Phase II Archaeological Investigation of Five Archaeological Sites, Naval Air Station Patuxent River, Webster Field Annex, St. Mary’s County, Maryland

Summary

On behalf of the Department of the Navy, Naval Facilities Engineering Command (NAVFAC), The Louis Berger Group, Inc. (LBG), carried out site evaluation studies (Phase II archaeological investigations) of five sites at Naval Air Station Patuxent River, Webster Field Annex in St. Mary’s County, Maryland. The overall purpose of the investigations was to determine if the five archaeological sites meet the criteria for eligibility for listing in the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP). There are no immediate plans to develop these sites, but these areas may be impacted by future construction. Four of these sites were initially identified during the 1981 field school survey of Webster Field, and the other was first reported by an amateur collector.

LBG recommends none of these sites as eligible for listing in the NRHP at this time. Sites18ST365 and 18ST637 have not been entirely evaluated. Site 18ST331 is a dense scatter of brick pieces in an active agricultural field near the Chapel Field complex, possibly the remains of a brick clamp from the Jesuit period of occupation in the seventeenth century. Testing showed that the brick is mostly in small fragments and produced no features or evidence of burning. Site 18ST331 may be the remains of a brick clamp, but this is not certain, and at any rate the site lacks the integrity to be considered eligible for the NRHP.

Site 18ST365 is a multi-component site in an old field near the airfield control tower. The current project did not attempt to evaluate the prehistoric component of the site, which is quite large, but focused on a dense scatter of brick thought to the remains of a nineteenth-century brick barn demolished during World War II. No foundations were found, and if they were in this location they have probably been destroyed. The prehistoric component, which is much larger, might conceivably be determined eligible by a future study of the site, but the remains of the nineteenth-century brick barn are recommended as not eligible for the NRHP.

Sites 18ST353, and 18ST362 are thin artifact scatters in old plowed fields. Only a handful of artifacts were recovered from these sites, all from the plowzone. They lack the integrity and information potential to be considered eligible for listing in the NRHP. Site 18ST637 was originally defined as a very large site, extending for more than 1000 feet along the shoreline of the St. Marys River. Only part of this site is within Webster Field property. The evaluation focused only on the part of the site within Webster Field property, in a grassy field that is a potential development site. That portion of the site is a thin artifact scatter in an old plowed field, lacking the integrity and information potential to be eligible for listing on the NRHP.

Cite this Record

Phase II Archaeological Investigation of Five Archaeological Sites, Naval Air Station Patuxent River, Webster Field Annex, St. Mary’s County, Maryland. John Bedell, Gregory Katz. 2013 ( tDAR id: 392899) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8D79CFC

Spatial Coverage

min long: -76.444; min lat: 38.131 ; max long: -76.413; max lat: 38.159 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Contact(s): Maryland Archaeological Conservation Laboratory Federal Curator; Michael Smolek

Contributor(s): Gregory Katz

Field Director(s): Warren Wilson

Principal Investigator(s): John Bedell

Project Director(s): Charles H. LeeDecker

Sponsor(s): Navy

Repository(s): Maryland Archaeological Conservation Laboratory

Prepared By(s): Louis Berger

Submitted To(s): Department of the Navy, Naval Facilities Engineering Command Washington

Record Identifiers

FS Number(s): 18ST362/36207; 18ST362/36206; 18ST331/33103; 18ST365/36509; 18ST362/36208; 18ST331/33105; 18ST365/36512; 18ST353/35305; 18ST637/63702; 18ST365/36513; 18ST331/33104; 18ST365/36511; 18ST365/36501; 18ST362/36205; 18ST365/36508; 18ST362/36202; 18ST331/33107; 18ST353/35301; 18ST637/63701; 18ST365/36503; 18ST331/33108; 18ST637/63704; 18ST637/63703; 18ST637/63705; 18ST331/33106; 18ST331/33102; 18ST362/36201; 18ST365/36510; 18ST353/35304; 18ST365/36504; 18ST365/36507; 18ST353/35303; 18ST365/36505; 18ST331/33101; 18ST362/36204; 18ST365/36506; 18ST353/35302; 18ST362/36209; 18ST365/36502

Contract Number(s): N40080-07-D-0311

MAC Lab Accession Number(s): 2013.016

Notes

General Note: The following physical records are held at MAC Lab: Field Notes, Maps, Artifact Catalog, Photologs, List of Documentation, acid-free copy of all paper records stored in the secondary records storage room

General Note: Date Collected:MAY 2012

General Note: This document has been redacted. To request access to a nonredacted copy, contact the Maryland Archaeological Conservation Laboratory.

File Information

  Name Size Creation Date Date Uploaded Access
CJC2023E_Additional_Phase_II_FinalPAX-WFld_Mar_2013.pdf 15.76mb Apr 10, 2013 May 15, 2014 12:40:06 PM Confidential
CJC2023E_Additional_Phase_II_FinalPAX-WFld_Mar_2013_Redacted.pdf 6.66mb Aug 28, 2014 2:06:51 PM Confidential
This document has been redacted. To request access to a nonredacted copy, contact the Maryland Archaeological Conservation Laboratory.

Accessing Restricted Files

At least one of the files for this resource is restricted from public view. For more information regarding access to these files, please reference the contact information below

Contact(s): Michael Smolek; Maryland Archaeological Conservation Laboratory Federal Curator