PaleoResearch Institute

PaleoResearch Institute was formed to conduct archaeobotanic research in a contract setting, leading the industry in innovation, analysis, and interpretation of the past. Our goals are to maintain excellence in extraction, identification, and analysis of the materials we work with, to promote excellence in the interpretation of those materials and in reports, and to promote development and use of state-of-the-art techniques for the analysis and interpretation of archaeobotanic records. Work conducted in a contract setting is particularly subject to time and budget constraints, so the above must be accomplished in a timely manner.

Further, PaleoResearch Institute desires to promote a healthy and fulfilling work environment. We provide the opportunity for each employee to use his/her unique signature strengths to be productive and successful, and promote the concepts of both responsibility and accountability.


Resources Inside This Collection (Viewing 401-500 of 3,150)

  • EXAMINATION OF CHARCOAL SAMPLES FOR RADIOCARBON DATABLE MATERIAL FROM ALONG TROUT CREEK, NORTHERN ARIZONA (2004)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Kathryn Puseman.

    Three charcoal samples from along Trout Creek in northern Arizona were examined to recover organic fragments suitable for radiocarbon analysis. These samples were recovered from a late Holocene terrace downstream of Hawley Lake. Botanic components and detrital charcoal were identified, and potentially radiocarbon datable material was separated.

  • EXAMINATION OF CHARCOAL/WOOD FROM ALONG THE POWDER RIVER, NORTHEASTERN OREGON (2003)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Kathryn Puseman.

    Five charcoal samples from a floodplain along the Powder River in northeast Oregon were identified prior to radiocarbon analysis.

  • EXAMINATION OF CHARRED, VITRIFIED TISSUE, 35HA3055, OREGON (2002)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Linda Scott Cummings. Kathryn Puseman.

    Three pieces identified as PET by Marge Helzer (Helzer 2001) were submitted to PaleoResearch Institute for further identification.

  • EXAMINATION OF DETRITAL CHARCOAL AND AMS RADIOCARBON AGE DETERMINATION OF MATERIAL FROM CACHE CREEK, CALIFORNIA (2011)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Kathryn Puseman.

    Two detrital charcoal samples from a test pit at Cache Creek in Yolo County, California, were submitted for identification and radiocarbon age determination. These samples were recovered from Test Pit LM4.2L on an alluvial fan. Two AMS radiocarbon dates were obtained.

  • EXAMINATION OF DETRITAL CHARCOAL AND AMS RADIOCARBON AGE DETERMINATION OF MATERIAL FROM THE LOST CREEK DAM PALEOFLOOD STUDY, WEBER BASIN, UTAH (2014)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Peter Kováčik.

    Four site locations were investigated as part of the Lost Creek Dam Paleoflood Study, Weber Basin, Utah. Twenty-five detrital charcoal samples collected from sites LC3, LC4, LC5, and LC6 were submitted for recovery and identification of charred organic fragments suitable for AMS radiocarbon age determination. Subsequent to identification, seven samples were selected for AMS radiocarbon dating.

  • EXAMINATION OF DETRITAL CHARCOAL AND AMS RADIOCARBON AGE DETERMINATION OF MATERIAL FROM THE SILETZ RIVER, LINCOLN COUNTY, OREGON (2013)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Peter Kováčik.

    Three detrital charcoal samples were water-screened to recover organic fragments suitable for radiocarbon age determination. These samples were recovered from Holocene terraces at a reach of the Siletz River near the town of Siletz, Oregon. A single radiocarbon date was obtained from charcoal in these samples.

  • EXAMINATION OF DETRITAL CHARCOAL AND AMS RADIOCARBON ANALYSIS OF MATERIAL FROM ALONG BULL LAKE CREEK, WYOMING (2011)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Peter Kovacik.

    Ten samples were examined for the presence of organic material suitable for radiocarbon analysis. These samples were recovered from two Holocene terraces along Bull Lake Creek downstream of Bull Lake Dam, in west-central Wyoming. Botanic components and detrital charcoal were identified, and potentially radiocarbon datable material was separated. A total of 3 radiocarbon dates were obtained from charcoal fragments.

  • EXAMINATION OF DETRITAL CHARCOAL AND AMS RADIOCARBON ANALYSIS OF MATERIAL FROM ALONG EAST CLEAR CREEK, ARIZONA (2006)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Kathryn Puseman.

    A total of four samples from along East Clear Creek in east-central Arizona were floated to recover organic fragments suitable for radiocarbon analysis. Botanic components and detrital charcoal were identified, and potentially radiocarbon datable material was separated. Charcoal from one of the samples was processed for AMS radiocarbon analysis.

  • EXAMINATION OF DETRITAL CHARCOAL AND AMS RADIOCARBON ANALYSIS OF MATERIAL FROM ALONG GRASS VALLEY CREEK IN THE TRINITY RIVER BASIN FOR THE NORTHERN COAST RANGES OF CALIFORNIA HOLOCENE TERRACE CHRONOLOGY (2007)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Kathryn Puseman. R.A. Varney.

    Four charcoal samples from the Trinity River Basin of northern California were submitted for identification. These samples were examined as part of the northern Coast Ranges of California Holocene terrace chronology. The samples were recovered from a soil pit on a high terrace above Grass Valley Creek. Botanic components and detrital charcoal were identified, and potentially radiocarbon datable material was separated. Charcoal fragments from two of the samples were processed for AMS...

  • EXAMINATION OF DETRITAL CHARCOAL AND AMS RADIOCARBON ANALYSIS OF MATERIAL FROM ALONG RED WILLOW CREEK, NEBRASKA (2010)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Kathryn Puseman.

    A total of 29 samples were examined for the presence of organic material suitable for radiocarbon analysis. These samples were recovered from four natural bank exposures along Red Willow Creek downstream of Red Willow Dam in southwest Nebraska. Botanic components and detrital charcoal were identified, and potentially radiocarbon datable material was separated. A total of 13 radiocarbon dates were obtained from charcoal and wood fragments to help establish the chronology of Holocene alluvium and...

  • EXAMINATION OF DETRITAL CHARCOAL AND AMS RADIOCARBON ANALYSIS OF MATERIAL FROM PASTURE CANYON, ARIZONA (2010)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Kathryn Puseman.

    Five samples from Pasture Canyon, Arizona, were examined to recover charcoal or other organic fragments suitable for radiocarbon analysis. These samples were recovered from two soil pits excavated in the stream bank and on the hillslope at the base of an older stabilized dune. Botanic components and detrital charcoal were identified, and potentially radiocarbon datable material was separated. A total of three charcoal samples were selected for AMS radiocarbon dating.

  • EXAMINATION OF DETRITAL CHARCOAL AND AMS RADIOCARBON ANALYSIS OF MATERIAL FROM SITES ALONG THE ENTIAT RIVER, WASHINGTON (2008)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Kathryn Puseman.

    A total of 20 detrital charcoal samples were examined to recover organic fragments suitable for radiocarbon analysis. These samples were recovered from sites along the Entiat River in Central Washington for a study of the Holocene terrace chronology along the river. Botanic components and detrital charcoal were identified, and potentially radiocarbon datable material was separated. Charcoal fragments from nine samples were AMS radiocarbon dated.

  • EXAMINATION OF DETRITAL CHARCOAL AND AMS RADIOCARBON ANALYSIS OF SAMPLES FROM ALONG LITTLE STONY CREEK, EAST PARK DAM, CALIFORNIA (2010)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Kathryn Puseman.

    A total of 27 detrital charcoal samples from along Little Stony Creek downstream of East Park Dam, California, were floated to recover organic fragments suitable for radiocarbon analysis. These samples were recovered from Holocene alluvium in two bank exposures and a soil pit. Botanic components and detrital charcoal were identified, and potentially radiocarbon datable material was separated. A total of seven radiocarbon dates were obtained on charcoal from these samples.

  • EXAMINATION OF DETRITAL CHARCOAL AND AMS RADIOCARBON ANALYSIS OF SAMPLES FROM ALONG THE SOUTH FORK AND NORTH FORK OF THE BOISE RIVER, IDAHO (2008)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Kathryn Puseman.

    A total of 26 samples from soil pits on a stream terrace adjacent to the South Fork and North Fork of the Boise River in south-central Idaho were examined to recover organic fragments suitable for radiocarbon analysis. These samples were collected for a study of Holocene terrace chronology along the South Fork and North Fork of the Boise River. Botanic components and detrital charcoal were identified, and potentially radiocarbon datable material was separated. A total of ten AMS radiocarbon...

  • EXAMINATION OF DETRITAL CHARCOAL AND AMS RADIOCARBON DATE DETERMINATION OF SAMPLES FROM ALONG LITTLE STONY CREEK, EAST PARK DAM, CALIFORNIA (2011)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Kathryn Puseman.

    A total of 33 detrital charcoal samples from along Little Stony Creek downstream of East Park Dam, California, were floated to recover organic fragments suitable for radiocarbon dating. These samples were recovered from Holocene alluvium in three bank exposures and a soil pit. The botanic components and detrital charcoal were identified, and the potentially radiocarbon datable material was separated. A total of seven radiocarbon dates were obtained on charcoal from these samples. Of the 33...

  • EXAMINATION OF DETRITAL CHARCOAL AND WOOD FROM SITES ALONG THE VERDE RIVER, ARIZONA (1999)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Kathryn Puseman.

    Detrital charcoal/wood samples were recovered from various sites along the Verde River, Arizona. The charcoal and wood samples were identified prior to submission for AMS radiocarbon dating.

  • EXAMINATION OF DETRITAL CHARCOAL FOR RADIOCARBON DATABLE MATERIAL FROM ALONG THE HENRYS FORK RIVER, IDAHO (2004)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Kathryn Puseman.

    Six charcoal samples from a late Holocene river terrace along the Henyrs Fork River, Idaho, were water-screened and examined to recover fragments suitable for radiocarbon analysis. Two samples were recovered from the relatively thick (26 cm) A horizon, while two samples were collected from the underlying B horizon. Botanic components and detrital charcoal were identified, and potentially radiocarbon datable material was separated.

  • EXAMINATION OF DETRITAL CHARCOAL FROM ALONG EMIGRANT CREEK, UPSTREAM OF THE GREENSPRING POWER PLANT, OREGON (2004)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Kathryn Puseman.

    Two detrital charcoal samples from a site along Emigrant Creek were examined to recover organic fragments suitable for radiocarbon analysis. This site is located upstream of the Greenspring Power Plant and Emigrant Dam and Reservoir near Ashland, Oregon. Charcoal fragments were identified and separated in preparation for radiocarbon analysis.

  • EXAMINATION OF DETRITAL CHARCOAL FROM ALONG THE UPPER GILA RIVER, ARIZONA (2003)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Kathryn Puseman.

    Detrital charcoal samples from along the Upper Gila River in Duncan Valley, southeast Arizona, were floated to recover organic fragments suitable for AMS radiocarbon analysis. Botanic components and detrital charcoal were identified, and potentially radiocarbon datable material was separated.

  • EXAMINATION OF DETRITAL CHARCOAL, POLLEN ANALYSIS, AND AMS RADIOCARBON DATING OF MATERIAL FROM EAGLE CREEK RANCH IN THE TRINITY RIVER BASIN, CALIFORNIA (2007)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Kathryn Puseman. Linda Scott Cummings.

    Soil samples from Eagle Creek Ranch in northern California were water-screened to recover organic fragments suitable for radiocarbon analysis. These samples were derived from stream deposits in four sites along the Trinity River. Botanic components and detrital charcoal were identified, and potentially radiocarbon datable material was separated. A total of seven samples were processed for AMS radiocarbon dating. In addition, six pollen samples were examined from a column in a soil pit...

  • EXAMINATION OF FIVE PIECES OF GROUNDSTONE FROM LANDER CDUNTY, CENTRAL NEVADA, FOR POLLEN, PHYTOLITHS, STARCH GRANULES, AND BLOOD RESIDUE TO INTERPRET SUBSISTENCE ACTIVITIES (1993)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Linda Scott Cummings. Kathryn Puseman.

    Five pieces of groundstone were evaluated to assess the potential for further studies of this material to provide subsistence information. Ground stone was recovered from three sites in Lander County, central Nevada. Pollen, phytolith, starch granules, and blood residue were examined from these pieces of groundstone to assess the potential for further analysis of groundstone artifacts from sites in this vicinity. This study addresses specific recovery of these remains from the five pieces of...

  • EXAMINATION OF FOUR FEATURES FOR POLLEN TO DETERMINE HISTORIC OR PREHISTORIC ORIGIN, ARIZONA (1992)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Linda Scott Cummings.

    Four sanples from AZ U:9:112 (ASM) were examined to identify whether or not three of the four features represented were modern or prehistoric. Features are located within an alfalfa field. The fourth sample represents a Classic Period canal and was examined to provide baseline information with which to compare the other three features. Presence of Medicaao (alfalfa) pollen was soiaght as the only obvious evidence of contamination. If the features represent historic origin during a period...

  • EXAMINATION OF NESTED VESSEL CONTENTS, 42SA14237, SAN JUAN COUNTY, UTAH (2016)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Peter Kováčik.

    A complete grayware jar with banded neck was recovered from the sidewall of a looter’s pit at 42SA14237. The jar and its undisturbed contents were mailed to PaleoResearch Institute, Inc. for study. While carefully pouring out the sand from the jar, we noted another small vessel inside the grayware banded neck vessel (Figure 1:A). We continued to pour out the sand while holding that tiny vessel in place, then retrieved it using a pair of tweezers. Beneath the tiny vessel was a mass of charred...

  • EXAMINATION OF NINE BULK SOIL SAMPLES FROM RED MOUNTAIN FAULT, SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA (1997)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Kathryn Puseman.

    Nine bulk soil samples were floated to recover potential charcoal for radiocarbon dating. These samples were exposed during paleoseismic investigation of the Red Mountain Fault in southern California.

  • EXAMINATION OF ORGANIC MATERIAL FROM MULTIPLE BLACK MAT DEPOSITS IN THE UPPER LAS VEGAS WASH, NEVADA (2010)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Kathryn Puseman.

    A total of seven bulk samples of organic material from black mat deposits in the Upper Las Vegas Wash, Nevada, were floated to recover organic fragments suitable for radiocarbon analysis. The black mat deposits are associated with late Pleistocene paleo-spring sediments. Botanic components and detrital charcoal were identified, and potentially radiocarbon datable material was separated. A single charcoal sample also was submitted for identification.

  • EXAMINATION OF ORGANIC RESIDUES, BASKETRY, AND BOTANIC REMAINS FROM AZTEC RUINS, NEW MEXICO (2009)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Linda Scott Cummings. Kathryn Puseman. Chad Yost.

    Four residue samples from rooms in the West Ruin at Aztec Ruins, New Mexico, were examined to identify the contents of the residue. Two of these residue samples were collected from baskets. As appropriate, analysis of the residue samples included macrofloral examination and/or microscopic identification of starches and phytoliths. A botanic sample from Kiva D and material from the foundation of a coiled basketry ladle also were submitted for identification.

  • EXAMINATION OF PALEOFECES, FEATURE FILL, AND AGRICULTURAL FIELDS AT RAMADITAS and LLANOS DE COLOR, CHILE (2002)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Kathryn Puseman. Linda Scott Cummings.

    Ramaditas (G6) is one of a series of six sites located in the Quebrada de Guatacondo in northern Chile. The site is situated along a caravan route between the coastal margins and the highlands. By 900 BC, small agro-pastoral groups were occupying the richer, fertile highlands. Trade increased with coastal groups to obtain marine products. Groups regularly moved between the highland salt puna, through the dry sierra, and on to the coastal oases. Archaeological evidence suggests that Ramaditas...

  • EXAMINATION OF PEAT FOR RADIOCARBON DATABLE MATERIAL FROM STATELINE DAM, UTAH (2003)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Kathryn Puseman.

    A single peat sample from near the right abutment of Stateline Dam in northern Utah was floated to recover organic fragments suitable for radiocarbon analysis. Botanic components were identified, and potentially radiocarbon datable material was separated.

  • EXAMINATION OF PIPE RESIDUE FOR EVIDENCE OF BOTANICS (2004)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Linda Scott Cummings.

    A tubular pipe recovered from a house floor in the Umpqua Basin was submitted to PaleoResearch Institute for removal of residue on the interior of the pipe and subsequent microscopic examination in an effort to identify botanics burned or smoked in the pipe. The site (350061) is located along the North Umpqua River.

  • EXAMINATION OF PLANT MATERIAL FROM BOLINAS LAGOON AND BODEGA HARBOR CORES, CALIFORNIA (1998)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Kathryn Puseman. Linda Scott Cummings.

    Plant remains from Bolinas Lagoon and Bodega Harbor cores were submitted for identification prior to submission for radiocarbon dating. A small bulk sample from a Bolinas Lagoon core also was submitted for flotation and identification of datable material.

  • EXAMINATION OF SAMPLES FOR RADIOCARBON DATABLE MATERIAL FROM THE MR. PEAT PIT, SOUTH-CENTRAL COLORADO (2005)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Kathryn Puseman.

    The Mr. Peat Pit site consists of widespread peat and localized tufa in the latest Pleistocene paleovalley on piedmont east of Rio Grande in south central Colorado. A sample of black-mat type peat and a sample of the overlying spring-mound tufa from the pit initially were floated to recover organic fragments suitable for radiocarbon analysis. Botanic components and detrital charcoal were identified, and potentially radiocarbon datable material was separated. An additional tufa sample and...

  • EXAMINATION OF SAMPLES FROM ALONG SAND CREEK, EAST-CENTRAL ARIZONA (2011)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Kathryn Puseman.

    Three samples from along Sand Creek in east-central Arizona were examined to recover organic fragments suitable for radiocarbon dating. These samples were recovered from Holocene alluvium about two miles downstream of Cyclone Dam. Botanic components and detrital charcoal were identified, and potentially radiocarbon datable material was separated; however, no radiocarbon dates were obtained from this material.

  • EXAMINATION OF SEDIMENT FOR RADIOCARBON DATABLE MATERIAL FROM ALONG THE QUINAULT RIVER, WASHINGTON (2004)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Kathryn Puseman.

    A single sediment sample from along the Quinault River in the western Olympic Peninsula, Washington, was floated to recover organic fragments suitable for radiocarbon analysis. This sample was recovered from a natural exposure along the river and is believed to represent silt that was likely deposited in Lake Quinault when it was higher than at present. Botanic components and detrital charcoal were identified, and potentially radiocarbon datable material was separated.

  • EXAMINATION OF SEDIMENT SAMPLES FOR RADIOCARBON DATABLE MATERIAL FROM ALONG THE PUYALLUP RIVER, WASHINGTON (2003)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Kathryn Puseman.

    Two samples from the Puyallup River drainage basin in northwestern Washington were floated to recover organic fragments suitable for radiocarbon analysis. Botanic components and detrital charcoal were identified, and potentially radiocarbon datable material was separated.

  • EXAMINATION OF SEDIMENT TO RECOVER BONE FOR RADIOCARBON ANALYSIS FROM A HIGH SHORE LINE OF GLACIAL LAKE GREAT FALLS, MONTANA (2003)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Kathryn Puseman. Linda Scott Cummings. Barbara Klontz.

    Sediments collected from a high shore line of Glacial Lake Great Falls at an elevation of 3860 feet were processed to separate bones to submit for identification and radiocarbon analysis (Table 1). This area is near the modern Missouri River. The Pleistocene lake silts, overlain by Pleistocene shore lines, contained bone representing animals that lived along the shore of this lake during the Pleistocene era. These lacustrine sediments contained several bone fragments, many of which appear...

  • EXAMINATION OF SEDIMENTS FOR DATABLE CHARCOAL FROM ALONG LOS BANOS CREEK FOR THE SAN LUIS DAM PROJECT, ORTIGALITA FAULT STUDY, EASTERN DIABLO RANGE, CALIFORNIA (2001)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Kathryn Puseman.

    Six bulk soil samples from alluvial deposits along Las Banos Creek in the eastern foothills of the Diablo Range near San Luis Reservoir, California, were floated to recover charcoal and other organic remains suitable for radiocarbon dating. These sediments were sampled in order to determine if the geologic history of the Ortigalita fault could be studied in detail at this locality. Botanic components and detrital charcoal were identified, and potentially radiocarbon datable material was...

  • EXAMINATION OF SEDIMENTS FROM B. F. SISK DAM, CENTRAL CALIFORNIA FOR POLLEN, PHYTOLITHS, AND DIATOMS TO IDENTIFY PROBABLE AGE OF THE DEPOSITS (2009)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Linda Scott Cummings. Barbara Winsborough. R.A. Varney.

    Five sediment samples collected from B.F. Sisk Dam in central California, approximately 12 km west of Los Banos, were examined to recover pollen, phytoliths, and diatoms. These sediments were recovered from the downstream toe of the dam near the former junction of San Luis and Cottonwood Creeks. These samples are believed to represent the Plio-Pleistocene Tulare Formation and possibly the Corcoran Clay, one of the uppermost units within the Tulare. Analysis was conducted in an effort to...

  • EXAMINATION OF SOIL AND CHARCOAL SAMPLES FOR RADIOCARBON DATABLE MATERIAL FROM ALONG BOWL CANYON CREEK, NORTHWESTERN NEW MEXICO (2004)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Kathryn Puseman.

    Soil and charcoal samples from a sequence of late Holocene terraces along Bowl Canyon Creek in northwestern New Mexico were examined to recover organic fragments suitable for radiocarbon analysis. Botanic components and detrital charcoal were identified, and potentially radiocarbon datable material was separated.

  • EXAMINATION OF SOIL AND DETRITAL CHARCOAL FOR RADIOCARBON DATABLE MATERIAL FROM ALONG TSAILE CREEK, NORTHEAST ARIZONA (2004)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Kathryn Puseman.

    Two soil samples and three charcoal samples from a sequence of late Holocene terraces along Tsaile Creek in northeastern Arizona were examined to recover organic fragments suitable for radiocarbon analysis. Botanic components and detrital charcoal were identified, and potentially radiocarbon datable material was separated.

  • EXAMINATION OF SOIL FOR RADIOCARBON DATABLE MATERIAL AND AMS RADIOCARBON DATING OF SAMPLES FROM THE WASATCH FAULT, UTAH (2007)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Kathryn Puseman. R.A. Varney.

    Seven bulk soil samples were floated to recover organic fragments suitable for radiocarbon analysis. These samples were recovered from the Wasatch Fault in eastern Utah. Botanic components and detrital charcoal were identified, and potentially radiocarbon datable material was separated. Only one sample contained macroscopic pieces of charcoal; therefore, the remaining six samples were processed to extract microscopic pieces of charcoal for dating. AMS radiocarbon dates were obtained for all...

  • EXAMINATION OF SOIL FOR RADIOCARBON DATABLE MATERIAL FROM THE CANYON FERRY FAULT STUDY, MONTANA (2002)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Kathryn Puseman.

    A single soil sample from a trench that exposed the Canyon Ferry fault in western Montana was floated to recover organic fragments suitable for radiocarbon analysis. Botanic components and detrital charcoal were identified, and potentially radiocarbon datable material was separated.

  • EXAMINATION OF SOIL FROM A CHURCH FOUNDATION IN GOLDEN, COLORADO (1999)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Kathryn Puseman.

    One bulk soil sample from a church foundation in Golden, Colorado, was floated to recover organic fragments suitable for radiocarbon dating. Botanic components were identified, and potentially radiocarbon datable material was separated.

  • EXAMINATION OF SOIL FROM LOS ALAMOS, NEW MEXICO (1998)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Kathryn Puseman.

    Bulk soil samples were recovered from trenches excavated as part of a paleoseismic study near Los Alamos, New Mexico. Botanic components and detrital charcoal were identified, and potentially radiocarbon datable material was separated.

  • EXAMINATION OF SOIL SAMPLES FOR RADIOCARBON DATABLE MATERIAL FROM ALONG THE PECOS RIVER, NEW MEXICO (2005)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Kathryn Puseman.

    A total of five soil samples from along the Pecos River in eastern New Mexico were floated to recover organic fragments suitable for radiocarbon analysis. These samples were recovered from a late Holocene terrace adjacent to the Pecos River immediately downstream of Sumner Dam near Santa Rosa, New Mexico. Botanic components and detrital charcoal were identified, and potentially radiocarbon datable material was separated.

  • EXAMINATION OF SOIL SAMPLES FOR RADIOCARBON DATABLE MATERIAL FROM ALONG WILLOW CREEK, COLORADO (2004)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Kathryn Puseman.

    Two soil samples from along Willow Creek in western Colorado were floated to recover organic fragments suitable for radiocarbon analysis. These samples were recovered from downstream of Willow Creek Dam, about 0.75 miles upstream of the confluence of Willow Creek and the Colorado River. Botanic components and detrital charcoal were identified, and potentially radiocarbon datable material was separated.

  • EXAMINATION OF SOIL/CHARCOAL SAMPLES FOR RADIOCARBON DATABLE MATERIAL AND AMS RADIOCARBON ANALYSIS OF SAMPLES FROM ALONG THE SOUTH FORK COWICHE CREEK, WASHINGTON (2006)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Kathryn Puseman.

    A total of six samples from site CC1 were floated to recover organic fragments suitable for radiocarbon analysis. These samples were recovered from the South Fork Cowiche Creek near Yakima in eastern Washington. Botanic components and detrital charcoal were identified, and potentially radiocarbon datable material was separated. Charcoal from one of the samples was submitted for AMS radiocarbon analysis.

  • AN EXAMINATION OF THE SUBSISTENCE RECORD FOR THE FLEX (SHOW LOW II) PROJECT: THE POLLEN RECORD (1987)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Linda Scott Cummings. PaleoResearch Institute.

    Pollen analysis conducted in conjunction with archaeological investigations continued in the vicinity of Show Low, Arizona with the FLEX (Show Low II) Project. Four additional archaeological sites were examined for pollen to identify subsistence at these sites and augment the data base for the FLEX Project. A total of 35 pollen samples were examined for this phase of the project, of which 31 samples or 89% yielded sufficient pollen for analysis. Interpretation of these samples addresses...

  • AN EXAMINATION OF THREE HEARTH FILLS FROM SITE 48H0131, HOT SPRINGS COUNTY, WYOMING FOR MACROFOSSIL REMAINS (1981)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Deborah Truell Steward. PaleoResearch Institute.

    Three soil samples were submitted for macrofossil analysis from three shallow rock-lined hearths on a site in Hot Springs County, Wyoming. The site, 48H0131, lies north of Grass Creek in the Grass Creek Valley approximately 5800' above sea level. The preliminary site report describes area floral resources as widely varied and typical of the foothills scrub vegetation zone (Larsen and Tibesar 1981).

  • EXAMINATION OF THREE POLLEN SAMPLES FROM UVDA VALLEY, ISRAEL (2003)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Linda Scott Cummings.

    Three pollen samples from Uvda Valley in Israel were examined for their pollen content. These samples each represent a different site and probably time. The intent was to obtain information concerning the presence of cereal grains and any other evidence of cultivated plants possible.

  • EXAMINATION OF TOOTH TARTAR FROM TWO PREHISTORIC INDIVIDUALS FROM THE SALT LAKE VALLEY, UTAH (2004)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Linda Scott Cummings.

    Calculus from two teeth recovered from individuals of unknown age and provenience were submitted for microscopic analysis. Remains were extracted from the calculus, identified, and many photographed. The results are presented here and accompany a digital record of the photographs on a CD.

  • EXAMINATION OF TREE CORES FROM THE PILGRIM CREEK AREA OF GRAND TETON NATIONAL PARK, WYOMING (1997)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Kathryn Puseman.

    Eleven tree cores were taken from trees growing in abandoned channels of Pilgrim Creek in Grand Teton National Park, Wyoming. These cores were examined to identify the tree genus, when possible, and to estimate the approximate age of each tree.

  • EXAMINATION OF TWO CORN COBS FROM AZ A:15:56, ARIZONA (2004)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Linda Scott Cummings.

    Two maize cobs recovered from site AZ A:15:56(ASM) were digested to recover phytoliths that were measured to obtain a numeric signature for the race of maize, as well as environmental conditions under which the maize grew. This site is located on the Shivwitz Plateau north of Grand Canyon and includes a “C” shaped room block.

  • EXAMINATION OF WOOD AND CHARRED BOTANIC REMAINS FROM TRAPPED ROCK DRAW, WESTERN NEW MEXICO (2011)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Kathryn Puseman.

    A single detrital wood sample and a charred botanic sample were submitted for identification. These samples were recovered from a pair of low stream terraces along Trapped Rock Draw, immediately downstream of Trapped Rock Dam in western New Mexico. Botanic components were identified, and potentially radiocarbon datable material was separated; however, no AMS radiocarbon dates were obtained from these samples.

  • EXPERIMENTAL CORN STORAGE PIT, IOWA (2005)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Linda Scott Cummings.

    Four storage pits were dug into a reconstructed prairie in Iowa. The pit was dug Sept. 9, 1995, filled with maize on Oct. 8,1995, and opened for examination on May 4, 1996. Ten of the samples collected either from the pit lining, fill, or as control samples outside pit 1 were examined for pollen and phytoliths in an effort to identify signatures associated with maize storage pits.

  • EXPLORATORY ANALYSIS OF A STEATITE POT, WIND RIVER MOUNTAINS, WYOMING (1997)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Linda Scott Cummings. Kathryn Puseman. Thomas E. Moutoux.

    Pollen, phytolith, and protein residue analyses were conducted on the wash of a steatite pot recovered from the Wind River Mountains, Wyoming. These analyses were conducted in an effort to identify the prehistoric contents of the vessel. This vessel exhibited a whitish residue adhering to the inside.

  • EXPLORATORY MACROFLORAL ANALYSIS AT 5LA6294, LAS ANIMAS COUNTY, COLORADO (1998)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Linda Scott Cummings. Kathryn Puseman. Laura Ruggiero.

    Four macrofloral samples were examined from site 5LA6294 in Las Animal County to identify charred remains that might indicate human activity. Samples were collected from deposits at the rockshelter and were screened at Colorado College prior to submission for analysis.

  • EXPLORATORY MICROSCOPIC EXAMINATION OF TOOTH CALCULUS FROM BYZANTINE PETRAS, CRETE (1996)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Linda Scott Cummings.

    Examination of the contents of human tooth tartar from a Byzantine cemetery in Petras was undertaken to identify any pollen, phytoliths, starch granules, plant cells, hair, and other remains recovered. Human tooth tartar forms more or less continuously on teeth and encapsulates debris in the mouth. Therefore, particles of food, such as starch granules, phytoliths, or calcium oxalate bodies might be trapped by this process. Recovery and identification of remains in tooth calculus from four...

  • EXPLORATORY POLLEN ANALYSIS AT 340T38 AND 340T72, OTTOWA COUNTY, OKLAHOMA (1993)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Linda Scott Cummings.

    Six pollen samples from two sites in Ottowa County, Oklahoma, were examined from buried soils and other strata. Three goals were established for pollen analysis, including determining the extent of pollen preservation, describing the general vegetation community for time periods represented, and searching for the presence of maize. Site 340T38 is represented by four samples, two of which were removed from a buried soil horizon that yielded a radiocarbon age of 1010 + 80 BP (C-13 adjusted) ....

  • EXPLORATORY POLLEN ANALYSIS AT 41GV53B, GALVESTON COUNTY, TEXAS (1990)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Linda Scott Cummings.

    Six sediments were selected for an exploratory analysis from 41GV53B in Galveston County, Texas. This site is a large shell midden located on the south bank of Clear Creek. Exploratory pollen analysis was undertaken in an effort to define pollen preservation and potential for contribution to paleoenvironmental interpretation at this site. These samples are inter preted for their potential to contribute to future paleoenvironmental inter pretations and recommendations are made concerning...

  • EXPLORATORY POLLEN ANALYSIS AT 43HC124, TEXAS (1993)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Linda Scott Cummings.

    Three pollen samples collected from the midden were combined to assess pollen preservation and examine the record for the likelihood of recovery of pollen that may reflect economic activity at this site. Assessment of both the preservation and variety of pollen types present was undertaken.

  • EXPLORATORY POLLEN ANALYSIS AT 8PB35, FLORIDA (1997)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Linda Scott Cummings.

    Two pollen samples from 8PB35 were submitted for analysis. These samples represent the bottom of a pre-ceramic shell midden next to the Loxahatchee River and a shovel test in a Low Hammock area that dates between 2250 and 3250 BP. Pollen analysis was undertaken to identify prehistoric vegetation in this area.

  • EXPLORATORY POLLEN ANALYSIS AT EWA MARINA, OAHU (1990)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Linda Scott Cummings.

    Eleven pollen samples from two cores collected from a swamp at Ewa Marina were examined for pollen. This examination is preliminary and aimed at identifying whether or not the pollen record from this marsh is interpretable and merits further study. This preliminary study focused on recov ery of adequate quantities of pollen for analysis, as well as identifiability of pollen. Interpretability of the overall pollen record, with respect to ability to identify elements of prehistoric...

  • EXPLORATORY POLLEN ANALYSIS AT KALIHIWAI VALLEY, KAUAI (1991)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Linda Scott Cummings.

    Five pollen samples collected from three sites in the Kalihiwai Valley, Kauai were examined for pollen. This examination is preliminary and aimed at identifying whether or not the pollen record from these sites is interpretable and merits further study. This preliminary study focused on recov ery of adequate quantities of pollen for analysis, as well as the state of pollen preservation. Interpretability of the overall pollen record, with respect to ability to identify elements of...

  • EXPLORATORY POLLEN ANALYSIS AT LOS REMOTOS, MEXICO (1994)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Linda Scott Cummings.

    Two pollen samples were examined from hearths at Los Remotos northwest of Monterrey, in northern Mexico. The hearths that were samples yielded radiocarbon ages of 2400 BP and 3700 BP. Pollen analysis was undertaken to identify any evidence of subsistence activity associated with the hearths and to identify prehistoric vegetation from this area that exhibits very sparse vegetative cover at the present.

  • EXPLORATORY POLLEN ANALYSIS AT SEARLES LAKE, CALIFORNIA (2003)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Linda Scott Cummings.

    Fourteen stratigraphic pollen samples from Trench 1, collected at 10 cm intervals, were examined for pollen. The uppermost sample represents pollen within the upper 2 cm of this unit. Lower levels are presumed to represent early Holocene or perhaps late Pleistocene deposits. In addition, six samples from the Paleo Ridge Kill Site also are being examined.

  • EXPLORATORY POLLEN ANALYSIS AT SITE 5AA952, ARCHULETA COUNTY, COLORADO (1994)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Linda Scott Cummings.

    Site 5AA952 is situated in an overgrazed meadow at an elevation of approximately 7100 feet in the San Juan Mountains of southern Colorado. Ceramics recovered from the surface include Pueblo I grayware and groundstone is abundant, primarily on the surface. Cultural material was recovered throughout sediments excavated in test unit 1. Two pieces of groundstone and four sediment samples were examined from this site to identify plants used by the occupants of this site, as well as changes in...

  • EXPLORATORY POLLEN ANALYSIS AT THE SANDRETTO SITE (AZ N:7:163(ASM)), YAVAPAI COUNTY, ARIZONA (1996)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Linda Scott Cummings.

    Four pollen samples were examined from the Sandretto Site (AZ N:7:163(ASM)) in Yavapai County, Arizona. The Sandretto Site represents a Prescott culture occupation between approximately AD 1150 and 1250. An early occupational component around AD 800 also was noted. Pollen samples were examined to provide information concerning the subsistence base and to identify foods that may have been buried with individuals.

  • EXPLORATORY POLLEN ANALYSIS FOR THE BRUNO MEADOWS CULTURAL RESOURCES STUDY, WILLAMETTE NATIONAL FOREST, OREGON (1994)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Linda Scott Cummings. Gerald K. Kelso.

    Exploratory pollen analysis was undertaken on column samples and isolated bulk soil samples from the Bruno Meadows area and along Bruno Creek northeast of Coffin Mountain, northwest of Buck Mountain, and southwest of Mount Jefferson in the Willamette National Forest. Bruno Creek runs through the project area and is a tributary of the north Santiam River. This exploratory study was undertaken to asses the value of pollen analysis in interpreting the paleoenvironment using the record from...

  • EXPLORATORY POLLEN ANALYSIS OF A SOIL CORE FROM UNDER THE FLOOR OF THE DELANEY BARN, AURORA, COLORADO (1994)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Gerald K. Kelso.

    The Delaney Barn in Aurora, Colorado is a round structure constructed ca. 1902. A woman who grew up on the farm remembered taking grain (unidentified) from it to feed cattle (Michelle Bane, personal communication 1994), suggesting that it originally functioned as a granary. The building was converted to a dairy barn sometime before 1918. Windows, a concrete ground floor, and a wooden second floor supported by wooden posts were installed at that time (Nan Rickey, personal communication 1994)...

  • EXPLORATORY POLLEN ANALYSIS OF CORE SEDIMENT FROM MACON COUNTY, GEORGIA (2015)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Linda Scott Cummings.

    A single sample collected from a core on the Georgia Coastal Plain that is expected to date between 200,000 and 800,000 years ago was submitted for pollen analysis. Recovery of pollen was undertaken to assess pollen preservation and recovery potential. Identification of pollen from this sample examines the record to determine whether vegetation is typical of a glacial or interglacial interval, which contributes to narrowing the time period represented by this sample.

  • EXPLORATORY POLLEN ANALYSIS OF PIT FILL AND A SMALL CAVE ALONG THE KONA COAST OF THE ISLAND OF HAWAI'I I (1993)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Linda Scott Cummings.

    Three pollen samples collected from the fill of pits and from a small cave, plus a modern control sample were examined from several sites on the Kona Coast of the Island of Hawai'i. Pollen samples were selected to address specific research questions. They were examined to provide paleoenvironmental and background control data for the project area. Samples 1 and 2, representing the small cave and the modern surface in a grassland, were examined to provide this information. Two additional...

  • EXPLORATORY POLLEN ANALYSIS OF SAMPLES BENEATH THE TOLO LAKE MAMMOTH LEG BONES IN NORTHERN IDAHO (1995)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Linda Scott Cummings.

    Two pollen samples were collected beneath the left femur and fibula of mammoth 1 excavated from the Tolo Lake bed in north-central Idaho. Pollen samples were collected beneath these bones in an effort to obtain lake bed matrix that had been protected from contamination by more recent pollen. Pollen analysis of this material was undertaken to identify pollen present representing probable late Pleistocene vegetation and to assess the potential of these samples from this matrix for future...

  • EXPLORATORY POLLEN ANALYSIS OF SAMPLES FROM SAN PEDRO SIRIS, BELIZE (2004)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Linda Scott Cummings.

    Ten pollen samples collected from sediments in the East Field system at San Pedro Siris, situated in the Yalbac area of the Cayo District of central Belize, were examined for pollen evidence of crops.

  • EXPLORATORY POLLEN ANALYSIS OF SEDIMENTS FROM LLACTA PATA AND INKA LLACTA, PERU (2002)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Linda Scott Cummings.

    Pollen analysis was undertaken on sediments from two terrace systems, Llacta Pata and Inka Llacta in Peru. Sediments were collected in the field by Dr. Inge Schjellerup and submitted for analysis to Paleo Research Institute. This exploratory pollen analysis examined these samples to obtain an idea of the variety of pollen present, to evaluate the relative preservation of pollen within the sediments, and to obtain a record of vegetation in these areas, including any evidence of agriculture.

  • EXPLORATORY POLLEN ANALYSIS OF SEDIMENTS FROM THE FRAZIER MOUNTAIN PALEOSEISMIC SITE, CALIFORNIA (2012)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Linda Scott Cummings.

    Six samples from a core collected in a closed depression along the San Andreas fault on the north flank of Frazier Mountain were selected for pollen analysis to examine the paleoenvironmental record. In addition, quantities of microscopic charcoal smaller than 250 microns were tabulated to provide preliminary information on fire history.

  • EXPLORATORY POLLEN ANALYSIS OF STRATIGRAPHIC SAMPLES FROM 41AT116, SOUTH TEXAS (1993)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Linda Scott Cummings.

    Four pollen samples were examined as part of an archaeological testing project in Atascosa County, southern Texas. Three pollen samples represent stratigraphic units from a backhoe trench, while the fourth sample represents the modern surface. As yet no radiocarbon ages are available for these sediments, but late Paleoindian diagnostics were recovered from two of the other upland sites. Exploratory pollen analysis was designed to determine whether or not pollen preservation was sufficient...

  • EXPLORATORY POLLEN ANALYSIS OF THE BRYANT CORE, EVERGLADES, FLORIDA (1993)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Linda Scott Cummings.

    Two pollen samples were selected from the base of a peat deposit and the underlying marl within a core collected from the Everglades in Florida. Pollen analysis was undertaken to ascertain whether or not pollen preservation was sufficient for more closely spaced pollen analysis and to identify local vegetation during formation of the marl. The pollen record examines the different types of pollen recovered, as well as evaluating pollen preservation. Estimated ages of these sediments are...

  • EXPLORATORY POLLEN ANALYSIS OF THE LOWEST STRATIGRAPHIC SAMPLE FROM HELL GAP, SOUTHEASTERN WYOMING (1995)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Linda Scott Cummings.

    The lowest sample collected from a stratigraphic column at Hell Gap was submitted for exploratory pollen analysis. Exploratory pollen analysis of this sample includes a pollen count, evaluation of the condition of the pollen and concentration of pollen in this sediment, and recommendations for the future.

  • EXPLORATORY POLLEN ANALYSIS OF TWO SAMPLES FROM 5MV1931, MOREFIELD CANYON, COLORADO (1998)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Linda Scott Cummings. Thomas E. Moutoux.

    Two pollen samples were examined from sediments of a probable water collection facility in Morefield Canyon, Colorado. This preliminary study was designed to evaluate the potential of samples such as these for pollen preservation. These samples were selected from deposits with differing flow rates to compare the pollen contents of these sediments.

  • EXPLORATORY POLLEN ANALYSIS OF TWO SAMPLES FROM THE BATTLE SPRING FORMATION, WYOMING (2011)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Linda Scott Cummings. R.A. Varney.

    Two segments of core from the Battle Spring Formation in southwestern Wyoming were examined to recover pollen. Pollen analysis was undertaken to provide a record of plants growing in this area in an effort to recover evidence of a wetland.

  • EXPLORATORY POLLEN ANALYSIS ON TERRACES AT MACHU PICCHU, PERU (1999)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Linda Scott Cummings.

    Pollen analysis of three samples per hole, collected at standard intervals of 0-5 inches, 5-15 inches, and 15-25 inches below the surface (Table 1) represents five holes on five of the agricultural terraces at Machu Pichu. This is the first pollen analysis conducted on these terraces. Specific goals for this analysis included: 1) identifying pollen present to assess the quality of pollen preservation in the samples and the potential for future analysis, 2) examining the pollen record for...

  • EXPLORATORY POLLEN AND MACROFLORAL ANALYSIS OF A PRIVY AT SITE 13LE442, IOWA (1996)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Linda Scott Cummings. Kathryn Puseman.

    Pollen and macrofloral analyses were undertaken to identify elements of the historic diet recorded in a privy at the Dover village site (13LE442) in southeast Iowa. Parasite analysis yields evidence of parasite loads for users of this privy. The privy is believed to be associated with a general store that operated on this site from around 1840-1870 until approximately the turn of the century. Manufacturing dates for glass bottles recovered from the privy deposits indicate that the privy was...

  • EXPLORATORY POLLEN AND PHYTOLITH ANALYSIS 15CU21 AND 15CU43, KENTUCKY (1996)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Linda Scott Cummings. Thomas E. Moutoux.

    Pollen and phytolith samples from Early Archaic, Early Holocene, and Late Pleistocene deposits were examined to assess local vegetation. Culturally sterile Late Pleistocene clays were tested beneath a level yielding Early Archaic artifacts at. 15CU43. At 15CU21 (Wolfe Shelter) a single sample was examined from a level that produced a Dalton point.

  • EXPLORATORY POLLEN AND PHYTOLITH ANALYSIS AND CHARCOAL IDENTIFICATION AT 41CW54, SOUTHEASTERN TEXAS (1999)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Linda Scott Cummings. Kathryn Puseman.

    A single sample was examined for pollen and phytoliths from 41CW54 to identify whether or not pollen and phytoliths were preserved and could be recovered. The sample was removed from the south bank of a drainage feature resembling a slough. A radiocarbon age of 9160 +/- 40 BP is associated with this sample. A charcoal sample found in association with a burned rock feature also was submitted for identification prior to AMS radiocarbon dating. This charcoal is believed to represent an age of...

  • EXPLORATORY POLLEN AND PHYTOLITH ANALYSIS AT 41RG13, BIG LAKE PLAYA, WEST TEXAS (1990)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Linda Scott Cummings.

    EXPLORATORY POLLEN AND PHYTOLITH ANALYSIS AT 41RG13, BIG LAKE PLAYA, WEST TEXAS: A bison site (41RG13) buried in the lake bed of an intermittent playa (Big Lake) in Regan County, West Texas, contained bison tone, flakes, tools, and a dart point. A radiocarbon age of 7530 + 150 BP was obtained from a bison bone sample. Pollen and phytoliths were analyzed from this site to assess the utility of further analysis of pollen and/or phytoliths to reconstruct paleoenvironmental conditions in the...

  • EXPLORATORY POLLEN AND PHYTOLITH ANALYSIS AT CA-SNI-351, A SHELL MIDDEN ON SAN NICOLAS ISLAND, CALIFORNIA (1993)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Linda Scott Cummings.

    Four pollen and phytolith samples were selected for analysis from a shell midden located in an eroded dune area on San Nicolas Island. This plateau area consists of eroded dunes, coastal shrubs, and cactus. Pollen and phytolith analyses were undertaken to assess the utility of analyzing these microscopic remains to provide information concerning vegetation and subsistence activity at the time this site was occupied.

  • Exploratory Pollen and Phytolith Analysis at the Coco Station Site (46KA294), West Virginia (1995)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Linda Scott Cummings.

    Two pollen and two phytolith samples were submitted for exploratory analysis from the Coco Station Site (46KA294) to determine the extent of preservation of the pollen and phytolith records. This exploratory analysis was undertaken as part of the testing of this site prior to excavation. The results of this exploratory analysis will be used to recommend future sampling strategy for both pollen and phytoliths during full scale excavation.

  • EXPLORATORY POLLEN AND PHYTOLITH ANALYSIS AT THREE SITES IN FRANCE: (LA TUREAU DE L'ABIME, UX94-1-G (UXEAU), AND UX94-2 (BOIS DE BUSSEROLE) (1995)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Linda Scott Cummings. Rosa Maria Albert.

    Pollen and phytolith samples were examined from selected deposits at three sites in France to examine recovery and state of preservation. La Tureau de L'Abime is an Iron Age burial mound with an age of about 800 BC. Samples from Uxeau represent part of a medieval moat or perimeter defense around the fortified priory of Uxeau during the tenth or eleventh century AD. Bois de Busserole is a well-preserved late Gaulish/early Gallo-Roman site probably occupied between the first century BC and...

  • EXPLORATORY POLLEN AND PHYTOLITH ANALYSIS FOR THE BAKSIHI SITE, CEBU, PHILIPPINES (2004)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Linda Scott Cummings.

    PolIen, starch, and phytolith analysis were conducted on sediment samples from the Baksihi Site in Cebu, Philippines to assess future possibilities for analysis and interpretation of the archaeobotanic and/or paleoenvironmental record. These samples represent exposures 250 and 300 m inland from the contemporary mean tidal zone.

  • EXPLORATORY POLLEN AND PHYTOLITH ANALYSIS FOR THE TALEGA SITE (CA-ORA-907), SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA (2006)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Linda Scott Cummings. R.A. Varney.

    Thirteen pollen and eight phytolith samples collected stratigraphically from sediments at CA-ORA-907 were examined to provide information necessary to reconstruct the past vegetation at the Talega site. The stratigraphic sediments reach a depth of. at least 61 feet, where a radiocarbon age of 14,980 ± 70 BP was obtained. Most of the sediments examined accumulated between approximately 15,000 BP and 8,000 BP and are anchored by one or more radiocarbon ages.

  • EXPLORATORY POLLEN AND PHYTOLITH ANALYSIS IN THE VALLEY OF TOLUCA, MEXICO (1995)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Linda Scott Cummings. Kathryn Puseman.

    Two sediment samples from the Tlacomuli Site (64T1) were submitted for exploratory pollen and phytolith analysis. Samples were obtained from a Late Post Classic or Colonial house and from a trench to evaluate the potential for recovering identifiable remains. Three charcoal samples from a variety of depths in the trench and one from the house also were submitted for identification.

  • EXPLORATORY POLLEN AND PHYTOLITH ANALYSIS OF SAMPLES FROM SH-45, WILLIAMSON COUNTY, TEXAS (2002)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Linda Scott Cummings.

    Five sediment samples were submitted for evaluation of pollen and phytolith contents. No provenience information was submitted with the samples to compare the quantities of pollen and phytoliths and their condition with specific or general provenience information. At this time, it is not known whether these samples represent stratigraphic contexts or features.

  • EXPLORATORY POLLEN AND PHYTOLITH ANALYSIS ON EASTER ISLAND (1996)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Linda Scott Cummings.

    Two sediment samples were examined for pollen and phytoliths from separate sites on Easter Island. This analysis was exploratory in nature with its primary goal to identify the quality of preservation of pollen and phytoliths and assess the value of further analysis. One pollen and phytolith sample was collected at site 26-50, a surface cave or overhang site that had been walled up. The other sample was collected at site 26-1, an ahu.

  • EXPLORATORY POLLEN AND PHYTOLITH ANALYSIS ON SEDIMENT UNDER THE FOUNDATION OF THE PLATFORM FOR AHU HEKII (1997)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Linda Scott Cummings.

    One sediment sample was collected from the area on the north side and immediately under the foundation of the platform extending from the front of Ahu Hekii at La Perouse Bay. Pollen and phytolith analysis were undertaken on this sample to identify local vegetation prior to the construction of this ahu.

  • EXPLORATORY POLLEN AND STARCH ANALYSIS OF THREE SAMPLES FROM THE BIG M SITE, FORT ROCK BASIN, CENTRAL OREGON (1993)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Linda Scott Cummings.

    Three pollen samples were examined from a fire hearth in the center of a wickiup occupied approximately 4910 BP, from the floor of a structure or processing station occupied 4905 BP, and from the floor of a shallow, basin-shaped possible cache pit. Pollen and starches were identified from these samples to interpret any evidence of subsistence or food processing activities.

  • EXPLORATORY POLLEN EXTRACTION OF THREE SAMPLES FROM BASSETT LAKE, HUECO MOUNTAINS, MEXICO (1996)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Linda Scott Cummings.

    Three stratigraphic pollen samples were selected for extraction and scanning to observe whether or not pollen was present and if it was in a sufficiently good state of preservation for identification.

  • EXPLORATORY POLLEN, PHYTOLITH, AND FOSSILIZED WOOD IDENTIFICATION OF JURASSIC SAMPLES FROM A DINOSAUR QUARRY ON THE WARM SPRINGS RANCH, WYOMING (1996)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Linda Scott Cummings. Kathryn Puseman.

    The Warm Springs Ranch in Thermopolis, Wyoming, is home to the "BS" dinosaur quarry, an Upper Jurassic Morrison Formation dated as Kimmeridgian -Tithonian (156-144 mya). Pollen analysis was undertaken on a sample of drab mudstone from the quarry layer, and phytolith analysis was attempted on a piece of lignitic material from the quarry layer. The seam of lignite was approximately 2-3 inches thick and perhaps a foot wide and might have been part of a tree trunk. A fossil wood sample was...

  • EXPLORATORY POLLEN, STARCH, AND PHYTOLITH ANALYSIS FOR THE ALEONAR SITE, CEBU, PHILIPPINES (2005)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Linda Scott Cummings.

    Pollen, starch, and phytolith analyses were conducted on two samples from the Aleonar site on Tagotong Hill, a ritual hilltop site of Neolithic Age on Cebu in the Philippines. Samples were collected from a midden accumulation in a probable ceremonial area. Analyses were conducted to identify both local vegetation and any evidence of ritual use of plants.

  • EXTRACTION OF MICROCHARCOAL AND AMS RADIOCARBON DATING OF SAMPLES FROM FORT SAGE SOUTH PALEOSEISMIC TRENCH, CALIFORNIA (2009)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Kathryn Puseman. Linda Scott Cummings.

    Sediment samples were collected from a trench across an active normal fault in the Fort Sage Mountains in northeast California with the purpose of gaining insight into earthquake activity. These sediment samples were examined to recover organic material suitable for AMS radiocarbon dating. No macroscopic charcoal or other organic fragments were noted in these samples; therefore, they were processed to recover microscopic charcoal fragments (microcharcoal) for dating. Two of the samples...

  • EXTRACTION OF POLLEN FROM BRAZILIAN SEDIMENTS (2009)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Linda Scott Cummings.

    Extraction of pollen from Brazilian sediments.