North America: Southeast United States (Geographic Keyword)

1-25 (336 Records)

3D Photogrammetry and Woodland Mud Glyphs from 19th Unnamed Cave, Alabama (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jan Simek. Stephen Alvarez. Alan Cressler. Jordan Schafer.

This is an abstract from the "Technique and Interpretation in the Archaeology of Rock Art" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The production of 3D models with photogrammetry has seen some recent application in rock art studies as a means of documenting sites and presenting them to the public. However, the use of photogrammetric models as data sources for discovery and analysis has received little attention. In this paper, we present work at 19th...


’77 to ’17: Re-investigating the Perimeter of St. Catherines Island after Four Decades (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Thomas Blaber.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. In 1977 Drs. Chester DePratter and David Hurst Thomas began a complete perimeter survey of St. Catherines Island. In their initial survey they identified more than 100 new archaeological sites that were either visible on the surface or eroding out of the bank of the island. Many of these sites were not investigated again until January 2017 when archaeologists...


Adaptive Approaches to the Thingness of Institutional Datasets: A View from North Carolina (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Mary Fitts. Samuel Franklin.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The North Carolina Office of State Archaeology has been building a database of standardized information about archaeological sites since 1977. Like most datasets that bridge the analog to digital transition, the North Carolina site file has experienced several distinctive phases of accretional development. Designed for the purposes of predictive modeling, the...


After the Ice Age in the Ozarks (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Sean Roades. Juliet Morrow. J. Christopher Gillam.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Fluted point techno-complexes of the Ozarks include Clovis, Gainey, Folsom, and Dalton. Folsom point-making people are comparatively less well represented in the interior Ozarks possibly because of the lack of grasslands and bison. In this presentation, we explain the origins and evolution of Clovis technology and the exploitation of lithic resources from...


An Analysis of Garbanzo Bean Remains at Mission San Luis de Talimali (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Taylor Townsend.

This is an abstract from the "First Floridians to La Florida: Recent FSU Investigations" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Were garbanzo beans grown at San Luis de Talimali or were they imported? Were they able to be cultivated at all in a Floridian climate? Who cooked with the beans- just the wealthy Spanish who imported them or anyone with a garden? What was their dietary importance? Garbanzo beans were a staple of the Spanish diet, and were one of...


Analysis of Surface Treatments on Weeden Island Red Vessels via LA-ICP-MS (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Lindsay Bloch. Neill Wallis. George Kamenov.

One of hallmarks of Late Woodland period Weeden Island in Florida is the proliferation of ornate ceramics associated with ceremonial contexts. Recent elemental and petrographic analyses of Weeden Island ceramic pastes have established that despite visible standardization, these wares were traveling significant distances from large production centers, but also being made locally. This widespread movement of people and pots across the landscape provides a valuable context for exploring the spread...


An Analysis of the Industrialization of the Bourbon Industry in Kentucky: 1870s-Prohibition (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Katherine Gamblin.

Bourbon has been distilled in Kentucky throughout the state’s history and has influenced how cities in Kentucky have grown over time. Throughout the 1870s, a major rise in the number of distilleries in the state grew as wealthy patrons began buying up small, family-run distilleries and expanding them into a large-scale, booming industry that aimed to answer the demand for bourbon throughout the US. In order to fit the demand, bourbon barons began crafting ways to make more gallons per day, allow...


Analyzing Late Woodland Pipe Fragments from the Topper Site (38AL23): Exploring the Botanical, Social, and Ritual Intersections of Smoking (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Cayla Colclasure. Megan Belcher. Jon Russ. Stephen Carmody. Martin Walker.

Three pipe fragments uncovered during a 2017 University of Tennessee excavation at the Topper Site (38AL23) in Allendale County, South Carolina have opened a window into the social and ceremonial practices of the site’s Late Woodland inhabitants. Morphometric, paleoethnobotanical, and residue analyses have enabled us to explore the societal role smoking played within this community. We compare the form, design, and contents of these fragments to similar artifacts from across the region and an...


Analyzing the Utilization of Shell in Chickasaw Pottery Using Petrographic and Chemical Composition Techniques (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Domenique Sorresso.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Archaeological and ethnographic records indicate that a change in ceramic technology from recent shell to fossil shell temper took place as the contact period Chickasaw of Mississippi migrated north and adjusted to upland settlements of the Blackland Prairie. While this shift is widely accepted within the archaeology of the region, it can be difficult to apply...


Ancestral Chickasaw Migration and the Makings of the Anthropocene in Southeastern North America (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Charles Cobb. Brad Lieb. Tony Boudreaux.

We describe recent investigations of Indigenous communities who vacated the Tombigbee drainage of eastern Mississippi in the mid-fifteenth century A.D. These and surrounding groups migrated into nearby uplands known as the Blackland Prairie. Populations continued to move northward within the prairie and coalesced around what is today Tupelo, MS, in the 1600s. The move from a riverine to upland setting involved a dramatic shift in practices of historical ecology. The rich soils and open terrain...


Ancestry and Heritage at a South Carolina Rice Plantation (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Kalina Kassadjikova. Kelly Harkins. Lars Fehren-Schmitz.

During the 18th and 19th centuries, Georgetown County in South Carolina housed some of the largest slave plantations and rice agriculture in the New World. Today, the descendants of these enslaved laborers form the Gullah Geechee community and comprise a distinct African-derived creolized cultural praxis. This study concerns itself with the long-term trajectory of biological and cultural change experienced by the individuals living in the South Carolina Lowcountry. First, ancient DNA extraction...


Anchoring in the Gulf: Trans-Species Dwelling and Building in Gulf Coast Florida (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Terry Barbour.

Drawing inspiration from the work of Tim Ingold, I seek to find the middle ground of phenomenology, ecology, and materiality in describing how humans dwell and make their worlds among the various other communities around them. In the Lower Suwannee River Valley, Florida, human and oyster communities have interacted and intersected with another for millennia. Like people, oysters dwell and build creating their Umwelt, a concept introduced by Von Uexküll. This resulted in communities numbering in...


Animal Masters, Guardian Animals, and Masters of Animals in Eastern North American (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only David Dye.

This is an abstract from the "Supernatural Gamekeepers and Animal Masters: A Cross-Cultural Perspective" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. In this presentation I discuss beliefs that focus on "supernatural" animals and associated charter myths, regalia, and ceramic effigies. Three forms of transcendental animals are evident in eastern North America: animal masters, guardian animals, and masters of animals. Animal masters control the availability and...


Animals at Spiro Mounds: Patterns from Faunal Specimens and Engraved Shells (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Dawn Rutecki.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. This paper discusses results from examination of faunal remains and iconography from Spiro Mounds, Oklahoma. By combining multiple analyses, this research yielded data useful to recognizing animal use patterns at the site that may suggest how ideological structures affected food choice at the site. In particular, this paper highlights some examples that may...


Apalachicola Ecosystems Project Fauna
PROJECT Thomas Foster. Roger Brown. National Science Foundation.

This project presents the results of zooarchaeological analysis of faunal specimens recovered from two sites (1RU18 and 1RU27) excavated as part of a multidisciplinary NSF-funded Collaborative Research Project titled the “Apalachicola Ecosystems Project”, as well as a reanalysis of a zooarchaeological assemblage from the nearby site of Spanish Fort. The Apalachicola Ecosystems Project was co-directed by Thomas Foster, Barnet Pavao-Zuckerman, and Roger Brown. The objectives of the...


Archaeological Excavations at the Early Historic Creek Indian Town of Fusihatchee (Phase 1, 1988-1989) (1990)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Paula Weiss. M. Thomas Hatley. Kristen J. Gremillion. Kathryn E. Holland Brand.

Waselkov, Cottier, and Sheldon 1990, "Archaeological Excavations at the Early Historic Creek Indian Town of Fusihatchee (Phase 1, 1988-1989)" is the site report prepared for the NSF for the Fusihatchee site (1EE191), where the zooarchaeological remains included in the Pavao-Zuckerman Fusihatchee Fauna project were originally excavated. The report authors are named as Waselkov, Cottier, and Sheldon. Other authors listed on tDAR are contributors to a chapter. This is a report to the National...


Archaeological Salvage at Pockoy, a Late Archaic Period Shell Ring Site on the Botany Bay Heritage Preserve, Charleston County, South Carolina (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Karen Smith. Meg Gaillard. Sean Taylor.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Coastal property owners and managers face a range of ever-growing threats, from frequent flooding to wholesale land loss, as the effects of anthropogenically induced climate change come home to roost. The problem is particularly acute for land managers of archaeological sites already at or near sea level. Pockoy (38CH2533), a late Archaic period shell ring...


Archaeological Shoreline Monitoring in a Climate-Changing SW Florida: The Case of a Rapidly Eroding, Rare, Late-Archaic Shell Midden at Calusa Island (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Karen Walker. Jennifer Haney. William Marquardt. Rachael Kangas. Sara Ayers-Rigsby.

There are only a very few Archaic period sites in the Charlotte Harbor/Pine Island Sound region of southwest Florida. One of these, composing a large portion of Calusa Island, is an oyster-shell dominated midden. According to a landowner, since ca. 1973-1974 the site has suffered a horizontal loss of 11 m along parts (if not all) of its 80+meter, eroding archaeological shoreline. Based on a 1944 aerial photograph, it is likely that as much as 28 m has been eroded away. We began a monitoring...


Archaeology in the Big Bend of the Green River, KY (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Janet Levy. Patty Jo Watson.

This is an abstract from the "From Middens to Museums: Papers in Honor of Julie K. Stein" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Julie Stein joined the Shell Mound Archaeological Project (SMAP) in western Kentucky in 1977 when Patty Jo Watson and William Marquardt, leaders of the project initiated in 1971, recognized the need to add geoarchaeology to the already interdisciplinary project. I started as a graduate student at Washington University–St. Louis...


The Archaeology of Late-19th and Early-20th Century Freedman's Towns in Dallas, Texas (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Kathryn Cross.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. In Texas, emancipation of slaves was formally announced in Galveston on June 19, 1865. In the decades that followed "Juneteenth," freed men and women established hundreds of communities across the state in search of land, loved ones, opportunity, and freedom. Such rural settlements have been the focus of both historical and archaeological research. Yet some...


Archaeology of Ritual in Cherokee Towns of the Southern Appalachians (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Michelle Pigott. Christopher Rodning.

This is an abstract from the "Silenced Rituals in Indigenous North American Archaeology" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Ritual and ceremonialism were important domains of practice through which Cherokee peoples of the southern Appalachians maintained cultural identities during the aftermath of European contact in the Americas, and through which Cherokee towns responded to the opportunities and challenges associated with European exploration,...


Archaic Tattooing and Bundle Keeping in Tennessee, ca. 1600 BC (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Aaron Deter-Wolf. Tanya Peres.

The Fernvale archaeological site in Williamson County, Tennessee, is a multi-component site that includes a significant Late Archaic cemetery and occupation dated ca. 1600 BC. Although the site was excavated in 1985, it was not fully analyzed or published for nearly three decades. Formal analysis of zooarchaeological materials from Fernvale took place from 2007-2012 as part of an overall effort to reassess the site assemblage. In this paper we describe findings generated by combining traditional...


Architectural Conformity vs. Slave Identity: An Example in Late Antebellum Georgia (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Carolyn Rock.

In 2015, Brockington and Associates conducted Phase III Data Recovery at a middle-nineteenth century field slave settlement within the Colonel’s Island Plantation in Glynn County, Georgia. Excavations at five slave dwelling footprints showed that all exhibited nearly identical dimensions and construction techniques. Dwellings appeared to be double-pen wood frame with central chimneys and wooden floors. Rather than set off the ground by wood or brick supports, each dwelling was marked by a...


Artifact Boxes and Cans of Worms; Navigating the 87 Church Street Legacy Collections (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Sarah Platt.

This is an abstract from the ""Re-excavating" Legacy Collections" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The collections excavated in the 1970s at 87 Church Street in downtown Charleston, South Carolina play a crucial role as part of a repertoire of sites deployed to understand Charleston as a critical urban center and waypoint in the eighteenth-century American southeast. However, a full site report does not exist for these early excavations, and...


"…As the Waves Make Towards the Pebbled Shore": Site Formation Processes on Drowned Coastal Sites and Implications for Preservation, Discovery, and Interpretation (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jessica Cook Hale.

This is an abstract from the "Palaeoeconomic and Environmental Reconstructions in Island and Coastal Archaeology" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Submerged prehistoric sites left behind by coastal groups have the potential to answer multiple critical questions concerning human activities, but locating, excavating, and interpreting such sites brings with it challenges unlike those encountered in coastal settings that remain (for now) terrestrial....