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Mesoamerica (Geographic Keyword)

1-25 (2,003 Records)

1300 years of a Classic Maya ceramic tradition at El Perú-Waka’, Guatemala (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 431896] Keith Eppich.

In the course of 13 field seasons, archaeologists have carried out 23 operations across the ruined city of El Perú-Waka’. During these investigations, excavators recovered upwards of a million ceramic sherds from a wide variety of contexts; palaces, pyramids, residences, sheet middens, construction fill, ritual deposits, spoil piles, termination deposits, votive deposits, surface collections, burials, caches, and tombs. The excavation contexts are good enough, the quality of preservation...


13th Baktun Rebirth at Izapa: discovery vistas with new technologies in applied structural archaeology are writing Preclassic history (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 397681] Garth Norman.

Norman's latest "Izapa Sacred Space" book (2013; in English and Spanish) will be introduced, highlighting shared culture contacts near and far. Izapa popularity peaked at the end of 2012 and is being rekindled with the 13th baktun zenith sun (August 13) and new year (Sept 21) calendar monuments and applied technologies. New Izapa civilization discoveries in Preclassic Mesoamerican history have been examined with Reflectance Transformation Imaging (RTI) digital imaging technology recording of...


14C and Maya Long Count Dates: Refining the Approach to Classic Maya Chronologies (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 405256] Gerardo Aldana.

In 2013, an innovative study applied Bayesian statistical analysis to new AMS 14C samples taken from a Classic Maya lintel originating at Tikal. Because the lintel was inscribed with a Maya Long Count date, the authors argued that the results of their study confirmed the Calendar Correlation Constant known as the GMT. There are, however, two key problems with this new study and its conclusions. The first is an error of interpretation of the hieroglyphic text; the second is the questionable...


14C and Maya Long Count dates: using Bayesian modeling to develop robust site chronologies (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 398237] Gerardo Aldana.

Bayesian Statistics has now demonstrated its strong utility in archaeology, specifically through software that conditions radiocarbon data. Only recently has this technology been applied within Maya archaeology, however, in part because the Mayan calendar provides a much greater resolution in dating archaeological events than is possible with radiocarbon data. The Long Count in particular allows for the assignment of some events relative to each other, accurate to the day. In this paper, a...


The 16th Century Merchant Community of Santa Maria Acxotla, Puebla (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 395702] Kenneth Hirth. Sarah Imfeld. Colin Hirth.

Although merchants were an important component of the prehispanic and post-conquest landscape, not much is known about the internal organization of merchant groups and the structure of their respective communities. This paper examines the size, composition, and internal organization of the small merchant community of Santa Maria Acxotla located in the Puebla-Tlaxcala basin of highland Mexico. Census data collected 39 years after the conquest suggests that specialized merchant communities...


1996 BC Report (1996)

DOCUMENT [ID: 372675] Thomas Guderjan. David Driver. Heather Clagett. Helen Haines.

The Blue Creek project is marked by a broadening research design which remains focused on understanding the Blue Creek site core while, at the same time, allowing us to expand our forays into other sites and other issues. While past seasons have been marked by revolutionary changes in how we perceive Blue Creek, this year was marked by an increased depth of understanding. The year, we began shifting focus to the residential and agricultural aspects of the Blue Creek community as well as the...


1998 and 1999 BC Report (1999)

DOCUMENT [ID: 372687] Thomas Guderjan.

This report represents the efforts of the Blue Creek Archaeological Project during the 1998 and 1999 field seasons. The Blue Creek Project is a constantly evolving and growing research effort with the central goal of understanding the history, structure, and dynamics of the ancient Maya City of Blue Creek


2000 Years of Eating: Continuity and change in food practices among the Puuc Maya (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 431237] George Bey. Stephanie Simms. Betsy Kohut.

This paper examines the evidence for what and how the Maya of the Puuc region ate during the long history of occupation of this region. Data collected from almost two decades of research by the Bolonchen Regional Archaeological Project and covering close to two millennium of occupation are used in this exploration of eating. Household archaeology primarily from the site of Kiuic and the suburban site of Stairway to Heaven, and ceramic data from throughout the BRAP study area provide insights...


2004 Season Summaries of The Blue Creek Regional Political Ecology Project, Upper Northwestern Belize (2004)

DOCUMENT [ID: 372984] Kerry Sagebiel. Tim Beach. Sheryl Luzzadder-Beach. Jon Lohse. Jimmy Barrera. Antonio Padilla. Jason Gonzalez.

2004 SEASON SUMMARIES OF THE BLUE CREEK REGIONAL POLITICAL ECOLOGY PROJECT: Blue Creek Regional Political Ecology Project Ceramic Report: 2004 Season Kerry Lynn Sagebiel Blue Creek 2004 Field Season Report: Geomorphology, Pollen, and Hydrology Investigations Timothy Beach, Ph.D., and Sheryl Luzzadder-Beach. Ph.D 2004 Season Excavations in the Gran Cacao Ballcourt, Northwestern Belize Jon C. Lohse, Ph.D., Jimmy Barrera, and Antonio Padilla 2004 Ixno’ha Excavation...


2008 Radiocarbon Dating Analyses (2008)

DOCUMENT [ID: 426552] Veronica Perez Rodriguez.

2008 Radiocarbon Analyses for Samples RGT 14C 2, RGT 14 C3, Tiltepec BR. 14-C-1


2014 Radiocarbon Data report (2014)

DOCUMENT [ID: 426553] Veronica Perez Rodriguez.

2014 radiocarbon data report


3,065 Sherd Disks and their Potential Uses in Calixtlahuaca in the Toluca Valley (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 397201] Kea Warren.

Among the artifacts found at the site of Calixtlahuaca, excavations recovered an unusually large quantity of sherd disks. Calixtlahuaca is an Aztec Postclassic (AD 1130-1530) site located in the Toluca Valley of Central Mexico. These sherd disks, or tejos, were created from bowls and pots broken during antiquity. The potsherds were worked until they were circular in shape. Other researchers have suggested potential uses for these worked sherds, including gaming tokens (for the game patolli), net...


360 grados. Uso y función de las estructuras circulares de la zona costera de la sierra de Santa Marta, Los Tuxtlas, Ver. (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 404120] Marimar Becerra Alvarez.

La arquitectura es una forma de expresión cultural producto de la abstracción humana, a través de ella el hombre materializa ciertas ideas y va modificando su entorno para construir paisajes que son determinados por los procesos históricos y que responden a sus necesidades funcionales, prácticas y estéticas. En la zona costera de la Sierra de Santa Marta se tiene el registro de pequeñas estructuras arquitectónicas superficiales de forma circular asociadas a los sitios portuarios de la costa. En...


3D Digitization of Spindle Whorls from Pre-Contact Central Mexico (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 404322] Holly Neville. Tiffany Birakis.

Three-dimensional digitization technology is opening up a new world of opportunities for the analysis and manipulation of artifacts without the risk of extraneous handling of the original, which could compromise preservation. This poster examines the practice of digital scanning on a collection of Mesoamerican spindle whorls at the South Florida Museum in Bradenton, Florida, discussing the hardware and software used for digitization, as well as the process of creating accurate three-dimensional...


A 3D Landscape Analysis of Stelae Visibility at Copan, Honduras (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 396904] Heather Richards-Rissetto. Michael Auer. Jennifer von Schwerin. Nicolas Billen.

From the early 5th to early 9th centuries, a dynasty of sixteen kings ruled at the ancient Maya site of Copan, Honduras. In the mid-7thth century, Chan Imix K'awiil or Ruler 12, is believed to be the first of Copan’s rulers to erect stelae outside the city’s main civic-ceremonial group. Why did he do this? Did these stelae exist as solar markers? Did they serve as territorial markers? Or, were they part of a communication system? Scholars have set forth these and other hypotheses, to explain the...


Accelerating the "Maddeningly Slow Work of Archaeology" in the Forested Maya Lowlands (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 431195] Francisco Estrada-Belli.

Investigations in the thickly forested Peten region is complicated by lack of roads, water, communications, visibility and other things we often take for granted even in archaeology. In most cases the time it takes for results of such field work to reach a general audience can be measured in years. Many of us have turned to technology to alleviate this situation but the gains can be less than what is expected. The advent of GPS handheld devices have been useful to locate sites (and ourselves)...


Acknowledging Anonymous Artists: Examining the Painted Stucco Facade from a temple at Kiuic, Yucatan (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 403118] Melissa Galvan. Betsy Kohut.

Excavations in the main plaza of Kiuic in Yucatan, Mexico, revealed the presence of a dismantled stucco façade south of the temple it once adorned. The façade dates to the temple’s initial Late Classic construction (600-800 AD) and is thought to have been stripped from it during a second construction phase in the Terminal Classic (800-1000 AD). Preliminary analysis of the deposit provided insight into the methods used to sculpt the stucco revealing its theme to have been a historic-narrative...


Acrobatic Games of Mesoamerica (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 394875] Gerardo Gutierrez.

In this paper I examine the context and performance of acrobatic games in Mesoamerica using archaeological, ethnohistorical, and ethnographic representations of contorsionists, tightrope walkers, equilibrists, dancers on stilts, jugglers, and participants in rotational devices, like the Palo Volador and the Huahua. I underline the importance of acrobatic games in ritual festivities and secular events where improvisational and professional performers staged spectacles and played tricks designed...


Activist Archaeology and Queer Feminist Critiques in Mesoamerican Archaeology (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 431729] Chelsea Blackmore. Shankari Patel.

One of the strengths of prehistoric archaeology is its ability to document the full range of human variation. For Latin America, activist archaeology has the potential to inform postcolonial and Third World feminist critiques that challenge white supremacist legal systems that marginalize women of color and indigenous peoples. The false universalisms and cultural essentialisms found in human rights debates ignore the diverse experiences of women’s oppression, especially the indigenous, poor,...


Activity Area Analysis of Elite and Commoner Spaces in the Ancient Maya City of Actuncan, Belize (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 403181] Lisa LeCount. Kara A. Fulton. David W. Mixter. E. Christian Wells. Thomas R. Jamison.

This report describes the results of a geochemical analysis of nearly 1,000 samples from earthen and plaster surfaces at Actuncan, a prehispanic Maya city in western Belize. Studies of the social, political, and economic relationships between elites and commoners demonstrate that the lived experiences of both groups were dramatically different. However, we know little about how social roles and relationships impacted the organization and daily use of domestic and public spaces. Multivariate...


Activity Area Analysis of Terminal Classic period Civic Architecture at Actuncan, Belize (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 404500] David Mixter.

Researchers have long hypothesized that the 9th century Maya collapse resulted in the end of divine kingship as the dominant political form in the southern Maya Lowlands. In post-royal settlements, tall pyramids and labyrinthine palace spaces are deemphasized in favor of more publically-accessible open courtyards and broad platforms. Some scholars have argued for the increasing prevalence of council houses based on architectural layouts and the iconography of sculptural programs. However, little...


Advances and changes in the surveying and mapping of Guatemalan archaeology aided by new information technologies (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 395045] Rodrigo Guzman.

Guatemalan archaeology is benefiting from new technologies for the monitoring and measurement of spatial information. Traditionally, archaeologists have relied on specialists in mapping and surveying to record spatial data and use it as the basis for the study of distribution of cultural traits. However, advances in mapping technology which allow non-specialists to collect multiple data points in shorter amounts of time is greatly aiding archaeologists working at sites in Guatemala. Other...


Advertising the Empire: Purépecha Strategies in the Imperial Heartland at Angamuco, Michoacán (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 429975] Anna Cohen.

Regime change is a social process that has occurred throughout human history and yet much is still unknown about how political developments shape local communities. This paper examines the impacts of the Late Postclassic (1350-1530 CE) Purépecha Empire on residents at Angamuco, an ancient city within the Lake Pátzcuaro Basin imperial heartland in Michoacán, Mexico. Imperial narratives in ethnohistoric texts emphasize that authorities controlled craft production, tribute, and social practices....


The Afterlife in Exile: Butterfly Imagery on Teotihuacan-style Censers from the Pacific Coast of Guatemala (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 429475] Annabeth Headrick. Dorie Reents-Budet.

The Teotihuacan-style censers from Guatemala have received relatively little attention since the 1980s. Following upon earlier suggestions for a merchant-warrior presence in the Escuintla region, this study examines the butterfly imagery on a group of Teotihuacan-style censers in the national collections of Guatemala. This group of unprovenanced artifacts has research value because (1) its original imagery is intact, and (2) all have been sampled for paste analysis (instrumental neutron...


Agricultural Productivity of Four Different Physiographic Zones in the Lower Río Verde Valley, Oaxaca, Mexico: Using the Current Landscape as a Means to Facilitate an Understanding of Past Productivity (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 431056] Raymond Mueller. Jessica Hedgepeth Balkin. Arthur Joyce.

As part of the larger Río Verde Settlement Project (RVSP), soil sampling of different physiographic zones was conducted during the spring of 2016 in the lower Río Verde Valley. The major goal of this sampling program was to assess variation in soil fertility across the region, as related specifically to maize agriculture. The lower Verde Valley was broadly divided into four physiographic zones (floodplain, coastal plain, piedmont, and secondary valleys). Previous studies identified the...

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Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America