Survey of the Temple of the Condor, Machu Picchu with the Optech ILRIS-3D

Creator(s): Katie Simon

Year: 2009


The Temple of the Condor is a structure the forms the shape of a condor at the archaeological site Machu Picchu, in Peru. The temple is a combination of Inca stone masonry (a stone carved in the shape of a bird head and neck) and natural formations (two upright, unaltered stones in the shape of bird wings), which combine to resemble a condor.

The Center for Advanced Spatial Technologies (CAST), University of Arkansas conducted high density surveys of the Temple of the Condor as part of a UCLA field school in 2009. During the field school, students acquired the 3D survey data while learning about different mapping and documentation standards. CAST researchers completed the additional data processing.

Visit YouTube to view a fly-through of the 3D scan of the Temple of the Condor:

Cite this Record

Survey of the Temple of the Condor, Machu Picchu with the Optech ILRIS-3D. Katie Simon. Fayetteville, AR: Center for Advanced Spatial Technologies. 2009 ( tDAR id: 391567) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8G44R5T


Object #:

Survey Date (start):

Jul 31, 2009

Survey Date (end):

Aug 11, 2009


Scan data was acquired at dusk/night to avoid having people in the resulting datasets.

Scanner Details:

Optech ILRIS-3D, Serial No.:10162, meters

Company Name:

Center for Advanced Spatial Technologies

Turntable Used:


RGB Data Capture Information:

NA. Color information was not acquired for the scans however intensity data is automatically acquired with the ILRIS 3D.

Data Resolution:


Number of Scans:


Control Data Filename:


Planimetric Map Filename:


Description of Final Datasets for Archive:

Original scans (unedited, prior to registration) in e57 format, transformation matrices for each scan, registered point cloud in ASCII format, polygonal mesh in OBJ format. NOTE: Prior to registration all scans were edited to remove extraneous data. The edited scans were imported into Polyworks IMAlign (and gridded) and then registered. The transformation matrices from the edited scans were exported and are provided here with the original, unedited scans. The polygonal mesh contains supplemental data from the 2005 Machu Picchu Site Survey using the Optech ILRIS-3D.

Temporal Coverage

Calendar Date: 1400 to 1500 (Period of occupation)

Spatial Coverage

min long: -72.622; min lat: -13.309 ; max long: -72.366; max lat: -13.081 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Contact(s): Katie Simon; Snow Winters; Malcolm Williamson; Angie Payne

File Information

  Name Size Creation Date Date Uploaded Access
Temple_Condor_mesh.jpg 112.10kb Oct 10, 2013 Oct 10, 2013 8:06:05 AM Public
Polygonal mesh dataset for the Temple of the Condor, Machu Picchu 298.72mb Aug 6, 2014 7:47:40 AM Public