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Is that Roo on the Barbeque? Using Use-Wear, Residue Analysis and Biochemical Staining to identify varied subsistence practices in Aboriginal archaeological sites in Australia.

Author(s): Birgitta Stephenson

Year: 2017

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Summary

Environmental factors associated with open context sites are frequently considered to negatively impact on the survival of archaeological residues on lithic artefacts. This report challenges these views and documents how the simple combination of three lines of evidence enabled the identification and characterisation of significant and varied subsistence practises from two sites on opposite sides of Australia. The identification of use-related residues was facilitated by using a specifically developed suite of biochemical stains to provide visual support/evidence for the stories that have been passed down through generations of Aboriginal people. The results challenge the uncritical use of artefact morphology to assume function and demonstrates the value of analytical techniques to understand wide-ranging practises across various contexts. The first study documents investigations carried out on two open context grindstones from the site of Serpent’s Glen in the Western Desert of Western Australia. The second study examines flaked stone artefacts from a late Holocene open context site in the Lower Hunter Valley of New South Wales, in eastern Australia near Sydney.


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Is that Roo on the Barbeque? Using Use-Wear, Residue Analysis and Biochemical Staining to identify varied subsistence practices in Aboriginal archaeological sites in Australia.. Birgitta Stephenson. Presented at The 81st Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Vancouver, British Columbia. 2017 ( tDAR id: 429063)


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Spatial Coverage

min long: 111.973; min lat: -52.052 ; max long: -87.715; max lat: 53.331 ;

Record Identifiers

Abstract Id(s): 15293

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America