Pleistocene (Other Keyword)

1-16 (16 Records)

Attempt of Modelization of the First Settlements in America at Pleistocene Based on the New Archaeological Sequences in Piaui (Brazil) (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Eric Boeda. Christine Hatté. Michel Fontugne. Christelle Lahaye.

The research our teams are conducting in the parc of Capivara in Brazil since 2008 lead to reveal 6 new Pleistocene archaeological sequences . The sites are all located within a 20 km area and stem from different sedimentary and topographic environments including: open air, rock shelter, cave at the bottom of cuesta or in karst. Each of the sites shows different sedimentary sequences, including different archeological horizons and different typo-technical compositions. The dating that we have...


Conservation of a pleistocenic Giant Sloth from Tamtoc, San Luis Potosi, Mexico. (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Abel Mercado Pérez.

In Tamtoc, an archaeological site, located in the state of San Luis Potosi, Mexico, skeletal remains of a Megatherium sp., commonly called Giant Sloth, were found. One of the objectives of the investigation to be presented is to develop appropriate techniques for the conservation and restoration of these residues. In addition, we aim to slow down the gradual deterioration due to various degradation factors in the region such as temperature, RH, PH, light and biological activity. The conservation...


Construction of Pleistocene Geochronologies in Central Africa: Luminescence Dating in Northern Malawi (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only David Wright. Jeong-Heon Choi. Jessica Thompson.

This is an abstract from the "Recent Advances and Debates in the Pleistocene Archaeology of Africa" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Advances in understanding the Pleistocene archaeology of Africa depend on well-dated models of human behavioral change. Portions of southern Africa with limestone caves and eastern Africa with volcanic tephra have datable materials (uranium and argon, respectively) beyond the limit of the radiocarbon clock (50ka)....


Gone fishing: Evidence for Wide-ranging Marine Exploitation in the Initial Settlement of Island Southeast Asia (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Sue O'Connor. Julien Louys. Stuart Hawkins. Shimona Kealy. Clara Boulanger.

"Fishing is much more than fish... It is the great occasion when we may return to the fine simplicity of our forefathers" (Herbert Hoover, 1963. Fishing for Fun-and to Wash Your Soul. Random House) In the vast oceans separating continental Sunda and Sahul are more than 17,000 islands that make up the Wallacean Archipelago. Lying to the east of Huxley’s Line, these islands are characterised by unbalanced and depauperate terrestrial faunas but support some of the world’s most bio-diverse marine...


Histomorphology and Metabolic History of a Submerged Pleistocene Skeleton from the Cenote of Hoyo Negro, Tulum, Quintana Roo, Mexico (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Julio Chi. James C. Chatters. Andrea Cucina. Pilar Luna Erreguerena3. Vera Tiesler.

This paper explores the histological preservation, metabolic history and living conditions in rib sections of a submerged female youngster, macroscopically determined to have died during her mid teens. This partially preserved skeleton counts among the most ancient individuals securely dated in the Americas. For the purposes of the study, we studied an undecalcified mid-shaft section of the twelfth rib and quantified osteo density (OPD), formation processeds, cortical and total bone area and...


Hoyo Negro: The Formation and Transformation of a Submerged Late Pleistocene Cave Site in Quintana Roo, Mexico (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Dominique Rissolo. James C. Chatters. Alberto E Nava Blank. Eduard Reinhardt. Patricia Beddows. Shawn Kovacs. Shawn Collins. Pilar Luna Erreguerena.

Exploration of the submerged cave systems of Quintana Roo, Mexico, has afforded researchers access to uniquely preserved Late Pleistocene and Early Holocene deposits that can reveal a wealth of information about the human ecology of the Yucatan Peninsula at the end of the Last Glacial Maximum. The interdisciplinary Hoyo Negro Project aims to identify and reconstruct the processes that have formed and transformed the site over millennia. In addition to ongoing studies of the human skeleton from...


It’s all a bit retro: Investigating early phase rock art on the Dampier Archipelago, Northwest Australia. (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Meg Berry.

Murujuga, located off the northwest coast of Australia, possesses one of the largest and most vibrant open air rock art galleries on the planet. On Murujuga, low erosion rates, durable geology, and growing evidence from the wider region has allowed for archaeological contextualization of rock art into deep time; giving researchers the opportunity to investigate both the changing social dynamics of groups and the stimuli for this change over thousands of years. The main objective of this paper is...


Moving on from Movius: Recent Research in Pleistocene Archaeology in Myanmar (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Ben Marwick. Kyaw Khaing. Maria Schaarschmidt. Tony Dosseto. Alastair Cunningham.

For many archaeologists, Myanmar is known as the place where Hallam Movius proposed the Movius Line as a result of his fieldwork in the 1930s. Movius proposed this line as a major cultural boundary of the Palaeolithic era, with bifacial technology present in the west and north, but absent to the south and east. His line continues to have a major influence on contemporary discussions of human evolution in the Eastern Hemisphere. Motivated by debates about the line, and other questions about the...


New indicators of a "(much) older-than-Clovis" cultural presence at Chiquihuite Cave archaeological site in Zacatecas, Mexico (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Ciprian Ardelean.

The systematic search for ancient human presence in the Zacatecas semi-desert of central-northern Mexico continued with new field explorations and excavations during 2016. A new season at the Chiquihuite Cave was meant to verify the weak signals of older-than-Clovis human presence obtained a few years ago. The new extended excavation inside the high-altitude cave revealed two old, clearly differentiated cultural components that had not been acknowledged before. The upper component is clearly...


North American Late Pleistocene Bear: Diversity and Resource for Early Peoples (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Joaquin Arroyo-Cabrales. Eileen Johnson.

North America had a large and varied bear diversity (Mammalia, Carnivora, Ursidae) during the late Pleistocene. At least seven species occurred from southern Mexico and Belize north, as far as Alaska and the Yukon, constituting the subfamilies Tremarctinae and Ursinae. Tremarctinae had at least four species: two short-faced bears pertaining to the genus Arctodus; the spectacled bear Tremarctos floridanus; and an undescribed species, probably within the genus Arctotherium. All of which are...


The Old Vero Man Site (8IR009): Current Investigations indicate a Late Pleistocene Human Occupation (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only C. Hemmings. J. M. Adovasio. A. E. Marjenin. F. J. Vento. A. Vega.

Recent work near Sellards's 1916 excavation demonstrates that the 8IR009 stratigraphy is more complex, and better preserved, than previously described. The modern excavations in 2014 and 2015 have recovered thermally altered bone and sediments along with charcoal from anthropogenic surfaces that range 14,000–11,100 cal yr BP in age. To date, 50 m2 have been excavated to mid-Holocene-age horizons, and Pleistocene-age thermally modified materials have been recovered in a ca. 28 m2 area adjacent to...


Petroglyphs as time markers for Pleistocene occupation of the Great Basin (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only William Jerrems.

The association of cupules and pit and groove petroglyphs is possibly the oldest form of "rock art" in the Americas as evidenced in the northern Great Basin. Recant methods of dating petroglyphs, made possible by unusual paleoclimatic circumstances, have resulted in what may be the identification of the ‘North America’s oldest petroglyphs." Three sites located on the shores of ancient Pleistocene Lakes, two at Lake Lahontan in northern Nevada and one at Long Lake in southern Oregon, have given...


Pleistocene Man at San Diego: A Book Review (1958)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Frederick Johnson. John P. Miller.

This resource is a citation record only, the Center for Digital Antiquity does not have a copy of this document. The information in this record has been migrated into tDAR from the National Archaeological Database Reports Module (NADB-R) and updated. Most NADB-R records consist of a document citation and other metadata but do not have the documents themselves uploaded. If you have a digital copy of the document and would like to have it curated in tDAR, please contact us at comments@tdar.org.


Preliminary Analysis of Extinct Box Turtle Remains from the Late Pleistocene of the Southern High Plains (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only John Moretti.

A diverse and abundant latest Pleistocene vertebrate fauna is currently being investigated at Macy Locality 100 on the southeastern edge of the Southern High Plains, Texas. Remains of an extinct box turtle (Terrapene carolina putnami) are common among the recovered material from the site's alluvial deposits. Believed to have been a mesic form, the extirpation of the eastern species from the region and the extinction of the T. c. putnami are ostensibly linked to ecological changes of the terminal...


The Snyder Paleoindian Complex in New Jersey : Interpreting Intra/Inter-site Spatial Patterning (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jennifer Rankin. R. Michael Stewart.

The Snyder Site Complex consists of stratified, multicomponent prehistoric localities at Carpentersville, New Jersey, situated on a series of terraces adjacent to the Delaware River. The Paleoindian components of the complex stand out because of the extensive landscapes involved, the number of fluted bifaces and diagnostic tool types that can be associated with occupations, and the fact that it is revisited throughout the Paleoindian period. Research that has been completed at the complex has...


What if the restaurant isn’t at the end of the universe but in a much nicer place? (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only David Meltzer.

In their 2012 paper, 'The restaurant at the end of the universe,' O’Connell and Allen developed a speculative and far-reaching model for the colonization of Sahul, one that sees initial populations as small, spatially concentrated in scattered ‘sweet’ spots, and which exhibited only occasional growth spurts and geographic expansion along extant coastlines. Although granting the obvious differences between the environmental stage and historical conditions under which the Pleistocene colonization...