Phase I Archaeological Survey of 1835 Acres, Avon Park Air Force Range, Avon Park, Florida

Author(s): J. Sanderson Stevens; Bradley M. Mueller

Year: 2003


Parsons, Inc. (Parsons) was contracted by Headquarters Air Combat Command (HQ ACC) on behalf of Avon Park Air Force Range (APAFR), Florida and Moody Air Force Base (AFB), Georgia to conduct a Phase I archaeological survey of approximately 1,835 acres (743 hectares). The purpose of the survey was to assist APAFR in compliance with Section 110 of the National Historic Preservation Act (NHPA) of 1966, as amended; Air Force Instruction 32-7065; and other state, federal, and Department of Defense regulations and guidelines. The survey was conducted in the winter of 2003 by a 14-person field team that included a Field Director (Brad Mueller), three crew chiefs (Seth Hopkins, Emily Jones, and Jason Strahl), and 10 archaeological technicians. The survey was contracted through the Air Combat Command (ACC), Langley Air Force Base (AFB), Virginia, and Moody AFB, Valdosta, Georgia. The survey area included roughly 1,145 acres (464 hectares) in the northcentral (Polk County) portion of APAFR and roughly 690 acres (279 hectares) in the south-central (Highlands County) portion of APAFR. Johnna Thackston (Technical Project Manager--TPM) and Peg Margosian (APAFR GIS Specialist/Geographer) selected the initial survey areas. However, due to standing water in some proposed survey tracts, changes were made to the survey blocks while teams were in the field. The survey areas included tracts categorized as low 1,403 acres (568 hectares), medium 270 acres (109 hectares), or high 162 acres (66 hectares) probability with respect to the likelihood of containing archaeological resources. The field methodology incorporated both a pedestrian survey at 30-meter intervals in low probability areas and the systematic excavation of shovel test pits (STPs) in medium and high probability areas. This survey resulted in the identification of four new sites (8PO5429, 8PO5416, 8PO4781, 8PO3405) and the recovery of supplemental data for two previously recorded sites (8PO993 and 8PO994). Of the four new sites: three (8PO5429, 8PO5416, 8PO4781) as well as Site 8PO994 are located in high probability survey tracts and one site (8PO3405) is located in a low probability survey tract.

Cite this Record

Phase I Archaeological Survey of 1835 Acres, Avon Park Air Force Range, Avon Park, Florida. J. Sanderson Stevens, Bradley M. Mueller. Avon Park, Florida: Avon Park Air Force Range. 2003 ( tDAR id: 391177) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8GQ6ZNW

Temporal Coverage

Calendar Date: 1880 to 1914 (Amethyst solarized glass sherds; glass fruit jar sherds)

Calendar Date: 200 to 700 (Belle Glade II Period)

Calendar Date: 1903 to 1940 (Machine-made glass bottle sherds; glass cosmetic jar)

Spatial Coverage

min long: -81.419; min lat: 27.5 ; max long: -81.118; max lat: 27.764 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Contact(s): Avon Park Air Force Range

Contributor(s): Emily Jones; Jason Strahl; Johnna Thackston; Peg Margosian; Paul Ebersbach; Seth Hopkins

Field Director(s): Bradley M. Mueller

Principal Investigator(s): J. Sanderson Stevens

Landowner(s): United States Air Force

Sponsor(s): Headquarters Air Combat Command

Permitting Agency(s): United States Air Force Air Combat Command

Repository(s): Avon Park Air Force Range

Prepared By(s): Parsons Engineering Science, Inc.

Submitted To(s): Avon Park Air Force Range; Moody Air Force Base

Record Identifiers

Delivery Order(s): 5W02

Contract Number(s): F44649-95-D-005

Avon Park Air Force Range Report No.(s): AP0014


Redaction Note: If you would like access to the full document, you may request it from Avon Park CRM: Kathy Courturier; email:; phone: (863) 452-4288

File Information

  Name Size Creation Date Date Uploaded Access
2003_1-835_acres_parsons.pdf 8.27mb Aug 26, 2013 11:29:35 AM Confidential
2003_1-835_acres_parsons_redacted.pdf 8.50mb Oct 24, 2013 11:44:04 AM Public
This document is redacted. USAF archaeologists and officials have determined that some of the information in the full document should be considered confidential and have limited distribution. If you would like access to the full document, you may contact and request access from Avon Park CRM: Kathy Courturier (863) 452-4288

Accessing Restricted Files

At least one of the files for this resource is restricted from public view. For more information regarding access to these files, please reference the contact information below

Contact(s): Avon Park Air Force Range