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Cultural Resource Identification Survey of the Angel Tract

Author(s): Jennifer Salo ; Michael Walsh ; Allison Wind ; Damon Jackson

Year: 2010

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"In December 2009, Brockington and Associates, Inc., conducted a cultural resource identification survey (CRIS) of the 1,853-acre Angel Tract in Hampton County, South Carolina. The investigations were conducted for Angel Tract, LLC. This survey was requested in compliance with the Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) between the South Carolina Department of Commerce (SCDOC) and the South Carolina State Historic Preservation Office (SCSHPO) regarding the implementation of guidelines for CRISs conducted for the South Carolina Site Certification Program. The purpose of the SCDOC Site Certification Program is to identify and clarify issues pertaining to the development of a specific commercial or industrial site. This report presents initial information regarding cultural resources that may be affected by potential development of the Angel Tract Certification Site, as well as recommendations for possible additional cultural resource survey investigations of the Angel Tract.

The CRIS of the Angel Tract included background research and archaeological survey. There are no structures within or adjacent to the tract; therefore, an architectural survey was not necessary.

Investigators identified six sites (38HA1097–38HA1102) and three isolated finds (Isolates 1–3) during the CRIS of the Angel Tract. We recommend sites 38HA1097, 38HA1101, and 38HA1102 and Isolates 1–3 not eligible for the NRHP. No further management consideration of sites 38HA1097, 38HA1101, and 38HA1102 and the isolated finds is warranted. We recommend sites 38HA1098, 38HA1099, and 38HA1100 potentially eligible for the NRHP. If sites 38HA1098, 38HA1099, and 38HA1100 cannot be preserved in place, we recommend that evaluative testing be conducted to determine definitively the NRHP eligibility of each site.

One of the purposes of the CRIS, as detailed in the MOU, is to provide recommendations for possible additional cultural resource survey investigations of the Certification Site. As detailed in Chapter 3, we base our recommendations for possible additional cultural resource survey investigations of the Angel Tract on research conducted prior to our field investigations, coupled with observations of each of our survey areas of the Angel Tract during our initial field investigations. Approximately 1,099 acres of the Angel Tract possess a high potential to contain cultural resources. Transects in the high-potential areas should be spaced at 30-meter intervals, with shovel tests excavated at 30-meter intervals along each transect. Approximately 468 acres of the Angel Tract possess a low potential to contain cultural resources. ..."

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Cite this Record

Cultural Resource Identification Survey of the Angel Tract. Jennifer Salo, Michael Walsh, Allison Wind, Damon Jackson. Mt. Pleasant, SC: Brockington and Associates, Inc. 2010 ( tDAR id: 391240) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8Q241HP



Temporal Coverage

Calendar Date: 2007 to 2010 (Land owned by Angel Tract, LLC)

Calendar Date: 1964 to 2007 (Land owned by Cox Woodlands Company and later merged with Augusta Woodlands and AbitibiBowater)

Calendar Date: 1916 to 1964 (Land owned by the Savannah River Lumber Company)

Calendar Date: 1901 to 1916 (Land owned by Hilton-Dodge Lumber Company)

Calendar Date: 1888 to 1901 (Land owned by Phila M. Angell)

Calendar Date: 1840 to 1871 (Laned Owned by William Heyward)

Calendar Date: 1790 to 1840 (Land tract owned by John McTeer, J.F. Grimke, and John McPherson)

Spatial Coverage

min long: -81.49; min lat: 32.738 ; max long: -80.966; max lat: 32.938 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Contact(s): Jonathan Leader ; Wise Batten

Contributor(s): Charles F. Phillips Jr. ; Damon Jackson ; Paige Wagoner ; Kong Cheong ; Jimmy LeFebre ; Patrick Severts ; Caitlin Uhl ; Lauren Andersen ; Allison Wind ; Jennifer Salo ; Michael Walsh

Lab Director(s): Nicole Isenbarger

Principal Investigator(s): Johshua N. Fletcher

Sponsor(s): Angel Tract, LLC ; Wise Batten, Inc.

Prepared By(s): Brockington and Associates, Inc.


General Note: Several of the sites were recommended by Brockington to be avoided by an activity in the area. It should also be noted that the early dates regarding the tract are estimated due to a their respective records missing due to several court house fires over the years.

File Information

  Name Size Creation Date Date Uploaded Access
angeltractfinal.pdf 86.81mb Jun 26, 2013 3:03:50 PM Confidential
redacted-angeltractfinal.pdf 56.00mb Jun 26, 2013 3:04:04 PM Public

Accessing Restricted Files

At least one of the files for this resource is restricted from public view. For more information regarding access to these files, please reference the contact information below

Contact(s): Jonathan Leader

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America