Gender and Childhood (Other Keyword)

1-25 (68 Records)

Alaskan Legacy Collections Outside Alaska: Challenges, Opportunities and Potential (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Annalisa Hppner.

This is an abstract from the "SANNA v2.2: Case Studies in the Social Archaeology of the North and North Atlantic" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Alaskan "legacy collections" are housed at many American institutions outside of Alaska. These collections contain great potential for object-focused analysis, looking toward specific object classes, or even individual objects for in-depth review. This poster will present a summary of the locations of...


All in a Day’s Work: The Health and Welfare of Children Living in 19th Century Staffordshire, UK (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Kirsty Squires.

This is an abstract from the "The Health and Welfare of Children in the Past" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Children played a key role in coal mining and the pottery industry in 19th century Staffordshire (UK). The number of children that worked in this region during the study period fluctuated between 13% and 33%, and one fifth of the workforce comprised of 5-14 year olds. Long working hours and hazardous conditions had a detrimental effect on...


Arctic Heterotopias: Qariyit as Queer Spaces In Precontact Inuit Communities (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Peter Whitridge.

Gender and landscape have each proved to be such powerful archaeological tropes that thinking them together seems sure to yield interesting results. In the precontact Inuit world, gender and related dimensions of embodiment were key axes of spatial practice and place-based identification. Women’s and men’s activities were differently distributed across the landscape – in general, women occupying and managing domestic and near-community spaces, and men employing watercraft and dogs to operate...


Arqueología de la infancia en la Frontera Norte Mesoamericana durante el Epiclásico. El caso de El Ocote, Aguascalientes. (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Claudia Martínez Cadena.

El estudio enfocado en la arqueología de la infancia nace con la necesidad de conocer el papel desempeñado por los infantes en la sociedad. Es a partir de este enfoque que se han ido perfeccionando los diferentes métodos y técnicas para investigar la infancia en el pasado. Los niños pertenecen a uno de los sectores de población más vulnerable social y biológicamente, es por ello que en los trabajos arqueológicos se comienzan a considerar como objeto de estudio, sobre todo cuando se busca conocer...


Beyond Binaries: Queering the Archaeological Record of the Western Canadian Arctic (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Rebecca Goodwin. Lisa Hodgetts.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Queer theory is often equated with sexuality research in archaeology (Blackmore 2011), but a queering of the archaeological record actually allows us to challenge all aspects of (hetero)normativity in archaeological practice (Croucher 2005; Blackmore 2011). Queer is "whatever is at odds with the normal, legitimate and the dominant" (Halperin 1995:62), and it...


The 'Bitter' Death of Children: Health, Welfare and the Funerary Treatment of Infants and Young Children in Christian Anglo-Saxon Cemeteries (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Dawn Hadley. Elizabeth Craig-Atkins.

This is an abstract from the "The Health and Welfare of Children in the Past" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. This paper will discuss the burials of infants and young children in the earliest Christian cemeteries in Anglo-Saxon England (10th and 11th centuries CE). While in earlier pagan periods the burials of the very youngest members of communities are conspicuous by their paucity, the earliest Christian cemeteries have a much more representative...


Bundles and Bloodletting: An Analysis of Women's Ceremonial Roles in Classic Maya Art (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only L. Renee Hendricks.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. This paper addresses the inclusion of women within Classic Maya works of art, consisting of, for this purpose, private-consumption ceramic vessels and large scale public monuments. Through the use of Feminist and Gender Theory, Performance Theory, and Iconographic Theory, the roles of women in iconographically depicted ceremonial performance is assessed. A...


Caring for Children in the Ancient Andes: Bioarchaeological and Biogeochemical Data from the Andean Middle Horizon (AD 500–1100) Tiwanaku Polity (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Deborah Blom. Kelly J. Knudson. Nicole C. Couture. Carrie Anne Berryman.

Bioarchaeological approaches can contribute much to our understanding of how children were cared for in the past. Here, we examine social, cultural, and physical care of children in the Tiwanaku polity of the South Central Andes between approximately AD 500 and 1100. Using multiple lines of evidence, we reconstruct patterns of childcare practices as well as the formation of different social identities at archaeological sites in the Moquegua Valley of southern Peru and the Bolivian Lake Titicaca...


Children of Privilege: Infant Mortuary Practices at Late Postclassical Tamtoc Society (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Patricia Olga Hernandez Espinoza.

This is an abstract from the "The Health and Welfare of Children in the Past" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Funerary practices identified in the Architectural Funerary Complex of La Noria in Tamtoc, SLP, have been interpreted as belonging to a space used to symbolize the social and possibly political importance of the individuals who were buried there during the Late Postclassical period (1350-1521 a. P.). Most of the burials correspond to...


Child’s Play? Exploring Archaeological Evidence for Care-Giving in the 19th and 20th Centuries (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Carenza Lewis.

This paper will consider how archaeological evidence from two case-studies can inform our understanding of how attitudes to child care affected children’s lived experience. I will explore the character and range of archaeological evidence relating to childhood from two very different sites, a 19th-century mission complex in San Diego and a mid-20th century council estate in Lincolnshire, comparing ratios of different types of finds (eg marbles, metal toys, doll parts and slate pencils) to...


Chornancap: Palacio y Mausoleo de la Gobernante y de la Cultura Lambayeque, Perú (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Carlos Wester.

Las investigaciones en Chotuna Chornancap – Lambayeque – Perú, pusieron a la luz el hallazgo de contextos funerarios de personajes de élite, uno de ellos correspondiente a una "Gobernante y Sacerdotisa" de la fase Tardía de la cultura Lambayeque (XII-XIIId.C). El fardo funerario de la gobernante/sacerdotisa enterrado con ocho acompañantes, ornamentos de alto rango, poder y autoridad, han permitido documentar una de las más conspicuas autoridades políticas y religiosas de la cultura Lambayeque....


Clovis/Folsom Endscrapers and Gendered Hideworking: Ethnographic Analogy or Inference to the Best Argument? (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Susan Ruth. James Boone.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Cross-cultural data show a strong positive relationship between latitude and dependence on hunting for subsistence. Higher latitude foragers that were dependent on megafauna for subsistence were equally dependent on animal hides for clothing and shelter to survive through winter, and for the survival and reproduction of corporately organized, hearth-centered...


Concern for the Living, Care for the Dead: Non-adult Burial at the Early Christian cemetery of St Patrick’s Chapel, Pembrokeshire (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Marion Shiner. Katie Hemer.

Recent excavations below the ruins of a 13th–16th AD century chapel dedicated to St Patrick, at Whitesands Bay, Pembrokeshire in southwest Wales revealed ninety well-preserved burials dating to the 7th–11th century AD. There was an unusually high concentration of non-adults buried at the site, including a number of foetuses and infants. Some of these young individuals received elaborate burial forms, including the use of quartz-topped burials and cross-inscribed grave markers. It is necessary to...


Cultural Factors of Metabolic Disease in Infants and Young Children from Late Ottoman-Era Jordan (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Emily Edwards. Megan Perry.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The site of Tell Hisban in Jordan was seasonally occupied by nomadic agropastoral tribes for over a thousand years. In the latter half of the 1800s, the Ottoman Empire instituted the Tanzimat, a series of reforms intended to solidify control over the region, including a new system of private land ownership. This new land law conflicted with traditional...


Destabilizing the Planters Prospect: The Embedded Landscapes of White Creole Masculinity at an 18th-Century Plantation House in Montserrat, West Indies (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jessica Striebel MacLean.

At the close of the 18th century, a planter’s dwelling overlooking the Caribbean Sea on the northwest coast of Montserrat was destroyed by fire, and never reoccupied. Archaeological excavations yielded an intimate portrait of the domesticity of the British Empire materialized in fragments of everyday life. Little Bay was a small-scale sugar plantation with a physical landscape that conformed to the logic of sugar production—planting fields, sugar works, and the dwellings of the laboring...


Dominant Narratives and Gender Equality in Northwest Coast Archaeology (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Amanda Taylor. Stephanie Jolivette.

This is an abstract from the "From Middens to Museums: Papers in Honor of Julie K. Stein" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. This paper explores Julie Stein’s work to challenge dominant narratives of precontact culture history of the Northwest Coast using geoarchaeological evidence. We compare feminist archaeology perspectives on standpoint theory and implicit bias in discussing how and why she arrived at a new approach to shell midden site formation...


Early Childhood Diet during the Bronze Age Eastern Zhou Dynasty (China): Evidence from Stable Isotope Analysis (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Melanie Miller. Yu Dong. Kate Pechenkina. Wenquan Fan. Sian Halcrow.

This is an abstract from the "The Health and Welfare of Children in the Past" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Diet and health are deeply intertwined, and childhood is a critical period where nutrition can have significant short- and long-term effects on the growing individual. Breastfeeding, weaning, and childhood dietary habits are culturally-mediated practices, and how a developing body is fed is a critical cultural experience with biological...


The Entanglement of Health, Race, and Resistance at the Mount Pleasant Indian Industrial Boarding School (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Sarah Surface-Evans.

This is an abstract from the "Archaeologies of Health, Wellness, and Ability" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Childhood illness and death at Federal Indian Boarding Schools are one of the most tragic aspects of these failed institutions. Preventable communicable diseases spread like wildfires in the close-quarters and overcrowded conditions of dormitories. Racist policies maintained poor nutrition and hard physical labor also contributed to illness...


Entering the "Valley of Death": Isotopic Evidence of Vulnerable Survivors at Roman Period Kellis, Egypt (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Sandra Wheeler. Lana Williams. Tosha Dupras.

Breast-fed infants living in communities with adequate food access experience particularly high health risks during complementary feeding between ages 6 to 36 months. The most vulnerable of these die in this period, characterized as the "valley of death," which represents a biocultural reality. The majority of those who survive are "vulnerable survivors." The Kellis 2 cemetery sample (Dakhleh Oasis, Egypt, AD 50-450) provides a unique opportunity to analyze effects of biocultural disruptions...


Evolving Narratives of Mother Washington (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Laura Galke.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Ideal gender roles feature prominently in biographies written about George Washington. Once his father passed away, a young Washington was raised by his single mother, Mary Ball Washington. The narratives of Washington’s life, and his mother’s influence upon him, are dynamic, reflecting prevailing gender ideologies of the times in which they were written....


An Exploration of the Demographics of Non-Adults in Medieval Hospital Cemeteries in England (AD 1050-1600). (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Esme Hookway.

This is an abstract from the "The Health and Welfare of Children in the Past" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. During the medieval period (AD 1050-1600) in England, hospitals were associated with the Church and most were governed by Church rule. Distinct types of hospitals were founded: leper hospitals, general infirmaries, and alms houses. These sites provided care, shelter, and spiritual nourishment for those in need. Many hospitals had admission...


Exploring Childhood Health Through Lead Trace Element and Isotope Analyses: A Case Study of Historic Populations in Newfoundland, Canada (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jessica Munkittrick. Vaughan Grimes.

Lead was ubiquitous throughout the cultural environments of the Atlantic World during the 18th and 19th centuries and can be toxic to humans, particularly children. There is a long history of examining human lead exposure using trace element and isotope data in archaeological remains, but most studies have sampled bone tissue, which is prone to diagenetic alteration. More recently, researchers are sampling tooth enamel, which is more likely to retain a biogenic record of lead exposure. Since...


Feeding Vessels in Later European Prehistory (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Roderick B. Salisbury. Katharina Rebay-Salisbury. Doris Pany-Kucera. Julie Dunne.

Small vessels with spouts, from which liquid can be poured, are known from settlements and graves of the European Bronze and Iron Ages. Sizes, shapes and decorations are highly variable, and although they generally fit the period-specific style, they represent a functional type. One explanation for this vessel form is libation – the act of pouring a liquid as a sacrifice to a deity. Recent discoveries, however, reinforce an association with children’s graves and suggest a function as feeding...


Foodscapes as Gendered Landscapes in West Africa (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Amanda Logan. Dela Kuma.

Food is an integral part of how people interact with landscape, and tasks associated with food production, preparation, and consumption are often strongly gendered. Using gendered taskscapes (Logan and Cruz 2014) as a starting point, we forward the notion of foodscape as a lens through which to see the varied and multi-scalar forms that gender may take on a landscape. Using case studies from both ancient and modern West Africa, we examine how tracing food production, preparation, and consumption...


Gender and Space in Campsites of Dukha Reindeer Herders (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Todd Surovell. Matthew O'Brien. Randy Haas.

The division of labor by sex and gender among small-scale societies is well known, but how differences in gender roles are reflected in variation in human spatial behavior has received considerably less attention. Understanding how and why individuals of different gender use space is critical to the development of middle range theory linking gendered human behavior to its archaeological correlates. Over five field seasons, we have collected data on the spatial distribution of people and...