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Legacies of Movement and Land Use in the Mojave Desert: An Intensive Study of Two Multi-Component Sites at Fort Irwin, San Bernardino County, California

Author(s): Amber Fankhauser ; Armando Abeyta ; Katherine Burnett

Year: 2015

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Summary

Fort Irwin is a United States Army installation located approximately 37 miles northeast of Barstow in San Bernardino County, California. Covering an area of 1,193 square miles, Fort Irwin is roughly the size of Rhode Island. This large installation has a wide variety of archaeological resources, including two large, multi-component sites that were re-recorded by the Fort Irwin Cultural Resources Program in 2014. Bitter Spring (CA-SBR-2659/H) is a National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) listed site in the southeastern corner of Fort Irwin, and Drinkwater Spring (CA-SBR-3831/H) is an NRHP eligible site in the north-central portion of Fort Irwin. These sites have yielded evidence of extensive periods of use, yet they contain different archaeological resources, particularly in their historic components. Diverse uses of desert resources across the Mojave were influenced by several factors such as traditional Native American interaction networks, European migration routes, and mining activities. This paper will explore Bitter Spring and Drinkwater Spring as important stopping points for regional networks and will discuss variations between the assemblages as they relate to the different ways people moved across the landscape in these areas of Fort Irwin.

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Legacies of Movement and Land Use in the Mojave Desert: An Intensive Study of Two Multi-Component Sites at Fort Irwin, San Bernardino County, California. Katherine Burnett, Armando Abeyta, Amber Fankhauser. Presented at The 80th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, San Francisco, California. 2015 ( tDAR id: 398406)


Keywords


Spatial Coverage

min long: -125.464; min lat: 32.101 ; max long: -114.214; max lat: 42.033 ;

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America