Asia: East Asia (Geographic Keyword)

1-25 (143 Records)

An Analysis on the Taosi Cemetery from the Late Neolithic in North-central China (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Xiangming Dai.

Taosi is one of the largest sites surrounded by the huge fortification during the late Neolithic in the middle Yellow River valley. So far the archaeologists have excavated a large cemetery, and uncovered a number of burials at Taosi. These burials can be divided into a few categories based on their scale, structure and grave goods, representing the different social ranks. The cemetery consists of several sections, which represent the different social groups. During the early Longshan period,...


Animal Resources Utilization and Management at the Late Neolithic Dinggong Site, China: Evidences from Stable Isotope Analysis (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Yifan Wang. Yu Dong. Fen Wang. Fengshi Luan.

This is an abstract from the "New Thoughts on Current Research in East Asian Archaeology" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The long-term excavations at Dinggong, a late Neolithic site in northern China (c. 2600-2000 cal. BC), have uncovered extensive human and faunal remains with clear contextual information. We carried out stable carbon and nitrogen isotope analysis of faunal remains to investigate the animal resources utilization and management of...


Archaeological Evidence of Multiple Domestication of Rice (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Yunfei Zheng. Haibin Gu.

The first domestication of rice in the Yangtze river valley in China is recently informed by genetic, archaeological, palaeoenvironmental, and archaeobotanical data. Archaeological sites where rice remains between 10000 and 4000 BP have been unearthed are concentrated in the middle and the lower Yangtze valley, a distance of over 1000 km apart. This study focuses on the morphological and histological features of spikelet bases of rice between 8300 and 4800 BP found in the Liyang Plain of the...


Arrangement of the Handicraft Industry at the Site of Taijiasi in the Shang Dynasty (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only He Xiaolin.

This is an abstract from the "Craft and Technology: Knowledge of the Ancient Chinese Artisans" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The Shang Dynasty-era site of Taijiasi was excavated from 2014 to 2017. Excavations revealed many remains of bronze casting and bone-tool manufacture. This paper focuses on the arrangement of the two different kinds of handicraft. Along with analysis of other house and sacrificial remains, archaeologists can investigate the...


Assemblages of Stone Artifacts in the Region of Shuiyang River, South China: LCTs and Model 2 (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Zhe Dong.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Most scholars supported that there were only choppers or chopping tools in East Asia among Paleolithic time, while in the west side of the old continent the innovation of technology is obvious. In China, archaeologists have already found some important regions which are characterized with large cutting tools such as handaxes, cleavers, picks, and knives during...


Assessing Agricultural Strategies in Prehistoric Korea through Climate and Landscape Models (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Rachel Lee. Martin Bale. Jade D'Alpoim Guedes.

This is an abstract from the "New Evidence, Methods, Theories, and Challenges to Understanding Prehistoric Economies in Korea" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Relict fields and archaeobotanical remains from village sites in South Korea indicate intensive agriculture was practiced during the Mumun Period (ca. 1500-200 B.C.). In this paper, we discuss the effects of climate and landscape in the decision-making of Mumun farmers, particularly which...


Biological Kinship and Cemetery Organization in Eastern Zhou Period China (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Tommy Budd.

The social significance of large kinship structures such as clans and lineages has been demonstrated throughout Chinese history, and kinship has in part determined social ties and participation in various social activities. Clan emblems appear on artifacts from as early as the Shang Dynasty, and kinship remains an important element of social identities in modern China. In relation to mortuary practices, kinship identities may affect factors such as mortuary assemblages and burial location. This...


Bronze Age Crucibles in China: A Unique Technological Tradition and its Cultural Implications (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Siran Liu.

This is an abstract from the "Craft and Technology: Knowledge of the Ancient Chinese Artisans" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Most studies of early metallurgy in China have focused on style, manufacturing techniques and alloy compositions of bronze artefacts. In rare circumstances, other sections of the bronze production Chaîne opératoire such mining, smelting and metal processing are considered. This research concentrates on early bronze...


Bronzes, Mortuary Ritual and the Rise of Political Power in the NE Frontier of Ancient China: A case study of Upper Xiajiadian Burials (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Yan Sun.

This is an abstract from the "Recent Research on Early Chinese Borderland Cultures and Archaeological Materials" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. This study focuses on manipulation of bronzes of different styles, and mortuary rituals overall, during in the emergence of political power in the northeastern frontier of ancient China. Data are presented on three richly furnished burials M101 at Nanshan’gen and M8501 and M9601 at Xiaoheishigou of the...


Casting Experiment for a Small-Sized Bronze Statue of Buddha Dating to the Tang Dynasty (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Chun Yu. Ya Wei Dong.

This is an abstract from the "From Tangible Things to Intangible Ideas: The Context of Pan-Eurasian Exchange of Crops and Objects" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The four-footed base is a specific structural feature of bronze statues of Buddha in China during the fourth to ninth century BC. This feature appears to have been made using the lost wax method, but experimental methods indicate that the four-footed base was made with the sand mold...


Centering the Periphery: The Case of Southeast China during the Early Imperial Period (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Francis Allard.

First incorporated into China in 214 BCE, the southern region known as Lingnan (which consists of the present-day provinces of Guangxi and Guangdong), has traditionally been regarded as one of China’s peripheral regions. Not only was Lingnan distant from imperial centers in the north, its native pre-literate ‘Yue’ inhabitants spoke non-sinitic languages and were known for their distinctive ‘uncivilized’ behaviors. Along with its location at the southern margin of modern China’s territory, the...


Ceramic, Lithic, and Settlement Variability of the Incipient Jomon Sites on Tanegashima Island, Japan (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Fumie Iizuka. Pamela Vandiver. Kazuki Morisaki. Masami Izuho. Mark Aldenderfer.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Although conventional thinking has associated the advent of pottery with farming, sedentism, and groundstones, more recent research suggests that emergence contexts vary. Case studies on intra-regional variability are required to better understand the timing and behavioral context of the adoption of pottery. In this study, we provide the case of the first...


Changing Perspectives for the Palaeolithic Research of the Japanese Archipelago (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Fumiko Ikawa-Smith.

This is an abstract from the "Current Issues in Japanese Archaeology (2019 Archaeological Research in Asia Symposium)" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Apart from sporadic finds of human bones and artifacts, systematic research on the Palaeolithic began in Japan with the Iwajuku excavation in 1949. In spite of the relatively short history of 70 years, and the negative impact of the "Fujimura Scandal" of 2000, which resulted in nullification of...


The Character of Carbonized Rice in Hunan Archaeological Site (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Haibin Gu.

Based on the comprehensive analysis of grain shape and embryos of carbonized rice from archaeological sites, the author draws conclusions as follows: a. There is a difference in shape of spikelet base between cultivated rice and wild rice, but it is difficult to make comparable measurements. Therefore, it is possible to identify rice by using the characteristics of the spikelet base based on one’s experience, but it is difficult to make comparisons between different researchers. b. According to...


Coastal Resource Use During the Prehistoric Times in the Amami and Okinawa Archipelagos, Japan (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Hiroto Takamiya. Takeji Toizumi. Taiji Kurozumi.

This is an abstract from the "Human Behavioral Ecology at the Coastal Margins: Global Perspectives on Coastal & Maritime Adaptations" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The Ryukyu archipelago, Japan, is located between Kyushu and Taiwan islands, stretching approximately 1200 km. The Amami and Okinawa archipelagos occupy the central part of the Ryukyu archipelago. Astonishingly, Homo sapiens settled these islands as early as ca. 30,000 years ago. Based...


Collapse, or Drastic Socio-cultural Transformation?: Some Cases from Japanese Prehistory (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Koji Mizoguchi.

This is an abstract from the "Current Issues in Japanese Archaeology (2019 Archaeological Research in Asia Symposium)" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. This paper proposes to redefine 'collapse' as a type of human responses to changes that happen to the (variously perceived, experienced and utilized) environment in which we live. It is argued that the phenomena commonly termed as 'collapses', such as the disintegration of settlement systems and the...


Communities, Violence and Fortification: A Study of Longshan Landscapes (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only James Williams.

The Late Neolithic period in Central China, known as the Longshan period, has long been associated with violence and warfare. There have been several theories as to what are the catalysts for for this period of increased violence. This paper will review the evidence of warfare and violence during this period. Using disparate spatial data this paper will investigate the implications of warfare and violence on the settlement patterning of the Central Plains of China. Through this investigation we...


A Complex History of Human-Environment Interaction Revealed by the Study of Metal Production Industries in Imperial China (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Siran Liu. Thilo Rehren. Wei Qian. Jianli Chen. Marcos Martinón-Torres.

The study of technology with archaeological science approaches is a powerful proxy for investigating the history of human-environment interactions and provides essential information which could not be revealed by other types of evidence. This great potential was however not fully exploited in previous works. Here we present an on-going project of archaeometallurgical investigation of 7th-15th century silver-lead production sites in China. Environmental history study agreed that during this...


Crop Processing in the Lower Yellow River Valley: From Known to Unknown (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Yufeng Sun.

As one of the most highly-developed cultural regions in China, many aspects of the lower Yellow River Valley have been systematically studied, including climatic revolutions, cultural patterns, and subsistence strategies, among others. It is now known that the diversified environments of the Valley, including flood plains, hills and coastal regions, facilitated the development of distinctive cultures and subsistence patterns in these areas. These distinctions are principally reflected in their...


Crops, Gender, and Food Choices: Investigating the Formation of Chinese Staple Cuisines via Stable Isotope Analysis (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Rachel Reid. Xinyi Liu.

This is an abstract from the "From Tangible Things to Intangible Ideas: The Context of Pan-Eurasian Exchange of Crops and Objects" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The modern Chinese food system was formed over thousands of years from a diverse set of regional agricultures and cuisines. Isotopic analysis of archaeological skeletons can be used to investigate the importance of different food resources to past diets. This approach has been extensively...


Cultural Biographies of Japanese Jades: Temporal and Spatial Variability during the Jomon Period (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Ilona Bausch.

This is an abstract from the "Two Approaches to Archaeological Jades: Source Characterization and Social Valuation" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Jadeitite from the Itoigawa source was highly valued among hunter-gatherers inhabiting the Japanese archipelago during the Jomon period, circulating widely from its discovery during the late Early Jomon (c. 4000 BCE) until the end of the period (c. 400 BCE). While there is some indication that raw...


A Design Diagram and Production Process for Ground Stone Tools at Wufengbe Site during the Liangzhu Culture Period (5300-4200 BP) in China (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Hong Chen. Jinqiong Tang. Mingli Sun.

This is an abstract from the "Craft and Technology: Knowledge of the Ancient Chinese Artisans" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The Wufengbei Site is located in the Mudu Ancient City Neolithic sites at Suzhou, Jiangsu Province, southern China. Excavations in 2016 yielded a total of 3850 pieces of lithic artifacts. Based on the concept of Chaîne Opératoire, artifacts were classified and analyzed by the hierarchical dynamic typology and use-wear...


Diet Reconstruction of Ancient Population from Banlashan Cemetry, a Neolithic Hongshan Archaeological Culture Site in China—Based on Stable Isotopic and Dental Microwear Analysis (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Shiyu Yang. Xingyu Man. Xuezhu Liao. Xiaofan Sun. Jiaxin Li.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Hongshan culture is a famous archaeological cultures in the Neolithic Age in China, and its economic structure has always been the focus of academic attention. According to the bone material unearthed from the cemetery, the diet characteristics of the late Hongshan people can be effectively recovered through the integrating stable isotopic and dental microwear...


The Dissemination of Miaodigou Culture Painted Pottery (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Liping Yang.

This is an abstract from the "Technology and Design in 4th and 3rd Millennium BCE China" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The cultural sequence of the Wei River valley, as exemplified by Miaodigou Culture of the Middle Yangshao Period, represents a pinnacle as reflected in its masterfully crafted ceramics. The classical forms are pointed-bottomed amphorae, flat-bottomed bottles, coarseware jars, deep basins, and deep bowls. Of special importance are...


Dry-Grinding or Wet-Grinding? Use-Wear Reveals the Grinding Technique Used for Cereal Processing in Early Neolithic Central China (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Weiya Li. Wanli Lan. Yuzhang Yang. Christina Tsoraki. Annelou van Gijn.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Different food processing techniques often shed light on the dietary habits and subsistence strategies adopted by prehistoric populations. Studies have shown that grinding cereals into flour took place since the Paleolithic age. Nevertheless, the grinding method employed in the prehistoric periods was often not investigated. This study discovered the different...