Asia: North (Geographic Keyword)

1-13 (13 Records)

Across Boundaries: Origin of Microblade Technology in NE Asia under a Macroecological Approach (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Meng Zhang.

This is an abstract from the "Archaeology on the Edge(s): Transitions, Boundaries, Changes, and Causes" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The spread of microblade technology has been explained using human migration and cultural transmission under the culture-historical paradigm of a "refugium model" that illustrates movements of foraging societies from Transbaikal eastward to the Paleo-Sakhalin-Hokkaido-Kurile (PSHK) Peninsula and to North China in...


An Assessment of the Intrinsic Water Content to Understanding Obsidian Hydration: A Case Study of Paleolithic Obsidian from the Shirataki Region in Hokkaido, Japan (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Yuichi Nakazawa. Kyohei Sano.

This is an abstract from the "Advances in Obsidian Studies of the Old and New Worlds" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Among the various factors that potentially affect the obsidian hydration rates, intrinsic water content of obsidian has been considered a significant factor. Despite this understanding, variation in water content even within the geochemically identical provenance of obsidian makes us difficult to evaluate the effect of water content...


Baibalyk: An Early Fortified Town and Trading Center in a Nomadic Pastoral Landscape on the Mongolian Steppe (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Richard Ciolek-Torello. Jeffrey Altschul. B. Gunchinsuren. T. Amgalantugs. John Olsen.

Mongolia is well known for its history of nomadic pastoralism and Bronze and Early Iron Age burials and monuments. It wasn’t until later in the Iron Age that the first large fortified towns and urban centers were built by the Uygher and Khitan Khanates. One of these, Baibalyk is believed to have been established in 758 CE by the Uyghur khagan, Bayanchur Khan, as a ceremonial and trading center in the fertile and strategically located Selenge Valley. Later in the 17th Century, Baibalyk is known...


Behavior from Spatial Structure in Archaeological Sites: A Working Model Based on Dukha Ethnography (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Randy Haas. Todd Surovell. Matthew O'Brien.

Archaeologists commonly observe clear qualitative structure in the spatial distribution of artifacts deposited in archaeological sites. Quantification and interpretation of such structure remains a major challenge. Drawing on multiple field seasons of observation among the Dukha—residentially mobile reindeer herders of the Mongolian Taiga—we present a likelihood based method for quantifying site-level structure in the use of space. This ideal ethnographic case in which behavior-structure...


The Book Antler on the Sea and Community Perspectives from Sireniki, Anna’s Home Village in Chukotka, Russia (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Sveta Yamin-Pasternak. Igor Pasternak.

This is an abstract from the "Celebrating Anna Kerttula's Contributions to Northern Research" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Nearly three decades after her dissertation fieldwork in the village of Sireniki, which she conducted in the late Soviet period, anthropologist Anna Kerttula de Echave continues to be closely entangled within the life and social relationships of the community. In many Sireniki households, Anna’s book 'Antler on the Sea: the...


Change in Mobility and Site Occupation during the Late Pleistocene in Korea (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Gayoung Park. Ben Marwick.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Stone artifact assemblages can be an important source of information about hunter-gatherer mobility and subsistence, according to behavioral ecological theory that links technological changes to environmental adaptation. We examined stone artifacts from 28 sites in South Korea to investigate technological innovations during the Late Pleistocene and their...


Earth House, Chum and Reindeer Shed: Ethnoarchaeological Research on Household and Settlement Organization of Mobile Hunter-Fisher-Reindeer Herders in Western Siberia (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Henny Piezonka. Olga Poshekhonova. Vladimir Adaev. Aleksey Rud.

This is an abstract from the "Empirical Approaches to Mobile Pastoralist Households" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The Taz Selkup are a Siberian indigenous group of hunters, fishers and reindeer herders in the northern taiga between Ob' and Yenisei. In the 17th and 18th centuries they have migrated north from Tomsk region, and in the new territory have preserved their nomadic ways until today. The adaptation to the new environment and its effects...


Gender and Space in Campsites of Dukha Reindeer Herders (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Todd Surovell. Matthew O'Brien. Randy Haas.

The division of labor by sex and gender among small-scale societies is well known, but how differences in gender roles are reflected in variation in human spatial behavior has received considerably less attention. Understanding how and why individuals of different gender use space is critical to the development of middle range theory linking gendered human behavior to its archaeological correlates. Over five field seasons, we have collected data on the spatial distribution of people and...


Genome-wide Ancient DNA from Historical Siberia as a Lens on Yeniseian Population History (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Alexander Kim. Tatyana Savenkova. Svetlana Smushko. Yevgenia Reis. David Reich.

This is an abstract from the "Ancient DNA in Service of Archaeology" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The relevance of ancient DNA to debates in language prehistory is a noteworthy strand in Eurasian archaeogenetic research, where much effort has gone towards relating these data to Indo-European. We relate new genome-wide ancient DNA data from a historical Siberian individual to Yeniseian, an enigmatic and isolated language "microfamily" at the...


Human-Environment Interactions: The Role of Foragers in the Development of Mobile Pastoralism in Mongolia's Desert-Steppe (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jennifer Farquhar.

This is an abstract from the "Fifty Years of Fretwell and Lucas: Archaeological Applications of Ideal Distribution Models" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. This paper presents a research design to investigate the role of foragers in the evolution of pastoralism in Mongolia’s desert-steppe. Past efforts to understand the origins of herding have been stymied by the "steppe and sown" dichotomy that perpetuates long held stereotypes of farmers and...


Inferences about and Inferences from: A Comparison of Kernel Density Estimation and Latent Mixture Modeling in Demographic Temporal Frequency Analysis (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only William Brown.

This is an abstract from the "Novel Statistical Techniques in Archaeology I (QUANTARCH I)" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Temporal frequency analysis (TFA) comprises methods both for the characterization of temporal distributions of archaeological samples and for drawing inferences about their underlying data generating processes (DGPs). In motivation, these two activities resemble descriptive and inferential statistics, respectively. However,...


Searching for the Denisovans (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Katerina Douka. Samantha Brown. Mikhael Shunkov. Anatoly Derevianko. Tom Higham.

In 2010, a finger bone discovered in Siberia was assigned using DNA to a previously unknown human group, the Denisovans. The Denisovans interbred with both Asian Neanderthals and modern humans over the past 100,000 years; their geographic distribution is now thought to have stretched from the Siberian steppes to the tropical forests of SE Asia and Oceania. Despite their broad spatio-temporal range, the Denisovans are only known from 4 bones, all from a single cave. This patchy knowledge of an...


Winter Is Coming: Is ‘Fortification’ Always Fortification? (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Igor Chechushkov.

The case study comes from the southern Urals, Russia. Since 1970’s the walled settlements of the Sintashta archaeological culture (2000-1700 BC) have been interpreted as the fortified towns and centers of social life for the religious and war leaders of the local communities. However, settlements’ primary locations on the bottoms of the rivers’ valleys, as well as lack of other evidence for the warfare, cause doubts about such interpretation. Analysis of natural environments (e.g., local wind,...