Zooarchaeological Research at Pueblo Grande: Preclassic and Classic Period Hohokam Hunting and Fishing Patterns
Author(s): Steven James
This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology.
In the late 1930s, a Works Progress Administration (WPA) crew under the direction of Albert H. Schroeder excavated Trash Mound No. 1, a Preclassic Colonial period deposit (A.D. 775-950) at the extensive Hohokam site of Pueblo Grande along the Salt River in Phoenix, Arizona. This material remained largely unanalyzed at the Pueblo Grande Museum and results of the analysis are presented here. Comparisons are then made with a large Classic period (A.D. 1150-1400) zooarchaeological assemblage (26,000 specimens) recovered elsewhere at Pueblo Grande and analyzed by the author in another study. Although there are contrasts between the two assemblages that are the result of different recovery methods, other differences appear to be related to habitat degradation and overexploitation of animals in the vicinity of Pueblo Grande. Due to these considerations, the Hohokam inhabitants made changes in their subsistence strategies with regard to animal protein acquisition during the Classic period. The WPA excavations in Trash Mound No. 1 also recovered intrusive domestic chicken bones from the very late prehistoric or early historic period. Based on modern AMS radiocarbon results, this may be one of the earliest chickens reported from the American Southwest.
Cite this Record
Zooarchaeological Research at Pueblo Grande: Preclassic and Classic Period Hohokam Hunting and Fishing Patterns. Steven James. Presented at The 84th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Albuquerque, NM. 2019 ( tDAR id: 449696)
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min long: -124.365; min lat: 25.958 ; max long: -93.428; max lat: 41.902 ;
Abstract Id(s): 25359