Asia: Southeast Asia (Geographic Keyword)

1-25 (68 Records)

The Adaptive Capacity of the Water Management System of Angkor, Cambodia (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Sarah Klassen.

This paper assesses the relationship between elements of adaptive capacity of a water management system among six time periods. The archaeological case study, Angkor, Cambodia, was the center of the Khmer Empire for over 600 years (9th-15th centuries CE). During this time, the Khmers developed one of the largest and most complex water management systems in the pre-industrial world. In this paper, I use geographic information system analyses to quantitatively and qualitatively assess six elements...


The Ancient Lingling-O: Understanding Jade Stone Manufacture through Experimental Drilling and Scanning Electron Microscope Analysis (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Richard Nicolas.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The aim of this project is to understand the processes of jade stone manufacture of the Lingling-o, an ancient jade ornamental artifact found in Southeast Asia. As a favored body decoration in prehistoric societies, its distribution through a sea-based trade network in South China Sea, and the manufacture of jade stone materials influence the development of...


Angkor from the Outside In: Household Archaeology in Battambang, Cambodia (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Tiyas Bhattacharyya. Alison Carter. Miriam Stark. Sophorn Kim.

This is an abstract from the "The Current State of Archaeological Research across Southeast Asia" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The exploration of residential spaces through the study of household archaeology helps create a better understanding of society from multiple perspectives. Previous work on Angkorian households has focused on sites that were within the capital. There has been a record of archaeological occupation within Battambang...


Angkorian Settlements and Interactions in the Cambodia Middle Mekong Region (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Piphal Heng. Miriam Stark. Peter Grave. Lisa Kealhofer. Darith Ea.

The Middle Mekong Region played a crucial role in the formation of the pre-Angkorian and Angkor states. Most Angkorian centers are concentrated within the open plains with favorable access to rice cultivation and interconnected by landroutes. Settlements of the Middle Mekong Region are predominantly located within a narrow strip of fertile land between the rivers and the highlands historically associated with different groups of minorities. This paper combines multiple datasets including site...


Ants for Breakfast For Everyone! The Legacy of James Skibo’s Work on the Kalinga Ethnoarchaeological Project (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Margaret Beck.

This is an abstract from the "Archaeological Method and Theory: Papers in Honor of James M. Skibo, Part I" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. In 1988, James Skibo lived and worked in a small village along the Pasil River in the northern Philippines. His observations there of women cooking, and the material traces of vessel use, still have a lasting impact on archaeological ceramic analysis 30 years later. In this paper I consider some of Skibo’s...


Between Angkor and Champa: Political Economy of the Buffer Zone (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Piphal Heng.

This is an abstract from the "The Current State of Archaeological Research across Southeast Asia" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Highland Southeast Asia was historically the domain of ethnic swiddeners, in contrast with the wet rice farmers of lowland states. Recent scholarship has re-envisioned these upland groups as active agents who resisted lowland state domination, rather than viewing them as isolated tribal groups. Highlands located east of...


Bioarchaeological Approaches to Investigating Supply, Demand and Authenticity in the Colonial-era Human Remains Trade (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Damien Huffer. Shawn Graham.

During the Colonial era, numerous "trophy skulls" from various Indo-Pacific cultures entered Western museum and private collections, and continue to be sought as "authentic" collector’s items. However, very little bioarchaeological research exists investigating their provenience, intra-cultural variation in decoration and manufacture, and how examples created for Indigenous ritual use differed from those created for sale to Colonial explorers at the beginning of ‘curio’ trade, let alone what...


A Bioarchaeological View on Long-Term Development in Prehistoric Central Thailand (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Chin-hsin Liu.

This is an abstract from the "Paradigms Shift: New Interpretations in Mainland Southeast Asian Archaeology" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Archaeologically, Metal Age sites in northeast and central Thailand exhibit different patterns in site formation, size, and mortuary practice. With geophysical characteristics of each region in mind, these differences have led to an on-going discussion on, for example, the origin of metallurgy and cultigens,...


Centralized Power/Decentralized production? Angkorian Stoneware and the Southern Production Complex of Cheung Ek, Cambodia (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Lisa Kealhofer. Kaseka Phon. Peter Grave. Miriam Stark. Darith Ea.

This is an abstract from the "Paradigms Shift: New Interpretations in Mainland Southeast Asian Archaeology" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Historically, international archaeological research in mainland Southeast Asia (MSEA) has been typically site-focused and ‘origins’ oriented (e.g., agriculture, metalworking). Theoretical framing has been inductive, frequently emphasizing the role of migration in culture change. More recently, interest in the...


The Challenge of the Grid: A Conceptual Frontier in Angkor? (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Christophe Pottier.

For a quarter of a century, the concepts of an open city and a low density urban megalopolis have largely broadened our understanding of Angkor (Cambodia), which was based on the morpho-chronological vision of a succession of perfectly geometric walled cities. As the researches progressed, the identification of the elements that make up the archaeological landscape of the Great Angkor has been developed, mixing temples, palaces, settlements, reservoirs, road networks, hydraulic systems and...


Changing Angkorian Stoneware Production Modes: Bang Kong Kiln and Thnal Mrech Kiln (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Rachna Chhay. Piphal Heng. Visoth Chhay. Yukitsugu Tabata.

Stoneware ceramic production began in the 9th century CE in the Angkorian core region, and its cross-draft kiln technology, paste types, and vessel forms changed during its multi-century tradition. This paper compares kiln morphology, ceramic technology and vessel form from two Angkorian kiln sites: the 9th-11th century Bang Kong site, and the 10th-12th century Thnal Mrech. The sites are located in discrete geological regions: one in the Phnom Kulen hills (Thnal Mrech), and the other on the...


Climate Change (Global and SE Asia) (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Brendan Buckley. Rosanne D'Arrigo. Caroline Ummenhofer. Michael Griffiths. Kyle Hansen.

We have developed millennial length reconstructions of regional hydroclimate using multiple collections of tree cores from throughout Southeast Asia. Several published records of seasonal hydroclimate from Vietnamese cypress represent the most robust and well-replicated tree ring records from the global tropics, and allow for detailed analyses of the regional hydroclimate for multiple seasons. We demonstrate zonal changes in the mean climate over the past millennium with strong linkages to the...


Climate Change and the Middle Holocene "missing millennia" in the Southeast Asian Archaeological Record (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Joyce White. Mick Griffiths. Cyler N. Conrad. Kathleen Johnson.

Archaeological research in mainland Southeast Asia is a relatively recent endeavor, but as the region’s culture history has become more fully known, a gap in evidence called the "missing millennia" has emerged. The gap falls during the middle Holocene c. 6000-4000 BP when few sites have dated deposits. Yet from evidence dating before and after those millennia, important changes must have occurred, including changes in settlement systems, lithics and ceramic technologies, the appearance of cereal...


A Commensal-Prey Relationship in Early Mainland Southeast Asia? The Case of the Burmese Hare (Lepus peguensis) (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Cyler Conrad. Caitlin Ainsworth. Emily Lena Jones.

Rabbits and hares are often a central part of human subsistence strategies in both the past and the present. However, the Burmese hare (Lepus peguensis) – the sole member of the family Leporidae indigenous to mainland Southeast Asia (MSEA) – is rarely eaten today, and its status in the past is unclear. Although this taxon is currently abundant across a wide geographic range, it has a poor zooarchaeological record during the Pleistocene and Holocene. Identified specimens occur sporadically in...


Dental Health Assessment of Nil Kham Haeng and Its Implications in Prehistoric Central Thailand (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Chin-hsin Liu. Coralia Guandique.

Three adjacent, chronologically overlapped, and metallurgically active sites in central Thailand were excavated by the Thailand Archaeometallurgy Project (TAP). This study focuses on dental pathology (caries, calculus, periapical abscessing, antemortem tooth loss, linear enamel hypoplasia) observed on human skeletal remains from Nil Kham Haeng (500 B.C.-A.D. 600) to investigate possible foodways and lifeways of its inhabitants. Among approximately 20 individuals represented, 16 have sufficient...


The Development of Marine Archaeology in Indonesia and Southeast Asia Region and the Current State of Underwater Heritage Preservation and Management (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Nia Ridwan.

This paper will focus on the development of marine archaeology in Indonesia and Southeast Asia. It will also highlight the interdisciplinary and integrated marine archaeology research programs in the region having aims to investigating shipwrecks, cargoes, and maritime heritage recent condition as well as identifying human and environmental threats. Marine archaeology research, sustainable shipwreck utilization for tourism development, and local people engagement in underwater cultural heritage...


Don’t Throw the Baby out with the Bathwater: New Insights into Palaeodemographic Change with the Intensification of Agriculture in Southeast Asia (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Nancy Tayles. Sian Halcrow. Kate Domett. Louise Shewan. Dougald O'Reilly.

This is an abstract from the "Paradigms Shift: New Interpretations in Mainland Southeast Asian Archaeology" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. With the accumulation of bioarchaeological research in mainland Southeast Asia we are beginning to assess the impact that agricultural intensification and associated environmental and social changes had on these societies. Recent work is starting to build up a model of demographic change with increasing...


Emerging Epicenters and Complementary Centralized and Decentralized Water Management Strategies at Medieval Angkor, Cambodia (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Sarah Klassen.

This is an abstract from the "The Current State of Archaeological Research across Southeast Asia" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Recent research at Angkor has aggregated over 20 years of archaeological map data, which is providing important new perspectives on the agricultural production system of the polycentric low-density urban complex. Much scholarly attention has been directed towards the functional vs. ritual nature of the huge reservoirs...


Ethical issues of bioarchaeology in Southeast Asia (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Sian Halcrow. Kate Domett. Jennifer Newton. Thanik Lertcharnrit. Louise Shewan.

This is an abstract from the "The Future of Bioarchaeology in Archaeology" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Since the 1990s, there has been an increase in bioarchaeological research in many parts of Southeast Asia conducted by both locals and non-locals. Southeast Asian countries are characterised by varied social, cultural, and political histories, but there are also some broad similarities in terms of poor economic development that limits much...


An Ethnoarchaeology Study of Water Rituals at Bagan, Myanmar (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Raiza Rivera.

This is an abstract from the "The Current State of Archaeological Research across Southeast Asia" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Water is an element which characterizes and links Southeast Asia, however, due to the difficulties of understanding its religious significance within the archaeological record, few studies have examined its symbolic meaning. As part of this ethnoarchaeology study, interviews and observations conducted in ten traditional...


Expansion Modeling and Dating the Ifugao Agricultural Terrace Systems Through Volumetric Analysis and Energetic Modeling (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jared Koller. Stephen Acabado.

This is an abstract from the "Geospatial Studies in the Archaeology of Oceania" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Archaeological dating of agricultural terraces is complicated due to the nature of its technological foundation and use. Various methods have been proposed for dating agricultural features, but the issue of stratigraphic disturbance persists. In this paper, we highlight our work in the UNESCO-listed Ifugao Rice Terraces as a case study to...


Explaining Prehistoric Thailand’s 2000 Year Resilient Growth Economy and Peaceful Society: a Bottom-up Approach (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Joyce White.

This is an abstract from the "Paradigms Shift: New Interpretations in Mainland Southeast Asian Archaeology" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. After decades of archaeologists interpreting Thailand’s metal age development using top down approaches drawn from 1980s archaeological theory, it has become evident they do not work for this region. During the course of interpreting metal assemblages from Ban Chiang and related sites in northeast Thailand,...


The First East-West Dichotomy? (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only David Clinnick.

Hallam Movius proposed that the Lower Palaeolithic cultures of East Asia and SE Asia were derived from a different cultural trajectory than that of Europe and Africa. The chopper-chopping tool complex of East and SE Asia was argued to be more primitive in many aspects. The type-site assemblages of the Pacitanian and Tampanian cultures are two out of only five assemblages that Movius initially used to define the chopper-chopping tool complex. The Pacitanian was first discovered by Michael Tweedie...


From the Mouths of Babes: Weaning, Diet, and Stress in Neolithic Northern Vietnam (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Alisha Adams. Sian Halcrow. Kate Domett. Marc Oxenham.

This is an abstract from the "The Health and Welfare of Children in the Past" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The Neolithic agricultural transition has been found to have a negative effect on human health in many parts of the world. However, numerous bioarchaeological studies in Southeast Asia have shown a different pattern of health changes. Changing weaning practices have been argued to have major effects on population health and fertility around...


Getting the Chronology Correct: Bayesian Chronological Analysis of Initial Ceramic Deposits in Island Southeast Asia (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Ethan Cochrane. Timothy Rieth. Darby Filimoehala.

This is an abstract from the "Research and CRM Are Not Mutually Exclusive: J. Stephen Athens—Forty Years and Counting" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Throughout his career Steve Athens has been concerned with generating archaeological chronologies that, because of their precision and validity, add to our understanding of the past. Steve was never one to generate dates of dubious quality simply to produce a table in a report. In this spirit, and...