The San Carlos Reservoir Cultural Resources Survey: Report


At the request of the San Carlos Apache Tribe and in collaboration with the Bureau of Indian Affairs' San Carlos Irrigation Project (SCIP), the Bureau of Reclamation (Reclamation) undertook a Class III cultural resources inventory on the San Carlos Apache Indian Reservation in the vicinity of San Carlos Reservoir, developed a cultural affiliation statement for human remains and associated objects encountered within the project area, and prepared an overview and needs assessment for cultural resources that may be adversely affected by activities related to the use and maintenance of San Carlos Reservoir.

The San Carlos Apache Tribe sought the establishment of a minimum pool in San Carlos Reservoir to prevent a total drawdown of the reservoir and a resulting catastrophic fish kill and loss of revenue from sport fishing and other reservoir-related recreational activities. The San Carlos Apache Tribe was also concerned with the effect fluctuating water levels was having on cultural resources located along the perimeter of the reservoir, particularly the possible exposure of human remains.

Archaeological Consulting Services, Ltd. (ACS) conducted an intensive Class III survey of approximately 5,200 acres of the upper Gila and San Carlos River Valleys located in the vicinity of the San Carlos Reservoir on the San Carlos Apache Indian Reservation. Because the survey was not tied to specific construction plans, potential impacts could not be assessed. These documents present the results of this survey.

The cultural affiliation statement for this project can be found at tDAR ID: 393915.

The needs assessment for this project can be found at tDAR ID: 397321.

Cite this Record

The San Carlos Reservoir Cultural Resources Survey: Report. Andrew Black, Margerie Green. Tempe, Arizona: Archaeological Consulting Services, Ltd. 1995 ( tDAR id: 393843) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8FB543N

This Resource is Part of the Following Collections


Apache Historic

Ceramic Chipped Stone

Site Name
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Site Type
Agricultural or Herding Artifact Scatter Cemetery Isolated Feature Milling Feature Pit House / Earth Lodge Quarry Railroad Road Roasting Pit / Oven / Horno Settlements Wickiup ring

Investigation Types
Reconnaissance / Survey

Geographic Keywords
San Carlos Reservation San Carlos Reservoir

Temporal Keywords
Historic Prehistoric

Spatial Coverage

min long: -110.496; min lat: 33.165 ; max long: -110.274; max lat: 33.257 ;

Record Identifiers

Bureau of Reclamation Delivery Order No.(s): 3-PD-32-01820-007

ACS Project No.(s): 92-304

Bureau of Reclamation Contract No.(s): 1425-2-CS-32-01820

File Information

  Name Size Creation Date Date Uploaded Access
Report_no_87V1.pdf 16.88mb Sep 23, 2014 11:11:34 AM Confidential
Report_no_87V2.pdf 28.92mb Sep 23, 2014 11:11:35 AM Confidential
CCRS-1995-006-The-San-Carlos-Reservoir-Cultural-Resources-Surv... 699.77kb Jan 8, 2016 11:33:16 AM Confidential

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Contact(s): Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Office