North America: Northern Southwest U.S. (Geographic Keyword)

1-25 (104 Records)

An Analysis of Biscuit Ware Ceramic Standardization in the Lower Chama Watershed, New Mexico (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Christina Stewart.

The Classic period (AD 1350-1598) in the Lower Chama Watershed of New Mexico was a time of rapid population growth and coalescence. Despite these dynamic population shifts, this time remains largely understudied. In this research, I examine the social dynamics of coalescence in the Lower Chama Watershed by analyzing changes in biscuit ware production at Sapa’uinge (LA 306), the largest Classic period pueblo in the region. Biscuit ware is a locally produced whiteware common at Sapa’uinge which...


An Analysis of No Agua Obsidian (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Kyle Lacy.

This is an abstract from the "Recent Research in the Rio Grande del Norte National Monument, Northern New Mexico" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The No Agua Peaks are a relative understudied obsidian source. An easily accessed and relatively large deposit area, one would expect No Agua obsidian to be frequently used and widely distributed. However, because of the source’s high silica content, desirability for and practicality of use of this...


Analysis of Prehistoric Flagstaff Cultural Developments (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Galen McCloskey.

The chronology of prehistoric cultural developments within the American Southwest has been a subject of interest and debate since the archaeologists began to study the region. Although archaeologists have recognized patterns of aggregation throughout the Southwest, the degree to which the patterns are synchronous through prehistory remains uncertain. This research focuses on the development of a cultural chronology of the prehistoric Flagstaff area ranging from A.D. 600 through A.D. 1300,...


Archaeological Maize: Does It Vary across Space and Time? (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Caitlin Clark. Linda Scott Cummings.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Recovery of maize cobs as part of the archaeological record yields a rich potential for discerning connections between people, places, and through time. Started almost three decades ago, the study of maize cob phytolith morphometrics has now produced a sufficient dataset for comparison of phytoliths from reference cobs spanning ancient varieties and more...


Architecture and Ritual Abandonment Sequences at the BaahKu Archaeological Site, Taos Valley, NM (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Catrina Whitley. Evangelia Tsesmeli.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. This poster presents the variation of architectural features and abandonment processes excavated and interpreted from BaahKu (LA 37627), in Taos Valley, New Mexico. Recent discoveries indicate intra-site variation in both construction and indicating contact and exchange with communities in the greater northern Rio Grande Valley and possibly beyond. This...


Basketmaker III on the Chuska Slope, Northwest New Mexico (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Timothy Kearns.

This is an abstract from the "Adopting the Pueblo Fettle: The Breadth and Depth of the Basketmaker III Cultural Horizon" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The centuries-long Ancestral Pueblo Basketmaker period occupation of the Chuska Slope in northwest New Mexico was marked by intervals of relative stability punctuated by long and short distance residential moves. Basketmaker settlement and material culture data are examined relative to key aspects...


Beyond the Household: The Evolution of Nonresidential Organizations During the Southwest Neolithic (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only John Ware.

This is an abstract from the "Kin, Clan, and House: Social Relatedness in the Archaeology of North American Societies" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The basic building blocks of human communities are residential groups held together by ties of kinship. As communities increase in number and size during the Neolithic, residential kinship groups persist, of course, but new institutions may emerge that draw their members from multiple residential...


Blind Dates and Nervous Anticipation: Adding Temporal Context to Perishable Artifacts in Legacy Collections from eastern Utah (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Tim Riley.

This is an abstract from the "How to Conduct Museum Research and Recent Research Findings in Museum Collections: Posters in Honor of Terry Childs" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The Ephraim P. and Dorothy Hickman Pectol Collection, probably the largest single collection of Fremont-associated perishable artifacts, was donated to the Utah State University Eastern Prehistoric Museum in the Spring of 2017. Most of this collection was amassed from...


Both Secular and Sacred: Kiva Function at Two Sites in the Mesa Verde Region of the American Southwest (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Chuck Riggs.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Investigations into the use of space at two sites in southwest Colorado have yielded strong evidence suggesting that archaeologists’ understanding of the pit house to kiva transition warrants further study. For many years, archaeologists have asserted that pit houses became formalized ceremonial structures called kivas by the end of the Pueblo I period (A.D....


Ceramic Ecology as Deep Ecology in Northern New Mexico (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Valerie Bondura.

"This landscape is animate: it moves, transposes, builds, proceeds, shifts, always going on, never coming back, and one can only retain it in vignettes, impressions caught in a flash." —Ann Zwinger, Downcanyon We might think of ceramics as landscape "caught in a flash", a bringing together of different geological places into newly combined forms. Ecological thinking in Northern Rio Grande Pueblos frames this bringing together as a fluid gathering of forces that flow in and out of one another....


Ceramic Production and Exchange among the Virgin Anasazi, 30 Years Later (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only James Allison.

At the 1988 SAA annual meeting in Phoenix, Margaret Lyneis presented a paper with the title Ceramic Production and Exchange among the Virgin Anasazi. In that paper she presented convincing evidence that, despite its abundance in the Moapa Valley of southeastern Nevada, Moapa Gray Ware was produced 70-100 km to the east, near the north rim of the western Grand Canyon. She also defined a new type of pottery, which she was calling Shivwits Brown at the time (later Shivwits Plain). Shivwits Brown...


Ceramics of Sterling Site and Cultural Interaction along the Middle San Juan River, New Mexico (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Hayward Franklin.

This is an abstract from the "Social Interaction and Networks at the Intersection of Central Mesa Verde and Chaco/Cibola Culture Areas in the Middle San Juan River Valley" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Ceramic analysis of older collections from the Sterling Site on the San Juan River reveal local and imported types from Cibola-Chaco, Chuska Valley, and northern San Juan districts. Pottery suggests active interaction between populations from three...


Collaboration, Accountability, and Performativity: Defining Collaboration in Northern New Mexico Archaeology (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Danny Sosa Aguilar. Chandler Fitzsimons.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. In recent years, collaborative approaches with descendant communities play an important role in archaeological research. One single understanding of "collaboration" does not prepare the archaeologist for the pitfalls and problems of engaging with communities. The result is a multitude of methodological approaches that display as a "continuum" of archaeological...


Community- Engaged Archaeology with Abiquiú, New Mexico (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Moira Peckham. Annie Danis.

This poster presents how the Berkeley Abiquiú Collaborative Archaeology project integrates oral histories conducted with community members with spatial and material data to support a more robust dialogue between the contemporary and the historic that is thoroughly grounded in community perspectives. At Abiquiú, the community’s perspectives on water management as presented through the interviews and, subsequently, the material and spatial data are intimately connected to not only identity, but...


Comparing Starch Granules from Wild and Cultivated Solanum jamesii to Determine the Effects of Domestication (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Nicole Herzog. Lisbeth Louderback. Bruce Pavlik.

The processes, antecedents, and outcomes associated with plant domestication have been central themes in archaeological and interdisciplinary research for the last century. While domesticates can often be readily distinguished from their wild progenitors both genetically and morphologically, the steps leading to domestication (transport, selective harvest, deliberate seed dispersal, active plant management, i.e. cultivation) can be difficult to track archaeologically. Techniques for identifying...


Competing Cultures: A New Age in Chaco Canyon (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Wendy Bustard.

This is an abstract from the "To Curate or Not to Curate: Surprises, Remorse, and Archaeological Grey Area" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Chaco Culture National Historical Park was founded to protect and preserve the cultural remains of an indigenous society whose high point was between 850 and 1150 CE. For the first 80 years of its existence, the park’s museum collection policy was straightforward because the artifacts recovered represented the...


Decomposing Habitat Suitability With Theory-Driven Machine-Learning (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Kenneth Vernon. Peter Yaworsky. Brian Codding.

This is an abstract from the "Fifty Years of Fretwell and Lucas: Archaeological Applications of Ideal Distribution Models" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Archaeological applications of ideal distribution models have advanced beyond the study of straightforward settlement decisions to address a variety of important but difficult anthropological questions. To aid in these investigations, we demonstrate a method for (i) decomposing habitat...


Design Analysis, Social Identity and Ancestral Pueblo Migration: Southwest Colorado to Northern New Mexico (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Samantha Linford.

Between PIII and PIV the Southwest saw the largest shift in population from the Mesa Verde region (SW Colorado) to the Northern Rio Grande (N. New Mexico). Traces of this migration are difficult to identify in material culture, but Pueblo oral traditions document the migration from the North and discuss two moieties: summer and winter. My research aims to understand dual division within Pueblo society and whether summer and winter moieties can be referenced through ceramic designs before and...


Directional Color Schemes at Chaco Canyon: Quaternary Patterns in Ornaments and Minerals from Kiva Offerings (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Hannah Mattson.

This is an abstract from the "Coloring the World: People and Colors in Southwestern Archaeology" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The placement of colorful ornaments, marine shell, and minerals in discrete ritual deposits is a long-lived practice in the Ancestral Pueblo region. This tradition is exemplified in Chaco Canyon, where numerous ceremonial deposits comprised of such objects have been documented in kivas and other rooms within great houses....


The Early Brown Ware Horizon in East-Central Arizona, AD 300-550: Preliminary Results from Recent Survey, Excavation, and Collections-Based Research (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only R. J. Sinensky.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The Early Brown Ware Horizon, also known as the Basketmaker II-III transition, is one of the most pivotal yet poorly understood temporal intervals in the Prehispanic northern Southwest. This poster reports on recent site reconnaissance, small-scale excavations, and collections-based analyses focused on an area with a dense occupation at this time, East Central...


Earning Their Living: Archaeologies of Ideation, Ritual, and Agricultural Practice in the Southwestern Pueblo Landscape (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Kurt F. Anschuetz. Richard I. Ford.

Agriculture among the northern Southwest’s Pueblo communities traditionally and historically was more than merely an economic activity through which the people "made their living." Steeped in ritual and informed by principles of stewardship, spiritual ecology, and ensoulment that explicate their orientation within the Natural World and their obligations to the Supernatural World, indigenous agricultural practice was literally and figuratively a key element in each individual’s everyday...


An Examination of Food Storage Patterns in the Northern Southwest (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jenny Engleman.

The purpose of this project is to identify patterns in Ancestral Puebloan food storage across the northern Southwest between AD 950 and 1300. Using legacy data from the Grand Canyon, I examine characteristics of food storage in canyon environments and then compare the results to southeastern Utah. To combat harsh environmental conditions and secure reliable resources, ancient people stored food in sealed masonry structures, or granaries, protected in alcoves high on canyon walls. These...


Examining the Architectural Technology at Lava Ridge Ruin, Arizona (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Benjamin Van Alstyne.

This is an abstract from the "Archaeology of the Grand Canyon-Parashant National Monument" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. One component of the archaeological record that can shed light on human behavior is architectural remains. Architectural studies in archaeology have mostly focused on evaluating the mechanical properties of construction materials, the amount of labor, time, and materials needed for construction, and room function to make...


Examining Turkey Husbandry in the Northern Southwest Using Legacy Museum Collections (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Blythe Morrison.

This is an abstract from the "Current Research on Turkey (Meleagris gallopavo) Domestication, Husbandry and Management in North America and Beyond" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. In this paper, I examine some of the details of turkey husbandry by analyzing avian remains and associated material culture, including feathers and cordage. The North American turkey (Meleagris gallopavo spp.) has had a significant and enduring presence in many of the...


Feasting and Shrine Formation at Mitchell Springs and Champagne Spring (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only David Dove.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Although most archaeologists agree that large-scale feasting occurred in the prehistoric Southwest, excavations have produced little direct evidence for it. Villages where feasting has been asserted had large populations, public architecture (monumental buildings, shrines, plazas, etc.), and often deep antiquity. Recent excavations at two such sites in...