An Archeological Overview and Assessment of the Ozarks National Scenic Riverways, Missouri

Author(s): Fred A. Finney

Year: 2006


In 1964 Congress authorized Ozark National Scenic Riverways (OZAR) and the park was officially established in 1972. It is one of the initial eight wild and scenic rivers designated by the federal government. OZAR encompasses a linear corridor along ca. 241 km (ca. 150 miles) of the Current and Jack Fork Rivers in the Ozark Highlands of southeast Missouri.

The park contains a variety of prehistoric and historic archeological resources. A total of 480 sites are recorded in the files of either the Midwest Archeological Center (MW AC), State Historic Preservation Office (SHPO) Historic Preservation Program (HPP) at the Missouri Department of Natural Resources, Archaeological Survey of Missouri (ASM) at the University of Missouri (UMC), Missouri Archaeological Society (MAS), or OZAR as of September 2005. These sites were discovered and recorded in the course of cultural resource management (CRM) projects, university and museum-sponsored research, as well as those initially noted by nineteenth-century explorers and early settlers. Finally, this project's review of the historical documentation indicates that unverified prehistoric and historic sites are believed to exist inside the park. Despite this corpus of knowledge, large extents of the park still remain unexamined for archeological sites.

Briefly, this report outlines the culture history of the OZAR region along the upper and middle Current River and lacks Fork River, names the most important written references, and identifies the artifact repositories. All archeological investigations conducted within the OZAR boundaries are specified in the report. The bibliography contains all references cited in the text, all archeological reports for work in OZAR, the county histories and atlases for counties in the park, selected archeological citations for surrounding regions and other related topics, e.g., historical and geological publications. The history of archeological research is summarized with the next section. It provides an historical perspective on fieldwork in OZAR. This section includes pre-park activities and documentation from adjacent areas as necessary. The subsequent chapter on the archeological site database only includes individual descriptions for selected sites. These descriptions are drawn from the site forms, CRM reports, and other published and manuscript sources. A review of the entire archeological site database revealed examples of contradictory, incomplete, or missing data that needed correction whenever possible. Figures and tables are used to include site-specific data relevant to this report. The radiocarbon dates listed in this report are uncalibrated. A series of diagnostic artifacts from the park are illustrated for each prehistoric cultural stage.

Cite this Record

An Archeological Overview and Assessment of the Ozarks National Scenic Riverways, Missouri. Fred A. Finney. 2006 ( tDAR id: 398830) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8J1058W

This Resource is Part of the Following Collections


Ceramic Chipped Stone Fire Cracked Rock Ground Stone Human Remains Shell

Site Name
03-113 03-117 03-120 23CT00001 23CT00002/186 23CT00003 23CT00004 23CT00007 23CT00008 23CT00036 23CT00038 23CT00040 23CT00041 23CT00042 23CT00054 23CT00055 23CT00056 23CT00064 23CT00065 23CT00068 23CT00074 23CT00078/197 23CT00079 23CT00080/195 23CT00095 Show More

Site Type
Archaeological Feature Cairn Cemetery Commercial or Industrial Structures Communal / Public Structure Domestic Structure or Architectural Complex Domestic Structures Factory / Workshop Funerary and Burial Structures or Features Hamlet / Village Historic Communal / Public Structure House Mound Midden Resource Extraction / Production / Transportation Structure or Features Rock Shelter Settlements Trash Midden

Investigation Types
Archaeological Overview Heritage Management Historic Background Research Site Stewardship Monitoring

Spatial Coverage

min long: -96.064; min lat: 35.889 ; max long: -87.803; max lat: 40.847 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Contact(s): Anne Vawser

Principal Investigator(s): Fred A. Finney

Project Director(s): Fred A. Finney

Prepared By(s): Upper Midwest Archaeology

Submitted To(s): Midwest Archeological Center, National Park Service, Lincoln

Record Identifiers

Contract Completion Report No.(s): 62

Purchase Order No.(s): PX6115040056

File Information

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