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The Roosevelt Rural Sites Study

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The Roosevelt Rural Sites Study (RRS) was one of three data recovery mitigative studies that the Bureau of Reclamation funded to investigate the prehistory of the Tonto Basin in the vicinity of Theodore Roosevelt Dam. The series of investigations constituted Reclamation's program for complying with historic preservation legislation as it applied to the raising and modification of Theodore Roosevelt Dam. Reclamation contracted with Statistical Research, Inc. to conduct this study.

The RRS was a two-year mitigative data designed to study small habitation, agricultural, and resource processing sites, which are located away from the main centers of prehistoric habitation in the Tonto Basin, and to contribute to an ongoing synthetic study of Tonto Basin prehistory. The specific research focus of the Roosevelt Rural Sites Study in Reclamation's overall compliance program was the evolution of prehistoric rural land-use systems in the Tonto Basin. Twenty-nine prehistoric sites grouped into six study areas located in the bajada zone surrounding the lake on lands administered by the Tonto National Forest comprise the data base for this study. Roosevelt Rural Sites Study Volume 1 presents the investigation's research design. Volume 2 documents the results of site excavations and material culture analyses and describes a preliminary model of rural settlement types and changes in rural settlement and subsistence during the Formative period in the Tonto Basin. Volume 3 presents the results of archaeobotanica1, soil, and paleoclimatic analyses. These results are examined within an interpretive framework developed from an examination of records pertaining to ethnographic, ethnohistoric, and historic land-use in central Arizona. The volume concludes with several synthetic chapters.

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Cite this Record

The Roosevelt Rural Sites Study. ( tDAR id: 378207) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8R49S7M


Ancestral Puebloan Hohokam Salado

Ceramic Chipped Stone Dating Sample Fauna Ground Stone Human Remains Macrobotanical Pollen Shell

Site Name
AR-03-12-06-111(USFS) AR-03-12-06-1171(USFS) AR-03-12-06-1464(USFS) AR-03-12-06-1551(USFS) AR-03-12-06-1554(USFS) AR-03-12-06-1558(USFS) AR-03-12-06-1560(USFS) AR-03-12-06-1561(USFS) AR-03-12-06-1562(USFS) AR-03-12-06-1568(USFS) AR-03-12-06-1574(USFS) AR-03-12-06-1576(USFS) AR-03-12-06-1578(USFS) AR-03-12-06-1579(USFS) AR-03-12-06-1580(USFS) AR-03-12-06-1584(USFS) AR-03-12-06-1590(USFS) AR-03-12-06-1592(USFS) AR-03-12-06-182(USFS) AR-03-12-06-318(USFS) AR-03-12-06-457(USFS) AR-03-12-06-742(USFS) AR-03-12-06-835(USFS) AR-03-12-06-838(USFS) AR-03-12-06-918(USFS) AR-03-12-06-942(USFS) AR-03-12-06-959(USFS) AR-03-12-06-971(USFS) AR-03-12-06-972(USFS) AZ V:8:12(ASM) AZ V:8:178(ASM) AZ V:8:181(ASM) AZ V:8:185(ASM) AZ V:8:187(ASM) AZ V:8:190(ASM) AZ V:8:192(ASM) AZ V:8:194(ASM) AZ V:8:195(ASM) AZ V:8:196(ASM) AZ V:8:202(ASM) AZ V:8:211(ASM) AZ V:8:213(ASM) AZ V:8:215(ASM) AZ V:8:219(ASM) AZ V:8:221(ASM) AZ V:8:223(ASM) AZ V:8:224(ASM) AZ V:8:225(ASM) AZ V:8:229(ASM) AZ V:8:233(ASM) AZ V:8:234(ASM) AZ V:8:235(ASM) AZ V:8:236(ASM) AZ V:8:239(ASM) AZ V:8:241(ASM) AZ V:8:508(ASM) AZ V:8:509(ASM) AZ V:8:510(ASM) AZ V:8:511(ASM) AZ V:8:52(ASM) AZ V:8:78(ASM) Bald Eagle Hill Grapevine Spring Grapevine Vista Marina Hill Porter Springs Marina Riser Site Vineyard Point

Site Type
Agricultural Field or Field Feature Agricultural or Herding Archaeological Feature Artifact Scatter Checkdam Domestic Structure or Architectural Complex Domestic Structures Encampment Field House Funerary and Burial Structures or Features Hamlet / Village Hearth House Hunting / Trapping Hunting Blind Isolated Burial Midden Pit Quarry Resource Extraction / Production / Transportation Structure or Features Roasting Pit / Oven / Horno Rock Alignment Settlements Trash Midden

Spatial Coverage

min long: -111.364; min lat: 33.615 ; max long: -110.924; max lat: 34.032 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Contact(s): Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Office

Field Director(s): Richard Ciolek-Torrello ; Steven D. Shelley

Principal Investigator(s): Richard Ciolek-Torrello

Landowner(s): US Forest Service, Tonto National Forest

Sponsor(s): USDI Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Office

Permitting Agency(s): US Forest Service, Tonto National Forest

Repository(s): Center for Archaeology and Society, Arizona State University, Tempe

Prepared By(s): Statistical Research, Inc.

Submitted To(s): USDI Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Office

Record Identifiers

Bureau of Reclamation, Central Arizona Project, RFP(s): 9-SP-32-01060

Resources Inside this Project (Viewing 1-4 of 4)

  • Documents (4)


  1. The Roosevelt Rural Sites Study, Volume 1: Research Design (1990)
  2. The Roosevelt Rural Sites Study, Volume 2: Prehistoric Rural Settlements in the Tonto Basin, Part 1 (1994)
  3. The Roosevelt Rural Sites Study, Volume 2: Prehistoric Rural Settlements in the Tonto Basin, Part 2 (1994)
  4. The Roosevelt Rural Sites Study, Volume 3: Changing Land Use in the Tonto Basin (1994)
Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America