Indian Neck ossuary, Wellfleet, MA (Site Name Keyword)

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Archaeological Overview and Assessment of the Cape Cod National Seashore, Massachusetts (1997)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Eric S. Johnson.

Previous archeological and relevant documentary research at the Cape Cod National Seashore is reviewed and evaluated. The Cape Cod National Seashore is located on what is known as the outer Cape, an area whose history goes back thousands of years, when the area's marine, estuarine, and terrestrial resources, all located in proximity to one another, drew Native Americans here. The area was an important center of Native American life into the seventeenth century, when it was the homeland of...


The Archeological Survey of Cape Cod National Seashore
PROJECT Francis McManamon. National Park Service. Cape Cod National Seashore.

This project contains documents, images, and data about the archaeological resources in and around the Cape Cod National Seashore on Cape Cod, Massachusetts. In particular these relate to what is known as the "outer Cape," that is, from the vicinity of Chatham, Orleans, and Eastham north to the the Provincelands. Much of the archaeological work covered here is from investigations done by or for the Cape Cod National Seashore. The historic time period, as well as ancient times are covered by...


Chapters in the Archeology of Cape Cod, IV: Faunal Analysis and Metallurgical Analysis from the Cape Cod National Seashore Archeological Survey (2011)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Arthur E. Spiess. S. Terry Childs.

Between 1979 and 1985 the National Park Service conducted an archeological survey of most of the area of the Cape Cod National Seashore (CACO). Many ancient and historic period sites were identified and evaluated. Some of the evaluated sites also had small areas excavated. The areas around Nauset Harbor in Eastham and High Head in North Truro contained high concentrations of sites. Additional archeological investigations were carried out at some of the sites in these two areas. Figure 1 shows...


Excavation of the Indian Neck Ossuary, September 1979, Wellfleet, MA (1979)
IMAGE Francis McManamon.

Photo of three Mashpee and Wampanoag tribal representatives observing the excavation of the Indian Neck ossuary. John Peters (Slow Turtle) Massachusetts Commissioner of Indian Affairs at the time of the excavation who was part of the consultation regarding the excavation is in the foreground.


Excavation of the Indian Neck Ossuary, September 1979, Wellfleet, MA (1979)
IMAGE Francis McManamon.

Photo shows the top of the ossuary feature begining to be exposed by archaeological excavation. Remaining traces of dark soil are from the overlying midden stratigraphically above the ossuary. A shapres of a few human bones representing the top of the ossuary are visible. The photo is taken from a nearly vertical perspective. The rough edge of the profile is the result of the backhoe excavation which dug into the midden, destroying the northern portion and discovering the human bones which...


Excavation of the Indian Neck Ossuary, September 1979, Wellfleet, MA (1979)
IMAGE Francis McManamon.

Photo of the base of the ossuary feature on the north side of the photo (clam knife is pointing north) and layer of calcined bone, believed to be part of a cremation that was overlain by the unburned ossuary burial feature. The photo is taken from a nearly vertical perspective over the feature.


Excavation of the Indian Neck Ossuary, September 1979, Wellfleet, MA (1979)
IMAGE Francis McManamon.

Photo of the excavation of the Indian Neck ossuary, ossuary feature.


Excavation of the Indian Neck Ossuary, September 1979, Wellfleet, MA (1979)
IMAGE Francis McManamon.

Photo of the cleaned top of the ossuary burial feature. The pattern of human crania around the edges and long bones laid perpendicular to the long access of the burial feature is apparent. The northern half of the ossuary was inadvertently destroyed by a backhoe excavation which led to the discovery of the remaining part of the ossuary.


Excavation of the Indian Neck Ossuary, September 1979, Wellfleet, MA (1979)
IMAGE Francis McManamon.

Photo showning the midden level that was stratigraphically above the ossuary feature. In this photo, the piece fo white plastic sheeting shown covers a human cranium that was exposed in the profile in the photos


Excavation of the Indian Neck Ossuary, September 1979, Wellfleet, MA (1979)
IMAGE Francis McManamon.

Photo shows the top of the ossuary feature after it has been exposed by archaeological excavation. Photo is taken looking south.


Excavation of the Indian Neck Ossuary, September 1979, Wellfleet, MA (1979)
IMAGE Francis McManamon.

Photo of the crowd of observers who visited the excavation site of the Indian Neck ossuary. Excavation is shown in the lower right corner of the photo. In the lower left corner of the photo are three observers from the Mashpee and Wampanoag Indian tribes.


Excavation of the Indian Neck Ossuary, September 1979, Wellfleet, MA (1979)
IMAGE Francis McManamon.

Photo shows John Portnoy, then Cape Cod NS park scientist (kneeling) and Michael Soukup (then Ast. Regional Scientist) shifting through back dirt pile from the backhoe excavation of the ossuary site to recover distrubed human bone and artifacts.