Africa: Egypt (Geographic Keyword)

1-19 (19 Records)

Banqueting with Tutankhamun: A Case Study in Determining the Function and Meaning of an Unprovenanced Artifact (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Michael Tritsch.

A striking example of the sophistication of the vitreous materials industry at the time it was produced, a faience bead depicting Tutankhamun drinking from a white lotus chalice possesses tremendous symbolic meaning that reflects the mores of the ancient Egyptian culture of the time. Although a published piece from the Eton College Collection, this is the first time extensive research has been performed on this unprovenanced artifact bought on the antiquities market in the late 1800s. Production...


Connecting the Dead: A Comparison of Pre-dynastic Nubian and Egyptian Cemeteries (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Sara Zaia. Katherine Rose.

In the early 20th century, seminal Egyptologist George Reisner excavated a series of predynastic cemeteries west of the Giza plateau and farther south in modern day Sudan. While some objects from specific cemeteries were published in original manuscripts, the majority of artifacts currently housed in Harvard University’s Peabody Museum remain unstudied. Through a combination of ceramic analyses, including petrography and stylistic analysis, we situate these assemblages within a discussion of...


The Current State of Egyptology: An International Survey and Discussion (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Carl Walsh. Justin Yoo. Paul van Pelt.

This paper suggests that Egyptology has reached a critical juncture in which the opening of the field to other areas, such as anthropology and sociology, is critical in revitalising and safeguarding the future of the discipline. Discourse beyond disciplinary boundaries is becoming increasingly important in academia, due to wider changes in university structures, employment, and funding opportunities. Given the current importance of these issues, the authors wanted to determine how these aspects...


Did You Sleep Well? – The Body, the Senses and the Ancient Egyptian Headrest (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Katharina Zinn.

This paper explores the possibility to extract information about sensory experiences inherent in the material culture of ancient Egypt which are often overlooked due to the difficulty to track them in the material. By implementing new intellectual frameworks like New Materialism and the consequent application of methodologies from archaeology and anthropology we gain insight in the actions of ancient bodies. Taking inspiration from Latour’s actants (2005), Barad’s agential realism (2007) and...


Dig Until You Find Blood: A Spatial Investigation of Menstrual Seclusion Practice at Deir el-Medina (2019)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Anne Sherfield.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Ethnographic investigations into menstrual seclusion practices worldwide show that investigating these behaviors is not only fruitful, but also integral in understanding a community’s ideology and social structuring. Texts dating to the New Kingdom and Demotic periods suggest that ancient Egyptians engaged in a menstrual seclusion practice that included a...


Do Women Rule Differently? Lessons from the Ancient Egyptian Patriarchy (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Kathlyn Cooney.

This is an abstract from the "Women of Violence: Warriors, Aggressors, and Perpetrators of Violence" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Historians often make blanket assumptions that female kings of Egypt ruled differently from men. Hatshepsut is often said to have been a pacifist, not leading her country into invasions abroad. Cleopatra’s rule has been characterized as drama-seeking, manipulative, not to mention hormonally imbalanced in the writings...


Entering the "Valley of Death": Isotopic Evidence of Vulnerable Survivors at Roman Period Kellis, Egypt (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Sandra Wheeler. Lana Williams. Tosha Dupras.

Breast-fed infants living in communities with adequate food access experience particularly high health risks during complementary feeding between ages 6 to 36 months. The most vulnerable of these die in this period, characterized as the "valley of death," which represents a biocultural reality. The majority of those who survive are "vulnerable survivors." The Kellis 2 cemetery sample (Dakhleh Oasis, Egypt, AD 50-450) provides a unique opportunity to analyze effects of biocultural disruptions...


Escaping from the Tomb: A Spatial Analysis of Possible Escape Routes in the Valley of the Kings, Egypt (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Danielle Phelps.

Howard Carter discovered the relatively intact tomb of Tutankhamun (KV 62), one of the last kings of the Eighteenth Dynasty of Egypt, in the Valley of the Kings in 1922. Prior to the discovery, Carter discovered several small artifacts in the cliffs above the valley’s floor, which he proclaimed were indicators of a possible escape route of the ancient tomb raiders from the Valley of the Kings. During the excavation of the tomb, Carter also claimed to have identified two distinct robberies that...


Ethnoarchaeology in Egypt's City of the Dead (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Caroline Arbuckle MacLeod.

Many of the initial approaches to understanding ancient cultures were centered on ethnographic observations. These early studies tended towards overly simplistic arguments that often either overtly or inadvertently supported social Darwinism. Recent applications of ethnoarchaeology have also been accused of falling into similar pitfalls. While the critics are right to highlight the limitations of this approach, scholars can avoid making dangerous assumptions by working alongside the societies...


Implementing American Interpretative Methods for Better Preservation of a Cultural Heritage Site (Case Study: Mallawi Museum, Minya, Egypt). (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Heba Abdelsalam.

Heritage interpretation is one of the best methods for preserving cultural heritage since it assists a neighborhood in having a better understanding of the importance of its museums and historic sites. Lately, the world has witnessed the loss of many such sites in the Middle East. Therefore, the adaptation of the American models of interpretation would be ideal for addressing this problem. This paper provides an example of the use of these methods of interpretation for the preservation of sites...


The Invisibility of Experience: Accessing Ancient Sensory Frameworks (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Robyn Price.

While archaeological analyses that focus on the experiential and sensorial past are becoming more common, scholars continue to discuss and dispute what knowledge of the past is accessible. Without moving beyond the material remains and into the realm of the self-reflexive researcher (Hamilakis 2013: 119), this paper will demonstrate that archaeologists do not need to stray too far from their traditional methods to uncover rich evidence of past sensory lives. By drawing from the field of art...


Looking for Light in Ancient Egyptian Nocturnal Rituals (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Meghan Strong.

This is an abstract from the "After Dark: The Nocturnal Urban Landscape & Lightscape of Ancient Cities" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Given the modern abundance of artificial light, it is often assumed that ancient cultures had the means and desire to illuminate the night. The paucity of artificial lighting devices from ancient Egypt challenges this assumption and has led scholars to conclude that the evidence must be there, but earlier...


Material Collaborators: Making and Unmaking Roman Imperial Power at Trimithis (Dakhleh Oasis, Egypt) (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Anna Boozer.

Egypt’s Dakhleh Oasis preserves a Roman city, its hinterland, and a Romano-Egyptian house known to be occupied by a city councilor. We can do more than simply read these material remains as physical symbols of Roman political power. The intimate collaboration between imperial agents and the material world allows us to interpret the making and unmaking of Roman imperial power on the local level. This paper explores fluctuations in imperial power at Trimithis (Roman Amheida) through the changes...


The Monumentalization of Ma’at in the Tomb of Amenemhet: The Role of Text and Image in a System Approach to the Interpretation of Middle Kingdom Tombs (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Michael Tritsch.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Receiving little scholarly attention to date, most prior work on the tomb of Amenemhet at Beni Hasan has either focused on the translation of the titles and autobiography inscribed in and around the door jamb or on the description of the tomb scenes and accompanying decorations. To gain a more comprehensive understanding of this richly decorated structure,...


Rock Art Research in Dakhleh Oasis, Egypt: Content, Methods, and Interpretations (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Pawel Polkowski.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Situated some 350 km from the Nile Valley, Dakhleh Oasis is considered one of the largest rock art complexes in Egypt. The petroglyphs found there were executed in various periods, beginning from the Early Holocene, through Pharaonic times, towards modernity. Often being located in the same areas, they constitute large palimpsests witnessing a long history of...


Sacred and Profane Aspects of Water Management in Ancient Thmuis, Egypt (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jay Silverstein. Hamedy Mashaly.

Water management in ancient Egypt entailed harnessing natural and supernatural forces. Thmuis grew to power in the heart of the Nile Delta evolving as a nexus of Greco-Egyptian ideological syncretism within a riverine/lacustrine environment. Water management challenges included mitigating damage from annual floods, optimizing production, and maintaining transport. To survive in this dynamic hydrologic regimen, the people of Thmuis harnessed and controlled the Nile waters through engineering and...


The Spatial Distribution of Late Eighteenth Dynasty Tombs in the Valley of the Kings, Egypt (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Danielle Phelps.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The Valley of the Kings was the royal necropolis of the New Kingdom in ancient Egypt. The types of tombs found in the Valley include the larger royal tombs, small-chambered tombs, and pit tombs. It is suggested that the location of the small-chambered tombs in the Valley followed the tradition set forth during the Old and Middle Kingdoms when smaller tombs...


The Value of Children in Ancient Egypt (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Caroline Arbuckle MacLeod.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Children have long been considered one of the "invisible" communities of the ancient world. As they are infrequently mentioned in texts and incapable of constructing their own mortuary narratives, Egyptologists and archaeologists have contented themselves with only a basic understanding of the position of children in ancient Egyptian society; however, through...


Watercraft: The Earliest Temples in Egypt (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Lauren Lippiello.

Shared iconography and similar functionality associated with dated depictions of Predynastic watercraft and terrestrial shrines identify watercraft as the earliest manifestation of manufactured sacred space in Egypt. The resulting Mobile Sacred Space Paradigm describes watercraft as ritual objects (liminal negotiators) empowered to move through and, thereby, connect three ecologically distinctive landscapes as early as the Naqada IIB Period (and possibly Naqada IC). Results indicate that...