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Protein Residue Analysis (Other Keyword)

1-25 (224 Records)

ACORN ANTISERUM TESTING OF BEDROCK MORTAR PROTEIN RESIDUE WASH SAMPLES FROM BLAIR VALLEY, MINE WASH, AND THE LOS CABALLOS SITE, SAN DIEGO COUNTY, CALIFORNIA (2011)

DOCUMENT [ID: 380279] Chad Yost.

Thirty-one protein residue washes recovered in the field from bedrock mortars were tested against acorn (oak, Quercus sp.) antiserum. These samples had been tested previously against various antisera at another lab, but were submitted to PaleoResearch specifically for testing against acorn antiserum.


ACORN ANTISERUM TESTING OF THREE MILLING SURFACE PROTEIN RESIDUE WASH SAMPLES FROM SITE SDI-10697, CAMP PENDLETON, CALIFORNIA (2011)

DOCUMENT [ID: 380240] Chad Yost.

Three protein residue wash samples of milling groundstone tools were tested against acorn (oak, Quercus sp.) antiserum. These samples were previously tested against various antisera at another lab, but were submitted to PaleoResearch specifically for testing against acorn antiserum.


ARCHAEOBOTANIC ANALYSIS OF SAMPLES FROM EAGLE POINT, COLORADO (2005)

DOCUMENT [ID: 379303] Linda Scott Cummings. Kathryn Puseman.

Archaeobotanic analyses were conducted on samples from deposits at the Eagle Point Site (5RB4662), a rockshelter/overhang located along Piceance Creek in northwest Colorado. This shelter experienced multiple occupations, with radiocarbon ages ranging from 2510 to 1010 BP. The roof/overhang has collapsed; therefore, cultural deposits are exposed and eroding away. Two stratigraphic columns were sampled at close intervals during both the 2004 and 2005 excavations for the purpose of building a...


AN ARCHAEOCLIMATIC MODEL AND POLLEN, PARASITE, PHYTOLlTH, AND PROTEIN RESIDUE ANALYSIS OF SAMPLES FROM SITES 3CT340 AND 3CT341, NORTHEASTERN ARKANSAS (2005)

DOCUMENT [ID: 379292] Linda Scott Cummings. Kathryn Puseman. Jaime Dexter.

Sites 3CT340 and 3CT341 are part of a large site complex located in eastern Arkansas' Crittenden County. The Late Woodland/Emergent Mississippian prehistoric village sites are located in the southern portion of the project area. Although neither of the sites had large lithic assemblages, several cultural features were identified, including burials at both sites and a cremation pit at site 3CT341. Thirteen pollen samples, ten of which also were examined for parasites, were examined to...


BLOOD RESIDUE ANALYSIS OF ARTIFACTS FROM INDIAN CREEK SITE (18PR94), MARYLAND (1990)

DOCUMENT [ID: 375270] Margaret E. Newman.

Forty-five lithic artifacts from an Archaic site were submitted for blood residue analysis by cross-over immunoelectrophoresis (CIEP). These artifacts exhibited positive reactions to mouse, rat, deer, guinea pig, chicken, trout, rabbit, human, dog, bovine, and fern. Some artifacts exhibited positive results to more than one protein antiserum. The identification of more than one species on an artifact is not uncommon and suggests that these may have had multiple uses (i.e., expediency tools)....


BLOOD RESIDUE ANALYSIS OF ARTIFACTS FROM THE MULE CANYON PROJECT, NEVADA (1993)

DOCUMENT [ID: 375465] Kathryn Puseman.

Numerous artifacts from several sites in the Mule Canyon Project area of northern Nevada were analyzed for possible blood proteins. In addition, soil samples from site surfaces were tested to provide controls for the artifacts. Imnunological studies have shown that blood residues from a tool's surface can be identified using modified forensic procedures. Blood residue analysis is used to provide prehistoric subsistence information and possible artifact specificity.


BLOOD RESIDUE ANALYSIS OF ARTIFACTS FROM THE RUSSET SITE AND SITE 18 FR 55, MARYLAND (1990)

DOCUMENT [ID: 375274] Margaret E. Newman.

Blood residue analysis of artifacts determines positive results for human, guinea-pig, chicken, cat, turkey, and rabbit.


BLOOD RESIDUE, PHYTOLITH, AND POLLEN ANALYSIS AT SITE 41CS151, CASS COUNTY, TEXAS (1994)

DOCUMENT [ID: 375533] Kathryn Puseman. Linda Scott Cummings.

Twenty-eight artifacts from Site 41CS151 in northeastern Texas were analyzed for possible blood residues. Immunological studies have shown that protein residues from a tool's surface can be identified using modified forensic procedures. In addition, a soil sample from a culturally darkened area (an apparent anthrosol) and a control sample from the modern A horizon of a column were examined for the presence of phytoliths. A groundstone fragment was washed to recover pollen from the grinding...


Dining Out in the Desert: Results From Protein Residue Analysis at the Azraq Oasis, Jordan (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 430850] Cam Walker.

Excavations at Shishan Marsh 1 (SM-1) have provided evidence of a unique ecosystem, along with faunal remains and over 10,000 artifacts made from local flint dating to approximately 250,000 years ago. Forty-six of these artifacts were selected for residue analysis from stratified, in-situ deposits. Extractions from these lithic tools were tested for possible protein residues using the technique of cross-over immunoelectrophoresis (CIEP). The SM-1 artifact extractions were run against eight...


EXAMINATION OF PALEOFECES, FEATURE FILL, AND AGRICULTURAL FIELDS AT RAMADITAS and LLANOS DE COLOR, CHILE (2002)

DOCUMENT [ID: 380506] Kathryn Puseman. Linda Scott Cummings.

Ramaditas (G6) is one of a series of six sites located in the Quebrada de Guatacondo in northern Chile. The site is situated along a caravan route between the coastal margins and the highlands. By 900 BC, small agro-pastoral groups were occupying the richer, fertile highlands. Trade increased with coastal groups to obtain marine products. Groups regularly moved between the highland salt puna, through the dry sierra, and on to the coastal oases. Archaeological evidence suggests that Ramaditas...


IDENTIFICATION AND AMS RADIOCARBON DATING OF CHARCOAL AND POLLEN, STARCH, PHYTOLITH, AND MACROFLORAL ANALYSES AT THE GENEVIEVE LYKES DUNCAN SITE, 41BS2615, TEXAS (2011)

DOCUMENT [ID: 380153] Kathryn Puseman. Linda Scott Cummings. Chad Yost.

Charcoal samples from the Genevieve Lykes Duncan Site, 41BS2615, were submitted for identification and AMS radiocarbon dating. This site is a buried, open campsite located in Brewster County, Texas, and includes three locales. This area experienced multiple occupations including Paleoindian, Early Archaic, and Middle Archaic. Charcoal was recovered from features exposed in the vertical cut bank of an unnamed arroyo running generally northeast to southwest at this site. Identification of charcoal...


IDENTIFICATION OF HAFTING MATERIAL AND RADIOCARBON DATING FOR TWO AVONLEA PROJECTILE POINTS, WORTHAM SHELTER, WYOMING (2011)

DOCUMENT [ID: 380211] Linda Scott Cummings. Chad Yost.

Two Avonlea projectile points from Wortham Shelter that still had existing hafting material were submitted for protein residue analysis and AMS radiocarbon dating. Both of these projectile points and their hafting had been coated with shellac or a similar substance, which necessitated cleaning the artifacts prior to analysis. Protein residue analysis was undertaken to identify the proteins in the hafting material, and, thus, the animal that the sinew was taken from.


MACROFLORAL ANALYSIS OF HEARTH FILL, PROTEIN RESIDUE ANALYSIS OF LITHIC ARTIFACTS, AND AMS RADIOCARBON DATING OF CHARCOAL FROM SITES IN THE COTEAU MINE AREA, NORTH DAKOTA (2006)

DOCUMENT [ID: 379343] Kathryn Puseman.

Samples were examined from 11 stone ring sites in the Coteau Mine Area in Mercer County, west-central North Dakota, to provide subsistence information. These sites will be impacted by expansion of coal strip mining operations. A total of 33 lithic tools from these 11 sites were analyzed for possible protein residues to determine animal resources that might have been hunted/processed with the tools. Five fill samples from hearths associated with stone rings at sites 32ME169, 32ME755,...


MACROFLORAL ANALYSIS, RADIOCARBON DATING, AND PROTEIN RESIDUE ANALYSIS AT SITE 32ML823, MCLEAN COUNTY, NORTH DAKOTA (2012)

DOCUMENT [ID: 380481] Kathryn Puseman. Chad Yost.

Fill from a partial stone ring and from a possible hearth in the center of a complete stone ring at site 32ML823 in central North Dakota were floated to recover macrofloral remains. Charcoal recovered from the two macrofloral samples and charcoal from the partial stone ring were submitted for AMS radiocarbon dating. Macrofloral analysis is used to determine plant resources utilized by the occupants of this stone circle site, while radiocarbon dates provide temporal information. Besant...


MACROFLORAL AND PROTEIN RESIDUE ANALYSIS AT SITE 24DL470, MONTANA (2002)

DOCUMENT [ID: 378926] Kathryn Puseman.

Three soil samples from Late Prehistoric site 24DL470 in southwest Montana were floated to recover charred macrofloral remains. Five lithic artifacts were submitted for protein residue analysis. This site is believed to be associated with Numic (Shoshone) Expansion in the area, and features at the site might have been used for camas roasting or chert cooking activities. Macrofloral analysis will be used to determine plant resources utilized and possible feature function. Protein residue...


MACROFLORAL AND PROTEIN RESIDUE ANALYSIS AT SITE AZ U:15:18(ASM), CENTRAL ARIZONA (1996)

DOCUMENT [ID: 377601] Kathryn Puseman.

Soil samples and lithic artifacts were analyzed from two boulder rock shelters at Site AZ U:5:18(ASM) in central Arizona. A soil sample also was examined from a ramada outside the rock shelters. Diagnostic artifacts recovered from these two rock shelters suggest multiple occupations ranging from the Late Archaic through Hohokam into Yavapai/Apache. Soil samples were floated to recover charred macrofloral remains that are used to provide information concerning plant resources that were utilized...


MACROFLORAL AND PROTEIN RESIDUE ANALYSIS OF SAMPLES FROM SITES IN THE OFF-ROAD VEHICLE AREA, EDWARDS AIR FORCE BASE, CALIFORNIA (1996)

DOCUMENT [ID: 377797] Kathryn Puseman.

Feature fill, charcoal, or lithic artifacts were recovered from seven sites in the Off-Road Vehicle area at Edwards Air Force Base in southern California. These sites are being evaluated for eligibility to the National Register of Historic Places. Macrofloral analysis of fill from two hearths is used to provide information concerning possible plant resources processed in the hearths. Charcoal recovered from a test unit will be identified to determine types of wood burned as fuel. Lithic...


MACROFLORAL, POLLEN, PHYTOLlTH, AND PROTEIN RESIDUE ANALYSIS OF MATERIAL FROM FRANKTOWN CAVE, SITE 5DA272, COLORADO (2006)

DOCUMENT [ID: 379395] Kathryn Puseman. Linda Scott Cummings.

Franktown Cave is a large rockshelter in Douglas County, Colorado, that experienced multiple occupations from at least the Middle Archaic through the Protohistoric periods. A large amount of material has been collected in the cave from five separate excavations dating to the 1940s, 1950s, and 1976 including chipped stone artifacts; ground stone; potsherds; perishable artifacts such as fiber, hide, bone, and wood; and ecofacts such as com, other plant remains, animal bone, shell, and wood. A...


MACROFLORAL, POLLEN, STARCH, AND PROTEIN RESIDUE ANALYSIS OF SAMPLES FROM THE MALIN CREEK FISHING HOLE SITE, 24YE353, YELLOWSTONE NATIONAL PARK, WYOMING (2004)

DOCUMENT [ID: 379238] Kathryn Puseman. Linda Scott Cummings.

Six soil samples from four fire-cracked rock features at the Malin Creek Fishing Hole Site, 24YE353, in Yellowstone National Park, Montana, were floated to recover macrofloral remains. One metate was washed to recover pollen, starches, and possible protein residues that would aid in identifying plants processed using the metate. Lithic artifacts and radiocarbon dates reflect Late Paleoindian, McKean (3500-1000 B.C.), Pelican Lake (1000 B.C. to A.D. 400), and Avonlea (A.D. 250-1000)...


MACROFLORAL, PROTEIN RESIDUE, AND ORGANIC RESIDUE (FTIR) ANALYSES AND AMS RADIOCARBON DATING FOR SITE 45FS2075, WASHINGTON (2010)

DOCUMENT [ID: 380019] Kathryn Puseman. Chad Yost. Melissa K. Logan.

Samples from units in three excavation blocks at site 45FS2075 in northeast Washington were examined for charcoal and other macrofloral remains. This site appears to represent pre-contact through contact period occupations. The excavation blocks contained several diffuse hearths consisting of concentrations of fire-cracked rock and bone. Charcoal or charred botanic remains from 34 samples were submitted for AMS radiocarbon dating. In addition, six lithic artifacts were sampled for protein...


ORGANIC RESIDUE (FTIR) ANALYSIS OF CERAMIC SHERDS AND PROTEIN RESIDUE ANALYSIS OF LITHIC TOOLS FROM THE REEDERS CREEK WEST SITE (28ME360), MERCER COUNTY, NEW JERSEY (2011)

DOCUMENT [ID: 380179] Melissa K. Logan. Chad Yost.

Three ceramic sherds and four lithic tools from the Reeders Creek West site (28ME360) in Mercer County, New Jersey, were submitted for organic and protein residue analysis. The samples were tested for organic residues using Fourier Transfer Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR). Protein residue analysis was conducted using cross-over immunoelectrophoresis (CIEP). Organic residue analysis was used to identify foods cooked in the vessels represented by these sherds. Protein residue analysis was used to...


ORGANIC RESIDUE (FTIR) ANALYSIS OF SAMPLES FROM SITE 33-HN-175, HARRISON HUB FRACTIONATION FACILITY PROJECT, HARRISON COUNTY, OHIO (2013)

DOCUMENT [ID: 392930] Linda Scott Cummings. Cody Dalpra. Melissa K. Logan.

The Late Archaic 33-Hn-175 site is situated in a previously active agricultural field northwest of Scio in Harrison County, Ohio. Brewerton projectile points recovered from the plow zone along with a radiocarbon date obtained from a feature places the site occupation within the Late Archaic period, 2070 BP ± 30 RCYBP. Six fill samples from separate features were submitted for organic residue analysis using Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR), which provides information concerning...


ORGANIC RESIDUE (FTIR) AND PROTEIN RESIDUE ANALYSIS FOR SAMPLES FROM SITES EfOo 134, EfOo 160, EjOp 6, FaOq 124, AND FaOq 125 FROM THE KEYSTONE XL PIPELINE PROJECT, ALBERTA, CANADA (2009)

DOCUMENT [ID: 380123] Melissa K. Logan. Chad Yost.

Samples from sites EfOo 134, EfOo 160, EjOp 6, FaOq 124, and FaOq 125, discovered during reconnaissance for the Keystone XL Pipeline Project in southeastern Alberta, Canada, were submitted for organic and protein residue analyses. Organic residue analysis was performed on a long bone fragment, fill samples from four hearths and a pit feature, and associated soil control samples using Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR). A biface tip fragment and a Besant dart were examined for protein...


ORGANIC RESIDUE (FTIR) AND PROTEIN RESIDUE ANALYSIS OF SAMPLES FROM SITES EfOo 160 AND EgOo 9 FROM THE KEYSTONE XL PIPELINE PROJECT, ALBERTA, CANADA (2011)

DOCUMENT [ID: 380124] Melissa K. Logan. Chad Yost.

Samples were submitted for analysis from two sites located on the upland prairie grasslands of Alberta, Canada north of the Red Deer River. A lithic projectile point from site EfOo160 was tested for protein residues and organic residue analysis was performed on a firebroken rock and a sediment control sample from site EgOo 9. These analyses are used to detect any animal and plant residues that may be present on the surfaces of these artifacts.


PHYTOLITH AND PROTEIN RESIDUE ANALYSIS OF FORTY TABULAR STONE KNIVES FROM THE LOWER VERDE PROJECT IN CENTRAL ARIZONA (1994)

DOCUMENT [ID: 375584] Kathryn Puseman. Linda Scott Cummings.

Forty tabular stone knives from Sites AZ U:2:73, AZ U:2:80, and AZ U:2:93 in the Lower Verde project area in central Arizona were washed for phytoliths and possible plant proteins. These knives were recovered from floors or roofs in processing areas at village sites and are believed to have been used to process agave. The phytolith washes were examined for the presence of agave raphids, and the protein residue washes were tested against agave antisera to detect prehistoric agave proteins.

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Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America