Phase II Archaeological Testing of Eight Sites at the Poinsett Electronic Combat Range, Shaw Air Force Base, Sumter County South Carolina

Summary

This Phase II archaeological study dealt with eight sites (38SU155, 38SU192, 38SU199, 38SU233, 38SU290, 38SU292, 38SU293, and 38SU294) at the Poinsett Electronic Combat Range (PECR) of Shaw Air Force Base in Sumter County, South Carolina. The sites include one historic dwelling (38SU155) and seven prehistoric camps located in the vicinity of Big Bay. Phase II investigations at each site included systematic shovel testing followed by test unit excavations to delineate site dimensions and artifact distributions, identify features and site stratigraphy, and assess the content and integrity of each site. As a result of these Phase II investigations, recommendations were made concerning each site’s National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) eligibility.

Three of the prehistoric sites (38SU290, 38SU292, and 38SU294) and the historic site (38SU155) are recommended eligible for the NRHP. The prehistoric sites each contain evidence of multiple prehistoric occupations on ridges around or within Big Bay. They possess good integrity, possible stratified deposits and horizontally discrete loci or activity areas. Each contains data that would be important in delineating local/regional prehistoric cultural sequences, reconstructing prehistoric site organization and function, and possibly addressing issues of prehistoric subsistence.

Site 38SU155 is an early twentieth-century African-American owned farm. The site contains structural remains and discrete artifact deposits suggestive of different activity areas. It possesses good integrity and has a potential to provide new information on the life ways and material culture of this class of people, who made up only a small portion of the region’s post-Civil War population. The significance of this site is enhanced because few similar sites in the region have been studied.

The four sites recommended for eligibility to the NRHP should be preserved in place unless any undertakings at the PECR would alter their qualities of significance. Should any activities be scheduled that would unavoidably disturb these resources, than data recovery at any affected sites is recommended to mitigate the potential harm.

The other four sites in this study (38SU192, 38SU199, 38SU233, and 38SU293) are recommended not eligible for the NRHP. These sites, each a sparse prehistoric artifact scatter, are disturbed and/or have a low potential to yield significant archaeological data. Therefore, no further preservation work is recommended for them.

Cite this Record

Phase II Archaeological Testing of Eight Sites at the Poinsett Electronic Combat Range, Shaw Air Force Base, Sumter County South Carolina. Brad Botwick, Mason W. Sheffield, Jennifer B. Langdale, Alvin J. Banguilan. New South Associates Technical Report ,Number 1231. Fort Worth, Texas: US Army Corps of Engineers, Fort Worth District. 2005 ( tDAR id: 380894) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8445NDN

This Resource is Part of the Following Collections

Spatial Coverage

min long: -80.475; min lat: 33.777 ; max long: -80.46; max lat: 33.795 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Contact(s): Shaw Air Force Base

Collaborator(s): Geo-Marine, Inc.

Landowner(s): Shaw Air Force Base

Prepared By(s): New South Associate, Inc.

Submitted To(s): US Army Corps of Engineers, Fort Worth District

Record Identifiers

US Air Force Air Combat Command Series(s): Number 28

Contract Number(s): DACA63-99-D-0010

Delivery Order No.(s): 0057

Notes

Redaction Note: If you would like access to the full document, you may request it from the following office: Office of the USAF Cultural Resource Subject Matter Expert AF Civil Engineer Center 2261 Hughes Ave JBSA Lackland, TX 78236-9853

File Information

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Contact(s): Shaw Air Force Base