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New data on hunter gatherer coastal use at the Southern tip of the Americas during the Late Holocene: Cabo Virgenes 24 (Patagonia, Argentina)

Author(s): Gabriela LHeureux ; Juan Bautista Belardi ; Flavia Carballo Marina

Year: 2016

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Summary

Cabo Virgenes 24 (CV 24) is an archaeological site located at the Southeastern end of continental Patagonia, Argentina. The site rests on an erotional beach which formation started in the Middle Holocene. The archaeological background shows that inland hunter-gatherers populations began to use this coastal space since 2000 years BP. The faunal record of CV 24 exposes a low density and high richness of marine and coastal faunal species. There is an emphasis on pinnipeds exploitation (Arctocephalus australis and Otaria flavescens) followed by seabirds (Phalacrocorax sp., Spheniscus magellanicus and Aptenodytes patagonica), and a lesser use of terrestrial mammals like the guanaco (Lama guanicoe). Lithic artifacts were mainly made on locally available raw material (basalt and dacite) and tool types (mostly side scrapers and projectile points) are the ones already registered in the area. An important expedient component that is in accordance to inland guanaco hunters is suggested. In a regional context, the archaeological record of CV 24 reaffirms the observed trends related to the sporadic and marginal use of Cabo Virgenes area by hunter-gatherer inland populations since the Late Holocene until the European contact.


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New data on hunter gatherer coastal use at the Southern tip of the Americas during the Late Holocene: Cabo Virgenes 24 (Patagonia, Argentina). Gabriela LHeureux, Juan Bautista Belardi, Flavia Carballo Marina. Presented at The 81st Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Orlando, Florida. 2016 ( tDAR id: 404814)


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Spatial Coverage

min long: -93.691; min lat: -56.945 ; max long: -31.113; max lat: 18.48 ;

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America