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Cultural Resources Survey of the Proposed Wells Crossroad to Holly Hill Reach Water Transmission Mains

Author(s): Meg Moughan ; Michael Walsh

Year: 2011

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Summary

"Archaeological survey through surface inspection and systematic shovel testing at 30-meter intervals identified six sites (38OR331, 38OR332, 38OR333, 38OR334, 38OR335, and 38OR336) and one isolated find. Five of these sites contain remnants of nineteenth- to twentieth-century farmsteads or tenant farms. One site contains Pre-Contact ceramic and lithic artifacts. We recommend all of these sites and the isolated find not eligible for the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP). We also conducted an architectural reconnaissance of the easement. Since the pipeline will be underground when complete, it presents no opportunity to affect any aboveground resources that might be eligible for the NRHP unless they have associated landscapes. Our architectural historian inspected the roads along the pipeline corridor to see if such landscapes are present. We identified no historic landscapes, but there are two architectural resources that retain sufficient integrity to be included on the South Carolina Statewide Survey. A nineteenth-century farmhouse stands... (opposite the eastern/northern terminus of the proposed water pipeline). Also, Target United Methodist Church (built in 1920) and its associated cemetery (with graves from the early nineteenth century) stand ... on the opposite side of (the road) from the pipeline easement. Both are likely eligible for the NRHP. The pipeline will not alter the setting of either the house or the church/ cemetery in such a way that would affect their NRHP eligibility. Thus, the construction and operation of the proposed Wells Crossroad to Holly Hill Reach Water Transmission Mains will affect no historic properties."


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Cite this Record

Cultural Resources Survey of the Proposed Wells Crossroad to Holly Hill Reach Water Transmission Mains. Meg Moughan, Michael Walsh. Mount Pleasant, SC: Brockington and Associates, Inc. 2011 ( tDAR id: 391280) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8M32X1C


URL: http://artsandsciences.sc.edu/sciaa/


Keywords


Temporal Coverage

Calendar Date: 1830 to 1873 (Target United Methodist Church (frame church))

Calendar Date: 1800 to 1830 (Target United Methodist Church (log structure))

Calendar Date: 1920 to 2013 (Target United Methodist Church (1920s to present))

Calendar Date: 1873 to 1920 (Target United Methodist Church (frame sanctuary))


Spatial Coverage

min long: -81.336; min lat: 33.227 ; max long: -80.419; max lat: 33.69 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Contributor(s): Brian Falls ; Scott Kitchens ; Jimmy LeFebre ; Paige Wagoner ; David Dellenbach ; Michael Walsh ; Meg Moughan ; Johshua N. Fletcher ; Anna Green ; Andrew Vane

Field Director(s): David S. Baluha

Principal Investigator(s): Eric C. Poplin

Sponsor(s): South Carolina Public Service Authority ; Hazen and Sawyer PC

Prepared By(s): Brockington and Associates, Inc.


Notes

General Note: "Intensive survey of the easement of the proposed Wells Crossroad to Holly Hill Reach Water Transmission Mains identified six archaeological sites (38OR331, 38OR332, 38OR333, 38OR334, 38OR335, and 38OR336) and one isolated artifact find. We recommend these sites and the isolated find not eligible for the NRHP. None of these resources contains the kinds of artifact deposits or features from which we can gain important information about the past. Architectural reconnaissance identified no historic buildings or landscapes within or immediately adjacent to the proposed water pipeline easement. Thus, there are no historic properties within or immediately adjacent to the project. Therefore, the project as currently designed will affect no historic properties."


File Information

  Name Size Creation Date Date Uploaded Access
4071-lmrws-holly-hill-pipeline-print.pdf 47.77mb Jul 17, 2013 11:32:20 AM Confidential
redacted-4071-lmrws-holly-hill-pipeline-print.pdf 15.15mb Jul 18, 2013 8:10:42 AM Public
Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America