Asia: Central Asia (Geographic Keyword)

1-25 (45 Records)

3D Hydraulic Modeling of the Ancient Irrigation System at the MGK site in Xinjiang, China (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Yuqi Li.

Most archaeologists would agree that ancient irrigation systems preserve important information about the technology, economy, and social organization of past societies. However, considering that archaeologists generally lack training in hydraulics, it is often difficult for us to extract much information from an ancient irrigation system beyond basic description and chronology. Thanks to the recent development in drone technology and flow modeling techniques we now have the option of generating...


The Afghanistan Cultural Heritage Education Program: A Collaborative, International Education Model (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Atifa Rawan. Jamaludin Shable. M. Hussain Ahmadzai. Jodi Reeves Eyre.

The Afghanistan Cultural Heritage Education Program (ACHEP) is a collaborative project administered by the United States National Park Service and implemented by the Center for Middle Eastern Studies, University of Arizona and the Department of Anthropology and Archaeology, Kabul University. This international outreach effort engages Afghanistan’s educators, students, and professionals in educational programs and activities to preserve and protect the country’s rich cultural heritage and to...


The Archaeology and Ancient Genomics of Early Horse Domestication: Not as Simple as Once Thought! (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Alan Outram. Ludovic Orlando.

This is an abstract from the "Questioning the Fundamentals of Plant and Animal Domestication" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The earliest unambiguous evidence for equine husbandry relates to the Eneolithic Botai Culture of Northern Kazakhstan, circa. 5,500 years ago. However, whilst recent archaeological investigations and ancient genomics have added further weight to the case for domesticity and husbandry, it is now apparent that Botai horses are...


Believers in the Highlands: Burying the Muslim Dead at the Qarakhanid Site of Tashbulak (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Elissa Bullion. Michael Frachetti. Farhad Maksudov. Ann Merkle.

This is an abstract from the "Living and Dying in Mountain and Highland Landscapes" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Islam spread into Central Asia via the Arab invasions of the 7th century CE. According to current historical narratives, Islam’s first footholds were lowland urban centers, with Islam only slowly infiltrating the highlands. New research, presented here, challenges the idea that highland areas were a barrier to Islam. This paper...


Beyond the Final Frontier: Time and Materiality in the Peripheralization of Bronze Age Eurasian Steppe Pastoral Societies (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only James Johnson.

Archaeologists studying prehistoric Eurasian steppe pastoral lifeways often seek inclusion into comparative research of urbanism, craft production, and complexity. Even as these studies contribute valuable information, they also reify their place in the intellectual periphery of archaeological inquiry. This peripheralization is due to several factors. First, the Eurasian steppe is perhaps unwittingly conceptualized as a relatively timeless socio-geographical periphery to "state-level" social...


Borderland Processes and the Question of BMAC in NE Iran (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Narges Bayani.

How frontiers and borders are conceptualized in archaeology is critically influenced by the approaches and perspectives in culture contact research. Absence of written documents from Bronze Age Central Asia severely limits the application of such theories. The nature of the Bronze Age civilization of Bactria-Margiana Archaeological Complex (BMAC) in Central Asia, and its dispersion to neighboring NE Iran has been a long-lasting question in study of Prehistoric Western Asia. This paper aims to...


Cities in the Heartland of the Mongol Empire (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jan Bemmann.

This is an abstract from the "From Campsite to Capital – Mobility Patterns and Urbanism in Inner Asia" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. From 2016 to 2018 the two largest cities of the Mongol Empire, 13/14th century, in nowadays Mongolia were mapped using a SQUID-(Superconducting Quantum Interference Device)-magnetometer coupled with a DGPS. Thanks to this pioneering technique it was possible to create a high precision topographic and magnetic map in...


Conceptualizing Eurasian Steppe Space, Place and Movement (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Bryan Hanks.

This is an abstract from the "Wheels, Horses, Babies and Bathwaters: Celebrating the Impact of David W. Anthony on the Study of Prehistory" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The scholarly contributions by David Anthony have added significantly to current understandings of prehistory in the Eurasian steppes. Drawing on multiple lines of evidence, ranging from historical sources, archaeological data, genetics and linguistics, he has developed...


Defining Suitability in Mixed Pastoral-Agricultural Societies: A Case Study from Bactria in Northern Afghanistan (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Daniel Plekhov. Evan Levine.

This is an abstract from the "Fifty Years of Fretwell and Lucas: Archaeological Applications of Ideal Distribution Models" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. This paper explores the concept of suitability as a guiding parameter for applications of the Ideal Free/Despotic Distribution (IFD/IDD) in cases of mixed pastoral and agricultural economies. We briefly review recent archaeological survey data and research from Central Asia to contextualize how...


Diffusion, Migration, and "Culture" in the Eurasian Bronze Age (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Michael Frachetti. Paula Dupuy. Taylor Hermes.

This is an abstract from the "Wheels, Horses, Babies and Bathwaters: Celebrating the Impact of David W. Anthony on the Study of Prehistory" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The past 25 years has led to a completely new understanding of Eurasian Prehistory. Archaeometric analysis, landscape archaeology, and aDNA have allowed longstanding debates to be silenced, and fundamental principles underpinning key concepts such as social interaction,...


Digital Archaeology In Mongolia: Visualizing the Data (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Nicholas Case. William Taylor. Julia Clark.

This study presents results from data visualizations of archaeological sites in northern and western Mongolia. Unlike traditional site documentation techniques applied throughout the discipline, digitalization of data while in the field presents distinct advantages for the study and preservation of both cultural heritage and archaeological data collections. These methods include the production of digital 3D maps, from both aerial and hand-held photogrammetry, data collection with tablets using...


Diversity and Unity: Different Crop Consumption in East Tianshan Mountains, Northwest China (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Duo Tian. Jian Ma. Tongyuan Xi. Meng Ren. Xinyi Liu.

This is an abstract from the "From Tangible Things to Intangible Ideas: The Context of Pan-Eurasian Exchange of Crops and Objects" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The region of east Tianshan Mountains, located in east edge of Central Asia, has a diverse natural environment that is suitable for a variety of subsistence. The first millennium BC was a period with fluctuating climate and rapid cultural interactions in this region. This study conducted...


Evidence for Close Management of Sheep in Ancient Central Asia: Foddering Techniques and Transhumance in the Final Bronze Age (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Alicia Ventresca Miller.

Ancient animal management strategies have important implications for debates on modern pastoral landscape use in Eurasia. As livestock production intensifies in in semi-arid regions there is a need to identify the diverse set of strategies employed by pastoralists. Sequential carbon (δ13C) and oxygen (δ18O) isotope analysis of teeth from domesticated sheep at Bronze Age sites in Kazakhstan exhibit varied isotopic sequences. Sheep from Kent exhibit an inverse relationship where low δ18O values...


Five Seasons with the Dukha: House Structure among Nomadic Herders (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Matthew O'Brien. Todd A. Surovell. Randy Haas.

This is an abstract from the "More Than Shelter from the Storm: Hunter-Gatherer Houses and the Built Environment" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Houses are common structures, and the importance and distinction of domestic space has been researched a great detail through ethnography. Yet, how these common structures shape the spatial behavior of residents is often not clearly articulated. This is a particular concern for ephemeral structures that...


From Bit Wear to Ancient DNA: Steppe-ing Out (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only David Anthony. Dorcas Brown.

This is an abstract from the "Wheels, Horses, Babies and Bathwaters: Celebrating the Impact of David W. Anthony on the Study of Prehistory" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. We found our first entry into steppe archaeology in 1989-1992 through a study of microwear caused by bits on horse teeth, which we hoped would identify bitted, and therefore ridden or driven, horses. From then through to the publication of the Samara Valley Project (2016) we...


The Genomic Formation of Central and South Asia (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Vagheesh Narasimhan.

This is an abstract from the "Ancient DNA in Service of Archaeology" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. This paper serves as an example of how ancient DNA (aDNA) data can provide new insight into large-scale population transformations of archaeological cultures. The details of population transformation through time in Central and South Asia have been unclear due to the lack of aDNA. To address this gap, we generated genome-wide data from 500 ancient...


Geoarchaeological Survey of the Irtysh River Basin, East Kazakhstan (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Zachary Cofran. Reed Coil. Gabriel McGuire.

Evidence for the earliest human occupation of Eastern Kazakhstan is poorly known, despite it being part one of the largest countries in the world and flanked along its borders with important paleoanthropological sites in Russia and China. We sought evidence of prehistoric sites by foot and vehicle survey around the Irtysh Basin. At each major point of interest we took photographs geotagged with geographic coordinates, and collected global positioning system (GPS) data. Although much of the area...


Geographical Margins as Key to Understanding Crop Dispersal Mechanisms in Prehistory: Case Study for Kyrgyzstan (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Giedre Motuzaite Matuzeviciute.

More than 8000 years ago, a variety of crop species began to spread across Eurasia, reaching its edges approximately 4000 years later. The chain of mountains that stretches across Central Asia constituted a geographical obstacle that slowed down the dispersal process. Special high altitude adaptive strategies were required not only by humans, but also by plants due to changes in the length of the growing season, climatic conditions, UV intensity, among other factors. Therefore, the mountain...


Home-making in the Khorezm Oasis (Karakalpakstan, Uzbekistan) (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Elizabeth Brite.

This is an abstract from the "Empirical Approaches to Mobile Pastoralist Households" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. A key feature of mobile pastoralism is the circulation of kin groups within a landscape, where movement is structured at least in part by the repeated return to places of social and ritual significance. Cultural anthropologists describe these as practices of "belonging made by moving," where notions of lineal descent, home, and...


Horses in Iron Age Steppe Burials: Their Enduring Socio-political Role (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Katheryn Linduff. Karen Rubinson.

This is an abstract from the "Wheels, Horses, Babies and Bathwaters: Celebrating the Impact of David W. Anthony on the Study of Prehistory" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Horses have been a large part of the David Anthony’s research interests. Horses also played a significant role in the Pazyryk Culture (4th-3rd centuries BCE), a group of peoples buried in the Altai Mountains, in the region where modern Russia, Mongolia, China and Kazakhstan meet....


Horses in Iron Age Steppe Burials: Their Enduring Socio-Political Role (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Karen Rubinson. Katheryn Linduff.

This is an abstract from the "Wheels, Horses, Babies and Bathwaters: Celebrating the Impact of David W. Anthony on the Study of Prehistory" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Horses have been a large part of David Anthony's research interests. Horses also played a significant role in the Pazyryk Culture (4th-3rd centuries BCE), a group of peoples buried in the Altai Mountains in the region where modern Russia, Mongolia, China and Kazakhstan meet....


The House Next Door (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Susan Pollock.

This is an abstract from the "From Households to Empires: Papers Presented in Honor of Bradley J. Parker" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The attention devoted to households and houses in archaeology over the last few decades has brought with it a welcome emphasis on small-scale domestic practices and the rhythms of daily life. But houses are not only constructed and lived in – they are also abandoned and reused in various ways. I will focus on...


The Iron Age Culture of Sistan, Afghanistan (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Mitch Allen. William B. Trousdale.

Our knowledge of the cultural history of western Central Asia is spotty and incomplete between the collapse of complex societies of the Bronze Age and the middle of the first millennium BCE. This is particularly true of the little-studied Sistan region of southwest Afghanistan and eastern Iran. The Helmand Sistan Project, conducted by the Smithsonian Institution and Afghan Directorate of Archaeology and Historic Preservation through the 1970s but hitherto unpublished, uncovered through survey...


Knotting Accuracy & Dimension Variation in Modern Turkmen Carpets (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Victoria Sluka.

A pilot study of pile carpet variation and error is carried out on ethnographic Turkmen carpets. No such work has been previously published, and so this analysis provides basic data and conclusions on carpet variation, including type and intensity of variation, to be used as a starting point for further study of archaeologic carpet samples. Data is taken from six comparable carpets, informing on two aspects of carpet variation. The dimensions and knot densities of the carpets’ motifs are used...


Landscapes of the Silk Road: Written, Imagined, and Embodied Spacetimes (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Kathryn Franklin.

This paper approaches Silk Road-scapes as imagined topographies, a particular inheritance of the medieval culture of travel, and of its representations of the world(s). How we imagine the ‘Silk Road’ landscape is therefore rooted in assumptions about categories and conditions of agency (social and historical), and about space. These include mobility, transcendence, and visibility—both in the landscape and in the record. Travel and cosmopolitan encounters along roads (Silk or otherwise) are...