Society for American Archaeology 80th Annual Meeting, San Francisco, CA (2015)

Part of: Society for American Archaeology

This Collection contains the abstracts from the 2015 annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Most files in this collection contain the abstract only. The Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology provides a forum for the dissemination of knowledge and discussion. The 80th Annual Meeting was held in San Francisco, California from April 15-19, 2015.


Resources Inside This Collection (Viewing 101-200 of 3,697)


  • From Ocean to Desert: Analysis of Prehistoric Shell Through Type, Use, and Trade Routes to Petrified Forest National Park (2016)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Alexandra Covert.

    Shell jewelry at Petrified Forest National Park has been found from Basketmaker II through Pueblo IV. Since there are no local sources of marine shell, it is important to understand how trade routes from the Gulf of California and the Gulf of Mexico directly affected how shell was traded to this region. Shell recovered from archaeological contexts curated in the Petrified Forest National Park collections were typed according to class, genus, and species and were sourced to the Gulf of California...

  • Clarifying Late Archaic, Basketmaker, and Pueblo I Project Point Types at Petrified Forest National Park, Arizona (2016)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Cody Dalpra. Brian Harmon. Reuven Sinensky.

    Late Archaic, Basketmaker, and Pueblo I time period projectile point types are problematic in the greater Southwest because many exhibit considerable morphological overlap. The sizable collections from Petrified Forest National Park represent an excellent test case where all of these time periods are well represented. To characterize their considerable morphological range we analyze over 80 projectile points from cross dated surface finds and the excavated sites of the Basketmaker-era Flattop...

  • Extraction of Soil Biomarkers from the Sacred Cacao Groves of the Maya (2016)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Richard Terry. Bryce M. Brown. Aline Magnoni. Tanya Carino.

    In Post Classic and Colonial times, cacao was an important crop to the Maya. Landa and others reported sacred groves of trees in the Yucatan region, and among these groves they saw cacao growing. When the Spanish arrived in Mexico, cacao seeds were even used as a form of currency near Chichen Itza. Cacao typically grows in hot, humid climates. The Yucatan region is too dry and humidity is too low during the winter months to sustain cacao, but it has been found to grow in the humid microclimates...

  • Root, Fruit and Dirt: using ethnoarchaeology and archaebotany for constructing reference collections of plants in activity areas in Eastern Amazon (2016)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Leandro Cascon. Rui Murrieta.

    In the Brazilian State of Pará, Eastern Amazon, indigenous Asurini populations living in the middle course of the Xingú River currently face the challenge of maintaining traditional lifeways in a situation of great ecological and social change, due to the construction of Belo Monte, one of the world’s largest hydroelectric dams. Amongst their practices, the cultivation of diverse varieties of manihot, sweet-potato, beans, maize and other crops is an important aspect of Asurini culture, and one...

  • Spatial Analysis of Domestic Structures (2016)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Linda Scott Cummings.

    Cooking, food processing, and consumption all contribute anthropic activity markers traceable using archaeobotanic analyses and chemical signatures. Grid square sampling illuminates patterns for comparison with distribution of artifacts and architectural elements, revealing patterned activities that identify food storage in vessels, grinding, and cooking. Multiple lines of evidence, each providing only a portion of the record, contribute to better understanding economic activity and provide...

  • Combining residue analysis of floors and ceramics to identify activity areas and the use of space (2016)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Alessandra Pecci. Fernanda Inserra.

    Residue analyses have been applied for more than 40 years to the study of ceramics and floors (Barba, Bello 1978; Condamin et al. 1976). This has allowed to better understand ceramic contents, on the one side, and the traces left by human activities on floors, on the other. Both these disciplines provide important information on human activity markers, focusing on the use of ceramics in the first case and the use of space and the function of structures in the second. However, a deeper...

  • Microarchaeology applied to foumier deposits: the use of phytoliths, spherulites and ash pseudomorphs as a tool for reconstruct livestock practices. (2016)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Mónica Alonso Eguíluz. Rosa María Albert. Javier Fernández Eraso.

    Fumier deposits are important sources of information to better understand past livestock practices. The Neolithic site of Los Husos II (Álava, Spain), in the upper Ebro Basin, is the oldest Basque Country site where livestock practices were detected dating to 6990-6760 cal B.P. Hence, the site offers a unique opportunity to study the adaptation of early livestock practices and their expansion to the western Pyreness, as the Ebro Basin is the main route by which the new economic system...

  • Activity Area Analysis of Elite and Commoner Spaces in the Ancient Maya City of Actuncan, Belize (2016)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Lisa LeCount. Kara A. Fulton. David W. Mixter. E. Christian Wells. Thomas R. Jamison.

    This report describes the results of a geochemical analysis of nearly 1,000 samples from earthen and plaster surfaces at Actuncan, a prehispanic Maya city in western Belize. Studies of the social, political, and economic relationships between elites and commoners demonstrate that the lived experiences of both groups were dramatically different. However, we know little about how social roles and relationships impacted the organization and daily use of domestic and public spaces. Multivariate...

  • Supper’s ready. Preparing and cooking food in Italian Protohistory (2016)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Anna Depalmas. Francesco di Gennaro.

    The paper focuses on some aspects of food production and preparation of meals in the poorly equipped context of the protohistoric village in Italian territory. Some arrangements that have already been observed or reconstructed on archaeological basis, specifically when connected to particular found tools are discussed. With specific reference to the Italian protohistory, research on these items has been sometimes supported by ethnographic comparisons. In this search some already stated...

  • Untangling Activity Areas in Open Spaces: Ethnography at Jandhala, North Gujarat, India (part II (2016)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Carla Lancelotti. Jonas Alcaina Mateos. Javier Ruiz perez. Alessandra Pecci. Marco Madella.

    Jandhala is a small village in the rural countryside of North Gujarat (India) where many of the activities related to food processing are still non-mechanized. One compound within the village has been investigated ethnographically to test a novel methodology to unravel activity areas. In this paper we present the results of investigations in the courtyard of the compound. Over 170 samples were collected, in a regular grid of 2x2 meters, and analyzed for multi-element geochemistry. We compare our...

  • Lessons Learned from the Courts: Forensic Archaeology and Anthropology in Recent United States Jurisprudence (2016)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Ryan Seidemann. Christine Halling.

    Unlike many other aspects of archaeology, forensic archaeology and anthropology is, in part, only as effective as the courts believe it to be. While peer review is the gold standard for assessing the integrity and viability of the scientific aspects of forensic archaeology and anthropology, passing muster in a court of law can be a different—and sometimes counterintuitive—standard. Although some recent research in this area has examined the impact of court attempts to “police” the integrity of...

  • Can we all get along? Bridging the divide between forensic anthropologists, forensic archaeologists, and law enforcement personnel (2016)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Craig Goralski. Alexis Gray.

    Despite being stakeholders with many shared goals, the working relationships between forensic anthropologists, forensic archaeologists, and their colleagues in law enforcement are often strained. The authors argue that cultural differences among the groups have contributed to the underuse and misuse of forensic anthropologists and archaeologists both in the United States and elsewhere, resulting in investigations that are neither as anthropological nor as scientific as juries and the public are...

  • An Examination of the Spatial Distribution of the Tissue Fragments created during an Explosive Event (2016)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Erin DuBois. Tony Waldron. Kate Bowers. Carolyn Rando.

    In the field of forensic science, the investigation that follows an explosive attack is one of extreme importance. There are, however, few universally accepted methods for the location and recovery of human remains after an explosion, especial in the cases of an IED or suicide bomb attack. This explains the paucity of available research and guidance on the subject. The research presented here aims to improve practice both in terms of recovery of the victims and in determining the characteristics...

  • Being Found: A Fundamental Human Right (2016)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Ann Marie Mires. Claire Gold.

    The National Institute of Justice (NIJ) database lists approximately 100,000 missing persons in the United States. Many of the people who go missing in the United States are victims of homicide. In many cases, the investigation begins only when human remains are found. DNA technology has helped decrease the number of unidentified cases but still, many “unfound” cases remain unsolved. Victims of homicide have no choice as to where their bodies are placed and often suffer violations before and...

  • The Value of Forensic Archaeology Training for All Law Enforcement Officers: A Case Example (2016)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Martin McAllister. Brent Kober.

    Law enforcement officers working for agencies not directly involved in land management, such as county sheriff’s departments, traditionally have not been trained to recognize evidence of crimes related to resource protection, for example, artifacts and human remains stolen in the commission of archaeological crimes. In a recent class presented by our firm and cohosted by the Lake County, California Sheriff’s Department and two California tribes, sheriff’s deputies and evidence technicians...

  • Life Among the Tombstones: Forensics Crosses Paths with Hoodoo (2016)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Sharon Moses.

    African magic rituals among the graves of the recently dead in the South and elsewhere may not be as rare as one might think. This paper is an exploration of a case wherein the author was called in as a forensic archaeologist and consultant to law enforcement investigating a case of cemetery desecrations with supernatural overtones. Further, during the course of this investigation, possible connections between the author's historical archaeological research excavation of a slave street on a...

  • To Dig or Not to Dig? A Case Study of Suspected Remains Buried under Concrete (2016)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Paul Martin. Blair Tormey.

    Ground-penetrating radar (GPR) results can factor into the decision to excavate in the search for a clandestine grave. Most published research and case studies focus on the successful location and recovery of human remains, while relatively few examples have been published showing negative results. This presentation highlights a cold case where the data interpretation led to excavation, but did not produce the target sought. Information from a confidential informant led investigators to...

  • Bridging the Gap: Bringing Archaeology into the Forensic Forum (2016)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Dana Kollmann.

    Archaeological excavations are much like crime scene investigations in that to study them, is to destroy them. Consequently, full-scale documentation, cataloguing, and proper packaging techniques are critical components of archaeological and forensic fieldwork. Archaeologists have the additional benefit to law enforcement of being trained to conduct line and grid searches, interpret soils for evidence of disturbance, and perform exhumations using standardized excavation techniques. Law...

  • Protest Graffiti at the Historic Nevada Peace Camp (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Harold Drollinger. Lauren W. Falvey. Colleen Beck.

    The Peace Camp, near the Nevada National Security Site, is the location where protesters have gathered for several decades to voice their opposition to nuclear testing and environmental issues. This National Register eligible property contains an abundance of archaeological features, such as rock cairns, tent pads, sweat lodges, and geoglyphs. Associated with these features are two concrete highway drainage tunnels that served as a passageway and a place of respite from the desert conditions. In...

  • It Takes a (Big) Village: Preserving the Legacy of Pueblo Grande (2015)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Cory Breternitz. Holly Young. M. Scott Thompson. Rebecca Hill.

    Archaeology can marshal new digital infrastructure not simply to rescue endangered legacy information, but to revive and enhance those data for innovative research approaches. Over the course of two decades, Soil Systems, Inc. (SSI), collected vast amounts of archaeological information and digital data during the company’s work at Pueblo Grande, one of the largest and most centrally-located of the Classic period Hohokam villages in the Salt River Valley. This poster highlights efforts to...

  • Managing 'A Mountain' of Rock Art Digital Data (2015)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Jodi Reeves Flores. M. Scott Thompson.

    Currently, rock art research generates large amounts of digital data, both un-structured and structured. This paper discusses the significant role that digital data management systems and repositories such as the Digital Archaeological Record (tDAR) can play in the examination, management, and long-term curation of these data. tDAR is a dynamic digital platform that allows archaeologists to conduct research with and manage their data. The paper describes how rock art researchers can use tDAR to...

  • Synthesizing Legacy Data : Using tDAR’s Data Integration Tool (2015)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Leigh Anne Ellison. adam brin.

    Archaeological projects generate abundant data that is often underutilized in research and analyses beyond the life of the project. Although some projects curate their data, they often do not make those data widely available, accessible, or easy to aggregate at different granularities for additional research. Discipline specific digital repositories and data publishing platforms (e.g. tDAR, ADS, Open Context) are beginning to address problems related to the access and the utility of legacy...

  • Low-Cost Collection Digitization: Streamlining Photogrammetric Methodologies (2015)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Samantha Porter. Matthew Douglas. Matthew Magnani.

    In recent years, it has become possible to rapidly digitize artifacts into three-dimensional (3D) form. The creation of sharable 3D datasets has the potential to increase collaborative efforts and collection access on a large scale. Despite this, archaeologists have struggled to employ an accurate, quick, and transportable solution to collecting data for model generation in field contexts. Photogrammetric modeling is an ideal low-cost solution to be explored, requiring minimal equipment, and...

  • A Portable Photogrammetry Rig for the Reliable Creation of High-Quality 3D Artifact Models in the Field (2015)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Samantha Porter.

    3D modeling is becoming an increasingly utilized tool in archaeology. Currently, there are three principal ways of obtaining 3D models of objects: laser scanning, white light scanning, and photogrammetry. Photogrammetry is becoming increasingly popular since it is relatively inexpensive, mobile, and requires less equipment that has the possibility of malfunctioning. This poster presents a photogrammetry rig consisting of materials that can be obtained easily in the US. These include a kitchen...

  • New radiocarbon dates confirm late Pleistocene human occupation in the Pampas of Argentina at c. 12,170 14C yrs BP: evidence from extinct horse at the Arroyo Seco 2 site (2015)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Thomas Stafford. Daniel Rafuse. Gustavo Politis. Maria Gutierrez.

    The Arroyo Seco 2 site (AS2) is a multi-component open air hunter-gatherer site located in the Pampean Region of Argentina. A recently published monograph summarized the current interpretations of the site, which contains bone remains of 11extinct Pleistocene mammals, including Eutatus seguini, Glossotherium robustum, Megatherium americanum, Paleolama cf. wedelli, Toxodon platensis, Equus (Amerhippus) sp., Glyptodon sp., Hemiauchenia sp., Hippidion sp., Macrauchenia sp., and Mylodontinae. While...

  • Stephen Kowalewski, su vida y obra: a life of regional survey and looking at the big picture (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Verenice Heredia Espinoza. Thomas Pluckhahn. Veronica Perez Rodriguez.

    In this opening paper for the session in honor of Stephen Kowalewski we talk about Steve’s life and background, his experience in Southwestern and Mesoamerican archaeology, and about a life of teaching and mentoring in the classroom and in the field. We discuss Stephen Kowalewski’s work in archaeology and the rich regional datasets that we now enjoy as a result of his teachings and labors. This presentation also reflects on the theoretical and methodological approaches that Steve has employed...

  • Cerro Jazmin and its changing regional context: building upon regional survey data (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Laura Stiver-Walsh. Veronica Perez Rodriguez. Antonio Martínez Tuñón.

    Current work at the Mixtec urban site of Cerro Jazmín stems from a regional survey of the Central Mixteca Alta led by Stephen Kowalewski. As we refine Cerro Jazmin’s chronology and know more about its history of occupation, we are building upon and sometimes correcting initial understandings of the site gained from that regional survey. We are able to contextualize the new information in relation to the entire Nochixtlan Valley and nearby areas thanks to the work and perspective offered by...

  • Research on a Dog Burial from Rio Muerto, Peru (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Ellen Lofaro. Michael Wylde. Susan deFrance. Paul Goldstein.

    This poster presentation examines the place of the dog in the ancient Andean society of Tiwanaku. The mummified remains of a small dog were recovered from a domestic context at the Rio Muerto site, located in the Osmore River drainage of far southern Peru. Although dog burials in Peru are not unusual, they appear mostly in high-status contexts in art and in mortuary practice. Offerings of young camelids and dogs have been found buried beneath floors and entryways of houses at Rio Muerto M43 and...

  • On the Precision and Accuracy of Radiocarbon Dating (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Jaehoon Hwang. Chuntaek Seong. Jaeyong Lee. Jangsuk Kim. Seonho Choi.

    Radiocarbon dating in the modern age is a precise experiment requiring an understanding of nuclear physics using accelerators It require measurements on the order of parts per trillion of carbon 14 nuclei in samples. Although most of the procedures of radiocarbon dating are standardized these days, the final results of the measurements have limitations on precision and accuracy that require careful verification before final acceptance. Recently, our group has carried out radiocarbon dating on...

  • "Left Behind": The Transition of a Farming Community Into Camp Atterbury (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Heather Abramo.

    On 6 January 1942, the United States Army announced that it would build a 40,000 acre training camp in rural central Indiana. The residents of the farming community were given less than six months before they were displaced from their ancestral land for the construction of the camp. Once gone, several hundred vacated farmsteads were left behind. These farmsteads were demolished and would in 50 years time become archaeological sites. This poster will highlight some of the historic archaeological...

  • The Sinagua and the Western Pueblo Tradition: Perspectives from Bioarchaeology (2015)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Peter J. Pilles. Kimberly Spurr.

    Genetic and cultural relationships among ancient and historic populations in the American Southwest have long been of interest to archaeologists, and more recently to descendant communities. Documentation of more than 1500 human remains and 4000 associated funerary objects from US Forest Service land in anticipation of repatriation under NAGPRA provides abundant new information to address this topic. This poster discusses research using metric and nonmetric skeletal data and discrete skeletal...

  • Delazian: An Open-Air Upper Paleolithic Site in Central Iran (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Grant McCall. Somayeh Khaksar.

    For a long time, most Paleolithic research in Iran was focused on the caves and rock shelters of Zagros Mountains. Only in recent years has this focus shifted to other parts of the country, leading to the discovery and study of many Paleolithic sites. Delazian is one such newly-discovered site with an assemblage of lithic artifacts indicating the presence of Paleolithic societies in central Iran during more hospitable periods of climate. In 2009, a systematic survey was conducted at this...

  • Prospects for Detection of Ephemeral Historic Sod Structures Using Geophysical Techniques in Custer County, Nebraska (2015)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Erin Carr.

    Sod houses represent one form of ephemeral historic structure that became common to portions of the Great Plains as a result of the Homestead Act of 1862. Since their construction in the late 1800s and early 1900s, sod house and out buildings have either been preserved, allowed to "melt," deliberately removed and put under cultivation. This poster examines the documentation of these structures under various post-occupation conditions through the use of surface level, non-destructive, geophysical...

  • Spruce Tree House: The Social History of a Thirteenth-Century Cliff Dwelling (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Joel Brisbin. Kay Barnett. Donna Glowacki.

    As one of the best preserved ancestral Pueblo sites in the Southwest, Spruce Tree House presents a unique opportunity to examine aggregation during the 1200s; a time fraught with significant social and religious changes, intensifying intraregional violence, and extreme climatic conditions that ends with widespread Pueblo exodus from the region. This paper presents our fine-grained reconstruction of how Spruce Tree House developed over time based on detailed architectural documentation and a...

  • Developing New Interpretations from Old Data at Montezuma Castle National Monument, Arizona (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Matthew Guebard.

    This paper addresses recent archaeological work at the Castle A site (AZ 0:5:95 [ASM]), located within the Montezuma Castle National Monument boundary in Camp Verde, Arizona.Initially excavated and stabilized in 1934 by National Park Service archaeologists Martin Jackson and Sallie Pierce, the project is a historically significant event in the development of Verde Valley archaeology.Based on Jackson and Pierce’s interpretation of stratigraphic evidence, they believed a catastrophic fire...

  • Ruins and Restoration on the Colorado Plateau: Earl Morris and the PWA (Public Works Administration) (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Kelly Pool.

    In 1934, the Carnegie Institution "loaned" archaeologist Earl Morris to the National Park Service to supervise the repair of ruins in Mesa Verde National Park, Colorado, and Aztec Ruins National Monument, New Mexico. The NPS had received funding in 1933 for long-term development projects through New Deal emergency work relief programs, one of which was the Public Works Administration. The PWA provided money for physical improvements in parks and monuments, including funding for restoration and...

  • Stone Tool-making at Two Sixteenth Century Cayuga Sites (2015)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Kathleen Allen. Sandra Katz.

    Cowan’s (1999, 2003) research on small Iroquoian camp sites in New York State demonstrated that analyses of stone tools and debitage assemblages enable archaeologists to investigate which type of stone tool industry was emphasized at a site (core flaking versus biface reduction) and to draw inferences about site function. This study illustrates the broader applicability of Cowan’s approach for conducting micro-scalar analyses of technological organization. We compared debitage assemblages...

  • Sacred vs Secular: Pre-Hispanic Village Landscapes in Southwest New Mexico (2015)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Steve Swanson. Andrew Vorsanger.

    In the pre-Hispanic Southwest, it is well known that certain places on the regional landscape were considered sacred or ritually charged, such as summits, springs, and caves. Less understood is the way that sacred and secular spaces were partitioned within prehistoric villages. In this paper we examine the relationship among secular and sacred spaces during the PIII/PIV periods at two villages along the Rio Grande. Each village includes roomblocks, agricultural features, resource processing...

  • Fields of Resistance: Reflections on Archaeology and Anarchist Praxis (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Theresa Kintz.

    In this paper I offer personal reflections on my experiences as an anarchist archaeologist. I’ll be addressing how my perspective has shaped my interpretation of material culture and landscape; describe my experiences as a CRM field archaeologist organizing to resist exploitation, lobbying for a more egalitarian profession and recognition of our unique form of archaeological knowledge; analyze the eco-anarchist movement’s appropriation of anthropological and archaeological data and...

  • Bioarchaeological analysis of an ancient Maya ancestral context at Cahal Pech, San Ignacio, Belize (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Kelly J. Knudson. Catharina Santasillia. Jaime Awe. Anna Novotny.

    Interaction of the living with the bones of the deceased is a tradition practiced in various forms throughout ancient and modern Mesoamerica. Among the ancient Maya the manipulation of the deceased body is associated with powerful ancestral rituals likely carried out to reinforce and legitimate sociopolitical power. Structures placed on the eastern perimeter of plaza groups often contain multiple inhumations and are interpreted as ancestral locations. Structure B1 at Cahal Pech, located within...

  • Determining village extent and layout utilizing geophysical survey and excavation at the Mississippian site of Cane River, North Carolina (2015)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Timothy Horsley. Ashley Schubert.

    Geophysical techniques can help to clarify the extent of a site and show spatial relationships between structures, therefore guiding research and excavation strategies. When monuments and larger structural elements are absent, feature density can be a reliable proxy for occupation areas and village boundaries. Utilizing a combination of magnetometry and ground-penetrating radar survey at the Cane River site in North Carolina, we were able to locate borrow pits, storage pits, structures, and...

  • From Stone to Screen: Squeezing into the World of Digital Archaeology (2015)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Chelsea Gardner. Lisa Tweten. Kaitlyn Solberg.

    As the field of Digital Archaeology becomes increasingly prevalent, large-scale projects tend to dominate both thinking about and approaches towards the digital landscape. Scholars and students with smaller budgets and resources are often at a disadvantage; we believe renewed energy should be devoted to exploring the value and integrity of small-scale projects. This poster presents From Stone to Screen, a multi-disciplinary, collaborative, and open-access digitization project launched in 2012...

  • Pithouses and Placemaking on the Southern Colorado Plateau (2015)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Sarah Herr. A.E. Rogge.

    Pithouse period settlement on the southern Colorado Plateau was the subject of vibrant research in the mid-twentieth century as Southwest archaeologists explored the validity of the Mogollon and Anasazi archaeological culture areas. In subsequent years the region became a laboratory for anthropology, as the rich data lent itself to studies of population dynamics in the famously heady days of New Archaeology. Since the mid-1970s, research on these first millennium A.D. sites has been confined to...

  • Through a Smoke Cloud Darkly: The Possible Social Significance of Candeleros in Terminal Classic Naco Valley Society (2015)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Patricia Urban. Edward Schortman. Jacob Griffith-Rosenberger. Reagan Neviska. Chelsea Katzeman.

    Candeleros, fired clay artifacts with one to over 20 chambers, are widely distributed across Terminal Classic (AD 800-1000) contexts in the Naco valley of northwestern Honduras. Though reported from other parts of Mesoamerica, little is known about the varied ways this distinctive artifact figured in tasks engaged in by people of diverse ranks and might have been used in negotiating interpersonal transactions. This presentation provides initial responses to these queries based on a functional...

  • Social Diversity and Public Interaction Space in Classic and Postclassic Mimbres (2015)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Rebecca Harkness.

    In the Mimbres region of the US Southwest there is a substantial increase in the diversity of ceramic wares between the Classic (AD 1000-1130) to the Postclassic (AD 1250-1450) periods. As an increase in ceramic diversity could indicate the presence of a more diverse community, it is possible that Postclassic settlements would experience greater challenges in creating and maintaining social relationships within a settlement. Weissner (1983) suggests that people’s sense of predictability of...

  • And Then Sometimes, The Public Engages You (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Duane Quates. Laurie Rush. Margaret Schulz.

    At Fort Drum, our responsiveness to public engagement has been a key element in creating scenarios that have benefited not only the program but the installation and the resource itself. In one example, pressure from Range Control and comments from the public resulted in the conversion of an off limits archaeological district into a training asset and further led to the site’s use in global stewardship training. In a second example, a seemingly ordinary visit from a family member of a Soldier...

  • Chronological Changes in Pottery Production in the Phoenix Basin: Evidence from La Villa (2015)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text James Heidke. Mary Ownby.

    Recent excavations at La Villa recovered a large quantity of pottery that spanned a broad range of time from the Vakhi (ca. A.D. 500-700) to Early Sacaton phase (ca. A.D. 950-1020). Binocular and petrographic analysis of this corpus provides insights into changes in pottery production and distribution in the Phoenix Basin, particularly for Hohokam decorated ceramic types. The results from examining early red-on-gray through red-on-gray/buff sherds indicates those vessels were made with crushed...

  • Archaeological Ceramics for Beginners: A Hands-On Activity for Introductory Classes
    PROJECT Uploaded by: Benjamin Carter

    This activity is designed for students who have little or no experience with archaeology and, in many ways, is a classic; archaeological ceramics activities or labs are offered at many institutions. So, why offer it up? For two reasons: first, as a well-proven option that new instructors can use in their classrooms that is explicitly connected to the Principles for Curricular Reform and, second, as a starter for conversations with experienced instructors. The activity engages students with a...

  • Connecting Tijeras Pueblo: Identifying Utility Ware Communities of Practice (2015)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Judith Habicht-Mauche. Hunter Burgess.

    This poster summarizes data on Southwestern utility wares from Tijeras Pueblo (LA 581), a fourteenth century village site in the Central Rio Grande region of New Mexico. Attributes such as paste color, vessel form, and surface modification were analyzed in order to characterize utility ware "communities of practice" at Tijeras Pueblo. Furthermore my research seeks to compare these aspects of utility ware form, style and production methods with those from adjacent areas of the Rio Grande a well...

  • Anthropogenically driven decline and extinction of Sapotaceae on Nuku Hiva (Marquesas Islands, East Polynesia) (2015)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Jennifer Huebert.

    The native forests of the central and eastern Pacific Islands were extensively modified by Polynesian settlers, but our understanding of these processes are generalised. In the first large study of anthropogenic forest change in the Marquesas Islands, the identification of two members of the Sapotaceae family in archaeological charcoal assemblages was notable. Plants from this taxonomic group are poorly represented in Eastern Polynesia today, and the findings of Planchonella and another species...

  • Fashioning Meaning through Ceramic Candeleros in the Terminal Classic Naco Valley, Northwestern Honduras (2015)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Jacob Griffith-Rosenberger. Reagan Neviska. Chelsea Katzeman.

    Candeleros are simply made ceramic artifacts that consist of one or more cylindrical chambers that are usually circularly arranged and often show signs of burning. These objects are found widely across Mesoamerica though they are rare in most locales. The 100 km2 Naco Valley in northwestern Honduras diverges from this pattern in that: candeleros are frequently found in Terminal Classic (800-1000 CE) assemblages here; they vary in size from items containing a single chamber to others with upwards...

  • Understanding Formation Processes of Archaeological Sites in Eolian Settings in the Petrified Forest National Park (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Amy Schott.

    Located on the southern edge of the Tusayan Dune Field in northeastern Arizona, the Petrified Forest National Park contains abundant archaeology sites located in dune settings. Past and recent archaeological survey has shown an apparent correlation between archaeological site locations and eroded dune blowouts. It is likely that sites are located in dune settings due to their favorable environmental setting; however, it is not clear if the apparent distribution of visible sites in relation to...

  • A Variety of Cerendipitous Discoveries (2015)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Payson Sheets.

    Research at the Ceren village archaeological site in 2013 and 2014 has made a variety of discoveries. The plant casts, made by pouring dental plaster into the voids, reveal much about agriculture in the middle of the rainy season some 1400 years ago. The maize plants were doubled over to dry the mature ears, but the Loma Caldera eruption occurred just before planting squash and beans. So what was that single mature squash plant doing in the milpa? What are the limits of preservation of weeds,...

  • Mimbres Games, Gambling and Gods (2015)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Steve Swanson.

    This paper reviews the archaeological evidence for the presence of games played by the prehistoric inhabitants of the Mimbres region in the US Southwest/Northwest Mexico, emphasizing perishable materials recovered from cave/rock shelter deposits and iconic imagery present on Mimbres ceramic vessels. He compares the archaeological evidence with ethnographic information for gaming and gaming-related activities among Western Puebloan groups. Gaming and gambling among the ethnohistoric Hopi, Zuni...

  • Putting Archaeobotany Under the Microscope: A Case Study for Increased Use of Starch-Grain and Residue Analyses on the North Coast of Peru (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Teresa Rosales-Tham. Victor Vásquez-Sanchez. Guy Duke.

    Due to the arid environment and subsequent excellent preservation on the north coast of Peru, evidence obtained from macrobotanical remains here has been the primary sources of information on plant use. However, despite the richness of the macrobotanical record, the combination of arid conditions and the nature of many plants, such as potatoes and beans – which are consumed in their entirety – macrobotanical remains can only tell us so much. In this paper, we discuss some methodological issues...

  • Putting Archaeobotany Under the Microscope: A Case Study for Increased Use of Starch-Grain and Residue Analyses on the North Coast of Peru
    PROJECT Uploaded by: Guy Duke

    Due to the arid environment and subsequent excellent preservation on the north coast of Peru, evidence obtained from macrobotanical remains here has been the primary sources of information on plant use. However, despite the richness of the macrobotanical record, the combination of arid conditions and the nature of many plants, such as potatoes and beans – which are consumed in their entirety – macrobotanical remains can only tell us so much. In this paper, we discuss some methodological issues...

  • (Poster) Unlocking the data behind the Chora of Metaponto publication series: "on-the-fly" solutions for sharing and archiving an evolving collection (2015)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Jessica Trelogan. Lauren Jackson. Maria Esteva.

    Archaeological publishing is moving from the traditional model of the print monograph (as the definitive word), to an open and interactive model in which it is expected that primary data and the processes of their collection and interpretation are exposed for the reader to validate, re-use, and reinterpret. Online representation of archaeological data and research, then, must achieve transparency, exposing the relations between field collection and research methods, data objects, metadata, and...

  • Rethinking Deodoro Roca Rockshelter (Ongamira, Córdoba, Argentina). Seventy years of archaeological ideas (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only ANDRES DARIO IZETA. Roxana Cattaneo.

    The hunter-gatherer archaeology of the Ongamira Valley has been a landmark in the archaeology of Argentina’s Central Region. The cultural sequence built in the 1950s is still used by many archaeologists to interpret regional peopling, subsistence, land use and mobility. However we believe it is time to review the use of rockshelter-generated data under a new approach that embraces landscape archaeology. Stable isotope-based paleo-environmental reconstructions create a baseline and permit...

  • Learning heritage while teaching archaeology at Tahcabo, Yucatán: archaeologists’ perspectives on the opportunities and risks of local community engagement (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Ivan Batun-Alpuche. Sarah Rowe. Patricia McAnany. Maia Dedrick.

    While a great deal of archaeological research in the Maya area has been conducted with the interests of the academic community and tourism industry in mind, there are fewer examples of archaeology conducted with the needs of local "publics" foregrounded. We propose greater dialogue between archaeologists and the people who live near (and within) places where archaeologists conduct research, and consider the dissemination of archaeological information to communities involved in archaeological...

  • Unlocking the data behind the Chora of Metaponto publication series: "on-the-fly" solutions for sharing and archiving an evolving collection
    PROJECT Uploaded by: Jessica Trelogan

    As archaeological research moves from the traditional model of print publication (as the definitive word), to a larger continuum of interpretation and reinterpretation, access to the supporting data is crucial. To do so, however, adds extra burden on academic units with large legacy collections, publication backlogs, and dwindling budgets. Digital repositories provide a home for static collections, but are not ideal for dynamic collections generated and evolving throughout the research...

  • Archaeological Ceramics for Beginners: A Hands-On Activity for Introductory Classes (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Benjamin Carter.

    This activity is designed for students who have little or no experience with archaeology and, in many ways, is a classic; archaeological ceramics activities or labs are offered at many institutions. So, why offer it up? For two reasons: first, as a well-proven option that new instructors can use in their classrooms that is explicitly connected to the Principles for Curricular Reform and, second, as a starter for conversations with experienced instructors. The activity engages students with a...

  • Beyond Seeds and Charcoal: Constructing a Past for the Future (2015)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Naomi Miller.

    The "big issue" of my career has been long-term human impact on the environment, an inherently processual concern. Working on ancient west Asian plant remains, ethnographic analogy and modern vegetation analogs helped me explain how the the demand for energy lead to deforestation and increasing dung fuel use, both of which are traceable through archaeobotanical study. Seeds preserved in dung fuel, in turn, allow us to identify agropastoral practices that created new environmental niches for...

  • Reevaluating Mimbres Late Pithouse to Classic Period Transformations of the Upper Gila (2015)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Jakob Sedig.

    Professional archaeological research has been conducted in southwest New Mexico’s upper Gila valley since at least 1929, when Burt and Hattie Cosgrove completed a survey of archaeological sites. Projects of various scales have been carried out periodically since then, however minimal research has occurred at Woodrow Ruin, one of the region’s largest sites. This paper presents new information from my recent dissertation research at Woodrow Ruin that is helping to redefine the Late...

  • Rock Art Resonance: preliminary results of an experimental acoustic study (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Chester Liwosz.

    Pecked petroglyphs of a prehistoric Mojave Desert slot canyon hint at experience crafting processes in rock image production. The unique qualities here not shared by other area petroglyph sites support the need to consider archaeological and geographic context of these sites as a critical variable, rather than an assumed constant. With narrow passages, dry falls, and towering vertical walls, the slot's metamorphosed limestone substrate yields the potential for sound characteristics not found at...

  • Demographic Fluctuation in Jomon Period of Japan (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Kenichi Yano.

    This paper surveys our recent studies on fluctuation in prehistoric population of each local area in Jomon or Japanese neolithic period, and infers the reasons for the fluctuations in archaeological contexts. Archaeological demographic reconstruction in Japan has been based on numbers of archaeological sites or structures such as pit dwellings. In Japanese archaeology, pottery chronology has been established in detail. In recent years, many 14C data of various pottery types in Jomon period...

  • The Capture of John Wilkes Booth (2015)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Brian Glusing. Kay Simpson.

    After the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln, the ill-fated escape effort of John Wilkes Booth ended in Virginia on the doorstep of Richard Garrett, where Booth was shot by pursuing federal forces and died on April 26, 1865. Garrett’s Farm, frequently the subject of Booth-related intrigue, was purchased in 1940 by the U.S. Army and is part of Fort A.P. Hill, an Army training installation. Although Garrett’s house and other structures are long gone, the former Garrett house site is now...

  • In the Land of Lava: Petrographic and Chemical Analysis of Pottery from El Malpais National Monument (2015)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Mary Ownby. Lori Reed.

    Pottery found at four sites located in the eastern half of El Malpais National Monument offers significant clues into the importance of this area for the southern Chaco cultural extension. Further, the movement of pottery within the area is also significant as is information on local or non-local production. In order to begin to understand these issues, chemical and petrographic analysis was carried out on pottery mostly from the great house site of Las Ventanas. The Cibola White Ware, Socorro...

  • The Gilded Age in Eastern Yucatán, Mexico: the Age of Betrayal or the Rise of the Middle Class? (2015)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Rani Alexander.

    The social transformations produced by rapid industrialization and expansion of henequen production in the late nineteenth century in western Yucatan were not what happened in Maya-speaking communities further to the east. The Gilded Age in eastern Yucatan was attenuated because communities suffered the protracted aftershocks of the Caste War of Yucatan (1847-1901), which may have repressed wealth disparities instead of heightening them. In this paper, I examine the archaeology of haciendas and...

  • Ceramic Molds for Mixtec Gold: New Insights into Lost Wax-Casting traditions of Late Postclassic Oaxaca (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Marc Levine.

    Lost-wax casting in prehispanic Mesoamerica reached its apogee in Late Postclassic Oaxaca, Mexico. Nowhere is this artistry more evident than in the spectacular gold and silver offerings from Tomb 7 at Monte Albán. Researchers have long understood the general process of lost-wax casting, but have incompletely examined variability in techniques utilized through space and time. This poster presents new evidence of ceramic molds from Late Postclassic Tututepec that are believed to have been used to...

  • Farmers’ Responses to Resource Stress and Climate Change in the Prehistoric US Southwest (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Scott Ingram. Karen Schollmeyer.

    Researchers in the semi-arid US Southwest have long linked abandonment, mobility, and other high-visibility culture changes to climate change, particularly shifts in precipitation patterns. Early researchers used synchronicity to infer causal relationships between cultural changes and climatic shifts. Recent work indicates a more complicated pattern in which some climatic shifts are contemporaneous with periods of population movement and upheaval, while other equally severe shifts are not...

  • Finding the Balance: Case Studies in Collaboration and Community Engagement from the American Southwest (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Karen Schollmeyer. Suzanne Eckert. Deborah Huntley.

    In this paper we explore the challenges and benefits of conducting archaeological field work in rural communities where many stakeholders have vested interests in our research. Doing work in such situations can often feel like a complicated juggling act as one seeks to build relationships with local landowners, diverse community members, and various government agencies, while at the same time meeting the needs of student participants and achieving research goals. The benefits to all parties,...

  • Black and White and Shades of Gray: Projectile Points and Bifaces from the Dinwiddie Site, Southwestern New Mexico (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Stacy Ryan. Riley Duke.

    During Archaeology Southwest and University of Arizona’s 2013 and 2014 field school seasons, close to a hundred bifaces were recovered from the Dinwiddie site, a Cliff phase (A.D. 1300-1450) Salado site in southwestern New Mexico. These artifacts include Archaic and late Pueblo period projectile point styles and several bifaces interpreted as having been discarded during the manufacturing process. This poster presents the biface and projectile point analyses results, expanding on a study...

  • THE JEWELERS OF THE PALACE CRAFTING FOR THE GODS: THE LAPIDARY OBJECTS AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE IMPERIAL TECHNOLOGICAL STYLE (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Emiliano Melgar.

    After the defeat of Azcapotzalco in AD 1428, the rulers of Tenochtitlan employed different strategies to recreate and reinforce their identity during the Triple Alliance. One of them was the regional request of master artisans, called tolteca, for working at the Aztec capital. Some of these craftsmen and their workshops were located inside the palaces of the tlatoque. Among them were the jewelers that crafted sacred objects for the gods and prestige goods for the elites. The technological...

  • Investigating Diet Variability at Early Fortifications in the American Colonies (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Sarah McClure. Jonathan Burns. Martin Welker.

    Variability in historic faunal assemblages is believed to be related to niche construction effects associated with the establishment and cultivation of Old World domesticated flora and fauna in the New World. Fort Shirley, a French and Indian War period fortification in Central Pennsylvania occupied during the mid 1750's, is an important case study in this picture as it was occupied during the introduction of domestic livestock to Central Pennsylvania. Published zooarchaeological analyses of...

  • Subsistence and Site Function in Historic Contexts (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Martin Welker. Jennifer Haney.

    The empirical integration of large, composite, datasets drawn from published sources has seen recurring interest among archaeologists seeking to trace trade, cultural influence, and subsistence patterning. Following Landon’s call for increased data comparison in historic archaeology we investigate the potential to integrate zooarchaeological and ethnobotanical metadata from Anglo-American contexts in the 16th to 19th centuries in the Northeastern United States and Canada. This poster presents...

  • Archaeological Survey and Evaluation of the Garrett Farm Site (44CE0085), Caroline County, Virginia (2014)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Daniel Baicy. Michael Clem.

    On behalf of the Virginia Department of Transportation and Fort A.P. Hill, Cultural Resource Analysts, Inc., conducted a Phase I archaeological survey and Phase II evaluation of Site 44CE0085 in Caroline County, Virginia, for the Virginia Department of Transportation (VDOT) (UPC NO: CSC 1211001, code 5012680, VDHR File No. 2014-0492). The purpose of this project was to survey the mapped location of Site 44CE0085, also known as the Garrett Farm, and determine the potential for intact subsurface...

  • The Garrett Farm Site (44CE0085), Caroline County, Virginia
    PROJECT Uploaded by: Kay Simpson

    This project includes archaeological reports and analysis by Cultural Resource Analysists, Inc. from archaeological fieldwork conducted at the Garrett Farm Site (44CE0085), in Caroline County, Virginia. The Garrett Farm Site is the location of John Wilkes Booth’s apprehension and death.

  • Archaeological Survey and Evaluation of the Predicted Location of the Tobacco Barn at the Garrett Farm Site (44CE0085), Caroline County, Virginia (2015)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Hank Lutton. Jesse Harris.

    On behalf of the Fort A.P. Hill Environmental and Natural Resources Division, Cultural Resource Analysts, Inc., conducted an archaeological survey and evaluation within the Garrett Farm Site (44CE0085) in Caroline County, Virginia. The Garrett Farm Site is the location of John Wilkes Booth’s apprehension and death. The focus of this investigation was the predicted location of Richard Garrett’s tobacco barn, which was burned during the capture and fatal shooting of John Wilkes Booth on April 26,...

  • Moving Forward While Looking Backward (2015)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Linda Scott Cummings. Jennifer Milligan.

    Many know the curation challenges associated with space and data preservation when it comes to archaeological collections. As we keep digging for answers an intense need has developed for appropriate storage of not only the physical findings, but the intellectual materials as well. Most curation repositories require original paper copies of field notes, maps, and analytical data; however, with today’s advancing technologies paperwork is being phased out in preference of digital media such as...

  • An Overview of Architectural Practice at the Ironwood Village, Northern Tucson Basin, Arizona (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Kye Miller.

    This paper provides a brief review of the Ironwood Village site structure, an overview of architectural styles observed at the site, a discussion of variation in architectural practice observed at the site, and a regional comparison of Hohokam pit structure architecture within the greater Tucson Basin. Data recovery at the Ironwood Village site resulted in the discovery of nearly a hundred Pioneer and Colonial period architectural features. The area investigated was centered around a large...

  • Holocene Transformation of San Francisco Bay and Transbay Man Site Stratigraphy (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Jack Meyer.

    San Francisco Bay was created by post-glacial sea-level rise during the span of prehistoric human occupation. The Bay is the single largest Pacific estuary in the Americas (4,160 square kilometers) and is the outlet for California’s largest freshwater drainage system that carries 40% of the state's runoff. The earliest known evidence of widespread human use of the estuary or tidal resources in the Bay Area first appears at shell midden sites located around the Bay in the middle Holocene...

  • Haskett Spear Points and the Plausibility of Megafaunal Hunting in the Great Basin (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Daron Duke.

    Recent Haskett projectile point finds from western Utah’s Great Salt Lake Desert provide a compelling case for megafaunal hunting in the Great Basin, a region that stands out in North America for its lack of direct evidence. The Haskett style is likely the oldest representative of the Western Stemmed series of projectile points, and radiocarbon age estimates on black mat organics at the locality suggest a date range between ca. 12,000 and 13,000 cal BP. In this paper, an argument for megafaunal...

  • Holocene Site Assemblage Structure and Economic Organization In Admiralty Inlet and Puget Sound, Washington (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Stephanie Trudel. Dennis Lewarch. Evan Lewarch.

    We compare 80 site components in Admiralty Inlet and Puget Sound, Washington, using component age, deposit thickness and complexity, feature type and diversity, portable artifact functional classes, and assemblage diversity to study the range of functional site types and diversification of tool kits through time. We previously (2011) analyzed 75 components using Thompson’s (1978) 20-functional class system to code portable artifacts. We noted that most inland riverine and prairie sites did not...

  • Research Excellence + Business Competence = Success: A Proposed New M.A. Program in Heritage Resource Management at Simon Fraser University (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only John R. Welch. Erin Hogg.

    Many cultural/heritage resource management professionals struggle to boost research excellence in an increasingly competitive global marketplace. The new master’s level professional program in Heritage Resource Management (HRM) under development at Simon Fraser University provides junior C/HRM practitioners with opportunities to enhance their professional tool kit and boost their research credentials. Our survey of traditional and online HRM master’s offerings identified 16 comparable programs....

  • Understanding Temporal Patterns of Occupation at Small Sites: The case of early Neolithic al-Khayran, west-central Jordan (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Matthew Kroot.

    Beyond their identification and recording during survey, small sites have only occasionally and sporadically been the object of significant research in archaeology. Yet, such sites can be of great significance when trying to understand a wide variety of social systems and practices. While the potential practices associated with small sites in the past are virtually limitless, some patterns are commonly found within specific forms of settlement systems. Within autonomous village-based settlement...

  • The Fisherfolk of the Two Late Archaic Shell Rings on St. Catherines Island: Similarities and Differences in Contemporaneous Coastal Economies (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Carol Colaninno.

    Late Archaic (2250-1800 cal B.C.) shell rings, found along the Atlantic coast of the southeastern United States, are large, ring-like structures composed of shell. Sometimes shell rings are complexes with two or more rings in close proximity, while others are singular rings. Rarely are two rings found on an island system without the rings forming a complex. Two shell rings on St. Catherines Island, GA, have been documented and excavated on opposite sides of the island and do not form a complex....

  • Stop and Go Traffic: Power, Movement, and Emplacement in the Piedras Negras and Yaxchilan Kingdoms (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Jeffrey Dobereiner. Andrew K. Scherer. Charles Golden. Whittaker Schroder.

    This paper explores the many sides of the natural and supernatural landscape surrounding the Classic period Maya kingdoms of Piedras Negras and Yaxchilan with a particular focus on how the rulers of these polities struggled with one another for control of movement across the broken terrain of hills, cliffs, valleys, swamps, and rivers that define the Middle Usumacinta River basin. The standard image of a rather homogenous landscape in the Maya lowlands is quickly dispensed with in the Middle...

  • Lagomorph exploitation and garden hunting in the northern San Juan region (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Steve Wolverton. Laura Ellyson.

    The northern San Juan (NSJ) region of the United States contains a high density of archaeological sites. Ancestral Puebloan people lived in small hamlets (ca. AD 1000) prior to aggregating into large pueblo villages (ca. AD 1150). Periods of drought occurred prior to the abandonment of this sub-region (ca. AD 1300), influencing the availability of animal resources. Zooarchaeological studies of subsistence in the NSJ region have focused on a decline in availability of large game concurrent with...

  • Pros and Cons of Consulting Collectors: A Case Study from the River Raisin in Michigan (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Michael Shott.

    In survey, we collect what lies on the surface. But so have others, for decades or more. Ignoring private collections risks neglecting a selective but informative part of the accumulated record. One way to gauge collector effects is to compare what archaeologists found in survey to private collections from the same places. In 1975-77 the University of Michigan surveyed the River Raisin watershed in southeastern Michigan. I compare Michigan’s results to what collectors had found already and,...

  • Ritual Practice and Exchange in the Late Prehispanic Western Pueblo Region: Insights from the Distribution and Deposition of Turquoise at Homol’ovi I (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Saul Hedquist.

    Archaeological and ethnographic evidence demonstrate the importance of turquoise among past and present Pueblo groups. In this paper I examine the social uses of turquoise and other blue-green minerals at Homol’ovi I, a late prehispanic Hopi village and the most intensively excavated site within the Homol’ovi Settlement Cluster. I explore intra-site patterns of deposition (i.e., the content and context of turquoise deposits) and stylistic variation among objects in an effort to identify...

  • "A Thousand Beads to Each Nation:" A social interpretation of glass trade bead distribution in the Upper Great Lakes region of North America (2015)
    DOCUMENT Full-Text Heather Walder.

    Through LA-ICP-MS elemental analyses of 874 glass trade beads from 31 early colonial-era archaeological sites in the Upper Great Lakes region of North America, and from late 17th century contexts historically associated with French exploration of the Gulf Coast of Texas, I identify patterning in the spatial and temporal distribution of European glass-bead recipe groups. Trading relationships among Indigenous peoples and outsiders in this French "Upper Country" took place on a complex "middle...

  • Building a Community: Late Classic and Postclassic Residential Structures at Rio Amarillo, Copan, Honduras (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Walter Burgos. Cameron McNeil. Edy Barrios.

    Rio Amarillo, an ancient town, rests 20 km east of the great Maya city of Copan in Honduras. In the last four years residences from the Late Classic and Postclassic period have been excavated at the site. Investigations of the residential buildings from Río Amarillo have allowed us to better understand the influences and allegiances of the inhabitants of this community resting on the margins of the Maya world. The architecture of the structures reflects ties to both Copan and to areas in the...

  • Opportunistic fire in the Early Palaeolithic: evidence of small mammal incidental burning at Cueva Negra del Estrecho del Rio Quípar ( Murcia, Spain). (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Sara Rhodes. Antonio López-Jiménez. Mariano López-Martinez. Maria Haber-Uriarte. Michael J. Walker.

    Cueva Negra, an upland rock-shelter in southeastern Spain, has revealed a delineated ash feature containing burnt macrofauna and chert within Early Pleistocene deposits (>0.78 Ma). This paper details a novel methodology utilizing heat-altered micromammal remains to identify opportunistic fire-use by the inhabitants of this site. We hypothesize that micromammal bones deposited in the by non-human predators were unintentionally modified by anthropogenic fire, and may be used as proxy evidence of...

  • Provenance Study of Obsidian Artifacts from the Neolithic Settlement Masis Blur (Armenia) using Portable X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Kristine Martirosyan - Olshansky.

    Over the past two decades, provenance research on obsidian from Armenia has been on the rise, primarily for provenience purposes, however, with only few studies on obsidian archaeological artifacts. In these studies, the geochemical characterization of obsidian artifacts and geological sources was carried out using different laboratory-based techniques such as INAA, ICP-MS and XRF. The current project presents preliminary results obtained with a portable XRF (pXRF) on the chemical...

  • Guaporé River: Shell mounds, earthworks and the explanation of the archaeological record (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Carlos Zimpel. Francisco Pugliese. Thiago Hermenegildo. Gabriela Carneiro. Myrtle Shock.

    Localized in the Amazon Southwest, the Guaporé River defines the border between Brazil and Bolívia, being a significant route of movement of goods, values and ideas since ancient times. This is attested by the occurrence of diferent archaeological sites (shell monds, geogliphs, ceramics associated to terra preta, rock art) that occurs since 8,000 BP to colonial times, historical evidence from colonial documents, linguistic and ethnological information, and hypotheses raised by anthropology. In...

  • LONG TERM ALLUVIAL RESPONSES TO CLIMATE CHANGE: IDENTIFYING PAST LANDSCAPES AND SITE DISTRIBUTION ALONG MIDWEST WATERSHEDS (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Kayla Schmalle.

    The Pleistocene-Holocene climate change had a global effect on the patterns and variations of river channels. Following the Last Glacial Maximum there was site specific variability regarding fluvial reactions, including vegetation, fluvial discharge, dominant sediment transport systems, and climate. This project will investigate and compare the various inputs and routing of sediment in two Midwest watersheds in response to the changing climate of the Pleistocene-Holocene transition and the...

  • Rethinking The Cultural and Natural Dimensions of Landscape Pollution in the Faynan Valley, Southern Jordan (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Kyle Knabb. Matthew Howland. Tammy Rittenour. Yigal Erel. Thomas Levy.

    The human impact on marginal environments is an issue that has especially affected societies in the Middle East during the past 8,000 years, a time when some of the most significant political and economic developments in the history of human societies took place. Such development often permanently altered the character of these fragile ecosystems. Landscape degradation, especially heavy metal pollution, is a poignant example of the deleterious effects that humans can have on the environment. We...

  • Computational Simulation Methods for Exploring Small Artifact Assemblages (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Jon Carroll.

    Archaeologists often decline to work with artifact assemblages considered too small to analyze in favor of working with larger assemblages that ostensibly allow for more confident statements about the past. This paper discusses the role of Agent Based Modeling (ABM) and the potential it holds as an important new analytic tool through which to explore small artifact assemblages in a meaningful way. SAA 2015 abstracts made available in tDAR courtesy of the Society for American Archaeology and...

  • Were the Wichita Using Ilex Vomitoria While Living Along the Arkansas River In Kansas (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Sheila Jon Hauser.

    Were the Wichita consuming Ilex vomitoria in a ritual context while living in the Arkansas River Basin in Kansas? Prior to moving into the Arkansas river basin the Caddoan speaking tribes of Wichita were located further south in Oklahoma and Texas where Ilex vomitoria grows naturally and was consumed, however it is not a plant that naturally thrives in Kansas. To determine if there is evidence of Ilex vomitoria use FTIR Testing was performed on pottery shreds around one small vessel found at...

  • A hearth with a view, the spatial analysis of a Late Holocene hunter-gatherer house (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Ethan Epstein.

    Excavations of a house floor located in North America’s Great Basin resulted in hundreds of bone and stone artifacts. We present a spatial analysis of the recovered household artifacts. Identified raw materials provide evidence for connections to communities farther afield. Results indicate a diverse and complex suite of social goals. SAA 2015 abstracts made available in tDAR courtesy of the Society for American Archaeology and Center for Digital Antiquity Collaborative Program to improve...