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Late Holocene occupation in southern California using data derived from Cultural Resource Management studies on Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton, San Diego County, California

Author(s): Stanley Berryman

Year: 2015

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Summary

This paper explores aspects of the archaeology of coastal California. Drawing on a large body of data collected during cultural resource management studies on Camp Pendleton in northern San Diego County. The period of broad focus is the Late Holocene. Since chronological issues are central to this study, only radiocarbon dated sites are described while exploring the wider landscape, and changes it its use, and occupation. Landscape factors considered include chronology, topographic setting, climate, and indicator landscape and taskscape elements.

It explores the possible causes of major changes taking place during the Late Holocene in the northern San Diego County. It addresses the coastal resource intensification debate. This paper will show that resource intensification along the coast appears to occur later than generally postulated with a significant change from post 700 B.P. resulting from stress reduction due to the end of persistent droughts. Additionally, it explores the apparent processes of population aggregation taking place post 700 B.P. during the Late Holocene. The timing and potential causes of the aggregation and the resulting sedentisim are discussed. It is suggested that this may be linked with a transition from foraging to possible forms of agriculture drawing on domesticated food

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Late Holocene occupation in southern California using data derived from Cultural Resource Management studies on Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton, San Diego County, California. Stanley Berryman. Presented at The 80th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, San Francisco, California. 2015 ( tDAR id: 397679)


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Spatial Coverage

min long: -125.464; min lat: 32.101 ; max long: -114.214; max lat: 42.033 ;

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America