Andes: Early Horizon (Other Keyword)

1-20 (20 Records)

An Analysis of Ceramic Compositions from Canchas Uckro, Ancash, Peru: Implications for Trade in the Formative Andes (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Rachel Johnson. Jason Nesbitt.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Canchas Uckro (ca. 1100-850 BC) is a large monumental platform situated above the Puccha River approximately 25 km north of Chavín de Huántar. Recent excavations have revealed monumental features that suggest the Canchas Uckro played an important role within the political landscape. Ceramic analysis has likewise linked the site to broader economic spheres of...


Continuities and Discontinuities in a Thousand Year Old Fishing Village on Huanchaco Bay, North Coast of Peru: The Pampa la Cruz Case (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Gabriel Prieto.

Traditionally, Andean archaeologists label residential settlements as "Salinar" or "Moche" and automatically assumed they "belong" to a particular society/culture. Since 2010, I have been excavating multiple sites around Huanchaco bay, located in the littoral of the Moche Valley, North Coast of Peru. One particularity of this coastline is that there is still an active group of fishermen exploiting the sea resources using traditional technology. The continuity between the earliest occupation...


The Dietary Importance of Maize and Aquatic Resources during the Regional Development Period at El Dornajo, Southwest Ecuador (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Sarah Taylor. Robert H. Tykot.

Earlier studies of subsistence at the site of El Dornajo in southwestern Ecuador examined faunal, macro- and macro-botanical remains. These studies indicated that residents consumed large quantities of shellfish and marine fish during both the Formative and Regional Development periods (2800 BC – 700 AD), with a marked decrease and differential access based on socioeconomic status in the later period. It has been hypothesized that site residents increased their reliance on domesticated plant...


Emergence of Sociopolitical Complexity in Northern Peru: A Diachronic Perspective from the Huancabamba Valley (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Atsushi Yamamoto.

This paper focuses on the emergence and diachronic development of sociopolitical complexity in northern Peru during the Initial Period and Early Horizon using new excavation and settlement pattern data from the site of Ingatambo in the Huancabamba Valley. I argue that significant changes in sociopolitical complexity occur alongside shifts and intensification in interregional interaction. During the Pomahuaca phase (BC. 1200-800); ceremonial centers with platform architecture appear suddenly...


Identification of Bilateral Congenital Radioulnar Synostosis in an Early Horizon Burial from the Site of Atalla, Peru (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Daniela Wolin. Michelle Young. Natali Lopez Aldave.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Bioarchaeological research can help trace the development and distribution of rare pathologies across space and time, aiding in our understanding of how past peoples experienced and made sense of a variety of conditions and diseases. Congenital radioulnar synostosis (CRUS), a developmental condition resulting in fusion of the proximal radius and ulna, is one...


Junius Bouton Bird, Archaeologist and Explorer (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Mario Rivera.

This is an abstract from the "The Legacies of Archaeologists in the Andes: Second Symposium, the Institutionalization and Internationalization of Andean Archaeology" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Junius Bird’s legacy to Andean Archaeology is reflected in several fields. Bird’s fieldwork, commonly known as "dirty archaeology" was decisive in establishing the first stratigraphic sequences in the three areas where he did work: Patagonia, Northern...


Mapping the Cuzco Ceque System (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Brian Bauer. Matthew Piscitelli.

The Cuzco Ceque System was composed of 328 shrines (huacas) organized along 41 lines (ceques) that radiated out from the city of Cuzco, the Inca capital. Historic research indicates that the ceque system was conceptually linked to the fundamental social divisions of the Cuzco region. The ceque system of Cuzco has been frequently discussed in the literature, and anthropologists and historians have long speculated on the locations of shrines in the system and the projection of the ceque lines. The...


Mayo Chinchipe-Marañón Complex, the Unexpected Spirits of the Ceja (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Francisco Valdez.

The fringes of the eastern Andean slopes that conform Ecuador’s Ceja de Montaña are a steep transitional zone between the cordillera highlands and the Amazonian lowlands, where altitude varies from 1800 to ca.-400 masl, The ceja is covered by a dense humid tropical forest that has been traditionally seen as unfit for the development of social complexity. In spite of the apparent adverse ecological conditions this region became an important cultural area around 5000 years ago. A precocious...


New Methods for Duct Exploration and Gallery Discovery at Chavín de Huántar (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Andrew Lesh.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Originally the only known underground gallery between Building A and the Circular Plaza of Chavín de Huántar, the Caracoles gallery was long thought by Professor John Rick of Stanford University to be one of multiple chambers due to its three wall ducts, each exiting at an unknown location. This paper illustrates the methods developed for exploring these and...


Not Something to Grind Your Teeth Over: Experimental Mounting of Enamel for Stable Isotopic and Microscopic Analysis (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Emily Milton. Joshua Schwartz.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. While preparing a set of zooarchaeological materials for microscopic and high-resolution stable isotopic studies, we found ourselves gritting our teeth to produce a set of mounts that met the standards for the intended lab analyses. Our target specimens were camelid teeth from the Terminal Pleistocene levels of Cuncaicha, a highland rockshelter in Southern...


Produccion metalurgica en la Costa Sur: de Paracas a Nasca (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only María Inés Velarde. Pamela Castro de la Mata.

Las sociedades de Paracas y Nasca que habitaban el actual territorio de Ica, desarrollaron una tradición metalúrgica con características locales particulares dentro de los Andes Centrales. Los orígenes de la producción metalúrgica en esta zona se relacionan con la presencia de Chavín durante el Horizonte Temprano, y se caracteriza por el predominante uso de oro laminado y trabajado en formas y diseños simples. Esta tradición metalúrgica se mantuvo durante varios siglos en el sur, casi a espaldas...


A Pyro-Engraved Gourd from Cahuachi: Iconographic and Technical Analysis of a Nasca Masterpiece (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jessica Lévy.

Pyro-engraved gourds discovered by the "Nasca Project" (CEAP) in Cahuachi, Nasca ceremonial center located in the basin of Río Grande, can provide new data about their manufacture and decoration. From a comparative perspective, we study artifact characteristics and archaeological records to understand an unusually large and complex pyro-engraved found during 1994 excavations as an offering associated with ceramics from the last phase of the Early Horizon (Ocucaje 8-9) and the beginning of the...


Revisiting Jahuay: An Early Horizon Maritime Site at the Topará Quebrada on the South Coast of Peru (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jo Osborn. Camille Weinberg. Kelita Perez Cubas.

The littoral site of Jahuay is located at the mouth of the Topará Quebrada, between the Cañete and Chincha Valleys on the South Coast of Peru. It is a key site for studying the Topará cultural tradition, which emerged on the South Coast during the late Early Horizon (EH)(250 – 1 BCE), and was the site where the Topará ceramic seriation was first documented by Edward Lanning in the mid-20th century. In 2017, we began our first season of excavations at Jahuay, with the goal of investigating EH...


Sea Shells in the Mountains and Llamas on the Coast: The Vertical Economic Organization of the Paracas in Palpa, South Peru (370–200 BC) (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Christian Mader. Markus Reindel. Johny Isla.

This research analyzes excavated materials of the Paracas culture (800–200 BC) in southern Peru, particularly obsidian artifacts, malacological finds, and camelid bones. In doing so, different methods including archaeometric techniques, quantification, artifact classification, and species determination are combined to elaborate natural origin, making, distribution, and utilization of the objects. The Paracas remains were excavated by the Palpa Archaeological Project and mainly derive from three...


Spatial Analysis and the Interpretation of Rock Art at the Cajamarca Site of Callacpuma, Peru (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Sarah Stagg. Jason Toohey.

This is an abstract from the "Technique and Interpretation in the Archaeology of Rock Art" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Callacpuma is a multicomponent archaeological site in the Cajamarca Basin of the northern highlands of Peru with a long and complex history of human occupation spanning from at least 1000 BC to approximately AD 1500. An estimated 3,000-4,000 rock art panels dot the landscape of Callacpuma. Over the past three field seasons, 100...


A Technical Study of Post-Fire Painted Paracas Ceramics: Regional Exchange and Material Culture (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Dawn Kriss. Ellen Howe. Judith Levinson.

The Paracas culture and its impressive pottery tradition developed along the south coast of Peru in the Early Horizon period (approximately 800-100BC). A scientific study of manufacturing techniques and materials of post-fire painted Paracas ceramics at the American Museum of Natural History (AMNH) and Metropolitan Museum of Art (MMA) found a correlation between changes in material use and iconography and vessel form across time. Differences between colorant composition in the Formative/Early...


The Thorny Problem of Spondylus Sourcing in the Ancient Andes (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Corey Herrmann. Nicholas Brown.

Archaeologists have long been fascinated with the exploitation and exchange of Spondylus spp. across the ancient world. This is especially true for the Andes, where the "thorny oyster" has been found far afield from its tropical breeding sites along the coasts of Ecuador and northern Peru. However, factors such as the uneven development of archaeology between Peru and Ecuador and the persistence of certain myths about Andean Spondylus have led to a "black-boxing" effect where exchange from...


Variations in Settlement Patterns and Neighborhood Organization in Early Horizon Peru (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Matthew Helmer. David Chicoine.

This paper examines forms of proto-urban settlements in coastal Ancash, north-central Peru, centered on the Nepeña Valley. During the Early Horizon (800-100 BC), the region witnessed the development of culturally and economically interrelated settlements with varying degrees of architectural density and complexity. Most of these centers were organized around clusters of walled enclosures with duplicate domestic facilities interpreted as multi-functional residential complexes, or compounds....


The View from the North: Topará and Early Horizon Commoner Lifeways at Jahuay, Quebrada Topará, Peru (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Camille Weinberg. Jo Osborn. Kelita Pérez.

This is an abstract from the "From the Paracas Culture to the Inca Empire: Recent Archaeological Research in the Chincha Valley, Peru" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Just north of the Chincha Valley, the village site Jahuay at the mouth of the Topará valley offers an opportunity to investigate non-elite lifeways, and specifically the Topará cultural tradition, in the Chincha region during the terminal Early Horizon Period (approximately 250-1...


Volumetric Analysis of Neckless Jars and Bottles in Early Horizon Nepeña, Peru (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Kenneth Sutherland. David Chicoine.

This contribution explores feasting practices discernible from the pottery assemblage at three Early Horizon archaeological complexes in the lower Nepeña Valley, north-central coast of Peru: Caylán (800 - 1 BCE), a large town or city interpreted as the primary center of a multi-tiered polity; Samanco (500 - 1 BCE), a small coastal town involved in production and exchange of maritime resources; and Huambacho (600 - 200 BCE), a ceremonial center associated with agricultural production. In feasting...