Cultural Resource Identification Survey of the Angel Tract
"In December 2009, Brockington and Associates, Inc., conducted a cultural resource identification survey (CRIS) of the 1,853-acre Angel Tract in Hampton County, South Carolina. The investigations were conducted for Angel Tract, LLC. This survey was requested in compliance with the Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) between the South Carolina Department of Commerce (SCDOC) and the South Carolina State Historic Preservation Office (SCSHPO) regarding the implementation of guidelines for CRISs conducted for the South Carolina Site Certification Program. The purpose of the SCDOC Site Certification Program is to identify and clarify issues pertaining to the development of a specific commercial or industrial site. This report presents initial information regarding cultural resources that may be affected by potential development of the Angel Tract Certification Site, as well as recommendations for possible additional cultural resource survey investigations of the Angel Tract.
The CRIS of the Angel Tract included background research and archaeological survey. There are no structures within or adjacent to the tract; therefore, an architectural survey was not necessary.
Investigators identified six sites (38HA1097–38HA1102) and three isolated finds (Isolates 1–3) during the CRIS of the Angel Tract. We recommend sites 38HA1097, 38HA1101, and 38HA1102 and Isolates 1–3 not eligible for the NRHP. No further management consideration of sites 38HA1097, 38HA1101, and 38HA1102 and the isolated finds is warranted. We recommend sites 38HA1098, 38HA1099, and 38HA1100 potentially eligible for the NRHP. If sites 38HA1098, 38HA1099, and 38HA1100 cannot be preserved in place, we recommend that evaluative testing be conducted to determine definitively the NRHP eligibility of each site.
One of the purposes of the CRIS, as detailed in the MOU, is to provide recommendations for possible additional cultural resource survey investigations of the Certification Site. As detailed in Chapter 3, we base our recommendations for possible additional cultural resource survey investigations of the Angel Tract on research conducted prior to our field investigations, coupled with observations of each of our survey areas of the Angel Tract during our initial field investigations. Approximately 1,099 acres of the Angel Tract possess a high potential to contain cultural resources. Transects in the high-potential areas should be spaced at 30-meter intervals, with shovel tests excavated at 30-meter intervals along each transect. Approximately 468 acres of the Angel Tract possess a low potential to contain cultural resources. ..."
This Resource is Part of the Following Collections
Cite this Record
Cultural Resource Identification Survey of the Angel Tract. Jennifer Salo, Michael Walsh, Allison Wind, Damon Jackson. Mt. Pleasant, SC: Brockington and Associates, Inc. 2010 ( tDAR id: 391240) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8Q241HP
Archaeological Feature • Artifact Scatter • Domestic Structure or Architectural Complex • Encampment • Isolated Artifact • Lithic Reduction Area • Resource Extraction / Production / Transportation Structure or Features • Road • Road, Trail, and Related Structures or Features • Settlements
Archaeological Overview • Collections Research • Consultation • Environment Research • Heritage Management • Historic Background Research • Records Search / Inventory Checking • Site Evaluation / Testing • Systematic Survey
Aqua Window Glass • Bifacial Reduction Flakes • Blue Transfer Print Whiteware • Borrow Pits • Bottle Glass Fragments • Brick Fragments • Buckfield Backwater • Burned Earthenware • Chalcedony Flake Fragments • Chert • Chert Blade • Chert Flake Fragment • Chert Preform • Chert Secondary Core Reduction Flake • Chert Shatter • Chert Tertiary Bifacial Reduction Flakes • Chert Tertiary Core Reduction Flakes • Chert Thinning Flakes • Chert Uniface • Cut Nails • Deptford Cord Marked Sherds • Earthenware Sherds • Eroded Sherds • Iron Hinge • Ironstone sherds • Nails • Olive Green Glass Bottle Fragments • Plain Sherds • Polychrome Whiteware Sherds • Porcelain Sherds • Redware Sherds • Residual Sherds • Stallings Plain Sherds • Stoneware Sherds • Undecorated Whiteware Sherds • Whiteware Sherds • Wilmington Check Stamped Sherds • Wilmington Cord Marked Ceramics • Wilmington Fabric Impressed Sherds • Window Glass Fragments
Calendar Date: 2007 to 2010 (Land owned by Angel Tract, LLC)
Calendar Date: 1964 to 2007 (Land owned by Cox Woodlands Company and later merged with Augusta Woodlands and AbitibiBowater)
Calendar Date: 1916 to 1964 (Land owned by the Savannah River Lumber Company)
Calendar Date: 1901 to 1916 (Land owned by Hilton-Dodge Lumber Company)
Calendar Date: 1888 to 1901 (Land owned by Phila M. Angell)
Calendar Date: 1840 to 1871 (Laned Owned by William Heyward)
Calendar Date: 1790 to 1840 (Land tract owned by John McTeer, J.F. Grimke, and John McPherson)
min long: -81.49; min lat: 32.738 ; max long: -80.966; max lat: 32.938 ;
Individual & Institutional Roles
Contact(s): Jonathan Leader ; Wise Batten
Lab Director(s): Nicole Isenbarger
Principal Investigator(s): Johshua N. Fletcher
Prepared By(s): Brockington and Associates, Inc.
General Note: Several of the sites were recommended by Brockington to be avoided by an activity in the area. It should also be noted that the early dates regarding the tract are estimated due to a their respective records missing due to several court house fires over the years.
|Name||Size||Creation Date||Date Uploaded||Access|
|angeltractfinal.pdf||86.81mb||Jun 26, 2013 3:03:50 PM||Confidential|
|redacted-angeltractfinal.pdf||56.00mb||Jun 26, 2013 3:04:04 PM||Public|