Mexico (State / Territory) (Geographic Keyword)

1-25 (226 Records)

Activity Areas and Political Economy at Teotihuacan’s Plaza of the Columns: Investigations in Front E (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only David Carballo. Daniela Hernández Sariñana. Maria Codlin. Gina Buckley. Jorge Ortiz Hernández.

Front E of the Project Plaza of the Columns Complex comprises the southern sector of this large civic-administrative complex, located in the heart of Teotihuacan. In initial project planning, its surface topography suggested the presence of open spaces and low structures that could have been used for activities of economic significance and/or as residential spaces for individuals not of high elite rank. Excavations over two seasons in Front E prioritized horizontal exposures in order to assess...


Advances in the Study Archaeological Ceramics of the Epiclassic-Early Postclassic Basin of Mexico (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Destiny Crider.

This is an abstract from the "The Legacies of The Basin of Mexico: The Ecological Processes in the Evolution of a Civilization, Part 2" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The Basin of Mexico survey and related archaeological projects in the region provided not only a ceramic chronology, but also a legacy of archaeological materials available for continued research. Two key goals of the Basin of Mexico survey focused on relations among settlement...


Alligators, Serpents, Pirates, and a Wedding: Ritualized Political Landscapes of the Oaxacan Pacific Coast, Mexico (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Danny Zborover. Veronica Pacheco. John M. D. Pohl. Darren Longman.

Straddling maritime, lowlands, and highland environments, the neighboring Chontal and Huave ethnic groups occupy one of the most diverse landscapes in southern Mexico. For over five centuries this resource-rich territory served as a junction for Indigenous and European colonial encounters, where interethnic and intercontinental political alliances and conflicts came forcefully into play. In addition to leaving material remains scattered throughout the landscape, this political history was...


Almenas and Architecture (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Alexa Rose. Michael E. Smith.

Almenas, roof ornaments comprised commonly of ceramic or stone in Teotihuacan that most archaeologists toss aside unknowing of their identity, have been a source of research in archaeology recently after Michael E. Smith and Clara Paz Bauista’s paper "Las almenas en la ciudad Antigua de Teotihuacan" in 2015. Continuing Dr. Smith’s original research, I have compiled a database of complete almenas from museums and published resources to make new categories for the artifacts. Although many whole...


Alternative Mexico: A Mobile Application for the Preservation of Mexico's Heritage (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Sandra Lopez Varela.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. "México Alternativo" is a mobile application for iOS and Android platforms, drawing from the need to preserve and promote contemporary heritage resources that are of great value to Mexico’s citizens. Infrastructure building and promotion of urban lifeways to modernize and strengthen Mexico’s economy, has resulted in the appropriation by its citizens of modern...


Animal Imagery in the Postclassic Yearbearer Pages of the Codex Borgia (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Susan Milbrath.

This is an abstract from the "Animal Symbolism in Postclassic Mesoamerica: Papers in Honor of Cecelia Klein" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Animals are prominent in annual rituals performed at the end of the year, as seen on page 49-52 of the Codex Borgia. Animals attacking each other and scenes of struggle involving animals and anthropomorphic gods are related to sequences in the yearbearer cycle that define the Calendar Round. Yearbearer...


Approaching the Iconography of Epiclassic Censer Ornaments, a Typology from Los Mogotes, Estado de México (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Edgar Alarcón Tinajero. Christopher Morehart. Angela Huster.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Censers are a subset of Mesoamerican ceramics interpreted as ritual vessels used to burn incense. In ancient central Mexico, censers tend to feature mold made or handmade clay ornaments that were possibly part of iconographically composite vessels. A challenge in their interpretation, however, is that these complex vessels are often found in isolated...


An Approximation Towards the Function of Candeleros in the Plaza of the Columns Complex, Teotihuacan (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Yolanda Peláez Castellanos. Nawa Sugiyama. Agustín Ortíz.

Candeleros are ceramic artifacts that are almost exclusively found at Teotihuacan and appear in the archaeological record during the Late Tlamimilolpa, Xolalpan and Metepec phases. Their unconventional shape led scholars to propose different hypotheses regarding their specific function (i.e. "candle holders", incense burners, lighting devices, domestic ritual paraphernalia). This paper studies 368 candeleros (fragments and complete pieces) recovered from the 2015 and 2016 excavations carried out...


Archaeological Prospection at Cerro Coyotepetl, Tepeticpac, Tlaxcallan: Preliminary Results from the 2017 Field Season of the Proyecto de Arqueología Cotidiana de Tepeticpac (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jorge Blancas. Lisa Overholtzer. Luis Barba. Agustín Ortíz. Eos Lopez.

In this paper we present the preliminary results of our field season this past summer in the Cerro Coyotepetl neighborhood of Tepeticpac, a señorío of Tlaxcallan. Archaeological prospection methods and remote sensing included magnetometry, electrical resistivity and photogrammetry by drone. Though our work is ongoing, and another geophysical survey season is planned, results were confirmed by excavations on one domestic terrace. These excavations revealed the remains of four rooms whose...


Archaeological Survey in Delimited Units: The Altépetl of Ixmiquilpan in the Sixteenth Century (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Fernando Aguilar.

This is an abstract from the "Regional and Intensive Site Survey: Case Studies from Mesoamerica" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Archaeological surveys at a regional scale have faced the dilemma of concordance between the archaeological sampling units, normally defined by physiographic elements of the landscape, and the use of significant components of the studied societies, for example, political units or symbolic landscapes. Research undertaken...


The Archaeology of the Western Region of the National Park Service
PROJECT Uploaded by: Sophia Kelly

WACC reports summarizing archaeological projects and management plans in the Western Region of the National Park Service.


Archaeomagnetic Dating Results of PPC Project (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Ana Soler-Arechalde. Cecilia Caballero-Miranda. Ma Carmen Osorio. Itzayana Bernal.

Archaeomagnetism is a dating technique whose application has been rising. This technique originally required burned materials, but in certain Mexican archaeological sites, volcanic products with magnetic minerals were added to the stucco mix, enhancing the geomagnetic field record and allowing us to determine it in non-burned samples. Thanks to this the number of dating events increased, improving the detail of the chronologies; a clear example of this happened in Teopancazco's neighborhood. A...


Archaeometric Characterization of the Lapidary Objects from Teopancazco and Xalla, Teotihuacan (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Reyna Solis. Emiliano Melgar.

This is an abstract from the "From Materials to Materiality: Analysis and Interpretation of Archaeological and Historical Artifacts Using Non-destructive and Micro/Nano-sampling Scientific Methods" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. One of the main goals of the archaeological researches in Teotihuacan is the analysis and classification of the material culture in order to distinguish local and foreign goods among this multiethnic settlement. In this...


Archaic Period Lifeways on the South Pacific Coast of Mexico (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Barbara Voorhies. Douglas J. Kennett.

Insights concerning human lifeways during the Archaic Period on the South Pacific coast come principally from archaeological investigations in Chiapas and Guerrero. These data are supplemented by coring programs that permit independent reconstructions of human-plant interactions. We present an overview of what we know and what compelling questions remain.


An Archeological Survey Plan for the Western Region of the National Park Service: NPS Systemwide Archeological Inventory Program (1994)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Susan J. Wells.

The National Archeological Survey Initiative (NASI) was established to develop a System wide Archeological Inventory Program (SAIP) which in turn should improve the National Park Service's (NPS) accountability for cultural resources. Each region of NPS is required to produce a region wide survey plan. The Western Region of the National Park Service has 46 park units comprising more than 8,000,000 acres. Archeologically the region has a great deal of cultural diversity and a large number of...


Art, Archaeology, and Chronology Building: Recent Investigations at Fracción Mujular (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Mikael Fauvelle.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Located on the Pacific Coast of Chiapas, Mexico, the site of Fracción Mujular is best known for its corpus of carved stone monuments. First investigated by Carlos Navarrete in the 1960’s, the site is characterized by multiple stelae and carved altars. Several of Fracción Mujular’s stelae contain circular glyphs which seem to associate the site with the nearby...


Aztec (2018)
DATASET Paula Sabloff. Jeffrey Cohen.

Dataset of 63 statuses (positions) found in the archaeological and historical literature on the Aztec imperial period (1350-1520 AD. Aztec=149 years only. 57 were considered "pre-imperial years," and 94 = "imperial years" [Hassig 2016:57-58]). For each status, the expected roles and actual behaviors are listed, as are the rank (relative position) and bases for legitimacy of anyone holding the given status. Additional information on the society or status-holders' roles and behaviors are given as...


Aztec Twin-Temple Pyramids as Evidence for State Religion through Shared Architecture and Symbology (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Aaron Ott.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Twin-temple pyramids of the Late Postclassic in Central Mexico became a distinct symbol of Aztec ideology. Nowhere is this demonstrated more than with Templo Mayor, the Great Temple of Tenochtitlán, the capital city of the Aztec empire. The deities worshiped and rituals conducted at Templo Mayor made it a beacon of ideological identity for the Mexica-Aztec,...


¿Bajo el Yugo de Metztitlán? Un Reconocimiento Arqueológico de la Sierra Norte de Hidalgo, México (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Alba Tellez-Nieto. Joshua Englehardt.

This is an abstract from the "Regional and Intensive Site Survey: Case Studies from Mesoamerica" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. La sierra norte de Hidalgo no está bien documentada arqueológicamente, a pesar de su ubicación entre dos esferas culturales mayores del Postclásico: el señorío de Metztitlán y la Huasteca. Este trabajo busca llenar esta laguna del conocimiento, con dos metas principales: identificar la organización sociopolítica de los...


"The Basin of Mexico: Ecological Processes in the Evolution of a Civilization" y nuestras excavaciones en el Sur de la Cuenca de Mexico (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Mari Carmen Serra Puche.

This is an abstract from the "The Legacies of The Basin of Mexico: The Ecological Processes in the Evolution of a Civilization, Part 1" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Cuando llegó a nosotros el contenido The Basin of Mexico: Ecological Processes in the Evolution of a Civilization se nos abrió un horizonte nuevo para explorar una región fundamental de nuestro patrimonio arqueológico como es el sur de la cuenca de México. Guiados por las enseñanzas...


Bayesian 14C Chronology of Tlajinga, Teotihuacan Compounds 17 & 18 (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Gina Buckley. David Carballo. Daniela Hernandez Sariñana. Kenneth Hirth. Douglas J. Kennett.

A high-resolution chronology of two residential compounds (17:S3E1, 18:S3E1) recently excavated in the Tlajinga district of Teotihuacan has been developed using high-precision AMS 14C dating and artifact seriation datasets. The Tlajinga district is located along the southern Street of the Dead and was a possible entrance for migrants and visitors to the densely populated urban center of Teotihuacan during the Classic Period. Ceramic evidence suggests this district was occupied during the height...


Being Matlatzinca: Ethnicity and Household Activity at Aztec Calixtlahuaca (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Angela Huster.

In written sources, the Mexica provide stereotyped descriptions of other groups, many of whom had been conquered and incorporated into the Aztec Empire. I use data from the site of Calixtlahuaca to evaluate the archaeological validity of such stereotypical practices for one group, the Matlatzinca. In particular, I focus on the heavy reliance on maguey, and locally distinctive foodways relating to maize. I then consider whether these practices became more or less pronounced once the area came...


Between Two Empires: Conflict and Community during the Epiclassic Period in the Northern Basin of Mexico (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Christopher Morehart. Angela Huster. Dean Blumenfeld. Rudolf Cesaretti. Megan Parker.

This is an abstract from the "The Legacies of The Basin of Mexico: The Ecological Processes in the Evolution of a Civilization, Part 2" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The Epiclassic period (ca. 650-900 CE) in the Basin of Mexico is considered a time of social, cultural, political, and economic transformation and re-organization. Most perspectives stress that, after the collapse of the major state system centered at Teotihuacan, regional population...


Biomolecular Preservation in Dental Calculus from the Teotihuacan Ritual Landscape (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Sterling Wright. Nihan Kilic. Karissa Hughes. Nawa Sugiyama. Courtney Hofman.

This is an abstract from the "Ancient DNA in Service of Archaeology" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. During the Classic Period (AD 1-550), thousands of people migrated to the ancient city of Teotihuacan. This population growth forged Teotihuacan into a center for economic, political, and religious activities for the Mesoamerican region. While archaeological evidence has provided a wealth of information about the state, little is known about its...


Bright Light in the Big City: The Aztec New Fire Ceremony and the Drama of Darkness (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Kirby Farah.

This is an abstract from the "After Dark: The Nocturnal Urban Landscape & Lightscape of Ancient Cities" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Populated by as many as 200,000 people, the Aztec capital of Tenochtitlan—like most cities—was buzzing with activity through the night. Given the dynamism of the city, and especially weighed against our modern understanding of the sounds and lights that keep cities alive during the night, it is significant that one...