The Historical Archaeology of Dam Construction Camps in Central Arizona, Volume 2A: Sites in the Roosevelt Dam Area


In June 1986 the Bureau of Reclamation awarded Dames & Moore a contract to conduct historical archaeology studies as part of the mitigation program for the Regulatory Storage Division (Plan 6) of the Central Arizona Project. Final reports on these studies are being issued in three volumes under the title The Historical Archaeology o f Dam Construction Camps in Central Arizona. Volume 1 is a synthesis of the entire project. Volume 3 details laboratory methods. Volume 2 contains descriptions and interpretations of each of the sites studied at the seven localities investigated. This report, Volume 2A, contains site descriptions for sites in the Roosevelt Dam area. Chapter 1 presents a short history of the construction of the dam and a description of our field methodology. Chapter 2 describes and interprets sites in the construction zone. Chapter 3 discusses sites on Government Hill where the U.S. Reclamation Service headquarters were located. Chapter 4 describes and interprets sites in the Newtown (the relocated town of Roosevelt) area, including the Roosevelt Cemetery. The sites along the Roosevelt Power Canal are discussed in Chapter 5. Chapter 6 details our findings at camps where Apache laborers and their families lived. Chapter 7 describes remnants of three historic roads, and Chapter 8 documents five other miscellaneous sites.

Cite this Record

The Historical Archaeology of Dam Construction Camps in Central Arizona, Volume 2A: Sites in the Roosevelt Dam Area. James E. Ayres, A. E. Rogge, Melissa Keane, Diane L. Douglas, Cindy L. Myers, Bonnie J. Clark, Karen Turnmire, Alan Ferg, J. Simon Bruder. 1994 ( tDAR id: 439881) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8439881

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Architectural Debris Building Materials Glass Metal

Site Name
AZ 11:8:145 (ASM) AZ 11:8:164 (ASM) AZ 11:8:173 (ASM) AZ U:8:140 (ASM) AZ U:8:142 (ASM) AZ U:8:144 (ASM) AZ U:8:146 (ASM) AZ U:8:147 (ASM) AZ U:8:148 (ASM) AZ U:8:158 (ASM) AZ U:8:159 (ASM) AZ U:8:160 (ASM) AZ U:8:162 (ASM) Site AZ U:8:163 (ASM) AZ U:8:165 (ASM) AZ U:8:166 (ASM) AZ U:8:167 (A S M ) AZ U:8:169 (ASM) AZ U:8:171 (ASM) AZ U:8:172 (ASM) AZ U:8:174 (ASM) AZ V:5:83 (ASM) AZ V:5:84 (ASM) AZ V:5:85 (ASM) AZ V:5:86 (ASM) Bullpen Site Cement Mill Camp Clay Quarry' Site Corral Camp Cottonwood Creek Apache Camp Cottonwood Creek Ditch Rider’s House Site Cottonwood Wash Foundation Site Dam Tender’s Residence/Construction Camp Diversion Dam Apache Camp East Annex Site Government Hill Grapevine Construction Camp Site High Road Camp Historical Context Newtown Trash Site Powderhouse and Water Tank Site Sandbox Residence Sand Plant Site The Cableway Site The Cement Mill Site The Jail Site The Newtown Camp The Newtown Site The Roosevelt Cemetery Site West Annex Site Windy Hill Trash Site Show More

Site Type
Archaeological Feature Bath House Building Foundation Cableway feature Cemetery Concrete water tank Domestic Structure or Architectural Complex Domestic Structures Encampment Frame House Funerary and Burial Structures or Features Historic Structure Latrine machinery mount Pit Powderhouse Quarry Refuse Pit Resource Extraction / Production / Transportation Structure or Features Retaining Wall Septic Tank Settlements Structure Tent house Trash Dump Trash Scatter Wickiup Show More

Spatial Coverage

min long: -111.311; min lat: 33.619 ; max long: -110.908; max lat: 33.809 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Contact(s): Salt River Project Cultural Resource Manager

Prepared By(s): Dames & Moore

Submitted To(s): U.S. Bureau of Reclamation

Record Identifiers

Dames & Moore Intermountain Cultural Resource Services Research Paper No.(s): 11

Report No.(s): APO-CCRS 94-2

Contract No.(s): 6-CS-30-04360

File Information

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1994_AyresEtAl_HistoricalArchaeologyVol2A_OCR_PDFA.pdf 276.51mb Dec 1, 2017 3:58:07 PM Confidential
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Contact(s): Salt River Project Cultural Resource Manager