Society for American Archaeology 80th Annual Meeting, San Francisco, CA (2015)

Part of: Society for American Archaeology

The Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology provides a forum for the dissemination of knowledge and discussion. The 80th Annual Meeting was held in San Francisco, California from April 15-19, 2015.


Resources Inside This Collection (Viewing 501-600 of 3,697)


  • Columns and Ideology-Building in the Northern Maya Lowlands (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Kaylee Spencer. Maline Werness-Rude.

    Ancient Maya builders working in the Northern Lowlands often introduced and distributed columns throughout the architectural volumes they created in a way that distinguished them from their southern neighbors. While northern column usage served pragmatic needs by being load-bearing and facilitating entrance and egress, we explore the possibility that selection and placement of structural supports also seems to have functioned in a highly ideological fashion. We will use case studies from sites...

  • A Chronology of Complicated Stamping in the Lower Savannah River Valley (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Keith Stephenson. Karen Smith.

    The presence of Middle Woodland period complicated stamped pottery in the lower Savannah River valley would represent the earliest examples of this type of surface treatment in the South Appalachian region, if the dating were certain. Here, we attempt to construct a chronology of complicated stamping for the lower Savannah River valley by reference to sites and assemblages for which age can be inferred by independent means. We simultaneously attempt an attribute-based analysis of complicated...

  • Homo Cognitive Development (Contextualized in Middle Paleolithic Burials) (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Suzi Wilson.

    The cognitive developments that occurred in the Homo genus over 100,000 years ago enabled expansive forms of consciousness, facilitated increased creative capacities, and in so doing allowed hominins to consider concepts that were previously unimaginable. These developments are rooted in social origins, possibly extending back to the Australopithecines, and their emergence is expressed through the first burials of the dead – both by Neanderthal and Homo sapiens. However, these burials of Europe...

  • Thermal Curve Fracture (TCF) as a diagnostic tool for the identification of anthropogenic fire (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Russell Cutts. Sarah Hlubik.

    Recognizing fire evidence in the record can be challenging and contentious. Aside from baked earth features – hearths, daub, etc. – a widely reported associated artifact is fire-cracked rock (FCR). Unlike flaked stone assemblages, FCR lacks a standardized description, criteria, test or model; archaeologists often learn identification ‘in the field.’ Recent actualistic studies have demonstrated that a previously undescribed type of FCR has likely been unknowingly lumped with other ‘angular...

  • 10,000 Years of Stone Tool Use by Hunter-Gatherers in Central Texas (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Melissa Eiring. Sarah Wigley. Cynthia Munoz. Raymond Mauldin.

    We report on stone tool patterns derived from several recent archaeological excavation projects in Central Texas that provide a record of lithic use spanning most of the prehistoric sequence in the region. The projects, located within a few kilometers of one another, effectively sample debitage and tools reflecting Late Paleoindian, Early and Middle Archaic, Late Archaic, and the Terminal Late Prehistoric periods. Supported by several radiocarbon dates, these assemblages span roughly 10,000...

  • A Formal Model of End Scraper Performance on Dry Bison Hide (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Spencer Pelton. Joshua Boyd.

    End scrapers are a widely recognized tool in the archaeological record, but their performance characteristics are poorly understood. We use experimental results and adapt marginal value theorem (MVT) for use in lithic studies to devise a formal model of end scraper performance that predicts the optimal time at which one should resharpen their end scraper under several scenarios of raw material abundance. Our study is the first to apply MVT to end scarper performance through an actualistic study,...

  • Defining Cumberland Lithic Technology: A Study of Biface Technological Variation and Landuse Patterns (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Jesse Tune.

    Cumberland fluted-bifaces are recognized as being lanceolate, full-fluted points that immediately post-date Clovis in the Midsouth United States. A review of the existing literature reveals brief descriptions of morphology, preliminary explanations of production technology, and speculation about regional fluted-point chronologies. This study examines Cumberland fluted-point technology and regional landuse patterns to develop a greater understanding of human adaptive behaviors during the Younger...

  • Zooarchaeology in the Southwest: Ritual Consumption and Faunal Resources at Ridge Ruin Pueblo (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Shannon Landry.

    The greater Sinagua region spans a distinct convergent geographical and cultural setting which provides a range of resources. Ridge Ruin is a prominent Sinaguan site occupied during the transition from the Pueblo II to Pueblo III period. In 1941, John MacGregor published a bulletin summarizing the results of his Winona Village and Ridge Ruin excavations. In MacGregor’s report and in the few publications on Ridge Ruin since, the majority of research has concentrated on the famous burial of the...

  • They Sent Sandstone Across the Sea? A Preliminary Petrographic Study of Stone Bowls and Mortars (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Colleen Delaney. Shawna Couplin. Charles Fazzone. Kathleen M Marsaglia.

    The Spanish chroniclers of the 18th century document extensive and intensive long distance regional trade networks among indigenous peoples throughout southern California (and beyond). Archaeologists are currently reevaluating these long held interpretations of Chumash regional exchange networks in the southern California region during the late prehistoric period. We report a pilot study focused the determination of the lithology/mineralogy of stone bowls/mortars collected from various sites in...

  • Oral History and Archaeology: A Case from Crow Country (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Victoria Bochniak.

    Arrow Rock, located in the Pryor Mountains of southern Montana, is a place for travelers to offer gifts in return for their safe passage through the Pryor Gap. These gifts are mostly left by members of the Crow community and meant for the Awa-Kulay, or Little People, living in the mountains. The Little People are described as dwarves that are both human and supernatural beings that can act as spiritual guides for the Crow Tribe. Throughout Crow history stories are told of the Little People being...

  • New Data from Old Stones: A Technological Pilot Study of Lithics from Kokiselei 6 (1.8 mya) in West Turkana, Kenya (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Hilary Duke. Sonia Harmand-Lewis.

    Behavioral variability is a cornerstone characteristic of Homo sapiens that evolved among earlier hominins. Archaeological lithic evidence records changes in hominin behavior and knowledge systems over time. Major changes are evident among lithic assemblages ~1.76 mya in Africa, with the emergence of large, bifacial, core tools (e.g., handaxes). This technology shows marked change from earlier assemblages, conforming to different reduction strategies. The behavioral and cognitive implications of...

  • Human impact on a monumental landscape at the microscopic level: an ancient Maya community and its temple (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Debora Trein.

    This paper discusses the results of geochemical and micromorphological analysis of sediment samples in and around a monumental temple structure at the site of La Milpa, northwest Belize. This analysis forms part of a project that aims to examine community agency and practice in public monumental spaces, in particular how the actions of diverse groups of agents influence the functions of monumental architecture. Artifact and architectural evidence gathered over five field seasons at Structure 3...

  • Stable Isotope Sourcing of Olivella Shell Beads from Central California (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Gregory Burns. Jelmer Eerkens.

    Although a temporally diagnostic type artifact, the pre-contact cultural role of Olivella beads is poorly understood for Central California and the San Francisco Bay Area. While important as an item of trade and burial wealth, the nature of Olivella bead origin and conveyance is uncertain. Stable isotope sourcing, using oxygen and carbon from serial sampling shell carbonate, provides a potential to locate where shell was collected for bead production. We document developments in a technique for...

  • Indigenous Perspectives On Cultural Heritage Management And Preservation (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Nicole Raslich.

    Cultural Heritage Management has various perceptions when utilized by indigenous communities and archaeologists. Heritage management professionals advocate preserving sites from looters, limiting access to curb erosion and protecting historical places from the degradation of time. Preservation methods may include stopping traditional uses of these locations unless otherwise specified through legislation. Most often, sites are located and archived through historical and archaeological research....

  • Of kings and artisans: Comparing household and palace-temple rituals at Yanshi Shangcheng (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Katrinka Reinhart.

    Elite ritual has been a primary focus in Chinese archaeology. Well known studies of the oracle bones from Anyang and bronze ritual vessels have shed light on elite ritual practices but have also generated a bias linking ritual with elites. Indeed there is strong evidence of elite ritual activity in palace temples of the early Bronze Age site of Yanshi Shangcheng (the Shang city at Yanshi), located in the Central Plain area of northern China. However, there is also evidence of similar rituals in...

  • The Muscogee (Creek) Nation Council House: a continuation of architectural traditions (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Kelsey Clardy.

    Public architecture is reflective of society. Council houses were an important example of public architecture during both prehistoric and pre-removal times and were prevalent across the Southeast. The original purpose of these council houses was to provide a place for the people to conduct official meetings in the winter months. The purpose of this research is to demonstrate that the Muscogee (Creek) Nation Council House in Okmulgee, OK is an example of post-removal public architecture that was...

  • Phytolith Analysis and Micromorphology of Neandertal Combustion Features at Roc de Marsal, SW France (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Kristen Wroth. Dan Cabanes. Paul Goldberg. Vera Aldeias. Dennis Sandgathe.

    Phytolith analysis can be used to investigate the relationship between hominins, plants, and environmental change. It has proven useful in understanding specific hominin behaviors (e.g., use of fire and fuel composition), and diachronic changes in plant species for paleoenvironmental reconstructions. The integration of phytolith analysis with soil micromorphology allows for an identification of the ways phytoliths were deposited in archaeological sites, and addresses both site formation...

  • Mapping the Homelands: A Collaborative Effort of Auburn University, the National Park Service, and Native American Tribes (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Kelly Ervin. Alex Colvin. Philip Chaney. Kathryn Braund. April Antonellis.

    Native American land ownership underwent significant geographic changes following European settlement. This intensified after the American Revolution due to demographic changes, tribal migration, and aggressive Euro-American expansion. This paper presents the results of a collaboration between Auburn University, the National Park Service, and federally recognized tribes to plot land loss from ca. 1790 through the 1850s, with particular emphasis on the impact of the War of 1812 on native...

  • Sourcing the Clay: LA-ICP-MS Analysis of Ceramics from the Programme for Belize Archaeological Project, Northwestern Belize (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Angelina Sweeney. Robyn Dodge. Fred Valdez, Jr.. Lauren Sullivan.

    This poster presents results of recent provenance research of Lemonal Cream ceramics from the Programme for Belize Archaeological Project (PfBAP) region located within the Rio Bravo Conservation Management Area in Northwestern Belize. We used laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) on Lemonal Cream wares from four different sites within the PfBAP region to determine the elemental signatures and compared them to the elemental signature of clay deposits uncovered...

  • Informal Economic Strategies During Alcohol Prohibition In Anaconda, MontanaAlcohol Prohibition (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Kellii Casias. Kelly Dixon.

    One of the many unintended consequences of the Prohibition Era was an unorganized but collective social resistance movement across the nation. Research in the town of Anaconda, Montana, focused on the years of 1923 through 1926, granted a unique opportunity to capture a snapshot of collective social resistance in a company...

  • Learning From Ancestors: A New Interpretation of an 11,100 year old San Patrice Double Burial from Horn Shelter, No. 2, Central Texas (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Margaret Jodry.

    Recent Smithsonian study of belongings placed with a 40 year-old man and an eleven year-old girl suggests that the adult may have been a healer. A bundle lying beneath his head includes turtle shell bows, antler pestles, red ochre, a deer bone stylus, sandstone abraders, and an Edward's chert biface. Perforated shell beads and coyote teeth, non-perforated badger claws and Swainson's hawk talons, and other items accompanied this Elder. His participation in body painting, scarification, and...

  • A Multistage Model for Treponemal Disease Susceptibility (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Sarah Mathena. Molly K. Zuckerman. Nicholas P. Herrmann. Toni J. Copeland.

    There are numerous historical, bioarchaeological, and paleopathological studies of treponemal disease, but most have focused on the origin and antiquity of syphilis. Therefore, little is known about the evolution and ecology of the other treponematoses, such as yaws. In modern populations, research options are limited by difficulty in culturing the causal bacteria, lack of animal models, and ethical issues with human testing. Treatment with antibiotics has also limited clinical research into...

  • Effect of Past Ecological and Oceanographic Variability on Shellfish Harvesting and Suitability of Coastal Locations. A Case Study from two Late Holocene (2200-500 cal B.P.) Sites on Santa Cruz Island, California. (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Carola Flores-Fernandez. Carola Flores Fernandez.

    The islands off California have long been recognized for their predictable and abundant shellfish resources, which provided a wealth of food for ancient people. Although fluctuations in the marine environment through time affected resource availability periodically (for example El Nino Southern Oscillation ), the effects were variable on a local scale, resulting in local marine microclimates. California mussel (M. californianus) is the most abundant shellfish species in the archaeological sites...

  • Architectural and Functional Characterization of Sector 2 at Cerro Chepén (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Ema Perea. Ilana Johnson. Luis Jaime Castillo.

    Archaeological research in Cerro Chepén started with the purpose of characterizing the cultural manifestations in the Jequetepeque valley, especially the political and social relationships of the inhabitants of these sites and the activities related to the regional center of San José de Moro. The poster includes the results of the research conducted in Sector 2 of Cerro Chepén, which is one of the most important sites for the Late Moche and Transitional periods in the Jequetepeque Valley. The...

  • Urban Landscapes: Social, Cultural, and Ecological Heritage (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Dylan Kemp. Kelly Dixon. Nikki Manning.

    Urban locations have an entire component of the landscape that is often overlooked, historic underground spaces. Not to be confused with the underground art and culture scene that occurs in a thriving, modern city; the historic underground can provide insight into a city’s past social, cultural, and ecological heritage. Because this particular part of the landscape is often neglected in anthropological research, there are not a lot of resources available to understand the historic uses of these...

  • An Analysis of the Archaeological Remains at Fort Halifax Park (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Amanda Rasmussen.

    Fort Halifax, located in Halifax Township, Pennsylvania, was occupied from 1756 to 1757 during the French and Indian War. Fort Halifax Township Park, where the fort is believed to be located, contains rich expanses of prehistoric and historic archaeological data. Since the Fort Halifax Park contains information regarding several occupations, the collected archaeological data has been useful in identifying the spatial relationships between occupations. This data, when further analyzed through the...

  • Paleoindian Archaeology in the Little Missouri Badlands: An Update on Research in the Dakota Prairie Grasslands, North Dakota (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Richard Anderson.

    In 2012 the Dakota Prairie Grasslands, Southern Methodist University, and the State Historical Society of North Dakota began a multi-year research project investigating Paleoindian land use, Late Pleistocene-Early Holocene environments, and archaeological preservation potential in the Little Missouri National Grasslands (LMNG) and surrounding areas. Field research in 2013 and 2014 included resurvey and test excavation at known or suspected Paleoindian localities to determine the nature and...

  • Exploration of Wet and Dry Portable X-ray Fluorescence for Archaeochemical Prospection: A Pilot Study in Comparative Method (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Kevin Nolan. Mark Hill.

    Geoscience approaches are being applied for prospection and intra-site analysis with increasing frequency in a variety of contexts around the world. There currently are a variety of archaeochemical procedures in use, each of which suffers from inherent limitations Colorimetric measurement is limited in the number of elements measured simultaneously. Inductively Coupled Plasma techniques are expensive and restricted to a narrow range of institutions. Yet the recent availability of Portable...

  • The Pine Lawn-Reserve Area Archaeological Project: Results and Prospects (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Stephen Nash. Michele Koons.

    Between 1939 and 1955, Paul Sidney Martin and John Rinaldo of the Field Museum excavated or tested more than 30 archaeological sites in the Pine Lawn/Reserve region of New Mexico. Researchers from the Denver Museum of Nature & Science, the United States Forest Service, and elsewhere have since 2010 been working to re-locate and record those sites, many of which were never properly registered with state and federal authorities. This paper shares results of that research as well as exploratory...

  • Investigating Variability in Lucayan (Bahamian) Microlith Assemblages (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Mary Jane Berman.

    Chert is an imported non-local raw material that the Lucayans (Bahamas) obtained by way of direct procurement or trade and exchange with the Greater Antilles. The physical composition, morphological characteristics, and measurements of chert microlith assemblages from four Lucayan sites are compared to determine differences and similarities. The observed variability is explained in terms of inter-site differences in tool use and site function, and temporal changes in inter-island socio-political...

  • Costly Signaling, Risk Management, and Network Creation: Commodity Production and Exchange in the Historic Caribbean (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Todd Ahlman.

    During slavery, enslaved and freed Africans throughout the Caribbean engaged in commodity production and exchange for many different but complementary reasons. Slaves and freedman raised crops and animals and produced crafts that they traded as well as engaged in rented labor, both allowed them to barter for other goods and earn cash. For some, this exchange allowed them to survive the hardships of slavery and marginalization. Others were able to accumulate goods and cash that allowed them to...

  • Plant niche construction; from forager to planter in the Zagros Mountains, Iran (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Jonathan Baines.

    In terms of niche construction, the development of agriculture at the end of the Palaeolithic was a realignment and expansion of existing hunter-gatherer plant ecology modifications to a transforming human and natural setting. This paper suggests that people's engagement with their surroundings altered under pressure of changes in the environment and their subsistence, residence and mobility strategies. Increased foraging efficiency and stability were sought. These relied on a suite of...

  • New Research into the Dynamics of human-environment relationships in the Maya region (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Eva Jobbova.

    Despite recent debates and new analytical opportunities in Maya archaeology provided by developments such as increased amounts of paleoclimatic data, the growing field of settlement archaeology and advances in Maya epigraphy, we still know very little about either short or long-term dynamics of human-environment relationships in the Maya region: for example, the choices humans make in response to extreme variability in rainfall patterns or changes in soil conditions. Does society become...

  • Spatial and Temporal Analyses of Redeposited Projectile Points from McFaddin Beach, Texas (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Lauren Cook.

    McFaddin Beach (41JF50), in Jefferson County, Texas is a 32 kilometer-long beach, stretching from High Island in the west to Sea Rim State Park (next to the mouth of the Sabine River) in the east. Since the 1950s, artifacts from almost all periods of Texas pre-history have been recovered on this beach. The projectile points found on McFaddin Beach are redeposited material from an offshore, submerged location. Results indicate that projectile point distribution is significantly correlated to...

  • Performativity and Pedagogy: the Effect of Verbal and Nonverbal Instruction on Experimental Acheulian Handaxe Symmetry (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Emma Dellopoulos. Shelby Putt.

    The Acheulian techno-complex is comprised mostly of bifacal handaxes, which became increasingly symmetrical through time, especially after 400kya. Symmetry has recently been considered a highly significant aspect of the Acheulian toolkit. It has many potential opportunities for a better understanding of the evolution of cognition in early Homo; however, little is known about how this complex skill was transmitted. Could the increasing symmetry of handaxes in the archaeological record be evidence...

  • A Study of Fineline Iconographic Depictions at the Late Moche site of Huaca Colorada, in the Jequetepeque Valley, Peru (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Sally Lynch.

    The Late Moche Period (AD 500-800) of the North Coast of Peru is marked by significant alterations to the iconography of elite fineline ceramics. In particular, the earlier imagery, depicting conventionalized narratives of ritual performances and exploits of male Moche divinites or their mortal avatars disappears in certain locales. In southern valleys, at sites such as Galindo, Late Moche elite ceramics largely depicted abstract geometrical imagery including the widespread step-and-mountain...

  • Believing is Seeing (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Dylan Clark.

    Humans use an array of senses to experience the world, vision being how we primarily characterize most experiences. Color, contrast, and brilliance are all factors that are both consciously and unconsciously considered when visually interacting with the material world. These are not passive factors that are simply filed away by the brain, but active communicators that trigger responses in the mind of the viewer. This influence on human behavior has a direct impact on material culture. Since...

  • When Do You Stop and Why? Site Boundary Definitions at University Indian Ruin, Pima County, Arizona (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Sharlot Hart.

    Not much is found in the scholarly literature regarding site boundary definitions: boundaries defined for management purposes may be different from pre-Columbian geographical boundaries. This is the case at University Indian Ruin (UIR), a 13-acre parcel listed on the National Register of Historic Places, and owned by the University of Arizona. Homeowners in the neighboring community, also listed on the National Register as Indian Ridge, routinely retrieve sherds while performing yard...

  • Late Archaic Plant Remains from the Québec City Area (Canada) (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Marie-Annick Prevost.

    It is more and more recognized that mobile hunter-gatherers can have a significant impact on their environment. In the Northeast, one of the traits of the Late Archaic period is the intense consumption of nuts and acorns and possible management of this key resource to increase its productivity. The botanical macro-remains recovered at the site of côte Rouge, located near Québec City, indicate that butternuts and hazelnuts were indeed consumed but their low densities in the archaeological record...

  • Space, Ritual and Production at Wari Camp (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Sarah Wigley. Antonia Figueroa. Laura Levi.

    This paper examines the construction of residential and ritual space at the prehispanic Maya site of Wari Camp, located in northwestern Belize in the Rio Bravo Conservation and Management Area. We explore the productive activities of temple and pair groups at the site through examination of lithic and ceramic material recovered from excavations conducted at the northern satellite of the site in 2012. In addition, environmental and soil data from the site provides insight into the relationships...

  • Quantifying Defensibility of Landscapes and Sites in Highland Ancash, Peru (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Emily Sharp.

    Warfare, as a social practice, can have profound consequences ranging from reorganization of sociopolitical boundaries to forced migration of communities and large-scale settlement pattern changes. This study quantitatively examines the increased concern for defense in the Early Intermediate Period (EIP) (200 BC–AD 600) by comparing defensibility of archaeological sites to the surrounding landscape in highland Ancash, Peru. Sites located on opposite sides of the Cordillera Blanca, specifically...

  • A Lithic Analysis of Food Preparation and Resource Distribution in Recuay Ritual Feasting Contexts at Hualcayán (Ancash, Peru) (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Elisabeth Granley. Rebecca Bria. Elizabeth Katherine Cruzado Carranza.

    The preparation and consumption of food during feasting rituals is an ancient tradition in the Andes, occurring both on a small scale (participation of one family or kin group) and on a large scale (community-wide involvement). This poster presents a recent analysis of lithic tools from Hualcayán, an ancient Recuay community (1-600 AD) in highland Ancash, Peru. Excavations at Hualcayán yielded a variety of ground stone and expedient chipped stone tools and debris from a range of different...

  • Provenance Analysis of Obsidian Artifacts from 76 Draw, New Mexico (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Shilo Bender. Lauren Trimble. Todd VanPool. Christine VanPool.

    During the 13th and 14th Centuries, southern New Mexico was a borderland where the Medio period Casas Grandes, Salado, and El Paso phase cultures intersected. The complex cultural setting is illustrated by contemporaneous settlements associated with the various cultures in close proximity of each other. Recent research at 76 Draw, a large Medio period settlement near Demin, New Mexico, focused on understanding the nature and degree of interaction among the various cultures. We hope to contribute...

  • Keep your Boots on: LiDAR as a Reconnaissance and Survey Tool on the Vaca Plateau, Belize (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Daniel Savage. Gyles Iannone. James Conolly. Jack Barry.

    Recent studies have demonstrated the revolutionary potential of LiDAR as a means of mapping archaeological features within densely forested and/or inaccessible landscapes. In a matter of days, aerial LiDAR scans can survey swaths of forest which would take decades to map on foot. However, in order to effectively exploit the analytical potential of LiDAR datasets, we must understand how the spatial information captured by these systems compare with those produced by traditional ground survey. To...

  • Wine or Wax?: Organic Residue Analysis on pottery from the Early Bronze I at Nahal Tillah (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Eleanora Reber.

    Nahal Tillah is an Early Bronze I site in the Southern Levant with evidence for a strong Egyptian trade presence. Twenty-eight sherds from four different vessel types underwent absorbed pottery residue analysis to identify possible traded resources and to confirm vessel functions. Although wine and olive oil are believed to be the major trade resources in the region, wax was an unexpectedly important resource in the pottery sampled, particularly among the Southern Levantine styled jars. SAA...

  • A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF DECORATIVE CERAMICS AND CHOICE AT THE GREGORY LINCOLN/HSPVA SITE AND THE LEVI JORDAN PLANTATION SITE (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Lauren Maas.

    The purpose of this research was to investigate questions of aesthetic preference or choice and other driving factors that influenced the ceramic selection by people who resided at two sites: the Gregory Lincoln/HSPVA Site in Houston, TX and the Levi Jordan Plantation Site in Brazoria County, TX as well as to compare the assemblages from these two African American sites from differing environments. These ceramics assemblages, with the exception of one context, had been previously analyzed, but a...

  • Validation of a Non-Destructive DNA Extraction Protocol for Ancient DNA Analyses (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Frankie Pack. Kathryn Kulhavy. Graciela Cabana.

    The destructive nature of traditional DNA extraction techniques presents one of the primary obstacles to accessing genetic information from museum and archaeological collections. Here we assess a recently published "non-destructive" DNA extraction protocol by Bolnick and colleagues in terms of the amount and quality of DNA extracted from a set of samples of even greater antiquity than those tested in the original analysis. DNA was successfully extracted from archaic period samples from the Eva...

  • Feeding the Troops?: Patterns of Agricultural Production in the Macrobotanical Remains of Nabatean-Late Roman sites in the Wadi ath-Thamad, Jordan (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Madeleine Smith. Abigail Buffington.

    The macrobotanical record from Khirbat ez-Zona, a Late Roman castellum, reveals a pattern of crop refuse that does not fit the grand narrative of Roman agricultural practice or previous studies of contemporaneous military structures in the region. The Eastern Mediterranean witnessed a considerable boom in both population and agricultural productivity during the Late Roman period. This productivity can reflect the practices of an empire from religious ritual and pilgrimage, to preparation for...

  • A classification of Middle Formative (1200 – 800 BCE) ceramics from Chavin de Huantar (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Christian Mesia.

    Recent research has expanded drastically the sample size available for performing ceramic analyses at Chavin de Huantar during the last decade. Initial efforts have showed that the ceramic complexity previously described during the end of the last century has fallen short and that it is necessary to rethink Chavin ceramics in terms of the new data available. In of In this regard this paper attempts to organize and classify the corpus of ceramics dated from the Middle Formative (1200 – 800 BCE)...

  • Selective Conditions for Obsidian Stone Tool Manufacture and Use in Central Washington State (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Sonja Kassa. Anne Parfitt. Patrick McCutcheon.

    The presence of obsidian in chipped stone tool assemblages in central Washington State is well known. Local, low quality obsidian sources have been documented occurring in conjunction with more commonly found nonlocal, high quality obsidian sources. Though the archaeological occurrence of obsidian is well documented in this area, a systematic study of the organization of technology using evolutionary archaeological approach can help clarify how obsidian was selected and incorporated into stone...

  • Cooperation and Feasting at Late Neolithic Domuztepe: Assessing Emergent Political Complexity through Faunal Remains (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Hannah Lau.

    Cooperation occurs at all scales of social life: among individuals, among households, and among groups that supersede the household level. In some cases, such cooperation precipitates the formation of complex social structures and institutions and perpetuates their endurance. The variability of forms such cooperation can take at all scales of social complexity is broad, but an increasing degree of scalar cooperation correlates with increasing social complexity. This study uses zooarchaeological...

  • Dwellings and Corporate Groups in Montegrande, Jequetepeque Valley, Peru: A Household Study of Social Differentiation (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Peiyu Chen.

    This research takes two kinds of analytical unit, dwelling and hypothetical corporate group, to analyze and compare spatial relationship between the east and west sectors in Montegrande, a Early Formative site locates in Jequetepeque Valley, Peru. The map-based analysis reveals different changing pattern during the two phases of occupation. The primary result shows that east sector went through a significant transition from phase 1 to phase 2 in the configuration of corporate group and in the...

  • Paleoindian Occupation in the North Dakota National Grasslands: A geoarchaeological analysis of site preservation and land-use (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Kristy Ely.

    A GIS model was utilized to help understand Paleoindian land-use, site formation processes and major landform changes in the North Dakota National Grasslands since the terminal Pleistocene. This landscape has changed dramatically over the last 12,000 years and geoarchaeological methods can help understand what the landscape and environment may have looked like during the Paleoindian period. Further, a recent survey has shown that soil erosion in the North Dakota National Grasslands is occurring...

  • Operationalizing Semiotic Theory as an Archaeological Research Method: A Levantine Case Study (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Elisabeth Culley.

    Archaeology has long flirted with Peircean semiotics as an heuristic for interpreting prehistoric behaviors and the cognitive processes that support them. Yet beyond the widespread adoption of Peircean terminology (icon, index, symbol), the discipline has been unable to operationalize the approach as a viable research method. This paper introduces Peircean Semiotics as a means of re-classifying non-utilitarian artifacts in terms of their target audiences and concomitant social consequences....

  • Modeling Middle Holocene Site Frequencies in Southeastern Wyoming: Exploring the Early Archaic through Probabilistic Models (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Houston Martin.

    The lack of Middle Holocene sites on the Northwestern Plains provided grounds for further research on its source. A range of explanations have been proposed for the low frequency of archaeological sites dating between 8000 and 5000 BP in southeastern Wyoming, including geological, cultural, and researcher bias. Some suggest that human populations occupying the plains during this time were reduced. However, others point out that conditions during and following this time period may have destroyed...

  • Revisiting Variation in Colonoware Manufacture and Use (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Leslie Cooper. Elizabeth Bollwerk. Jillian Galle.

    Previous investigations (Cooper and Smith 2007, Smith and Cooper 2011) of colonoware from 33 sites occupied by enslaved peoples in South Carolina and Virginia have revealed significant inter-regional variation in vessel abundance over time. Additionally, analyses of attributes such as soot residue and vessel thickness identified intra-regional homogeneity and heterogeneity in use and manufacture. This study tests whether these trends continue when the dataset is expanded to include additional...

  • Ceramic Variability in the Ocmulgee River Big Bend Region of Georgia, Post 1540 (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Rachel Hensler.

    Spanish colonization of the South Atlantic coast in the 16th and 17th centuries had wide reaching effects on the greater Southeast. The Big Bend region of the Ocmulgee River Valley lies about 160 km from the coastal mission effort. However, Native Americans in the area were in contact with Coastal Native groups both prior to and after European contact, making the area a good case study to better understand how changes in the social structure of Native groups on the coast affected the interior...

  • Lithic Raw Material Procurement at the Multicomponent Prehistoric Wansack Site (36ME61), Mercer County, Pennsylvania: Evidence for Mobility and Trade Patterns through XRF Data (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Stephanie Bosch. P. Nick Kardulias.

    The Wansack Site (36ME61) is a multicomponent, prehistoric site located in western Pennsylvania (Mercer County). Four seasons of excavation (1974-1977) yielded ample evidence of occupation spanning the Archaic, Woodland, and Late Prehistoric. The present study analyzes the patterns of raw material procurement, seen through the lithic artifacts collected from the site. The primary method utilized to do this is X-ray fluorescence spectrometry. Samples of chert from Flint Ridge, Upper Mercer, and...

  • Spaces and Places: Examining historic maps from South Asia (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Uthara Suvrathan.

    This poster presents a preliminary attempt to systematically interpret and analyze historical cartographic data from South Asia. Information from historic maps of South Asia is combined with archaeological settlement data to reconstruct the nature and distribution of regional administrative and religious centers in south central India. Preliminary research in the area suggests that regional administrative centers often occupied a place in local pilgrimage and trade networks. However, this...

  • Feeding the Gods, Calling the Rains: Archaeobotanical Remains from a Monumental Fire Shrine at El Perú-Waka’, Guatemala (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Clarissa Cagnato. Olivia Navarro-Farr. Griselda Pérez. Damaris Menéndez.

    The discovery of a fire shrine atop the adosada of Structure M13-1 at El Perú-Waka’ supports the archaeological and epigraphic records which have at various places in the Maya region (including Waka’) made reference to the arrival in AD 378 of Siyaj K’ak’. This event resulted in the introduction of the fire shrine cult, glossed as Wite Naah in Mayan, from Teotihuacan to the Maya Lowlands. M13-1’s cal AD 7th century fire shrine is the final phase of the main temple’s fronting platform. Careful...

  • Storage, Surplus and Wealth at a Chalcolithic Site in Israel (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Emily Hubbard.

    Excavations at Tel Tsaf, Israel have provided evidence of large mudbrick silos, animal pens and potential feasting activities. Tel Tsaf dates to the earlier part of the Chalcolithic period which spans from c. 5200-3600 BC and marks a transition from egalitarian villages to the eventual cities of the Early Bronze Age in the region. Towards the end of the Chalcolithic period social stratification becomes more visible within the archaeological record as evidenced by hoards of copper items in...

  • Processes of Immigration and Adaptation in Late Chalcolithic Northeastern Syria (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Frank Hole.

    An incursion of immigrants into the Khabur River drainage of northeastern Syria exemplifies a set of historical processes that are sometimes suspected, but often discounted as unrealistic or unprovable. The principal processes are (1) emigration from a homeland and immigration into a new land, (2) selective transmission of culture traits to a new locale, (3) divergent adaptation, (4) assimilation of new traits, and (5) formation of a new cultural tradition. These processes are exemplified by...

  • Exploring Land Usage at Tannehill State Park: Giving Artifacts a Context through Watershed Mapping (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Braden Dison.

    Tannehill Historical State Park encompasses a resource rich environment that has supported human settlement for thousands of years. Dozens of possible sites have been identified across the park’s landscape, but few are thoroughly investigated, leaving a gap in current understanding of settlement patterns and land usage in prehistoric times. Josselyn Site 2G, a large surface collection, is one site where little is known. It holds projectile points indicative of the Middle Archaic, Late Archaic,...

  • The Culebra and Ronquin Paleosols and Their Vessel Assemblages (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only William Barse.

    The Culebra and Ronquin Paleosols and Their Vessel Assemblages William P. Barse Rim sherds from the Culebra and Ronquin sites along the Orinoco River reflect a broadly- shared range of common vessel shapes. The suite of bowls, jars, platters and other shape categories reflect the existence of a common household repertoire of vessels used in food serving, storage and preparation activities. This presentation reviews the commonalities in the range of vessel shapes recovered from secure,...

  • Manufacturing Basketmaker III Bone Objects (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Sarah McCormick.

    Bone tools are an important component in the study of the archaeological record worldwide. They have become especially useful in the study of perishable objects. This is because they are one of the few preserved items left behind that were required for processes such as weaving, and leatherworking. This research seeks to identify and replicate the manufacturing techniques required to produce a selection of bone objects that were found at the Dillard and Switchback sites, which are from the...

  • Far Northern Queensland: Cape York and Aboriginal Historical Archaeology. (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only David Tutchener.

    This poster outlines the initial findings of the first phase of fieldwork conducted in the central Cape York region of Queensland. The Cape York region of far northern Queensland has been the focus of intercultural interaction on the Australian continent for many years. It was not until the mid 19th century that colonial expansion in this area flowed up from the south and was the cause of major conflict between Europeans and Indigenous Australians. This history of invasion, genocide, mining...

  • Characterization of the Mississippian Standard Jar (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Rachel Briggs.

    The Mississippian standard jar is a specific kind of vessel form that, in tandem with maize agriculture and shell-tempering, was disseminated throughout the Eastern Woodlands during the late prehistory. As previous researchers have noted, the jar appears to be specifically adapted for slow, long-term boiling, especially when compared to earlier Woodland Period jars that are generally better suited for short-term cooking. Following the proposition that pots are tools, I characterize the...

  • A Study of Domestic Ceramics from Hualcayán, Ancash, Peru. (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Erick Casanova Vasquez. Rebecca E. Bria. Elizabeth K. Cruzado C..

    In the Peruvian Andes, archaeological analysis of prehistoric ceramics disproportionately focuses on materials recovered from ritual spaces compared to domestic areas. This bias limits our understanding of the role of ceramics in domestic contexts. To address the imbalance, this poster focuses on characteristics of ceramics in recovered from survey and excavations at a residential sector of the Hualcayán site. This sector, called Panchocuchu, contains most of the site’s domestic...

  • A Preliminary Analysis of Chipped and Ground Stone Artifacts from Garden Canyon Village (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Anna Schneider.

    Garden Canyon Village is a large multi-component site located in southeastern Arizona. The main occupation dates to the Classic Period, but the rich resources of the Huachuca Mountains drew ancient people to the site from Preceramic times through the end of the Prehistoric Period (A.D. 1450). Located 10 miles north of the U.S.-Mexico Border and 65 miles southeast of the Tucson Basin, Garden Canyon Village was located on the frontier of the Hohokam, Mogollon, Mimbres, and Trincheras culture...

  • Assessing Dietary Variability at Gillman Mound, South Australia using Stable Carbon and Nitrogen Isotopes (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Caitlin Smith.

    The production, distribution, and consumption of food are central to the human experience. What we eat and how we prepare, consume, and share our victuals permeates every society, past and present. Therefore, it is crucial that our study of past human societies include attention to the role of foods and diet in our observations and interpretations of archaeological and biological data. Recent research in South Australia has highlighted the need for further exploration into the social structure...

  • Not Incised, but Well-Burnished: A typology of undecorated Early Horizon feasting wares from Hualcayán, highland Ancash, Peru (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Joseph Cronin. Rebecca E. Bria.

    Feasting has long been recognized as one of the most widespread and significant political and ritual activities in the prehispanic Andes. In spite of this deep significance, the undecorated ceramics that undoubtedly played important roles in these ritual events are often overlooked for analysis in favor of their more elaborate, decorated counterparts. Here, we present a quantitatively constructed typology for undecorated ceramic vessels recovered from an Early Horizon ceremonial mound at the...

  • Interpretaciones entorno a un contexto funerario múltiple en el valle de Etla, Oaxaca, México. (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Tito Mijangos.

    En el año 2012 en el Valle de Etla, Oaxaca, México, se realizó el hallazgo de un contexto funerario múltiple, ubicado cronológicamente en la fase Tierras Largas (1400-1150 a.C.), por su ubicación se encuentra aparentemente relacionado con el asentamiento arqueológico de San José Mogote; la particularidad del depósito radica en que, aparentemente el espacio fue utilizado durante un periodo de tiempo relativamente largo –tres o cuatro generaciones- y con un uso exclusivamente funerario, dicho uso...

  • Irish Built Arteries: Ethnic identification along the canals and railroads of New York (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Jordon Loucks.

    This study explores the materiality of cultural boundaries manufactured around immigrant communities in industrial localities in New York State. The immigration of thousands of Irish to the United States throughout the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries was met with an intense animosity. Religious and economic differences combined with an anti-immigrant sentiment to provide the Irish-American with a continuation of the racist attitudes similar to the ones that plagued English Improvement. Using...

  • Long-Term Changes in Settlement Patterns and Local Land Use on the Great Hungarian Plain (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Attila Gyucha. WILLIAM A. PARKINSON. RICHARD W. YERKES. PAUL R. DUFFY.

    Regional-scale archaeological surveys can reveal long-tem patterns in human settlement in the landscape. However, many survey projects focus solely on defining the extent and age of settlements. A combined use of various methods is required to develop more nuanced understanding of changes in settlement patterns over time. This paper presents the results of a multidisciplinary research project on the settlement history of the Szeghalom microregion in the Körös Region of SE Hungary. During our...

  • Offing 2 Locus 2 archaeological site (Dawson Island, Patagonia, Chile), marine hunter-gatherers and interaction during the Late Holocene (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Manuel San Roman. Jimena Torres. Flavia Morello.

    The results of Offing 2 Locus 2 archaeological site are presented and used to discuss broader implications for Patagonia hunter-gatherer contexts during Late Holocene. The site is located near Dawson Island, within a strategic geographical position between Fueguian-Patagonian archipelagos and South America mainland . Radiocarbon dating states occupation around 800 BP. Evidence is characteristic of shellmidden deposits and chronological evidence indicates a short occupational sequence. Lithic...

  • Water Management and City Founding at Yaxuná, Yucatán (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Chelsea Fisher.

    Like many other sites in the northern Maya lowlands, Yaxuná and its environs incorporate a number of cenotes (natural pits in the limestone bedrock that expose underlying groundwater) into the built environment. Interestingly, all but one of these permanent water sources lie beyond the limits of the site’s public and residential core. Residents of the ancient city compensated for this, at least on a seasonal basis, by constructing an aguada (a natural, or in this case human-modified, pond) in...

  • Exploring regionality: a chaîne opératoire approach to ‘style’ in the rock art of the Eastern Cape Province, South Africa (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Ghilraen Laue.

    Regional differences in southern African hunter-gatherer rock art have long been noted, but methods towards a rigorous definition of these regions have not been developed. Addressing a recent call for the use of style in defining rock art regions I propose a chaîne opératoire approach. Rather than focusing only on the finished product I will consider multiple factors in the production and consumption of rock art images. Instead of relying on vague notions of style, the component parts and...

  • Urban Agriculture within the Valley of Oaxaca: Investigations and Implications of Agricultural Terracing at Monte Albán (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Anthony Tricarico.

    The use of GIS to determine the spatial boundaries between terracing and the ceremonial center at Late Classic Monte Alban (250-700 CE), will validate or falsify current Late Classic population estimates. The determinants for what defines agricultural versus residential terracing and whether both types are present at Monte Alban, has been highly contested. Archaeological investigations yielding residential debris, does not indicate the total sum use of an individual terrace, nor does it indicate...

  • Chronology of Ahmarian and Levantine Aurignacian occupations of Manot Cave, Israel (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Bridget Alex. Omry Barzilai. Elisabetta Boaretto.

    Recent excavations of Manot Cave, in the Western Galilee, Israel, have revealed abundant Upper Paleolithic finds, including modern human fossils, in situ hearths, shell beads, bone and stone tools, and faunal remains. The two major Early Upper Paleolithic traditions of the Levant—the Ahmarian and the Levantine Aurignacian—are well represented at Manot Cave. The Ahmarian is thought to have developed from local Initial Upper Paleolithic traditions, while the Levantine Aurignacian may represent a...

  • Exploiting, Exchanging, and Establishing Boundaries: Lithic Trade during the Neolithic on the Great Hungarian Plain (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Danielle Riebe.

    There has already been extensive analysis of Late Neolithic material culture on the Great Hungarian Plain. Much of that research, however, typically has been restricted to one site as opposed to multiple sites within a region. This paper explores assemblage variation in lithic materials from multiple sites across the Plain. By identifying differences in lithic materials, one can assess the extent to which lithics either reflect or even potentially reinforce social boundaries. In addition,...

  • Replication of Stone Disk Beads from the Salish Sea Region, British Columbia (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Megan Harris.

    This poster presents the methods and results of experimental replication of stone disk beads from the Salish Sea region along the south coast of British Columbia. This particular type of beads is abundant across the region and found in a variety of contexts. Despite their ubiquity, little is known about their production. Through this poster, I discuss the methodology of the four experiments I conducted to replicate these types of beads using similar lithic raw materials, tools, and methods to...

  • Medicine dog; medicine baboon: images of horses perceived by contact cultures in rock art. (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Sam Challis.

    Horses traveled when Europeans expanded across the globe and thereafter swiftly spread among indigenous groups on those continents colonized. The way they are portrayed in rock art can potentially tell us much about the nature of the entanglements of contact and the groups both bringing and adopting this hugely influential domestic animal. This paper draws on rock art evidence from South Africa, Australia, North and South America. Indigenous portrayals of the horse are sometimes conflated with...

  • At Yaxuna X Marks the Spot: Centering across in a Middle Formative Maya Landscape (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Ryan Collins.

    From the placement of objects in household offerings, to monumental works of art and architecture, it is well known that the ancient Maya commemorated their cosmological center in a variety of ways. Even at the settlement level, quadripartite divisions of space are observed branching out from a central core giving modern researchers insight into the way ancient Maya peoples may have understood their world. At the Maya site of Yaxuná, Yucatan, Mexico investigations have made it apparent that...

  • Sourcing Interactions: X-Ray Diffraction of Central Plains Tradition Ceramics during the Medieval Climatic Anomaly (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Zachary Day. LuAnn Wandsnider. Matthew Douglass.

    Recent research by Roper (1995 and 2007) questions the long-held perspective that the various phases of the Central Plains tradition (CPt) consisted of small village dwelling populations with distinct borders. New evidence suggests a more fluid distribution of autonomous farmsteads following major stream systems throughout the Central Plains (USA). This debate has led to various questions surrounding the interaction amongst communities and individuals in the CPt populations with an emphasis on...

  • The Associations Model for use of Hemphill-Style Engraved Pottery at Moundville (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Erin Phillips.

    This paper will examine one possible model for the use of pottery engraved in the Hemphill style at Moundville, the associations model. The Hemphill style is Moundville's local representational art style. The most commonly engraved themes in the style are winged serpents, crested birds, raptors, paired tails, center symbols and bands, and human trophies in the form of skulls, scalps, and the hand and eye design. It is suggested that these designs represent patron supernaturals relating to the...

  • Archaeology of Fueguian Islands: Tierra del Fuego, Dawson and Navarino, Human Settlement and Cultural Interaction (Patagonia, Chile) (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Flavia Morello Repetto. Fabiana Martin. Mauricio Massone. Marta Alfonso-Durruty. Manuel San Roman.

    The fueguian archipelago, dominated by three mayor islands named Tierra del Fuego, Dawson and Navarino, is located in the southernmost end of South America. Peopled by hunter-gatherer societies since c. 10.500 BP, the interior sea formations date to Early Holocene. Shoreline environments have evidence of specialized marine adaptation since c. 6.500 BP, after which colonization has been generally interpreted as homogenous, stable and continuous. Ethnohistoric and ethnographic records account for...

  • Archaeological Implications of Vegetation Shifts in the Northern Chihuahuan Desert (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Leonard Kemp. Cynthia Munoz. Raymond Mauldin. Robert Hard.

    Modern climate and ecological data from the Northern Chihuahuan Desert suggests that precipitation is temporally and spatially localized leading to pulses of plant production. Regional paleo-environmental models have been developed that focus on large temporal and spatial scales. These scales obscure short-term human adaptation within this region. We present a study of stable carbon and nitrogen isotopes of bone collagen from leporids that can provide a high-resolution proxy for aspects of the...

  • Coffee and captivity in the 19th century Paraíba valley (Rio de Janeiro, Brazil). Landscape archaeology and phenomenological recording (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Rui Gomes Coelho.

    The expansion of modern capitalism in the 19th century led to higher demands for commodities such as coffee, sugar, and cotton. The production of these commodities, however, was associated to an increasing industrialization of slave labor ("Second slavery"). The Paraíba valley in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, produced most of the coffee consumed in Europe and North America. The central question is: how was the valley constructed over the 19th century as a landscape of enslavement? Labor routines...

  • Educating Children on Texas Archaeology (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Katy Jones.

    This paper will discuss the education of school aged children in the archaeology of early Texas. How to create a program that is easily condensed into a two hour time window that will engage children of all ages, be easy for teachers to follow up on, and will generate positive intellectual growth in the children. Steps include creating a proposal for schools which will meet the core state educational requirements, devising methods that will work in multiple environments, and achieve a goal set...

  • What Once Was…: Taphonomical processes and their implications for understanding Tiwanaku funerary practices and social identities (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Sarah Baitzel.

    Archaeological investigations into group affiliation and status, gender and other social identities are often based on human burials and their grave goods. Once deposited burials become subject to a series of cultural and natural taphonomic processes that alter the material record. The systematic recovery of over 200 provincial Tiwanaku burials from the Middle Horizon Period (A.D.500-1000) settlement of Omo M10 in the arid Moquegua valley (southern Peru) presents a compelling case study for...

  • The Need for Practice Theory in Unusual Monumental Architecture: A Residential Comparative Analysis (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Catherine Johns.

    The recognition of different activities through ceramic analysis is critical to understanding the uses of formal architecture, but little functional analysis has been done to date in the "guachimonton" architecture commonly interpreted as temples. A previous study of the ceramics from guachimonton Circle 5 at the site of Navajas, Jalisco, provided evidence for aggrandizing rituals, group feasting, and daily domestic activities and helped to develop a model relating ceramic wares and types to...

  • Rabbit remains analysis in the Upper Paleolithic in Portugal (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Andrea Zorn. Jonathan Haws.

    Ongoing excavations and research at the cave site of Lapa do Picareiro in the Estremadura region of Portugal have recovered a large number of faunal remains, including thousands of rabbit bones. These remains have yielded new data and insight on human exploitation of small prey during the Upper Paleolithic. This poster focuses on the spatial and temporal distribution of rabbit remains within the cave and the taphonomic processes acting on these bones. The work builds upon previous research using...

  • Sexual dimorphism and morphological variability with regard to the socio-economic structure of the Early Medieval European Population (6th – 9th century). (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Petr Veleminsky. Petra Havelkova. Jan Dupej. Jana Veleminska. Dominique Castex.

    The socio-economic conditions of past societies can be studied with the help of the biological characteristics of human skeletons. We intend to focus on the early medieval Central and West European populations. The subject of our contribution is a study of the sexual dimorphism and biological diversity on the basis of non-metric and metric traits in relation to socio-economic conditions. We focused primarily on the traits associated with the locomotor apparatus. The aims were to establish :...

  • How to use DNA analysis to assess health in the past. Applications for New World soft-tissues. (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Abigail Bouwman. Giada Ferrari. Frank Rühli.

    Human remains can offer many insights into our past culture, especially about our attitudes to death. However, how we lived is a much larger question. Whilst paleopathology can give us some understanding of the diseases that affected our ancestors, DNA evidence can give us so much more. Mummification, either artificial or natural, of human remains is highly variable, for example frozen ice-mummies such as the Tyrolean Iceman have a very different thermal history to heat desiccated mummies such...

  • The Archaeology of Politics in the Highlands of Persia (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Tobin Hartnell.

    The case of the Neo-Elamite highlands is significant for understanding more about the potential of archaeology to reconstruct elements of political history through politicized landscapes. This project is particularly important in ancient Iran, which did not create the types of literary genres or historical narratives found in Mesopotamian or Greco-Roman civilizations. For archaeologists studying the Elamite dynasties and the early Achaemenid Empire, the central problem is the absence of...

  • Ethnic Disparity and Stress in Prehispanic Peru: A contextualized analysis of Cranial Pathology and Facial Asymmetry (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Davette Gadison. Kassie Sugimoto. Danielle Kurin. Bethany Turner-Livermore.

    This study evaluates the effects of stress on a prehistoric population from the south-central highlands of Andahuaylas, Peru during the Late Intermediate Period (LIP: AD 1000 - AD 1400). This era was characterized by skyrocketing violence, resource competition, and increasing social inequality. We test the impact of these phenomena by examining cranial lesions and fluctuating facial asymmetry--both indicators of non-specific stress-- among different ethnic groups, identified by the absence,...

  • Full-coverage survey techniques in the mountains of the Sierra Sur, Oaxaca, Mexico. (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Alex Badillo.

    This poster presents full-coverage mountain survey methodologies in light of the development of GPS technologies and GIS software and data during the last decade. Oaxaca, Mexico is a well-known area for settlement pattern research as various successful full-coverage regional survey projects have been done there. Settlement data of the Oaxaca region, gathered using full-coverage survey methods, have produced large continuous datasets of the spatial distribution of archaeological remains....

  • Tula 2014: Reexamining Ball Court 2 through Cross-Cultural Comparisons with the Yucatan (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Dylan Birch.

    The Proyecto de Investigación, Conservación y Mantenimiento para la Zona Arqueológica de Tula 2014, directed by Dr. Robert Cobean focused on the restoration of Ball Court 2. Today, the three major ceremonial centers exposed at Tula are the Palacio Quemado, Pyramid B and Pyramid C; these structures form an L-shape that faces the Adoratorio situated in the center of the plaza. The positioning and architectural dimensions of Ball Court 2 in Tula’s main precinct are almost exact with the largest...

  • An XRF Analysis of Redware Artifacts from Hanna's Town, Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Jonathan Crise.

    Hanna’s Town in Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania played a pivotal role in the history of the state prior to and during the American Revolution. Archaeological excavations at Hanna’s Town have yielded a vast assemblage of domestic artifacts including various types of historic ceramics, the majority of which are redware. An x-ray fluorescence spectrometry (XRF) analysis of redware artifacts from Hanna’s Town provides more detailed information on the character of raw ceramic materials and the...

  • Measuring Power and Influence: GIS Modeling of Political Spheres of Influence (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Bianca Gentil.

    In an area where most of the written record is destroyed, modeling political interactions through spatial relationships with the environment and other political centers along with exchange relationships, can provide insight into regional intra-site relationships. This poster displays a theoretical model using Geographic Information Systems technology of regional heterarchical relationships between sites in the Northeastern Petén. The model is formulated by implementing hierarchical political...