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Hohokam Classic period (Temporal Keyword)

1-25 (249 Records)

The Ak Chin Farm Project: Archaeological Survey on the Ak Chin Indian Reservation, West Half (1983)

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DOCUMENT Edited by: William S. Marmaduke. Claudia F. Berry. L. Conway. David G. Robinson.

[tDAR id: 377925] Between October 1980 and February 1981, Northland Research, Inc. conducted an archaeological survey of undeveloped lands on the west half of the Ak Chin Indian Reservation (Ak Chin Community). In the slightly more than 7,000 acres surveyed, Northland field crews recorded 51 archaeological sites belonging to the prehistoric Hohokam and historic Papago cultures. Test excavations were undertaken at several of these sites, and the results demonstrate conclusively the presence of preserved subsurface...


Ak-Chin Indian Community West Side Farms Data Recovery Project

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PROJECT Cory Dale Breternitz. Robert E. Gasser. W. Bruce Masse. USDI Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Office.

[tDAR id: 377895] This project examined the cultural resources of the western half of the Ak Chin Community's lands prior to intensive agricultural development using waters from the Central Arizona Project. The project's research design assumed that Ak Chin had been used as a floodwater farming location for many centuries. The problem domains and research questions focused on the physical {geomorphological), biological, and cultural subsystems within the Ak Chin ecosystem. The investigation also considered the...


An Archaeological Reassessment and Evaluation of Eight Site Clusters Around Horseshoe Reservoir, Tonto National Forest (1993)

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DOCUMENT Robert B. Neily. Christopher Donta. Edited by: Barbara Macnider.

[tDAR id: 393765] Archaeological Consulting Services, Ltd. (ACS) undertook a field evaluation of eight site clusters (77 sites) around Horseshoe Reservoir, in the Tonto National Forest. The boundaries of the site clusters and the particular sites assessed were designated by the Bureau of Reclamation (Reclamation). The goals of the project were to relocate previously recorded sites, replot them using a GPS, evaluate the accuracy and completeness of the existing site documentation and amend as necessary, and...


An Archaeological Reassessment and Evaluation of Eight Site Clusters Around Horseshoe Reservoir, Tonto National Forest

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PROJECT USDI Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Office.

[tDAR id: 394220] Archaeological Consulting Services, Ltd. (ACS) undertook a field evaluation of eight site clusters (77 sites) around Horseshoe Reservoir, in the Tonto National Forest. The boundaries of the site clusters and the particular sites assessed were designated by the Bureau of Reclamation (Reclamation). The goals of the project were to relocate previously recorded sites, replot them using a GPS, evaluate the accuracy and completeness of the existing site documentation and amend as necessary, and...


An Archaeological Reconnaissance Survey of the Proposed Liberty-Parker 230 KV Transmission Line (1974)

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DOCUMENT Gerald A. Bair.

[tDAR id: 425646] At the request of the United States Bureau of Reclamation, an archaeological survey was conducted by the Department of Anthropology, Arizona State University, for the purpose of granting archaeological clearance along the route of the proposed Liberty-Parker 230 KV Transmission Line and two 115 KV transmission lines which will supply power to the Central Arizona Project's Little Harquahala and Bouse Hills pumping plants. Funds for this purpose were provided by the Arizona Archaeological Center...


An Archaeological Sample Survey of the Middle Santa Cruz River Basin, Picacho Reservoir to Tucson, Arizona: A Class II Survey of the Proposed Tucson Aqueduct Phase A, Central Arizona Project (1982)

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DOCUMENT Carol Heathington McCarthy.

[tDAR id: 406225] This report presents the results of the Class II (sample) survey of the Tucson Division of the Central Arizona Project. The survey was designed to test the predictive model developed as a part of the Class I (overview) survey of the project area (Westfall 1979). Statistical tests using the survey data show that the model was not particularly successful in predicting the location of cultural resources within the survey area and that it definitely underestimated the archaeological sensitivity of...


Archaeological Survey and Investigations Along Reach 9, Granite Reef Aqueduct, Central Arizona Project, Maricopa County, Arizona

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PROJECT USDI Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Office.

[tDAR id: 393068] Under contract with the Bureau of Reclamation, the Office of Cultural Resource Management (OCRM), Department of Anthropology, Arizona State University, completed an archaeological survey of the Reach 9 realignment, a detention basin, a waste disposal area, and associated access roads. Reach 9 of the Granite Reef Aqueduct extends about 11 miles from U.S. 60 to the New River on the east. Following the initial realignment survey, OCRM archaeologists conducted archaeological investigations at six...


Archaeological Survey for the Tucson Aqueduct System Reliability Investigations (TASRI) Reservoir, Pima County, Arizona

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PROJECT USDI Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Office.

[tDAR id: 393898] This project covers two archaeological surveys conducted prior to the construction of the Tucson Aqueduct, part of the Central Arizona Project (CAP). One of the surveys was done on the Pascua Yaqui Reservation, and thus relates to the CAP Indian Distribution Division (IDD) collection. The other survey was conducted in a lot adjacent to the Reservation, and relates to the broader Tucson Aqueduct collection.


An Archaeological Survey of Nearly 1000 Acres for the Tucson Aqueduct System Reliability Investigations Avra Valley, Pima County, Arizona (1994)

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DOCUMENT Steven M. Troncone. John Rapp. Mac McDonnell.

[tDAR id: 393903] Archaeological Consulting Services, Ltd. (ACS) conducted a cultural resource survey of approximately 1000 acres located west of Tucson. The survey, requested by the Bureau of Reclamation, was undertaken to identify and assess the cultural resources that might be affected by the development of the Tucson Aqueduct System Reliability Investigations (TASRI) Reservoir. Two additional surveys have been completed in conjunction with the TASRI project, an 880-acre parcel directly south of the current...


An Archaeological Survey of the Reach 9 Realignment, Granite Reef Aqueduct, Central Arizona Project, Maricopa County, Arizona (1977)

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DOCUMENT Patricia E. Brown.

[tDAR id: 393069] Under contract with the Bureau of Reclamation, the Office of Cultural Resource Management, Department of Anthropology, Arizona State University, completed an archaeological survey of areas within Reach 9 of the Granite Reef Aqueduct, Central Arizona Project. The survey area encompassed approximately 728 hectares (1800 acres) on the northwest margin of the Salt River Valley just west of the Agua Fria River. Reach 9 is located about 48 km (30 mi) northwest of Phoenix and runs east from U.S....


Archaeological Survey on the Ak Chin Indian Reservation, West Half

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PROJECT William S. Marmaduke. USDI Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Office.

[tDAR id: 377926] Between October 1980 and February 1981, Northland Research, Inc. conducted an archaeological survey of undeveloped lands on the west half of the Ak Chin Indian Reservation (Ak Chin Community). In the slightly more than 7,000 acres surveyed, Northland field crews recorded 51 archaeological sites belonging to the prehistoric Hohokam and historic Papago cultures. Test excavations were undertaken at several of these sites, and the results demonstrate conclusively the presence of preserved subsurface...


Archaeology in the Distribution Division of the Central Arizona Project: Thoughts on the History of the Hohokam Culture of Southern Arizona and on the Practice of Archaeology in the 1990s (1995)

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DOCUMENT William S. Marmaduke. Kathleen T. Henderson.

[tDAR id: 378274] Underwritten by the Bureau of Reclamation, Northland Research archaeologists surveyed more than 7,450 hectares (18,410 acres) of southern Arizona. Two hundred four archaeological sites were recorded. Some sites, but not many, were historic in age; a few were Archaic, from the era before ceramics and sedentary agriculture in the Southwestern lowlands. The majority were from the intervening Hohokam cultural sequence. We learned from these sites that the prehistory of southern Arizona is, at one...


The Archaeology of Schoolhouse Point Mesa, Roosevelt Platform Mound Study: Report on the Schoolhouse Point Mesa Sites, Schoolhouse Management Group, Pinto Creek Complex (1997)

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DOCUMENT Owen Lindauer.

[tDAR id: 394293] This report describes the archaeological investigations and results for studies of sites on Schoolhouse Point Mesa, a large geographic unit naturally bounded by the Salt River on its northern end and by major washes on its eastern and western sides (see Figure 1.1). Although people living on the mesa may have interacted with people living on the other side of major washes or rivers, the ease of interaction among people living on the mesa would have made them relatively more...


The Archaeology of Schoolhouse Point Mesa, Roosevelt Platform Mound Study: Report on the Schoolhouse Point Mesa Sites, Schoolhouse Management Group, Pinto Creek Complex (1997)

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DOCUMENT Owen Lindauer.

[tDAR id: 380965] The Roosevelt Platform Mound Study (RPMS) was one of three mitigative data recovery studies that the Bureau of Reclamation funded to investigate the prehistory of the Tonto Basin in the vicinity of Theodore Roosevelt Dam. The series of investigations constituted Reclamation's program for complying with historic preservation legislation as it applied to the raising and modification of Theodore Roosevelt Dam. Reclamation contracted with the Arizona State University Office of Cultural Resource...


Archaeology of the Ak Chin Indian Community West Side Farms Project: Material Cultural and Human Remains (1990)

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DOCUMENT Edited by: Robert E. Gasser. Christine K. Robinson. Cory Dale Breternitz.

[tDAR id: 377923] This volume presents the artifactual and osteological remains recovered from the project area. This volume comprises five chapters, including analyses of shell artifacts, prehistoric and protohistoric ceramic artifacts, worked ceramic artifacts, chipped and ground stone, and an examination and interpretation of the human osteological material and mortuary practices.


Archaeology of the Ak Chin Indian Community West Side Farms Project: Research Design (1986)

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DOCUMENT David A. Phillips. Cory Dale Breternitz. Edited by: David A. Phillips. Cory D. Breternitz. W. Bruce Masse.

[tDAR id: 377927] This volume describes the research orientation and methods used during the Ak Chin Archaeological Data Recovery Project. The project examined the cultural resources of the western half of the Ak Chin Community's lands, scheduled for intensive agricultural development using waters from the Central Arizona Project. The volume includes a discussion of the natural and cultural setting of the project area (Chapters 1 and 2), with an emphasis on the Hohokam and historic Papago occupation documented...


Archaeology of the Ak Chin Indian Community West Side Farms Project: Subsistence Studies and Synthesis and Interpretation (1990)

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DOCUMENT Edited by: Robert E. Gasser. Christine K. Robinson. Cory Dale Breternitz.

[tDAR id: 377924] This volume contains subsistence information derived from the Ak.-Chin Archaeological Project sites, and a synthesis and interpretation of the various data. It is divided into two sections: Subsistence Studies and Synthesis. Four chapters provide the results of macrobotanical studies, pollen analysis, faunal analysis, and a synthesis of the subsistence studies. The Synthesis section includes two chapters. The first is an examination of the protohistoric Ak-Chin people; the second chapter places...


Archaeology of the Ak Chin Indian Community West Side Farms Project: The Archaeological Data Recovery Program (1990)

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DOCUMENT Edited by: Robert E. Gasser. Christine K. Robinson. Cory Dale Breternitz.

[tDAR id: 377897] This volume contains descriptive data for the major Hohokam, protohistoric, and historic sites investigated during the Ak Chin Farms Data Recovery project. It contains six chapters. It includes a chronological review of settlement patterns for the Ak-Chin area, in-depth reports on sites Va-Pak (AZ T:16:85 [ASM]), Beeth Ha-ha-a (AZ T:16:83n5 [ASM]), Watch Frog (AZ T:16:16 [ASM]), and Whimsy Flat (AZ T:16:71 [ASM]), as well as an examination of the historic period sites in the projket area. The...


Archaeology of the Ak Chin Indian Community West Side Farms Project: The Land and the People (1990)

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DOCUMENT Robert E. Gasser. Christine K. Robinson. Cory Dale Breternitz. Soil Systems, Inc..

[tDAR id: 377887] This volume presents an overview of the project area through environmental, geomorpological, and historical studies. The chapters contained herein represent only one aspect of the Ak-Chin Archaeological Project, which involved data recovery at 31 prehistoric, protohistoric, and historic sites. Four other volumes in the series provide the research design, reports on the sites studied, interpretations of the material culture and human remains from the sites, subsistence information derived from...


Archaeology of the Salado in the Livingston Area of Tonto Basin, Roosevelt Platform Mound Study: Report on the Livingston Management Group, Pinto Creek Complex. Part 1 (1994)

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DOCUMENT Edited by: Glen E. Rice.

[tDAR id: 398709] Platform mounds appeared about 100 years later in the Tonto Basin than in the more southerly parts of the Sonoran Desert (e.g., Hayden 1957:186-189; Fish et al. 1992). The first small mounds were built in the Tonto Basin in the decades following A.D. 1250, but the concept gained rapid acceptance, and by the mid-1300s, the 50-kilometer length of the basin was dominated by ten large, regularly spaced mounds (Wood 1989). The mounds and their associated communities were occupied until shortly after...


Archaeology of the Salado in the Livingston Area of Tonto Basin, Roosevelt Platform Mound Study: Report on the Livingston Management Group, Pinto Creek Complex. Part 2 (1994)

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DOCUMENT Edited by: Glen E. Rice.

[tDAR id: 394285] This report is the second part of the third site description volume for the Roosevelt Platform Mound Study. The two-part report describes the archaeology and artifacts of sites in the Pinto Creek Complex, Livingston Management Group located east of Pinto Creek. The chapters in this part of the report describe the analyses and results of recovered data, including ceramics, lithics, ground stone, shell, special artifacts, physical anthropology, pollen, plant remains,and faunal remains.


A Class III Survey of the Tucson Aqueduct Phase A Corridor, Central Arizona Project: An Intensive Archaeological Survey in the Lower Santa Cruz River Basin, Picacho Reservoir to Rillito, Arizona (1984)

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DOCUMENT Edited by: Jon Czaplicki.

[tDAR id: 378215] The Bureau of Reclamation's mandate to protect cultural resources affected by construction of the Tucson Aqueduct is defined in 43 CFR Part 422.3a and consists of a three part research approach. The first two parts-a Class I overview and a Class IIsample survey-were completed for Phase A of the Tucson Aqueduct by the Arizona State Museum in 1979 (Westfall 1979) and 1980 (McCarthy 1982), respectively. The final part, a Class III intensive survey of the Phase A aqueduct ...


Classic Period Occupation on the Santa Cruz Flats: The Santa Cruz Flats Archaeological Project, Part 1 (1993)

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DOCUMENT Edited by: Kathleen Henderson. Richard J. Martynec.

[tDAR id: 378271] This report presents the results of archaeological investigations at 13 prehistoric sites located on the Santa Cruz Flats. The investigations were sponsored by the Bureau of Reclamation in order to mitigate the impact to prehistoric resources in the construction of the Central Arizona Irrigation and Drainage District, Central Unit II and III irrigation systems. These systems are located southwest of Interstate 10, south and west of Eloy, Arizona, south and east of Arizona City, Arizona, and...


Classic Period Occupation on the Santa Cruz Flats: The Santa Cruz Flats Archaeological Project, Part 2 (1993)

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DOCUMENT Edited by: Kathleen Henderson. Richard J. Martynec.

[tDAR id: 378272] This document contains the specialized analyses and syntheses of archaeological data recovered during the excavation of sites on the Santa Cruz Flats. The investigations were sponsored by the Bureau of Reclamation in order to mitigate the impact to prehistoric resources in the construction of the Central Arizona Irrigation and Drainage District, Central Unit II and III irrigation systems. These systems are located southwest of Interstate 10, south and west of Eloy, Arizona, south and east of...


Classic Period Settlement in the Uplands of Tonto Basin, Roosevelt Platform Mound Study: Report on the Uplands Complex (1997)

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DOCUMENT Theodore J. Oliver.

[tDAR id: 394286] This report is the fifth site description volume for the Roosevelt Platform Mound Study. This volume describes 52 Uplands Complex sites investigated by the Roosevelt Platform Mound Study. Excavations or surface collections were conducted at 32 of the sites. These sites were in four study units located in the bajadas and foothill-transition zone of the piedmont that surround and define the Tonto Basin. Although the four Uplands Complex study units are in separate localities, the term "uplands"...

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