Society for American Archaeology 80th Annual Meeting, San Francisco, CA (2015)

Part of: Society for American Archaeology

This Collection contains the abstracts from the 2015 annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Most files in this collection contain the abstract only. The Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology provides a forum for the dissemination of knowledge and discussion. The 80th Annual Meeting was held in San Francisco, California from April 15-19, 2015.


Resources Inside This Collection (Viewing 701-800 of 3,697)


  • A Closer Look at Immigrant Life Expectancies from German Cemeteries in Southeastern Wisconsin (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Jacquelyn Bluma.

    This study describes statistics of life expectancies among the immigrant population and its sub-sets throughout the mid-nineteenth to early twentieth centuries in southeastern Wisconsin. At this time, German populations were becoming established as a major cultural and ethnic force in Milwaukee and the surrounding counties. Data from individuals disinterred from two unmarked cemeteries in Ozaukee county were analyzed to assess cultural and physical disparities in the mortuary record among these...

  • Protohistoric Social Dynamics in the Central Arkansas River Valley (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Rebecca Wiewel.

    The Protohistoric period in the southeastern United States is known for being a time of social upheaval and transformation. Groups living in the Central Arkansas River Valley during the early seventeenth century had to contend with the aftermath of the De Soto entrada, severe drought conditions associated with the Little Ice Age, and perhaps widespread population movement accompanying the dissolution of chiefdoms in the Mississippi Valley. Societal coalescence is one strategy that many later...

  • Investigations of a microfaunal assemblage: Emergence of pest-host relationships at Aşıklı Höyük, Turkey (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Kassi Bailey.

    Small vertebrate remains are often ubiquitous in archaeological contexts, with rodent and microvertebrate activity recognized as a common source of disturbance. On the other hand, small vertebrates can have great significance for archaeological interpretation because they provide key evidence, directly or indirectly, on human subsistence and settlement behaviors, such as food storage, sedentism, seasonality, and site abandonment. This poster presents the results of a preliminary analysis of the...

  • Exhumation vs. Excavation: The Armenian Genocide and Our Ethical Responsibilities (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Colene Knaub. Nicole Jacobson. Kate Flor-Stagnato.

    Records of human rights violations precede biblical times and have shown no signs of decelerating despite the contemporary measures taken to clearly define such atrocities. In the case of the Armenian Genocide, committed by the Ottoman Empire during WWI, the Young Turk government took great care as to restrict the publication of photographs and reports that would expose the widely condoned practice and to this day claim to have no responsibilty or knowledge of such occurrences. The physical...

  • Salt and Salt Fermented Fish in Northeast Thailand, Prehistory to the Present (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Andrea Yankowski. Puangthip Kerdsap.

    Using an ethnoarchaeological approach, this paper examines the production, processing, storage and consumption of salt and salt fermented fish products In the Mun River Valley of Northeast Thailand, and the greater Mekong Delta region. It highlights the regional specialization in these products from prehistory to the present, and explores how the study of foodways can help us to understand the nature of the early-political economy, as well as aspects of cultural and social identity, both in the...

  • A Re-evaluation of Oneota Cultural Phases in the La Crosse Locality (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Mackenzie Miller.

    The Oneota culture has dated in La Crosse Wisconsin to between AD 1300-1625 (Boszhardt 1994). Single component sites have allowed for definition of specific ceramic types and attributes as diagnostic of each of three phases. Previous excavations and analysis of materials recovered from the Tremaine site (47-LC-95) by the Wisconsin Historical Society revealed pottery and radiocarbon dates corresponding to all of the phases (O’Gorman 1995). During the summers of 2011 to 2014, new excavations by...

  • Pre-Inka and Inka (A.D.1000-1500) agriculture in the Atacama Puna. Evidences through microfossils attached to lithic hoes. (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Virginia Mcrostie.

    This research is part of the ongoing Conicyt-NSF project "WATER MANAGEMENT AND AGROHYDRAULIC SYSTEMS IN DESERT ENVIRONMENTS: THE UPPER LOA FROM A.D. 1000 – 1500". Complex irrigation systems and extensive terraces are silent testimony to the outstanding achievement of these agricultural societies in a highly arid and extreme environment. Within an interdisciplinary framework, archaeobotanical analyses are providing preliminary and novel information about the crops that were planted during...

  • Twin Pines: Looking Beyond Mimbres Valley (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Sunnie Sartin. Winona Patterson. Kristen Corl. Todd Scarbrough. Angel Pena.

    The Twin Pines site, located in the Gila National Forest, New Mexico, is a large Mimbres site that shows signs of multiple occupational periods spanning the Late Pithouse Phase (AD 550-1000) through the Mimbres Classic phase (AD 1000-1130). On the basis of recent mapping and reconnaissance, the Twin Pines site can provide crucial information about the Mimbres culture. First, it is a large Mimbres site which lies farther north of the extensively studied Mimbres Valley and most other sites of the...

  • Technological approach of Obsidian sources in North Patagonian: Comparative studies between plain and highlands sources (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Laura Salgán. Paz Pompei. Adolfo Gil. Gustavo Neme.

    Obsidian sources in northern Patagonian reflect they early use (ca. 8000 years BP). Provenance studies conducted so far realize that obsidian sources located in the Andes even with limited access (only during the summer) are those that reflect a wider spatial dispersion and more continuous use than those located in the plains. In this way, the sources located in the plains, reflect a local use and for the last 1000 years BP. This presentation compares the results of the technological studies...

  • The Search for Little Bow's Village, Cedar County Nebraska (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Laura Bender.

    The Corps of Discovery Expedition traveled the stretch of the Missouri River that today divides Nebraska from South Dakota in August of 1804. From their vantage point on the river, Meriwether Lewis and William Clark both note an abandoned Omaha village at the mouth of what is now Bow Creek, Cedar county, Nebraska. The explorers' map identifies the village as having been founded by Omaha leader Little Bow after branching off of the main Omaha tribe. Since the 1940's archeogists have made attempts...

  • Examining ethnohistory: Cranial modification and social status in pre-Hispanic Inca Peru (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Sofia Pacheco-Fores.

    The social meaning of cranial modification in the Andes has long been debated. Ethnohistoric accounts recorded by Spanish priests and travelers after the conquest assert that within Inca Peru, the practice of cranial modification was related to social status. They claimed that the Inca royal family preferred a particular head shape, and only certain noble families were permitted to reproduce that shape. In contrast, non-elite Inca supposedly practiced strictly local traditions of cranial...

  • Trade, migration and movement at Cerro de Trincheras, Sonora, Mexico (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Tanya Chiykowski.

    Archaeologists study the movement of potters, materials and techniques to understand migration and exchange on both a local and regional scale. Modern international divisions, such as the Mexican- US border, interrupt these research questions in the Greater Southwest culture area. In Sonora, archaeologists have clear evidence of population upheaval after AD 1300; Southern Arizona Hohokam groups migrated into the Altar Valley, bringing with them new ceramic technologies and displacing a resident...

  • Dissecting the Heart of a Puuc Royal Court: A Diachronic Analysis of Structure N1065E1025 and Associated Deposits at Kiuic, Yucatán. (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Tomás Gallareta Cervera. George J. Bey III. Rossana May Ciau.

    Research on the site of Kiuic, in the Puuc region of the Yucatán Peninsula, has recovered evidence of a long and continuous period of building activity that dates from approximately 700 B.C. to A.D. 900. The construction sequence of Structure N1065E1025, a nine meter temple-pyramid located at the center of the site, evidences episodic changes that transformed the building from a raised platform in the Middle Preclassic to the center of a royal court in the Late Classic and finally a ceremonial...

  • Preliminary Analysis of Marine Shell Artifacts in the Southern Florida Keys (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Roger Sierra. Traci Ardren. William Pestle.

    The Stock Island site (8MO2), located in the southernmost Florida Keys, was a black dirt midden affiliated with the Glades tradition. Construction of the Monroe County Detention Center in the 1980s destroyed the site, necessitating the uncontrolled and uncontextualized recovery of a large quantity of ceramics and faunal (osteological and malacological) remains. Unprovenienced collections from this salvage work reside in numerous repositories across the state of Florida. In this work, we present...

  • Using VR Phenomenological Landscape Analysis to explore Diachronic Ritual Space at Cerros, Belize (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Jeffrey Vadala.

    The Oculus Rift virtual reality headset used alongside 3D site reconstructions provides a huge potential for a phenomenologically based landscape analysis. This presentation explores the methods and results of a study using these technologies that focuses on understanding the diachronic changes in the construction of ritual space at the Maya site of Cerros, Belize. Site maps were modeled in 3D according to each historic phase and converted for use in a highly immersive and interactive video game...

  • From Bedrock to Biface: An Examination of Wari Lithic Technology within the Moquegua Valley of Southern Peru (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Louis Fortin. Donna Nash.

    This research investigates lithic artifacts, and debitage recovered from Middle Horizon (A.D. 550 – 1000) households in the Moquegua Valley, Peru to assess models of Wari state expansion and polity interaction. While lithic technology, in the form of formal and informal flake tools, are present throughout complex societies, they are traditionally overlooked by archaeologists and result in few published studies. This study examines two Wari sites (Cerro Baul and Cerro Mejia) in the upper Moquegua...

  • A comparative analysis of a traditional western Polynesian tupua at Swains Island, American Samoa. (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only David Herdrich. Christopher Filimoehala.

    In 2013 an archaeological survey was conducted on Swains Island, American Samoa, a remote atoll in western Polynesian. This paper presents a comparative analysis of a traditional Polynesian religious structure known as a tupua that was identified and documented during the survey. The tupua is a unique structure when compared to other religious structures that have been described in the archaeological and ethnohistorical literature. However, analysis shows that individual structural features are...

  • The Object is the Thing: Developing a Framework for Understanding the Culture of Looting. (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Katharine Fernstrom.

    Objects are central to looting. The illegally excavated object has a relationship to the past person who produced it; the landscape that held it; the person who clandestinely excavates it; and the people who sell and buy it. To date, in the United States, there are no systematic multi-State data assemblages that can be used to analyze the culture and behavior of looters. Studies of dealers and collectors examine object relationships after the looting has occurred. Understanding the connection...

  • Weediness: Modern, Historic, and Prehistoric Plants at Poverty Point, LA (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Elizabeth Scharf.

    With construction beginning about 3,700 years ago, Poverty Point (16WC5) in northeast Louisiana is one of the earliest and largest sites of its kind in the United States. What were conditions like when people began constructing the mounds? What kind of environment did they live in? How did this change (or not change) over time? This poster presents lithological and palynological evidence covering the period before, during, and after prehistoric occupation at this site. Comparing and...

  • The Thermal and Transpirative Properties of Arctic Clothing Construction: A Women’s Adaptive Technology (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Diana Ewing.

    The technical ability of women to engineer clothes as adaptation to the harsh arctic environment in Indigenous North America has not been extensively investigated. My research focuses on the analysis of the thermal and transpiration properties of Arctic clothing. The materials chosen for clothing have certain inherent properties that include species of animal selected, different tanning processes, patterning of the garments, seam construction, and tailoring. All these properties play into the...

  • Elevation, What's the Point?: A Preliminary Study of Selected Obsidian Projectile Points Collected From Varying Elevations at Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Emily Long.

    Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks (SEKI) has evidence of a well-established trade network for raw lithic material, specifically obsidian. Obsidian was widely traded throughout the central and southern Sierra, since local material was unsuitable for tool manufacture. High elevation archaeological sites, such as those observed at Taboose Pass (11,400 feet in elevation), consist of high density obsidian lithic scatters with tools, blanks, and diagnostic projectile points. Low density...

  • An application of obsidian hydration dating to prehistoric sites in Japan (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Yuichi Nakazawa. Fumito Akai.

    Recent progress of obsidian hydration dating (OHD) notably in accurate estimates of effective hydration temperature (EHT) and systematic measurements of rim thickness has now extended the utility of OHD to evaluate chronometric dates of prehistoric sites in various climatic conditions. The present paper discusses the reliability of OHD as the dating method, through a comparison of multiple specimens that were recently obtained from prehistoric sites in temperate and subarctic regions in the...

  • Facial Asymmetry: Bio-indicators of stress in post-Wari populations (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Kassie Sugimoto. Ann Ross. Danielle Kurin.

    The role of climatic conditions on sociopolitical systems has been a highly discussed theme in archaeology. Over the past decade, archaeology has had great advancement in the realms of method and theory which have facilitated interpretations of environmental influences on social development. This paper presents research that investigates the biological responses to either environmental or social stresses to help elucidate how ancient Andean populations coped during periods of climatic...

  • High Altitude Residence in the Great Basin and the Rocky Mountains (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Amanda Rankin.

    It has been suggested that high elevations are highly demanding environments, poor in resources, and only heavily used to procure high ranked animal prey. In the Great Basin Steward’s work with the Shoshone and Piute showed that valley and foothill resources dominated subsistence patterns with high altitude resources playing only a minor role for hunting. In the Great Basin and Rocky Mountains however, there is evidence of high altitude residential sites in both the White Mountains of eastern...

  • Laboring in Tiwanaku's Moquegua Colony: A Bioarchaeological Activity Indicator Comparison Using Population-Based and Life Course Approaches (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Sara Becker. Paul Goldstein.

    Diverse, lower elevation areas were home to producers and procurers of goods not easily grown or obtainable in the South Central Andean heartland of the Tiwanaku state. Various Tiwanaku colonial settlement clusters, near present-day Moquegua, Peru, comprised one such region. Tiwanaku colonists in this area participated in activities that included farming of corn and coca, as well as transportation of goods between the heartland and colony. For example, Omo-style (Omo M16D and Rio Muerto M70...

  • Modern settlement patterns and site preservation in the Middle Moche Valley (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Julia Longo. Cyrus Banikazemi. Brian Billman. Patrick Mullins.

    During the July field season of 2014, the authors conducted a survey of sites within the proposed reserves of Ciudad de Dios and Bello Horizonte in the Middle Moche Valley of Peru. GPS data was collected for comparison with previously recorded site boundaries to offer insight into the threat of modern encroachment on archaeological sites. Using GIS and statistical analysis, the authors identified areas of site degradation and loss, categorized each site on a sliding scale of endangerment, and...

  • Researching LACMA's Colombian ceramics (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Julia Burtenshaw. Diana Magaloni. Johannes Neurath.

    The study of objects that are without context or provenience, as we most often find in museum collections, is challenging. Focusing on LACMA’s collection of Colombian ceramics, this paper will present the results of research carried out by the Program for the Art of the Ancient Americas at LACMA, and examine procedures and outcomes of integrating historical, ethnographic, and archaeological data for interpreting museum objects. Colonial text sources convey a sense of the impression that 16th...

  • We Want In on This: Contemporary Queer Archaeology and the Preservation of Queer Cultural History (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Lylliam Posadas Vidales.

    This research will address how contemporary archaeology can be used to explore notions of identity, gender expression and self-determination, community belonging, and the value of queer cultural heritage, with an emphasis on the experiences and engagement of queer and trans youth. Queer and trans youth are organizing in their schools and communities to create change that affects their lives and the lives of their friends and families. They are creating new language for queer and trans identities...

  • Testing for Evidence of Paleoindian Responses to the Younger Dryas in Georgia (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Ashley Smallwood. Thomas Jennings. David Anderson. Jerald Ledbetter.

    For the Southeast, Meeks and Anderson (2012) propose Younger Dryas climate changes triggered a human population crash and/or substantial reorganization. We use the Georgia point record in the Paleoindian Database of the Americas to test for evidence of changes in landscape use through the Paleoindian period and consider these changes in the context of the Georgia paleoenvironmental record spanning the YD. Based on differences in point frequencies, distributions, stone types, and transport...

  • Exploring Pithouses: Using GPR to Identify and Map Taos, NM Sites (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Lauren OBrien. Jennie O. Sturm.

    In June of 2014, multiple pithouse sites within the Taos Valley were surveyed with ground-penetrating radar (GPR). GPR survey was employed to map two known pithouse sites and two possible pithouse sites. The Taos Valley ranges dramatically in elevation and terrain, many times leaving the surface indications of sites nonexistent. Also, the components (features) of each site exist at different depths. Because GPR is a high resolution mapping method that allows features of interest to be analyzed...

  • Investigation of biological relationships at the Late Woodland/ Mississippian transition in the northern Mississippian hinterlands (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Katie Zejdlik.

    The Mississippian period is exceptional for the fast and wide ranging influence it had on the mid-continent. Processes behind the Mississippianization of the Midwest are often derived from explanations of trade or religion as inferred from the presence of material culture and site organization. It is unknown to what level direct contact occurred. Biological distance investigation using odontometrics and dental discrete trait analysis was conducted on individuals from Late Woodland and...

  • Ifugao Neonate and Infant Oral Health (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Alexandra McDougle. Adam Lauer.

    The Ifugao Archaeological Project (IAP) seeks to develop a holistic understanding of the peoples of the Philippine Cordillera, specifically the bio-cultural adaptations to colonizing forces and environmental change. Presently relatively little is known about dental development and it's relationship to long bone growth given that current evidence regarding prehistoric Ifugao neonate and infant health is scarce. This study examines a dental sample from 15 neonate and infant skeletons...

  • Comparison of Radiometric Dating Techniques: Pacific Northwest (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only James Brown. James Chatters. Patrick McCutcheon. Jon Adler. James Feathers.

    Radiometric dating is problematic in non-midden sites of the Pacific Northwest. Charcoal is ubiquitous in the forest soils and unburned bone readily dissolves. This fact impedes development of a regional chronologies and understanding of the process of resource intensification that was so important to development of Northwest cultures. To alleviate this deviciency, DirectAMS and Central Washington University undertook research to demonstrate the validity of alternatives to traditional...

  • A critical reappraisal of Middle Paleolithic diets (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Eugene Morin. John D. Speth. Julia Lee-Thorp.

    This paper examines dietary patterns amongst Middle Palaeolithic foragers in Europe and southwest Asia from ca 300 to 40 thousand years ago. In both regions, faunal studies show that a relatively narrow range of presumably high-ranked animal species—mostly medium- to large-sized ungulates—was hunted. The present review stresses the importance of considering fat procurement and the effects of transport constraints on faunal assemblages while assessing the diet composition of Middle Palaeolithic...

  • Invertebrate Zooarchaeology of Marco Gonzalez, Belize as One Aspect of an Investigation of Trade and Environment (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Petra Cunningham-Smith. Elizabeth Graham.

    The zooarchaeological remains associated with ancient coastal communities are an important source of information on how past societies used their natural resources. They reflect people’s interaction with their environment and can yield information on how these interactions affected culture, economy and—not least—the ecology of such areas. The research presented here is an analysis of large invertebrate remains, primarily conch but also other large mollusks found at the ancient Maya site of Marco...

  • Garum and Graves: Bioarchaeological Interpretation of Cremations and Mortuary Architecture (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Emily Elizabeth Graff.

    Mortuary contexts are archaeologically and anthropologically ambiguous. Moreover, mutilcomponent-use archaeological sites are difficult to interpret as the original purpose of these designated spaces reflects the ever changing living society. The ancient Roman site of Troia is a multicomponent-use site. Originally constructed as a Garum production and distribution center, in fact the largest known in the Western Roman Empire, Troia was also utilized as a cemetery throughout its use from the 1st...

  • Variability in Neolithic Cattle Populations: a Case Study from the Orkney Islands (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Margaret Homko.

    The Orkney archipelago, at the northern end of Scotland, has a rich and well preserved record of Neolithic settlement. Radiocarbon dates from northern Scotland indicate the establishment of farming communities quite soon after those in southern England. However, the process by which agriculturalists reached these far northern territories is still not well understood. Faunal analysts (Watson 1931, Noddle 1983) have drawn attention to an apparent distinction in morphology between the cattle...

  • Diet at the Edge of Fort Ancient: Preliminary Faunal Analysis from an Unusually Positioned House at the Guard Site, Dearborn County, Indiana (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Kyra Pazan. Robert A. Cook.

    This study analyzes faunal remains from a recently excavated house at the Guard Site in southeast Indiana, which was occupied by the Fort Ancient culture between AD 1000 and AD 1300 during a period of optimal climate in the American Midwest. During such periods, abundant resources and low stress allow people to pursue more desired resources. In the case of Fort Ancient, the key species was the white-tailed deer. We hypothesize that Guard’s inhabitants were free to pursue large deer in the primes...

  • Use-wear analysis of the stone tools at the Wansan site, a Neolithic site in Taiwan (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Chihhua Chiang.

    This is a multi-stage project intending to extrapolate the possible usages of various stone tools excavated from the Neolithic Wansan site in Northern Taiwan. In this poster, I want to demonstrate the preliminary results of the first stage that tries to identify possible patterns of tool use-wear. There are abundant finely ground lithic tools uncovered from the Wansan site. Previous research categorized these tools based on their morphology, and classified these tools as projectile points,...

  • Ornaments, Pigments, and Household Production: Spatial Patterning and Residue Analysis of Ground Stone Artifacts from Pueblo Bonito, Chaco Canyon, New Mexico (A.D. 800-1200) (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Megan Conger. Adam Watson.

    Previous investigations of craft industries at Chacoan great houses have focused largely on finished objects (e.g., ceramics, turquoise, and shell). This study explores an often overlooked but ubiquitous and highly diverse class of artifacts – ground stone abraders – in an effort to better understand the organization of production at Pueblo Bonito great house. Analysis of variation in form of these versatile implements provides insight into the range of craft items manufactured. Drawing on the...

  • Home is Where the Herd Is: Social Factors and Mobility Patterns in Prehistoric Kazakhstan (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Tekla Schmaus.

    Our understanding of the structure of pastoralist societies in prehistoric Eurasia is currently being reevaluated in light of new data from a range of sources. I present the results of a cementum annulation study done on domestic sheep teeth from prehistoric pastoralist communities in Semirech’ye, Kazakhstan. These data provide evidence that past mobility patterns were not necessarily rigidly dictated by seasonal climate conditions. Rather, although the environment was certainly a major factor...

  • Application of Protein Mass Spectrometry to Zooarchaeological Bone (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Steve Wolverton. Andrew Barker. Jonathan Dombrosky. Barney Venables. Stanley Stevens.

    Protein residues were identified from zooarchaeological turkey (Meleagris gallopavo), rabbit (Leporidae), and squirrel (Sciuridae) remains from ancient pueblo archaeological sites in southwestern Colorado using a non-targeted LC-MS/MS approach. Results indicate that protein residues preserve well in tissues of origin, such as bone. Trace levels of protein residues from artifacts are more problematic to characterize because of poor preservation and due to several methodological challenges. ...

  • The evolution of Classic Maya ceramic shape-classes through time; new evidence from El Peru-Waka, Guatemal (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Keith Eppich.

    This paper present new work from the analysis of recovered ceramic vessels from the Classic Maya site of El Peru-Waka'. The research focuses on the development and evolution of four shape-classes from AD 300 to AD 1000. These include presentation platters, cacao vessels, small drinking cups, and bowls. These were serving vessels, designed not only to hold foodstuffs, but as social and political currency in their own right. They were to be present at Classic feasting events to display the...

  • Fetching Firewood: Access to fuels as a constraint for prehistoric settlement (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Kate Magargal.

    In arid, topographically variable desert environments, resources important to humans are typically distributed heterogeneously. This variability required prehistoric humans to evaluate trade-offs over accessing spatially distinct patches. A potentially important and largely unexplored resource in these trade-offs is firewood. This work examines the distribution of archaeological sites along the watershed of the Dolores River of southwestern Colorado and southeastern Utah. With new archaeological...

  • Toward a Theory of Dispersal as an Adaptive Strategy: Adoption, Migration, and Cultural Survival in the Archaeological Record (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Amanda Sutton.

    Dispersal of human populations is often perceived as synonymous with abandonment and collapse. Alternatively, cross-cultural studies of historic and contemporary dispersal suggest it should instead be considered a strategic adaptation to external pressures. I argue that strategic dispersal represents a conscious, purposeful transformation of social and cultural structures in the face of bifurcation, resulting in cultural continuity and the selective adoption of external cultural traits and...

  • At the Continent’s Edge: A View of Flaked-Stone Crescents from Sonoma County, California (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Evan Elliott. Thomas Origer. Katherine Dowdall.

    One of the most unique, enigmatic, and intriguing artifacts of the Western United states is the flaked-stone crescent. Crescents are tools that have been bifacially reduced into a crescent shape, although in some, referred to as "eccentrics," this form is extensively modified with multiple notches or extensions to their inner and outer margins. These lithics capture the imagination of both professionals and the public, reflected in the 1991 designation of a "bear-shaped" eccentric crescent as...

  • Penetrating the Old Woman's Gun: A GPR and artifact analysis of a Mexican American War battlefield site (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Jennifer Stuck. Claudio Carini. Beatrice Villagomez. Jerry Moore.

    This paper will address the validity of the claim that the Battle of Rancho Dominguez (Battle of Old Woman’s Gun) took place on the lower terrace of the Rancho Dominguez. In the summer of 1846, the US military took control of Los Angeles. Soon after, the Mexican Army was able to regain the city. Captain Mervine, of the US military, landed his troops in San Pedro hoping to regain Los Angeles. Folk history tells of Captain Mervine’s troops being besieged in the early hours by Californios, wielding...

  • The Palenque Pool Project: Sourcing the Sand from the Main Picota Pool (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Elijah Hermitt. Kirk French.

    Many sites in the Maya Lowlands relied heavily on water storage features in order to sustain the annual dry season. However, in Palenque the opposite challenge was presented, as there was an abundance of perennial water flowing through the city. Palenque’s ancient name of Lakamha’ or Big Water was indicative of this issue. In response, there were intricate water management systems constructed in order to divert the water underground through aqueducts. In May of 2014, the Palenque Pool Project...

  • Reducing Human Error and Identifying Unknowns: X-ray Fluorescence as a Tool for Identifying Paint Composition of Mesa Black-on-White Pottery (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Victoria Sluka. Chase M. Anderson. Donna M. Glowacki. Edward J. Stech.

    Although Mesa Verde Black-on-white pottery paste and temper have been well-studied, the composition of the decorative black paints and white background slips to identify available resources and the varying recipes used across time and space has received much less attention. Paints are typically categorized as either coal-based (organic) or iron-based (mineral), and archaeologists have long used visual differences to identify these two paint bases. While it has been shown that even novices can...

  • Geoarchaeology at the Little John Site (KdVo-6), Yukon Territory, Canada. (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Michael Grooms. Norman Easton. Mary Samolczyk. Joel Cubley.

    The Little John Site (KdVo-6), Yukon Territory, Canada, contains the presence of Chindadn complex (East Beringian Tradition), Denali complex (Paleoarctic Tradition), Northern Archaic Tradition, and Late Prehistoric artifacts in unique stratified contexts. The site contains loess/paleosol stratigraphic sequences dating to the Wisconsin Interstadial c. 44,000 years ago, and cultural deposits from the Late Pleistocene to the recent past. Optically Stimulated Luminescence and Accelerator Mass...

  • Disruption or Continuity?: Iconography on portable objects in Classic to Epiclassic Jalisco and Zacatecas (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Patricia Alonzo.

    This study investigates the rarely studied iconography of Pseudo-Cloisonné vessels from Jalisco and Zacatecas through a comparison with earlier portable imagery. Recent interpretations of the shaft tomb figures of the Formative/Classic periods have begun to interpret their religious and political content and contextualize them archaeologically. But imagery in western Mexico takes a radical new turn in the Epiclassic period (AD 500-900), when the most elaborate iconography is found on the complex...

  • Documenting the Legendary 1844 Flood from a Kaw Village in the Kansas River Valley (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Nicholas Kessler.

    Geoarchaeological fieldwork has documented an alluvial deposit associated with a flood event which overtopped a relatively high terrace in the Kansas River Valley near present day Topeka, Kansas. The deposit, defined as an overwash phase, exhibits structures indicative of flowing water. The overwash phase’s position, overlying a historic Kaw Village, corroborates second hand historic accounts which date its origin to a flood in the year A.D. 1844. This flood event probably resulted in the rapid...

  • Numic Fire: Modeling the Effects of Anthropogenic Fire on Foraging Decisions in the Great Basin (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Kenneth Vernon. Kate Magargal. Ashley Grimes. Will Rath. Brian Codding.

    Ethnohistoric accounts suggest that fire played a significant role in Great Basin foraging strategies; however, there is little quantitative data on why, where, or when people burned. To begin to fill this gap, we develop a behavioral ecological model designed to test predictions about the impact of anthropogenic fires on hunter-gatherer diet breadth. We conduct an ethnographic test of the model using historic band-level variation in prey choice coupled with ecological data on variation in the...

  • Modeling the Influx of Agriculture: An Agent-Based Model Exploring Agricultural Spread Scenarios in the Western Mediterranean (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Sean Bergin.

    During the sixth millennium BC agropastoral subsistence spread rapidly across Mediterranean Europe. The results of the currently available radiocarbon chronology suggest that this transition may have occurred in less than 1,000 years. The swift proliferation of new types of material culture and new modes of subsistence has led researchers to hypothesize that the appearance of agriculture in the west Mediterranean was the result of a migration of farmers, the adoption of agriculture by indigenous...

  • Testing a Locally-Adaptive Model of Archaeological Potential (LAMAP) to Assess Ancient Maya Settlement Location and Density in Belize’s North Vaca Plateau. (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Kong Cheong. Chris Carleton. Dan Savage. James Conolly. Gyles Iannone.

    In 2012, a settlement survey was conducted on the North Vaca Plateau in west-central Belize as part of the Social Archaeology Research Program (SARP). The survey was intended to test the predictions of a new archaeological potential assessment method called the Locally-Adaptive Model of Archaeological Potential (LAMAP). A LAMAP assessment was produced for Minanha, a Classic Maya civic-ceremonial center, which served as the first case study for the new method. When conducting the survey to test...

  • Geophysical Explorations at a Reservoir Site in Southwestern Oklahoma (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Jenna Domeischel. Leland Bement. Scott Hammerstedt.

    The erosion and subsequent looting of archaeological materials from reservoir sites has long been a cause for concern. The damming of rivers results in the inundation of prehistoric camp and burial sites. Human remains and associated burial goods are a favorite of looters, and are frequently exposed by the rise and fall of reservoir waters. This project employs geospatial analysis of the Lake Altus-Lugert reservoir in southwestern Oklahoma to locate high-risk sites before they are exposed to...

  • Granite Creek Station: Site of Massacre and Memory (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Carolyn White. Elizabeth Bennett. Laura Sechrist.

    Granite Creek Station was one of several significant stopping places for emigrants, travelers, saddle trains, and stagecoaches passing through the Black Rock Desert region of Northern Nevada on their way to California in the mid-19th century. The site functioned as a campsite, trading post, ranch, stagecoach station, and military camp. As a site along the emigrant trail, it was the locus of extraordinary pain and suffering by travellers, described in their own words through diaries and letters....

  • Shifting North: Social Network Analysis and the Pithouse-to-Pueblo Transition in the Mogollon Highlands (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only David Lewandowski.

    This poster examines the changes in the social networks of the Mogollon Highlands that accompanied the transition to pueblo architecture around A.D. 1000 using Social Network Analysis (SNA). SNA offers a set of formal methods in which ties and relations between sites can are examined. Using the proportions of decorated ceramics within a site’s assemblage, social networks are created for 50-year intervals, allowing for changes in the networks to be observed before and after the pithouse-to-pueblo...

  • Archaeology of the Terminal Pleistocene McDonald Creek Site, Central Alaska (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Melissa Mueller. Ted Goebel. Julie Esdale. Kelly Graf.

    In 2014 archaeologists from Texas A&M University and Colorado State University began a long-term excavation of the McDonald Creek site (FAI-2043), located in the Tanana valley of central Alaska. In this paper we present our initial results. At least two terminal Pleistocene cultural components with preserved living floors, lithic artifacts, faunal and floral remains have been unearthed, respectively dating to about 14,000 and 12,600 cal BP. At the end of the 2014 field season, a probe unearthed...

  • Exploring genomic and linguistic coevolution at a cross-continental scale: a syntactic approach. (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Eugenio Bortolini.

    The dynamics of cultural change and transmission are consistently interwoven with processes of human interaction, demic movements, and population history (Cavalli-Sforza and Feldmann 1981, Boyd and Richerson 1985, Renfrew 1992). Linguistic and genetic coevolution was first envisaged by Darwin (1859) and subsequently addressed in several studies (Sokal 1988; Cavalli-Sforza et al. 1988; Belle and Barbujani 2007; Gray et al 2007; Bouckaert et al. 2012; de Filippo et al. 2012). However, traditional...

  • Tree-Ring Sourcing of Great House Timbers and the Plaza Tree of Pueblo Bonito, Chaco Canyon, New Mexico (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Christopher Guiterman. Thomas Swetnam. Jeffrey Dean. Nathan English. Christopher Baisan.

    Materials arriving in Chaco Canyon from AD 900 to 1150 came from many distant sources, and the necessary construction timbers for the great houses are no exception. Here we present tree-ring sourcing of great house construction timbers and the plaza tree of Pueblo Bonito (the "rooted tree", labeled JPB-99). To source these trees, we compared their tree-ring growth patterns to a network of millennial-length tree-ring chronologies surrounding the San Juan Basin. For JPB-99, we present new...

  • The Jim Rock Historic Can Collection Online Database at Southern Oregon University, Ashland (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Kyle Crebbin. Chelsea Rose. Shana Sandor.

    Jim Rock was an historical archaeologist known for his passion for the humble ‘Tin Can.’ Prior to his death in 2010, Rock spend much of his lengthy career with the Forest Service focusing on education and outreach. Rock amassed a large comparative collection of bottles and cans, which he housed in suitcases and carted around teaching both the public and the professional archaeological community about the importance of often overlooked and undervalued artifacts, particularly cans. Rock’s 1987...

  • Preserving a section of the Inca road in the lower Lurin Valley, Peru. (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Edines Pebe. Camila Capriata.

    The Qhapaq Ñan or great Andean Road was declared World Heritage by UNESCO in June 2014. The road located between the Pachacamac Sanctuary and the Inca administrative center of Hatun Xauxa, located in the central highlands of Peru, not only constituted one of the main sections of this network, but was also one of the segments selected for this declaration. Following this process, a series of conservation projects have started taking place along this network in the segments that have been...

  • Neolithic vs. Late Stone Age: The Neolithic Revolution in the Horn of Africa Reconsidered (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Rachel Moy.

    This poster assesses the applicability of the term "Neolithic" to describe the beginning of sedentism and agriculture in Ethiopia, and whether we can compare it to similar periods in other regions. The use of the term "Neolithic" has been criticized in recent years (Finlayson 2011; Zeder 2009) both for the implication that the period was one of revolution and its associated package of characteristics. This designation originally derived from the definition of the term as including the birth of...

  • Osteobiographies of two peculiar women from early medieval Poland (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Matczak Magdalena.

    The aim of this paper is to analyse the biographies of two peculiar women from early medieval Poland, one from Ostrow Lednicki and the other from Kaldus sites, both of which were the capitals of the Polish state. This paper presents the most representative and interesting biographies of the ill and the disabled from these sites. The very best sample for such a study is the giant woman whose skeleton was discovered in the cemetery on the Ostrow Lednicki. Her height was 215,5 cm. Osteoma of skull...

  • The arrival of the Incas and it consequences in the transformation of the sociopolitical landscape of the lower Lurin valley (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Raul Zambrano. Camila Capriata.

    Lately, several research projects have been taking place in the Lurin valley, central coast of Peru, in archaeological sites dating to the Late Intermediate Period (s. XVII-XV) and the Late Horizon (s. XV-XVI). This work has been complemented with recent studies focused on the presence of a segment of the Qhapaq Ñan and its importance as an articulating axis between these settlements during the Late Horizon. Preliminary results of these research studies have allowed us to reevaluate hypothesis...

  • Human volunteers and mechanical arms: Quantitative and comparative analysis of bone surface modifications created by humans and machines (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Emma James. Erik Otárola-Castillo. Jessica Thompson. Shannon McPherron.

    Zooarchaeologists use traces on bones to understand something about the ecology and subsistence behaviour of our ancestors. Although we may not be equipped with the proper interpretive analogues to understand the possible range of roles hominins had in past ecosystems, numerous taphonomic studies have investigated the quantitative and qualitative characteristics of natural and cultural bone surface modifications (BSM). Most experimental taphonomic research relies on 'naturalistic' simulated...

  • Using a specimen-scale approach and butchery traces on the elbow to refine paleoecological interpretations of Early Stone Age carnivory (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Stephen Merritt.

    Assemblage-scale proportions of modified specimens are difficult to link with hominins’ early versus late carcass access because fragmentation and other taphonomic processes affect assemblage composition and taphonomic trace visibility. This work advocates butchered specimen interpretation and describes the skeletal location of butchery traces inflicted during the sequence of carcass consumption behaviors. Tool-assisted carcass consumption is divided into early (defleshing limbs), middle...

  • Strontium and Lead Isotope Evidence for Paleomobility of Introduced Fauna in the Southern Caribbean (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only John Krigbaum. Christina M. Giovas. George D. Kamenov.

    Increasingly, studies seeking to understand the interconnectivity of pre-Columbian Caribbean island societies have employed isotopic approaches to identify the movement of peoples and goods between islands and continents. These investigations advance reconstructions of mobility and exchange, and their social context, by providing robust data on the non-local status of archaeological remains and their ultimate origins. Here we report on the results of strontium (87Sr/86Sr) and lead isotope...

  • Jade polishing techniques in NW Alaska, from the end of the 1st millennium AD to the 18th century. (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Angelique Neffe.

    The study applies a qualitative and quantitative characterization of polished jade tools from Cape Espenberg in Northwestern Alaska, dated from the Thule period. An experimental study of polishing techniques on jade was carried out in order to reproduce diagnostic use-wear traces associated with different polishing techniques, processing, and craft activities. The study was carried out at the Laboratory of Tribology and Systems Dynamics - Ecole Centrale Lyon 2 and was based on different scales...

  • Obsidian Source Selection in the Early Bronze Age Cyclades (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Jessica Morgan. Tristan Carter.

    While the obsidian used by southern Aegean prehistoric communities has long been known to derive primarily from Melos, there has been little investigation regarding the relative importance of the two Melian quarries – Sta Nychia and Dhemenegaki. This study employed portable X-ray fluorescence spectrometry to investigate this question and begin to map regional traditions of obsidian source selection during the 3rd millennium BC. The 715 artifacts analyzed derive from 11 Early Bronze I - late...

  • Ecology, Culture, Conflict and Diet: Comparisons of Two Late Prehistoric Sites in Southeastern Wisconsin (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Jennifer Picard. Rachel McTavish.

    The late prehistoric landscape of Southeastern Wisconsin was characterized by the dynamic interaction of at least three distinct ceramic cultures. The Aztalan site (47JE001) has yielded both Late Woodland and Middle Mississippian vessels dating between A.D. 1000-1200, indicating a period of cultural coexistence. At the nearby Crescent Bay Hunt Club Site (47JE904), in the Lake Koshkonong locality, Upper Mississippian Oneota ceramics have been recovered; no indication of a coexistent occupation...

  • The relationship between cribra orbitalia, zinc deficiency, and dietary habits in children from 17th-18th century Jēkabpils, Latvia (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Alina Tichinin. Eric Bartelink. Gunita Zarina. Sabrina Sholts. Sebastian Wärmländer.

    In this study we investigated 28 skeletons of children (age 0-18 years) from a 17 th-18th century cemetery in the city of Jēkabpils, Latvia. The cemetery is located in the city center, and was part of a salvage excavation effort in 2011 due to ongoing construction work. It is still unclear to which church and Christian denomination the cemetery belonged. Bioarchaeological evidence indicates high mortality for children: half of the burials were children under the age of 14, while a third were...

  • Resistance, Refuge, and Retaliation: The Use of Caves during the Spanish Civil War in Asturias (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Valerie Bondura. Alfonso Fanjul Peraza. Vanesa Trevin Pita.

    During the 2014 field season of the Archaeology of Violence in Asturias Project, a survey of caves in the Spanish province of Asturias was undertaken with the aim to document the usage of these subterranean shelters during the Spanish Civil War (1936-39) and their continued importance as vital landscape features in the guerrilla resistance movement (1939-65). These caves-- as well as other features such as roads, valleys, industrial buildings, and villages-- have long been ignored in...

  • Analysis of the state of preservation and determination of raw material of Gravettian mammoth ivory personal ornaments (Dolní Věstonice, Czech Republic) using Micro Computed Tomography (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Martina Láznicková-Galetová. Tomáš Zikmund. Marie Šejnohová. Jozef Kaiser.

    This poster examines the utilization of non-destructive and non-invasive microCT analysis to identify raw materials used to fabricate Gravettian artifacts, assess their current state of conservation and work out a procedure for treatment of artifacts in a problematic state of preservation. Raw materials and manufacturing technology of Gravettian personal ornaments from Dolní Věstonice (Czech republic) made from hard animal tissues, such as mammoth ivory, can only be identified using the microCT...

  • Ethnohistory, Oral Tradition, and Archaeology: Examples from Oaxaca, Mexico and the Four Corners region of the United States (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Pascale Meehan. Rachel Egan.

    Increasingly, archaeologists recognize the value of oral tradition and ethnohistorical records in as sources of regional historical knowledge that can contribute to archaeological interpretation. This paper will combine examples from two regions, the Pueblo area of New Mexico and Colorado and the area of Santa Maria Zacatepec, Oaxaca. The section on the Pueblo area will examine how Pueblo oral migration stories and traditional knowledge have directed archaeological investigations and informed...

  • Inka Border Negotiations in the North: The Canari Case in the Province of Azuay, Ecuador (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Jessica Christie.

    This paper will reassess relationships between the Inka and the Canari in the northern frontier zones of the Inka empire through local archaeological data. So far, scholarly knowledge about the Canari has been based upon ethnographic descriptions provided in various Spanish sources. The Canari have been characterized as a strong-willed independent people who offered fierce resistance to Inka domination. They were entrenched in the civil war between Waskhar and Atawallpa and eventually their...

  • Archaeological Investigation and Relocation of a Slave Cemetery at the Nashville Zoo, Davidson County, Tennessee (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Hannah Guidry.

    Excavations on Nashville Zoo property, once part of the Grassmere Plantation established ca. 1810, identified and removed 20 individuals from an unmarked cemetery. Evidence from coffin and clothing remains indicates the cemetery dates from the early to mid-nineteenth century. The absence of elaborate coffin hardware common of the time, the cemetery location, and the known slave-holding history of the farm indicate this was a slave cemetery. Most of the wooden coffins were hexagonal with few...

  • Using the Anasazi Origins Project Faunal Remains to Determine Archaic Subsistence Patterns (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Patricia Byers.

    The purpose of this study is to prevent the loss of important archaeological information by examining a collection of faunal remains from the Anasazi Origins Project (AOP) that have been virtually untouched since their excavation. Re-evaluation of these collections will allow us to identify their research potential, as well as possible cultural significance that was not identified during initial investigations. The collection being examined for this study is the Anasazi Origins Project....

  • Life and Death at the mouth of the River Loa: Bioarchaeological and biogeochemical analysis of human remains from Formative Period northern Chile (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only William Pestle. Christina Torres-Rouff. Francisco Gallardo.

    Recent research has shown that during the Formative Period (1500 B.C.-A.D. 500), in northern Chile’s Atacama Desert life was sustained and enriched by inter-zonal movement and networks of exchange of both prestige goods and staple materials. In order to further detail these phenomena, a series of five cemeteries in the region of Caleta Huelén were recently excavated. In this work, we present the results of contextualized bioarchaeological and biogeochemical analysis of over 30 individuals,...

  • Characterizing Weathered Protein Residues from an Intra-Annual Cooking Experiment: A Mass Spectrometry Approach (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Jonathan Dombrosky. Andrew Barker. Amy Eddins. Steve Wolverton. Barney Venables.

    The identification of archaeological protein residues from cooking pottery using non-targeted mass spectrometry based approaches is a promising avenue of research. A major strength of mass spectrometry in archaeological protein residue analysis is that it allows for the reliability of protein identifications to be probabilistically quantified. Though it is clear that proteins can preserve in ceramics under favorable circumstances, little is known about diagenetic processes that affect...

  • Maya Ceramic Production along the North Coast of the Yucatan Peninsula: Diagnostic Attributes Associated with Unslipped Wares at Viste Alegre (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Joseph Horne.

    Along the northeastern portion of the Yucatan Peninsula prehistoric ceramic production practices included a variety of utilitarian forms. During recent work at the Maya coastal site of Vista Alegre, Drs. Jeffrey Glover and Dominique Rissolo recovered a high volume of unslipped plain and striated sherds. Due to the absence of complete vessels as well as the mixing of materials stratigraphically, classifying the sherds typologically has proven problematic. This paper examines and compares...

  • Defining the Red Background Style: The Production of Object and Identity in an Ancient Maya Court (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Elliot Lopez-Finn.

    While many collections today exhibit Red Background vessels for their vibrant colors, supernatural content, and elegant hieroglyphic texts, recent scholarship has embedded these works in the greater social culture of the Late Classic Period. As highly mobile art objects, the vases appeared alongside works with other distinct painting styles in feasts throughout the Guatemalan Lowlands, where the vases would display the prestigious affiliations of the owners. The diverse narrative content on...

  • A Study on the Mid-to-Late Neolithic and the Early Bronze Age Agricultural Economies and their Development at Huizui Site, Yiluo Valley Region, China (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Ha Beom Kim.

    In order to gain procedural understanding of early agricultural economies, researches have much to gain from in-depth, diachronic study of agricultural development in a single region. This study focuses on the changes in agricultural plant-use over time in the Yiluo Valley, North-Central China by using archaeobotanical data from the Mid-to-Late Neolithic and the Early Bronze Age occupations (c 3500 – 1500 BC) at Huizui. The study’s analysis confirms that changing plant-use patterns at Huizui...

  • Non-state artisan specializations and exchange in the margins of the Inca Empire (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Francisco Garrido.

    Although most of the time is assumed that local economies were almost completely overtaken and transformed by the interest of Inca elites, there were situations were households behaved in more autonomous and probably unexpected ways from the point of view of the empire. Low-scale artisan specialization in mining related activities using imperial infrastructure such as the Inca road was one of the ways to strive and succeed during times of political change, when isolated areas like the Atacama...

  • Haskett Biface-Point Production and Occupation of the Pacific Northwest and Northern Great Basin at the Pleistocene-Holocene Boundary (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Jerry Galm. Stan Gough. Fred Nials.

    The Sentinel Gap site (Washington) lithic assemblage documents the sequential production of bifaces and projectile points stylistically associated with the Haskett type. Lithic workshop debris analysis identifies patterns in the reduction trajectory of large cores into bifaces and lanceolate projectile point/knives. An average of 10.2 ka B.P. for six radiocarbon dates place short term Sentinel Gap site occupation at the Pleistocene-Holocene boundary. Stylistic and technological evidence...

  • Skeletal Trauma in an Ancient High Altitude Himalayan Community of Mustang, Nepal (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Jacqueline Eng. Mark Aldenderfer.

    High altitude regions in the Himalayas provided a challenging environment for the early human populations who migrated there. In addition to the risks of hypoxia and cold stress, people had to deal with difficult terrain and limited resources. Yet populations persisted and established complex polities, including those in the Mustang region of Nepal. Surface recovery and excavations of shaft tombs located near the village of Samdzong in Upper Mustang have yielded human remains and artifacts...

  • Spatial and Small-scale Geoarchaeological Analysis of a Middle Archaic Antelope Trap in Northeastern Nevada, U.S.A. (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Cliff Creger. Beth P. Smith.

    Great Basin Antelope Traps are ideal laboratories due to their feature system level focus on one set of subsistence behaviors (antelope hunting). By combining data collected using LiDAR, GPS and GIS, our analysis in the Liza Jane Trap focused on the spatial patterning of lithic artifacts and the location of small-scale landforms. The geoarchaeological analysis indicates relatively stable landforms modified by cultural-transforms. Analysis to locate small-scale landforms was performed to locate...

  • Where the Buffalo Roam and the Antelope Play: A Comparison of Soils in the Walnut River Valley of South-Central Kansas and associated Woodland and Late Prehistoric Period Settlements Using ArcGIS . (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Keri Fox. David Huges.

    Hughes’s (1988) dissertation showed a relationship between late prehistoric settlement patterns on the Washita River of Oklahoma and the soils of that region, among other variables. This paper is an effort to extend that research north into the Walnut River Valley of Kansas. The valley of the Walnut in Butler and Cowley Counties is a rich archeological area that has had little synthetic analysis conducted. As a first step in the process of a new regional synthesis, this project will...

  • An Early Horizon temple in the Tierra del Mercurio: Preliminary results from Atalla, Huancavelica, Peru (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Michelle Young.

    This presentation will put forward the preliminary results of the first season of the Proyecto de Investigación Arqueológica Atalla. The project represents a first step in clarifying the role of the Early Horizon period site of Atalla, located in the district of Yauli, region of Huancavelica, in the south-central highlands of Peru. Atalla is of particular archaeological interest as the earliest recorded monumental ceremonial site in the region of Huancavelica. The site is also distinguished by...

  • Geoarchaeology, Paleobiology and Archaeology of rockshelters and caves from Valencia (Spain) (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only J. Emili Aura Tortosa. Oreto García Puchol. Jesus F. Jorda Pardo. Yolanda Carrion. Margarita Vadillo.

    Caves and rock-shelters stratified sites from Mediterranean Spain are the result of the accumulation of time-averaged palimpsests, that probably don’t represent the normal range of human activities on the landscape. We focus the discussion on understanding the nature of human responses to climate changes, and we argue that different erosive and removal events in several mediterranean sites had been decisive in our vision of the end of the Palaeolithic-Epipalaeolithic and the beginning of the...

  • Asturias Across Time and Space: An Exploration of Medieval and Early Modern Spain using Stable Isotopes (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Amy MacKinnon. Eric J. Bartelink. Nicholas V. Passalacqua.

    Stable carbon and nitrogen isotope data from 104 individuals from eight sites was used to reconstruct the diets of Medieval and Early Modern (AD 600-1750) individuals from Asturias, Spain. Asturias is a coastal region located in northern Spain that remained one of the last Catholic kingdoms when the Moors ruled Iberia. Asturian society was structured hierarchically and divided into clergy, nobility, and peasant classes. Each socioeconomic group buried their own according to status and wealth....

  • Holes: The Beginners Guide to Food Caching (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Kathryn Frederick.

    The Michigan State University Subterranean Storage Research Experiment (MSU SStoRE) employed experimental archaeology to better understand the storage efficiency, capacity, and reliability of hunter-gatherer food storage pits. Drawing on archaeological, ethnographic, and ethnohistoric information the project accurately recreated below ground storage pits for the late Late Woodland period (A.D. 1000-1600) of northern lower Michigan. Over three consecutive yearly cycles, subterranean storage...

  • Neandertal subsistence at the Late Mousterian site of Abri Peyrony, France (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Naomi L. Martisius. Tamara Dogandžic. Michel Lenoir. Shannon P. McPherron. Teresa E. Steele.

    Beginning in 2009, the late Middle Paleolithic site of Abri Peyrony (also Haut de Combe-Capelle, as part of the Combe-Capelle sites, Dordogne, France) was reopened. Three seasons of fieldwork yielded rich lithic and faunal assemblages, as well as pieces of manganese dioxide, bone tools, and much needed information about the site’s formation and antiquity. The site yielded only Mousterian levels. Level L-3A is attributed to the Mousterian of Acheulian Tradition (MTA). The remaining levels,...

  • The influence of prey availability on ice age hunting strategies: Tracing Magdalenian reindeer migratory patterns using strontium isotope (87Sr/86Sr) analysis of reindeer teeth from Verberie (Oise, France). (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Anna Waterman. Jonathan Thomas. James Enloe. David Peate.

    The Magdalenian (18-11kya) marked a time of dramatic climate instability in western and central Europe, ushering in changes in the predation strategies of late Paleolithic groups who hunted migratory reindeer herds. For Magdalenian populations, a clear understanding of migratory patterns was crucial for survival, particularly when Epipleistocene climate fluctuations were causing previously unseen types of resource distribution. Here we present the results of strontium isotope (87Sr/86Sr)...

  • The antecedents to the specialized microdrill industry on Santa Cruz Island, CA (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Scott Sunell. Jeanne Arnold.

    I analyze more than 400 lithic artifacts associated with the development of intensive Chumash shell-drilling activities from four sites on Santa Cruz Island (SCRI), CA. By the second millennium CE, the Chumash of the northern Channel Islands had developed a specialized bead-making industry and a parallel industry of formal microdrills to perforate those beads (as documented by Arnold [1987]). During the latter part of the Middle Period (AD 900-1150), trapezoidal microdrills dominated; in the...

  • At Water’s Edge: Ritual Maya Animal Use in Aquatic Contexts at Cancuen (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Erin Thornton. Arthur Demarest.

    Excavations at the Late Classic Maya site of Cancuen (Petén, Guatemala) uncovered small-scale hydraulic systems including stone-lined canals and reservoirs within the site’s architectural core. The abundance of other nearby potable water sources, along with the elaborate form of the system demonstrate that it served an ideological rather than practical function. This interpretation is supported by the artifactual material deposited in the reservoirs, as well as by the fact that the hydraulic...

  • Obsidian value and exchange in the southern Red Sea region and its role in the establishment of prehistoric complex societies: new data from South Arabia and the African Horn (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Lamya Khalidi. Clément Ménard. Bernard Gratuze. Amélie Diaz. Edward Keall.

    The Red Sea is renowned as a locus of maritime activity during the early historic periods. As a result of systematic obsidian analyses of sources and artifacts, maritime interaction can now be traced back to the beginnings of the Neolithic in South Arabia. Its increased intensity is echoed in the cultural sphere that eventually formed on opposing shores of the two continents by at least the third millennium BC. New geochemical, archaeological and technological data from South Arabia, Ethiopia...

  • Integrated Archaeometric and Spatial Analysis: A Preliminary Report on Spatial Data Mining in the pre-Hispanic Central Andes of Peru (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Kayeleigh Sharp. Melissa Litschi.

    The Gallinazo and Mochica of northern coastal Peru lived side-by-side for centuries. However, the nature of their social interrelationships (one or two ethnic or social groups) is a continuing topic of debate as such complexity is one of the hallmarks of pre-Hispanic central Andean civilization. How can meaningful dimensions of social differentiation and complex social interrelationships be elucidated through archaeological investigation? To answer this question, we present our integrated...

  • Bioarchaeology of the Arabian Bronze Age: Humeral Entheseal Changes and Burial Patterns at Tell Abraq (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Mark Toussaint. Debra Martin.

    Tell Abraq is an archaeological site from the Arabian Bronze Age, located near the Persian Gulf Coast of the modern-day country of the United Arab Emirates. A sealed, two-chamber mud-brick tomb on site, in use from approximately 2200 – 2000 BC, yielded a 1.4-meter-thick matrix of commingled human remains, soil, and artifacts, representing a MNI of 403 individuals, of which nearly three quarters are adults. Although the remains are fragmentary, they still offer rich insights into the biocultural...