Southeastern Massachusetts (Geographic Keyword)

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The Archeological Survey of Cape Cod National Seashore
PROJECT Francis McManamon. National Park Service. Cape Cod National Seashore.

This project contains documents, images, and data about the archaeological resources in and around the Cape Cod National Seashore on Cape Cod, Massachusetts. In particular these relate to what is known as the "outer Cape," that is, from the vicinity of Chatham, Orleans, and Eastham north to the the Provincelands. Much of the archaeological work covered here is from investigations done by or for the Cape Cod National Seashore. The historic time period, as well as ancient times are covered by...


Archeological Survey of Cape Cod National Seashore, 1980 (1980)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Francis McManamon.

This is a copy of the handbook created for the 1980 field season of the Cape Cod National Seashore Archeological Survey project. The archeological survey of Cape Cod National Seashore (CACO) was a multi-year study designed to help manage and interpret archeological resources . These resources include material remains and information about them from both the historic (about 1550 A. D. to the present) and prehistoric (about 12,000 before the present to 1550 A. D. or so) time periods. This...


Archival Collection Finding Aid Cape Cod National Seashore Archeological Survey, Doyle and Nelson, 1998 (1998)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Thomas R. Doyle. Beth Nelson.

The goal of the Cape Cod National Seashore Archeological Survey was the inventory and assessment of archeological resources within the Seashore to allow for their effective management. Due to the large size of the survey area, extending from Eastham to Provincetown, a sampling strategy was developed and implemented for locating and testing sites. The Survey discovered both historic and prehistoric sites. However, an emphasis was placed on the prehistoric record because of the expertise of the...


Cape Cod National Seashore Archeological Survey, 1979 - 1984, General Photos (1980)
IMAGE Francis McManamon.

These images show examples of activities and well-known locations from the Archeological Survey of Cape Cod National Seashore conducted between 1979 and 1984 by the regional archeology program of the the North Atlantic Regional Office, National Park Service. ** Photo #1 [a17-caco_survey_roll_10_frame_14.tif] shows two of the Archeology Survey crew working in the field lab analyzing and cataloging recovered artifacts or other material. ** Photo #2...


Chapters in the Archeology of Cape Cod, IV: Faunal Analysis and Metallurgical Analysis from the Cape Cod National Seashore Archeological Survey (2011)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Arthur E. Spiess. S. Terry Childs.

Between 1979 and 1985 the National Park Service conducted an archeological survey of most of the area of the Cape Cod National Seashore (CACO). Many ancient and historic period sites were identified and evaluated. Some of the evaluated sites also had small areas excavated. The areas around Nauset Harbor in Eastham and High Head in North Truro contained high concentrations of sites. Additional archeological investigations were carried out at some of the sites in these two areas. Figure 1 shows...


Condition Report for Fort Hill Rural Historic District Cape Cod National Seashore (2007)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Jan Haenraets. Margie Coffin Brown.

This Condition Report for the Fort Hill Rural Historic District of Cape Cod National Seashore reviews previous documentation of the cultural landscape and provides an updated evaluation of the condition of the property as well as updated guidance for both day-to-day and long-term landscape management and interpretation. This report consists of a historical overview, an inventory of existing conditions, and a review of the significance of landscape characteristics and features. Based on...


Excavation of the Indian Neck Ossuary - General Photos, September 1979, Wellfleet, MA (1979)
IMAGE Francis McManamon.

These photos show general images related to the excavation of the Indian Neck ossuary, Wellfleet, MA in September, 1979. The ossuary site was discovered inadvertently when a backhoe operator digging a hole for a new septic tank for a resident noticed human skeletal remains in the dirt he had removed from the backhoe excavation. Each photo is described in the following list: ** Photo #1 [a1-caco_survey_19_bn_387.tif] shows the surface at the Indian Neck ossuary site prior to archaeological...


Excavation of the Indian Neck Ossuary, September 1979, Wellfleet, MA (1979)
IMAGE Francis McManamon.

Photo of three Mashpee and Wampanoag tribal representatives observing the excavation of the Indian Neck ossuary. John Peters (Slow Turtle) Massachusetts Commissioner of Indian Affairs at the time of the excavation who was part of the consultation regarding the excavation is in the foreground.


Excavation of the Indian Neck Ossuary, September 1979, Wellfleet, MA (1979)
IMAGE Francis McManamon.

Photo shows the top of the ossuary feature begining to be exposed by archaeological excavation. Remaining traces of dark soil are from the overlying midden stratigraphically above the ossuary. A shapres of a few human bones representing the top of the ossuary are visible. The photo is taken from a nearly vertical perspective. The rough edge of the profile is the result of the backhoe excavation which dug into the midden, destroying the northern portion and discovering the human bones which...


Excavation of the Indian Neck Ossuary, September 1979, Wellfleet, MA (1979)
IMAGE Francis McManamon.

Photo of the base of the ossuary feature on the north side of the photo (clam knife is pointing north) and layer of calcined bone, believed to be part of a cremation that was overlain by the unburned ossuary burial feature. The photo is taken from a nearly vertical perspective over the feature.


Excavation of the Indian Neck Ossuary, September 1979, Wellfleet, MA (1979)
IMAGE Francis McManamon.

Photo of the excavation of the Indian Neck ossuary, ossuary feature.


Excavation of the Indian Neck Ossuary, September 1979, Wellfleet, MA (1979)
IMAGE Francis McManamon.

Photo of the cleaned top of the ossuary burial feature. The pattern of human crania around the edges and long bones laid perpendicular to the long access of the burial feature is apparent. The northern half of the ossuary was inadvertently destroyed by a backhoe excavation which led to the discovery of the remaining part of the ossuary.


Excavation of the Indian Neck Ossuary, September 1979, Wellfleet, MA (1979)
IMAGE Francis McManamon.

Photo showning the midden level that was stratigraphically above the ossuary feature. In this photo, the piece fo white plastic sheeting shown covers a human cranium that was exposed in the profile in the photos


Excavation of the Indian Neck Ossuary, September 1979, Wellfleet, MA (1979)
IMAGE Francis McManamon.

Photo shows the top of the ossuary feature after it has been exposed by archaeological excavation. Photo is taken looking south.


Excavation of the Indian Neck Ossuary, September 1979, Wellfleet, MA (1979)
IMAGE Francis McManamon.

Photo of the crowd of observers who visited the excavation site of the Indian Neck ossuary. Excavation is shown in the lower right corner of the photo. In the lower left corner of the photo are three observers from the Mashpee and Wampanoag Indian tribes.


Excavation of the Indian Neck Ossuary, September 1979, Wellfleet, MA (1979)
IMAGE Francis McManamon.

Photo shows John Portnoy, then Cape Cod NS park scientist (kneeling) and Michael Soukup (then Ast. Regional Scientist) shifting through back dirt pile from the backhoe excavation of the ossuary site to recover distrubed human bone and artifacts.


The French Along the Northeast Coast at Contact (2007)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Francis McManamon.

From 1604 to 1607, a French expedition explored the southeastern Canadian and New England coasts, ranging as far south as Cape Cod. During this time, the Frenchmen encountered many Native people throughout the region. Some of the interactions were peaceful, others were violent. The first winter base for this expedition is now within the boundary of Saint Croix Island International Historic Site, a unit of the National Park system. One of the Native American settlements that was visited is...


Historic Resource Study-Cape Cod National Seashore, Massachusetts (1979)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Berle Clemensen.

From the publication Preface and short Introduction: This report is intended to fulfill the requirements for a historic resource study of Cape Cod National Seashore. Its purpose is to provide a general history and historic base map of the National Seashore area. The study should provide the basic data needed for planning and interpretation. The history of the Cape Cod National Seashore region, during most of the period of white settlement, has been one of dependence on the sea for a...


The Indian Neck Ossuary (1988)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Francis McManamon. James Bradley.

In September, 1979, National Park Service archaeologists conducting an archaeolgoical survey of Cape Cod National Seashore were called to a site on Indian Neck, a peninsula in Wellfleet Harbor on outer Cape Cod. A backhoe operator digging a hole for a cottage's septic tank had unearthed human bones. Based on the condition of the exposed bones, the archaeologists determined that the burial was prehistoric. The cottage owners allowed the NPS archaeological team to excavate the remaining...


The Indian Neck Ossuary: Chapters in the Archaeology of Cape Cod, V (1986)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Francis McManamon. James Bradley. Ann Magennis.

In September, 1979, National Park Service (NPS) archeologists working at Cod National Seashore were called to the scene of a discovery of a skeleton on Indian Neck near the shore of Wellfleet Harbor in Wellfleet, Massachusetts. The archeologists quickly determined that the skeletons probably were prehistoric. In order to salvage the remains before they were destroyed, it was agreed that the archeologists would excavate the remaining in situ materials. Two days of careful fieldwork revealed an...


The Indian Neck Ossuary: A Preliminary Report, Bradly et al 1982 (1982)
DOCUMENT Full-Text James W. Bradley. Francis McManamon. Thomas F. Mahlstedt. Ann L. Magennis.

Late in the summer of 1979, human bones were unexpectedly uncovered during the construction of a septic system for summer cottages on Indian Neck, Wellfleet, Massachusetts. National Park Service archeologists, who were conducting a survey of the Cape Cod National Seashore, were contacted and the skeletal remains were identified as Native American . Construction had been halted when the bones were first noticed and it was determined that completion of the septic system would destroy the remaining...


Laying the Foundation, Ross Moffett and Cape Cod Archaeology (2008)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Francis McManamon.

Beginning in October 1978, and continuing until June 1979, I spent twenty-two days at the R.S. Peabody Foundation for Archaeology in Andover, Massachusetts, working on Ross Moffett's collections. I was doing this because the National Park Service (NPS), for who I was then the regional archeologist, was planning a park-wide archeological survey at Cape Cod National Seashore. It would be the first overall investigation of the archeological record of the park since Ross Moffett had provided a...


Prehistoric Land Use on Outer Cape Cod (1982)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Francis McManamon.

Preliminary analysis of archaeological survey data indicates that prehistoric land use of coastal southern New England (represented by outer Cape Cod, Massachusetts) was year-round and more diverse than has been suggested by the traditional emphasis on coastal shell middens. Prehistoric settlement seems to have been concentrated mainly in a few locations with large intervening unsettled areas. A stratified random sampling strategy allowed estimates of the relative frequency of different kinds...


Report on the History of Cape Cod, Massachusetts: Cape Cod in HIstory (1958)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Frank Barnes.

A short (8 pp) report done as part of the preliminary planning for the creation of the Cape Cod National Seashore. Mentions only the most basic historical events related to Cape Cod, beginning with the voyages, landings, and mentions of the cape by early European explorers (Champlain, Gosnold, and John Smith, for example) and the first landing place of the Pilgrims. Very brief summaries of historical events from 1620 to World War II. A short, basic bibliography is included.


Research Design for the Archeological Survey of Cape Cod National Seashore, McManamon 1979 (1979)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Francis McManamon.

This research has two general goals: first, to identify the physical characteristics and estimate the numbers and locations of archeological sites within Cape Cod National Seashore (CACO); second, to assess the significance of these sites according to the information they might provide about history, prehistory, specific past ways of life and general patterns of human behavior.