The Historical Archaeology of Dam Construction Camps in Central Arizona, Volume 2A: Sites in the Roosevelt Dam Area


In June 1986 the Bureau of Reclamation awarded Dames & Moore a contract to conduct historical archaeology studies as part of the mitigation program for the Regulatory Storage Division (Plan 6) of the Central Arizona Project. Final reports on these studies are being issued in three volumes under the title The Historical Archaeology of Dam Construction Camps in Central Arizona. Volume 1 is a synthesis of the entire project. Volume 3 details laboratory methods. Volume 2 contains descriptions and interpretations of each of the sites studied at the seven localities investigated. This report, Volume 2A, contains site descriptions for sites in the Roosevelt Dam area. Chapter 1 presents a short history of the construction of the dam and a description of our field methodology. Chapter 2 describes and interprets sites in the construction zone. Chapter 3 discusses sites on Government Hill where the U.S. Reclamation Service headquarters were located. Chapter 4 describes and interprets sites in the Newtown (the relocated town of Roosevelt) area, including the Roosevelt Cemetery. The sites along the Roosevelt Power Canal are discussed in Chapter 5. Chapter 6 details our findings at camps where Apache laborers and their families lived. Chapter 7 describes remnants of three historic roads, and Chapter 8 documents five other miscellaneous sites.

Cite this Record

The Historical Archaeology of Dam Construction Camps in Central Arizona, Volume 2A: Sites in the Roosevelt Dam Area. James E. Ayres, A. E. Rogge, Melissa Keane, Diane L. Douglas, Everett J. Bassett, Diane L. Fenicle, Cindy L. Myers, Bonnie J. Clark, Karen Turnmire. Dames & Moore Intermountain Cultural Resource Services Research Paper No. 11. Phoenix, Arizona: Dames & Moore. 1994 ( tDAR id: 378149) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8959JD9

This Resource is Part of the Following Collections


Euroamerican Historic Historic Native American

Building Materials Ceramic Fauna Glass Macrobotanical Metal Textile Wood

Site Name
AZ U:4:26(ASM) AZ U:8:139(ASM) AZ U:8:140(ASM) AZ U:8:141(ASM) AZ U:8:142(ASM) AZ U:8:143(ASM) AZ U:8:144(ASM) AZ U:8:145(ASM) AZ U:8:146(ASM) AZ U:8:147(ASM) AZ U:8:148(ASM) AZ U:8:158(ASM) AZ U:8:159(ASM) AZ U:8:160(ASM) AZ U:8:161(ASM) AZ U:8:162(ASM) AZ U:8:163(ASM) AZ U:8:164(ASM) AZ U:8:165(ASM) AZ U:8:166(ASM) AZ U:8:167(ASM) AZ U:8:168(ASM) AZ U:8:169(ASM) AZ U:8:170(ASM) AZ U:8:171(ASM) AZ U:8:172(ASM) AZ U:8:173(ASM) AZ U:8:174(ASM) AZ U:8:60(ASM) AZ V:5:83(ASM) AZ V:5:84(ASM) AZ V:5:85(ASM) AZ V:5:86(ASM) Bullpen Cableway Cement Mill Cement Mill Camp Clay Quarry Camp Corral Camp Cottonwood Creek Apache Camp Cottonwood Creek Ditch Rider's House Cottonwood Wash Foundation Site Dam Tender's Residence/Construction Camp Deadman Canyon Trash Diversion Dam Indian Camp East Annex Government Hill Grapevine Construction Camp Grapevine Residences High Road Camp Jail Lee-Cooper Ranch Newtown Newtown Camp Newtown Trash Old Globe High Line Road Old State Route 188 Powderhouse & Water Tank Rock Creek Trash Roosevelt Cemetery Sandbox Residence Sand Plant Tonto Creek Road Vineyard Canyon Trash West Annex Windy Hill Trash Show More

Site Type
Archaeological Feature Communal / Public Structure Domestic Structure or Architectural Complex Encampment Frame House Historic Communal / Public Structure Historic Structure House Midden Reservoir Resource Extraction / Production / Transportation Structure or Features Road Road, Trail, and Related Structures or Features Settlements Structure Trash Midden Wikiup

Temporal Coverage

Calendar Date: 1890 to 1940

Spatial Coverage

min long: -112.692; min lat: 33.372 ; max long: -111.088; max lat: 34.579 ;

Record Identifiers

Report No.(s): DI-BR-APO-CCRS 94-2

Bureau of Reclamation Contract No.(s): 6-CS-30-04360

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