Phase I Archaeological Investigations Aboard Webster Field Annex NAS PAX St. Mary’s County, Maryland, Vol. I and II

Summary

This report presents the results of an extensive Phase I archaeological investigation conducted aboard Naval Air Station Patuxent River, Webster Field Annex (NAS WFA), located at St. Inigoes in St. Mary’s County, Maryland. The survey was conducted in partial fulfillment of Section 110 of the National Historic Preservation Act. The survey was performed by the staff of the Southern Maryland Regional Center at Jefferson Patterson Park and Museum, in cooperation with the Cultural and Natural Resources Branch of the Environmental and Natural Resources Division of the Naval Air Station Patuxent River (NAS PAX). Funding for the project was provided by a grant from the Department of Defense's Legacy Resources Management Program.

NAS WFA is located in the Estuarine Potomac Drainage, Maryland Archeological Research Unit 10. Fieldwork was conducted from May to December 1996 and encompassed approximately 700 acres. The objective of the Phase I archaeological survey was to locate and define previously unidentified archaeological sites in order to guide future management decisions aboard the facility.

Field methods for this Phase I investigation consisted of the excavation of 5,624 shovel test pits (STPs) at various intervals throughout the project area, the interval changing in response to varying potential for site discovery. Eight prehistoric, nine historic, and nine multicomponent archaeological sites were located and recorded during the project (see map in back pocket). In addition, one unidentified shell scatter site was found. The prehistoric artifacts recovered in 1996 range in date from the Middle Archaic (8,000 B.P. - 6,000 B.P.) to the Late Woodland (950 B.P. - 350 B.P.), while the historic sites range from the first half of the seventeenth century to the mid-twentieth century.

This report contains an inventory of archaeological resources within the project area and includes concise soil descriptions of all investigated areas. It also summarizes for the first time the results of a Phase I survey conducted at NAS WFA in 1981 by Michael Smolek of the Southern Maryland Regional Center. Management recommendations for identified sites are presented in Chapter 7.0, Summary and Management Recommendations. This document is intended to serve as a source of management and planning information for future land-use aboard NAS WFA.

Cite this Record

Phase I Archaeological Investigations Aboard Webster Field Annex NAS PAX St. Mary’s County, Maryland, Vol. I and II. Laura J. Galke, Alyssa L. Loney, Tricia Pyne. 2000 ( tDAR id: 392818) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8RX9D3R

Spatial Coverage

min long: -76.443; min lat: 38.138 ; max long: -76.418; max lat: 38.156 ;

Record Identifiers

Maryland Historical Trust Report #(s): ST 178

MAC Lab Accession Number(s): 2000.016

Notes

General Note: The following physical records are held at MAC Lab: Field Notes, Lab Notes, Maps,Oversized Maps, Artifact Catalog, Report, Black & White Negatives, Black & White Prints, Black and White Contact Sheets, Color Negatives, Color Prints, Kodachrome Slides, Photologs, List of Documentation, acid-free copy of all paper records stored in the secondary records storage room

General Note: Date Collected:MAY-DECEMBER 1996

File Information

  Name Size Creation Date Date Uploaded Access
VOL1.pdf 11.70mb May 1, 2014 2:37:55 PM Confidential
VOL2.pdf 1.14mb May 1, 2014 2:37:55 PM Confidential
VOL1_Redacted.pdf 7.15mb Aug 29, 2014 2:39:04 PM Confidential
This document has been redacted. To request access to a nonredacted copy, contact the Maryland Archaeological Conservation Laboratory.

Accessing Restricted Files

At least one of the files for this resource is restricted from public view. For more information regarding access to these files, please reference the contact information below

Contact(s): Michael Smolek; Maryland Archaeological Conservation Laboratory Federal Curator