Archival and Geophysical Investigations to Locate a Civil War Cemetery and Railroad Station, Fort Lee (FL2010.012)
Part of: Fort Lee, Prince George County, Virginia
In September, 2008, the Cultural Resources Management Program (CRMP) at Fort Lee, Virginia requested assistance from the US Army Engineer Research and Development Center (ERDC), Construction Engineering Research Laboratory (CERL) in identifying a Civil War cemetery believed to have been located on what is now Fort Lee. One of the few clues about the cemetery’s location was that it was near Meade (or Meade’s) Station, a United States Military Rail Road (USMRR) station constructed during the Civil War. It was thought that locating the railroad alignment was a logical first step in finding the cemetery. Archaeological remains of the railroad could include an embankment, concentrations of artifacts (e.g., spikes or rails), imported gravel and soil, or evidence of soil removal. Meade Station was expected to be a more difficult property to identify. Given the station’s brief existence, it could be represented in the archaeological record primarily by a relatively small concentration of postholes and artifacts, which might have been destroyed or obscured by subsequent construction on the site. The cemetery was viewed as the most challenging target, given its brief existence (most or all graves were thought to have been moved), and the expected absence of stone markers or substantial coffins.
This collection contains the project page for Archival and Geophysical Investigations to Locate a Civil War Cemetery and Railroad Station, Fort Lee and the report on the investigation.
Site Type Keywords
Resource Extraction / Production / Transportation Structure or Features • Road, Trail, and Related Structures or Features • Funerary and Burial Structures or Features • Cemetery • Non-Domestic Structures • Military Structure • Mound / Earthwork • Military Earthwork
Site Evaluation / Testing • Historic Background Research • Geophysical Survey
Civil War, 1861-1865 • World War I • Post-Civil War
US (ISO Country Code) • United States of America (Country) • Virginia (State / Territory) • Prince George County (County) • North America (Continent) • Prince George (County) • Fort Lee • Camp Lee • Meade Station • Meade's Station