Multi-regional/comparative (Geographic Keyword)

1-25 (148 Records)

American Spaces, Irish Places: Assessing Three Urban Communities in 19th Century Irish-America (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Nicholas Ames.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. American industry drew millions of Irish immigrants during the 19th and early 20th century, profoundly shaping the face of modern America. This research investigates how Irish communities in the U.S. responded to local conditions within different types of urban spaces, influencing the way communities and subsequent identities within Irish-America were formed....


Analyzing Similarity of Animal Style Art in Iron Age North Central Eurasia: A New Way to Study Continental Expression of Religious Symbolism (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Kathryn MacFarland.

This is an abstract from the "Novel Statistical Techniques in Archaeology I (QUANTARCH I)" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Animal Style Art (ASA), an iconographic style expressed on monuments and material culture, is a geographically widespread phenomenon in north central Eurasia during the Iron Age (ca. 1,000 BCE – 100 CE). ASA analyses usually focus on stylistic difference or similarity. This poster reports an artifact-focused macro-scale...


Ancient and Medieval Monuments from Romania and Spain as a Testimony of Transcontinental Links—Cultural and Scientific Aspects (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Daniela Turcanu-Carutiu. Rodica-Mariana Ion. Alessandro Ravotto. Sorin Tincu. Verginica Schroder.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The synergic approach to preserving and restoring chalk stone, artefacts, mosaics, and fresco surfaces, which belong to the cultural heritage, with archeomaterials brings novelty through transdisciplinarity. Applied research is needed to save some of the most important pieces of art and archeology belonging to the national cultural heritage and requiring...


Answering the Grand Challenges of Archaeology (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jeffrey Altschul.

This is an abstract from the "Attention to Detail: A Pragmatic Career of Research, Mentoring, and Service, Papers in Honor of Keith Kintigh" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Keith Kintigh has been at the forefront of the digital revolution in archaeology. He was one of the first to recognize the potential and need of digital archives to house and make accessible the vast treasure trove of archaeological data. He has been a leader in developing tools...


The Anthropocene: Present Singular or Past Plural? (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Thomas Leppard.

To what extent are Anthropocene dynamics prefigured or anticipated in microcosm during the later Quaternary, and how do scalar differences in environmental organization (result in anthropic processes working at different rates) complicate any search for a Golden Spike? Drawing on datasets from islands worldwide during the terminal Pleistocene and Holocene, this paper explores how humans drive change in biophysical systems, emphasizing similarities of type yet differences of scale between...


Applications of the IFD and IDD to Complex Societies (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Christopher Jazwa. Kyle Jazwa. Stephen Collins-Elliott.

This is an abstract from the "Fifty Years of Fretwell and Lucas: Archaeological Applications of Ideal Distribution Models" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The Ideal Free and Ideal Despotic Distribution (IFD/IDD) models have become increasingly popular in the archaeological and anthropological literature because of their flexibility to be applied at a variety of geographic scales. With some exceptions, however, most of the applications of the models...


Archaeological Science or Scientific Archaeology: Where Does "Science" Lie in Stone Artefact Research? (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Sam Lin.

Archaeological science is defined as the use of scientific techniques, typically derived from the natural sciences, in archaeology. In lithic research, archaeological science studies have investigated topics ranging from identifying raw material sources, assessing artefact function and technology, to modelling socio-cultural and evolutionary changes. However, this method-centred definition of archaeological science has also led to a focus on the "sciency" appeal of techniques over basic...


Archaeological Storytelling: Narrative Construction using Virtual Reality (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Kacey Hadick.

Virtual reality (VR) is an exciting new medium for interactive storytelling and holds great promise as a way to raise awareness of heritage sites and the conservation challenges they face. VR can also be used as a way to provide virtual access to parts of an archaeological site that may be too sensitive for traditional tourism activities. In 2017, CyArk developed three virtual reality experiences of geographically diverse archaeological sites around the world that are being adversely impacted by...


Archaeology and Comics: Cons, Concerns, and Creativity (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Paulina Przystupa.

This is an abstract from the "From Tomb Raider to Indiana Jones: Pitfalls and Potential Promise of Archaeology in Pop Culture" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Popular culture is important for gaging how archaeology is understood by the public. It allows us to evaluate what aspects of our discipline the public finds interesting and what the public misunderstands, despite a wealth of academic and scientific knowledge. This paper will focus on how...


Assessing Connections between the Spoked Wheel and Bronze Age Elite Social Identities (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only James Johnson.

This is an abstract from the "Wheels, Horses, Babies and Bathwaters: Celebrating the Impact of David W. Anthony on the Study of Prehistory" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The wheel may be the greatest, and most enduring, technological innovation in human history. Certainly, the wheel transformed the potential and efficacy of transportation technologies, trade and exchange systems, not to mention human mobility. The innovation of the wheel produced...


Authentically Inauthentic and Real Fakes: An Archaeology of Contemporary Stonehenge Replicas (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Rebecca Younger. Kenneth Brophy.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Stonehenge (UK) has inspired replicas on every inhabited continent, with nearly 30 in North America alone. Few could – nor are intended to - be mistaken for the real thing. We explore several contemporary Stonehenges, illustrating the range of forms, materials and motivations associated with such replicas. We focus on artworks - Deller’s inflatable Sacrilege,...


Axe-Monies in the Smithsonian Collections (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Kim Cullen Cobb. Emily Kaplan. Michele Austin Dennehy. Christopher Beekman.

This is an abstract from the "Coastal Connections: Pacific Coastal Links from Mexico to Ecuador" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. A technical study of pre-Columbian copper-alloy axe-monies from the collections of the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of the American Indian and National Museum of Natural History. Research activities include stereo microscopy, digital photography (macro and micro), portable X-ray fluroescence (pXRF)...


Behavioral Modernity (or Lack Thereof) and Its Reflection in Lithic Assemblages (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Radu Iovita.

One of the most important methodological issues facing modern paleoanthropology is the so far failed matching of archaeological material with specific hominins, at least at the metapopulation level. Due largely to the plethora of scenarios produced by genetic and genomic data in the last few years, the demand for archaeological confirmation or refutation of diverse dispersal scenarios has increased. Yet our understanding of lithic assemblages is not sufficiently nuanced to answer these...


Best Strategies for Field-based Training in Data Recording and Management (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Anne Austin. Ixchel Faniel. Eric Kansa. Jennifer Jacobs. Ran Boytner.

This is an abstract from the "Capacity Building or Community Making? Training and Transitions in Digital Archaeology" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. A student’s first experience with archaeological recording is frequently in a field school setting. Yet, field school data recording practices can quickly evolve as archaeological projects integrate new technology, change excavation strategies, and investigate new research questions. How do these...


Beyond the Technical Revolution: Epistemological Shifts in Archaeological XRF (or: "The World of XRF Will Never Be the Same Again") (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Ellery Frahm.

This is an abstract from the "2019 Fryxell Award Symposium: Papers in Honor of M. Steven Shackley" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. In 1983, an advertisement for a Tracor X-ray spectrometer proclaimed that "the world of XRF will never be the same again" thanks to an integrated microcomputer that "takes the confusion out of instrumental analysis." It was an exaggeration that this model offered "mistake-proof" XRF, but the point is that this...


Big Data, Heritage Management, and the EAMENA Project (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Nichole Sheldrick.

This is an abstract from the "Archaeological Vision in the Age of Big Data" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Heritage inventories are crucial for effective cultural heritage protection, especially during conflicts or disaster situations. Digital technologies, particularly remote sensing, are making it easier and faster than ever to create and disseminate these inventories, and collect data on a scale not previously possible. Since 2015, the...


Bioarchaeology as Archaeology: Past Practices and Future Prospects (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Alexis Boutin.

This is an abstract from the "The Future of Bioarchaeology in Archaeology" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. This paper reflects on bioarchaeology as archaeology (after Armelagos 2003) by tracing the discipline’s past and identifying current research trends. Bioarchaeology’s roots run deep into the 20th century, but it was only in the late 1970s that it received its name in the U.S. and began to blossom as a discipline. The first generation of...


Bodies of Power: The Bioarchaeology of Cooperation (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Sara L. Juengst.

This is an abstract from the "Cooperative Bodies: Bioarchaeology and Non-ranked Societies" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Power differences and status are most commonly associated with hierarchy; however, heterarchy, or horizontal power differentiation, is another common way of organizing complex communities. Rather than the vertical ranking commonly associated with hierarchy, heterarchy may include differential or shared access to power at...


Braiding Knowledge: Opportunities and Challenges for Collaborative Approaches to Archaeological Heritage and Conservation (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Dylan Clark. Patricia McAnany. Sonya Atalay.

This is an abstract from the "Braiding Knowledge: Opportunities and Challenges for Collaborative Approaches to Archaeological Heritage and Conservation" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Recently, archaeologists have turned to more collaborative and participatory approaches and are considering more centrally the impact and relevance of archaeology to the contemporary world. The past is deeply rooted in communities, and integrating local...


Can Soil Microbial Community Composition Distinguish Indoor and Outdoor Spaces? (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Brigid Grund. Stephen Williams.

This is an abstract from the "Hell Gap at 60: Myth? Reality? What Has It Taught Us?" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Various methods have been used to differentiate among activity areas at archaeological sites (e.g., element and lipid analysis), but additional work in this area is needed. To our knowledge, no previous studies have attempted to classify indoor and outdoor spaces by examining soil microbial community composition. Phospholipid fatty...


A Career to Celebrate: The Achievements of S. Terry Childs and Her Impact on Archaeological Collections (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Danielle Benden.

This is an abstract from the "How to Conduct Museum Research and Recent Research Findings in Museum Collections: Posters in Honor of Terry Childs" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. For many years, S. Terry Childs has led the charge on all things related to archaeological curation and collections management. With a keen focus, she has carried the torch on training and practice, shining a light on archaeological collections and the need for their...


Chasing Red Herrings Down the Kelp Highway: Paleoindian Migration via the Pacific Coast is Unproven and Improbable (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Stuart Fiedel.

Over the past two decades, migration of Paleoindian ancestors along the Pacific coast has become the dominant origin hypothesis mainly because: 1) arrival at Monte Verde by 14,300 cal BP (or even 19,000 cal BP, as recently claimed) requires a still earlier emigration from Beringia and 2) the alternative "ice-free corridor" ostensibly was not habitable by large herbivores before 13,000 cal BP. However, the coastal hypothesis cannot account for many inconvenient facts. These include: absence of...


Chicanxperimental Archaeology: Inclusion and Inclusions in the Experimental Construction of Earthen Ovens (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Albert Gonzalez.

This is an abstract from the "Chicanx Archaeology" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. This paper describes the pedagogical and scientific results of the construction and testing of several miniature scale Mexican-style adobe ovens (hornos) by faculty and students in Anthropology at California State University, East Bay (CSUEB). Findings are divided into three sections: Adobe as Teaching Technology, Adobe as Construction Technology, and Adobe and...


Child’s Play? Exploring Archaeological Evidence for Care-Giving in the 19th and 20th Centuries (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Carenza Lewis.

This paper will consider how archaeological evidence from two case-studies can inform our understanding of how attitudes to child care affected children’s lived experience. I will explore the character and range of archaeological evidence relating to childhood from two very different sites, a 19th-century mission complex in San Diego and a mid-20th century council estate in Lincolnshire, comparing ratios of different types of finds (eg marbles, metal toys, doll parts and slate pencils) to...


Climate and Culture in the Caribbean and Western Atlantic Regions (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Dawn Beamer. Lisa Park Boush. Mary Jane Berman. Perry Gnivecki. Amy Myrbo.

This is an abstract from the "Advances in the Archaeology of the Bahama Archipelago" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The islands of the Lesser and Greater Antilles were permanently settled as early as 8000 ybp, but the earliest human presence in the Bahama archipelago is dated ~1200 ybp, some 6700 years later. It has been noted that a connection between climate variations in the Caribbean/West Atlantic region may be the key to understanding the...