Historical Archaeology in Europe: Current Research and Future Directions

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  • Archaeology of the Czechoslovak Uranium Gulag (2016)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Pavel Vareka.

    Recent research has examined the landscape of the Czechoslovak Uranium Gulag that was established in 1948 according to the Soviet model and under the supervision of Soviet NKVD advisors. The area with the largest concentration of former camps is situated around the historic mining town of Jáchymov (West Bohemia). Nine penal and forced labor camps adjacent to Uranium mines were established in an area of 25 km2 in the late 1940s – early 1950s through which passed c. 60 000 inmates. Research...

  • The Idea of the Enlightenment and Environmental Relations in Early Modern Ostrobothnian Towns of Sweden: Macro- and Microfossil Studies of Local Plant Use (2016)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Annamari Tranberg.

    Macro- and microfossil studies from the early modern Ostrobothnian towns provide information about both natural and cultural elements of local landscapes, including how landscapes changed in time and affected people’s lives. In this paper, I will discuss how the Ostrobothnians used their local plants. The period from the late 17th to the late 18th century was a time of significant chances in the philosophy of life and economic policy in Sweden, as well as in Europe in general. During the 18th...

  • The Privy of ‘ Our Lord in the Attic’, The Archaeology of an 18th-century Artifact Assemblage in Amsterdam (2016)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Ranjith M. Jayasena.

    Cesspits are a typical urban phenomenon and in Amsterdam these were usually brick structures beneath a latrine house. In addition to their primary sanitary function, they also became repositories for household waste, resulting in a record of domestic artifacts as well as faunal and botanical debris. Six decades of archaeology in Amsterdam have revealed over 300 cesspits, opening a window on the material culture and diet of the city’s population from the 14th-century onwards. This paper will...

  • Time, Discipline and Punishment: Private and state capitalism in northern Sweden in the seventeenth century (2016)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Jonas Nordin.

    In the seventeenth century the Danish and Swedish states strengthened their control over the northernmost areas of Fenno-Scandinavia: Sápmi. Borders were constructed, market-places founded and the Lutheran Church gained a firm foothold through mission and the founding new churches. A main force in this development was the hunger for the regions resources, such as pearls, furs, precious stones and metals. Through landscape analysis and the study the material remains of several sites, spatial...

  • Unearthing Scandinavia’s Colonial Past (2016)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Magdalena Naum.

    In the recent years colonialism has been a subject of debate and new research in Scandinavian historical and anthropological scholarship. This scholarship is scrutinizing the impact of colonial expansion on societies in Scandinavia as well as the role and participation of the Swedish and Danish kingdoms in the colonial enterprises. Drawing on this research, my paper will explore the background and consequences of this interest in Scandinavia’s colonial past; the ways it rewrites historical...