North America: Southwest United States (Geographic Keyword)

1-25 (620 Records)

18th to 20th Century Architectural Changes of Embudo’s Torreon (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Saskia Ghosh.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. This poster will analyze the architectural changes of an 18th-century defensive tower called a Torreon, located in Dixon, New Mexico—previously known as the buffer community Embudo. Acting as community protection against Plains Indians during Hispanic settlement in Northern New Mexico, the Torreon’s initial use as a defensive structure may be identified...


Absent and Present: Contested Landscapes and Undocumented Migration at the U.S.-Mexico Border (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Gabriella Soto.

This is an abstract from the "Chicanx Archaeology" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. In pursuing archaeological research on contemporary undocumented migration at the Arizona-Sonora border, it became necessary for me to address the myriad and potent absences that made the entwined processes of undocumented migration, humanitarian efforts on behalf of migrants, and border security aimed against migrants tangible to me through scales of space and time....


Accountability as Litmus: The Work of Partnership in Collaborative Archaeology (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jun Sunseri. Isabel Trujillo.

This is an abstract from the "Social Justice in Native North American Archaeology" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The Berkeley-Abiquiú Collaborative Archaeology (BACA) Project strives to serve local interests regarding heritage management and narrative control in a community often relegated to lesser authority by the ongoing processes of settler colonialism. Can the partnership be a legitimate part of a decolonizing toolkit as the community...


Adapting Project Archaeology Curriculum in Southern New Mexico (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Lydia Michel.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The purpose of this poster is to develop an educational curriculum on archaeology to be used for a K-12 audience by adapting an existing program, put forward by the BLM, Project Archaeology. This new curriculum, "The Archaeology of Home," seeks to engage the public within southern New Mexico and to convey the value of stewardship and preservation. The area of...


Addressing the Inevitable: Site Preservation Efforts in the Face of Global Climate Change (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Connie Reid. Neil Weintraub.

This is an abstract from the "Wait Wait, Don’t Tell Me: What Have We Learned Over the Past 40 Years and How Do We Address Future Challenges" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Global climate change is contributing to the escalation of large catastrophic wildfires across North America. Fires are increasing in frequency, intensity, and scale, posing one of the greatest contemporary threats to thousands of archaeological and historic properties across...


Agriculture and Landscape Change in the Tesuque Valley (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Alison Damick. Arlene Rosen.

This is an abstract from the "From Collaboration to Partnership in Pojoaque, New Mexico" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The relationships of people with their land over time leaves visible and invisible traces. As archaeologists we are confronted with landscapes that are the resulting accumulation of these traces over time, such that they may no longer resemble the place that people of the past interacted with. Place is not just a geographic...


Akimel O’Odham Traditional Knowledge Regarding Platform Mounds (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Linda Morgan. Chris Loendorf. Barnaby Lewis.

This is an abstract from the "Why Platform Mounds? Part 2: Regional Comparisons and Tribal Histories" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Platform mounds play a prominent role in the Akimel O’Odham creation story, but few archaeologists have considered the implications of this knowledge. The story names each of the mound leaders along the middle Gila River, and provides specific descriptions of the special abilities they possessed. The story also...


All for Drone and Drone for Free: A Free and/or Open-Source Workflow for UAV Imagery Collection and Analysis (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Kelsey Reese.

This is an abstract from the "Novel Statistical Techniques in Archaeology II (QUANTARCH II)" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Full coverage pedestrian survey to record new sites on unknown archaeological landscapes is costly in terms of money, time, and personnel. Archaeological projects are usually limited in these resources and have to simultaneously balance data quantity with quality within their budgetary means. Researchers have experimented...


Analysis and Interpretation of the Bandelier Landfill Site: Determining the Information Potential of a Multicomponent Historic Trash Site (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jordan Jarrett. Erin Hegberg.

This is an abstract from the "Historical Archaeologies of the American Southwest, 1800 to Today" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The Bandelier National Monument landfill site represents a historic period artifact scatter containing many diagnostic artifacts. In the 1930s, workmen belonging to the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) camped at this site while tuff stone was quarried from mesa top outcrops for use in the construction Frijoles Canyon...


An Analysis of Ceramic Imitation and Trade at the Petrified Forest National Park (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Christina Stewart.

This is an abstract from the "Archaeological Research in Petrified Forest National Park" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The Petrified Forest National Park has a long range of occupation; however, the variety of artifacts present from these occupations makes it difficult to access the relationships early residents had with neighboring communities. Over the last decade, researchers have identified a diverse range of ceramics from across the...


Analysis of Late Rio Grande Glaze Wares from a Post-Revolt Jemez Pueblo (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Danielle Huerta.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. For 400 years Rio Grande Glaze Ware played an important role in Pueblo life, from feasting and ritual acts to everyday life as serving vessels. What is interesting though, is that regardless of its said importance and the specialized nature of technical knowledge required to produce glaze ware, it appears that Pueblo potters stopped making glaze ware sometime...


An Analysis of Projectile Point Agency from the South Diamond Creek Pueblo Site (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Christopher Stanton.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. This paper presents an analysis of the projectile points recovered from the South Diamond Creek Pueblo (SDCP) site. This project took place over two summers in 2016 and 2017 and involved a salvage excavation of a Classic Mimbres pueblo. The excavation of the site yielded numerous intact projectile points in various contexts. By integrating a Behavioral...


Analysis of Rio Grande Glaze Ware Glaze F Pottery from LA 20,000 Using Petrographic and Chemical Composition Techniques (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Danielle Huerta. Heather Trigg. Judith Habicht-Mauche.

The pre-Revolt period (1598-1680) in New Mexico was a tumultuous time characterized by the forced making and breaking of ties between Spanish and Indigenous peoples on the Spanish Colonial settlement landscape that resulted in the circulation of cultural and economic resources. For Pueblo communities, colonial incursions significantly affected daily life through the ravages of war and disease, the privations of taxation and religious persecution, and the disruption of traditional economic and...


Analysis of Settlement Patterns Near the Big Burro Mountains (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Taylor Picard. Evan Giomi.

This poster presents the results of an archaeological survey of Pitchfork Ranch, located near the Big Burro Mountains in southeastern New Mexico. The survey was conducted by staff and students of the Archaeology Southwest Upper Gila Preservation Archaeology (UGPA) field school from 2015 to 2017. There is evidence on the ranch of human activity ranging from possible Paleolithic and early Archaic sites up to 20th century sites. Using GIS and geospatial data collected during this survey it is...


An Analysis of the Polvorón Phase Lithic Assemblage from the Mesa Grande Platform Mound in the Phoenix Basin (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Derek Miltimore. Christopher R. Caseldine. Sean G. Dolan.

This is an abstract from the "WHY PLATFORM MOUNDS? PART 1: MOUND DEVELOPMENT AND CASE STUDIES" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The Polvorón phase (ca. A.D. 1350–1500), which occurred after the Hohokam Classic Period, was a time of cultural paradigm shifts. There are cultural continuities with the preceding Civano phase, like the use of Salado Polychromes, but people during the Polvorón practiced different cultural traditions, most notably the...


Analyzing Archaic Rock Art in Northern New Mexico through Landscape Survey (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Iris Querenet Onfroy De Breville.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. My paper will be centered around an archaeology of the ancient indigenous rock art analysis through the landscapes of northern New Mexico. This project utilizes two primary lines of evidence. First, it examines the plant and animal ecology of the Rio Grande Gorge, particularly the so-called natural signs or traces of mammals such as the modern distribution of...


Ancestral Pueblo Agriculture on the Pajarito Plateau: A Geoscience Investigation of Field Terraces in the Northern Mountains of New Mexico (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Hannah Van Vlack. Jamie A. Civitello. Rory P. Gauthier. Robert Powers.

In honor of Robert Powers, Bandelier National Monument (BNM) presents research on his final project investigating agricultural potential in the arid highlands of the American Southwest. Powers’ research was conducted on behalf of the University of New Mexico’s anthropology doctoral program for archaeology. The Park is well-known for its ancestral Pueblo archaeological sites and the unique, natural ecotones throughout the Eastern Jemez Mountains. The region is topographically dynamic; the...


Ancestral Pueblo Essentials: Evidence for Layered Social Institutions during the Basketmaker III Period in the Northern Southwest (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Shanna Diederichs.

This is an abstract from the "Adopting the Pueblo Fettle: The Breadth and Depth of the Basketmaker III Cultural Horizon" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. A range of evidence suggests that the Ancestral Pueblo tradition of the northern Southwest crystallized during the Basketmaker III period in the sixth and seventh centuries A.D. As farming was adopted and populations expanded, social problems related to conflict mitigation, land tenure, and private...


Ancestral Pueblo Turkey Management on the Pajarito Plateau (C.E. 1150-1600) (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Cyler Conrad. Sandi Copeland.

This is an abstract from the "Current Research on Turkey (Meleagris gallopavo) Domestication, Husbandry and Management in North America and Beyond" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. In this paper we use bone apatite and collagen stable isotope analysis to examine long-term Ancestral Pueblo turkey management strategies on the Pajarito Plateau in the northern Rio Grande of New Mexico. Since previous preliminary research within this region identified...


The Ancestral Puebloan Community of Alkali Ridge: Investigating The "Prudden Unit" Paradigm (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Braeden Dimitroff. Candice Disque.

The 2017 Alkali Ridge Data Modernization Project completed an intensive survey of 10 Ancestral Pueblo habitation sites within the Alkali Ridge National Historic Landmark as part of the ongoing collaboration between NMSU and the National Park Service to modernize data and conduct research. The 2017 fieldwork season focused on recording small residential sites in close proximity to community centers to examine the role small satellite habitations played in the Pueblo II-III period landscape of...


Ancestral Puebloan Settlement Patterns of Redwood Llama Ranch: Analysis of GIS and Fieldwalking Survey (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Tucker Deady.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Archaeological survey of 800 acres at Redwood Llama Ranch in southwest Colorado documented over 50 previously unrecorded archaeological sites. A 2016 survey, completed as a settlement pattern study using a landscape archaeology framework, explored the extent of Ancestral Puebloan habitation and activity within this property situated in a canyon and on the...


Ancient DNA Investigations of Possible Casas Grandes – Chalchihuites Interactions (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Kyle Waller. José Luis Punzo Díaz. Ana Morales-Arce. Meradeth Snow. Miguel Vallebueno.

Paquimé, the political and religious center of the Casas Grandes culture, demonstrates extensive evidence of Mesoamerican influence, including macaws, architectural characteristics such as ballcourts and platform mounds, and mortuary practices in the form of modified trophy skulls and human sacrifice. The role of Mesoamerican influence on the development and florescence of the Casas Grandes culture remains an important but contentious research question for the late prehistoric...


And the Legacy Continues: Homol’ovi Looking Forward (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Saul Hedquist. Samantha Fladd. Vincent M. LaMotta. Nancy Odegaard.

This paper honors the anthropological contributions of the Homol’ovi Research Program (HRP) and its directors. We reflect on the conception and implementation of field and curation protocols that enabled years of innovative research into ancient Pueblo lifeways, work that continues today. Though fieldwork in the region has ceased, researchers still benefit from exceptional field recording standards, sound conservation techniques, and an explicitly behavioral project methodology. HRP was...


Animal as Social Actor: A Case Study of a Pre-Colonial Northern Tiwa Structure (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Melanie Cootsona.

This paper explores the role of animals as social actors, namely the way natural animal behaviors influence human religious settings. The paper focuses on the case study of a floor organization of a formally closed thirteenth century Northern Tiwa kiva in the Northern Rio Grande region of New Mexico. The worldview and beliefs of the Northern Tiwa were deeply shaped by the species and biomes with whom they co-habited. Through the synthesis of material data, ethnographic information and behavioral...


Anomalous Floor 2 Features in the Point Pueblo Great Kiva (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Carol Lorenz. David Preston.

This is an abstract from the "Social Interaction and Networks at the Intersection of Central Mesa Verde and Chaco/Cibola Culture Areas in the Middle San Juan River Valley" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. During the 2016 and 2018 seasons, excavators found more than 150 features in Floor 2 of the eastern half of the Great Kiva at Point Pueblo. Of these, 99 were east of the eastern vault complex. Features were lined with clay or adobe, demonstrated...