoan Period
Calendar Date: 1110 to 1140 (Late Chacoan)
Calendar Date: 1140 to 1280 (Post-Chacoan)
min long: -108.038; min lat: 36.803 ; max long: -107.955; max lat: 36.861 ;
Individual & Institutional Roles
Contributor(s): Aztec Ruins National Monument, Aztec, NM
Repository(s): American Museum of Natural History
American Museum of Natural History(s): Accession 29.0
Rights & Attribution: Artifact was collected from Aztec West Ruin excavations by Earl Morris between 1916 and 1922. Morris' excavations were sponsored and funded by the American Museum of Natural History, New York.
Rights & Attribution: High resolution images of the item are archived and available to researchers through the National Park Service, Aztec Ruins National Monument.
Rights & Attribution: Publication or use of the image is restricted; permission may be obtained through consultation with American Museum of Natural History and Aztec Ruins National Monument.
|Original Item: American Museum of Natural History, New York|
|Image: NPS, Aztec Ruins National Monument, Aztec, New Mexico|
Related Comparative Collections
|Aztec Ruins Collections housed at Hibben Center, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque|
|Aztec Ruins Collections housed at American Museum of Natural History, New York|
|Aztec Ruins Collections housed at Aztec Ruins National Monument, Aztec, New Mexico|