British Columbia (State / Territory) (Geographic Keyword)

1-25 (347 Records)

1000 Years of Small Bird Capture in NW Greenland (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Erika Ebel. Christyann Darwent. Genevieve LeMoine. John Darwent.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Excavations in 2012 and 2016 at Iita, located along the North Water Polynya in NW Greenland, revealed unmixed stratified deposits extending from Late Dorset habitation over 1000 years ago through Thule-Inughuit occupation and Inughuit contact with Arctic explorers ca. 1850–1917. Iita is unique in that a large dovekie colony breeds in this area annually, thus...


The 18th Century Shipbuilding French Industry : New Perspective on Conception and Construction (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Marijo Gauthier-Bérubé.

The Machault, a French frigate, sank in Chaleur Bay, Québec, in the context of the Seven Years War, in 1760. Built in Bayonne, the archaeological analysis of the frigate gave us a unique vision of the 18th century shipbuilding industry. Coming from a privation shipyard next to the Arsenal of Bayonne, the Machault lay amidst a clash between regional shipbuilding traditions and the globalisation of naval techniques in Europe.   The study of the ship’s structural remains provides a unique view of...


A 2000-Year-Old Family: Interpreting Site Structure and Human Behaviors at the Swan Point Site, Interior Alaska (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Gerad Smith.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. This paper seeks to interpret the spatial patterning of the Swan Point Locus 2 site, interpreted to be a seasonal residential site. The site, located on a hill overlooking a small northern tributary of the Tanana River, consists of several features in excellent preservation. The assemblage suggests a pattern of features and artifacts consistent with a...


2017 Excavations at McDonald Creek (FAI-2043), A Multicomponent, Open-Air Site in the Tanana Flats Training Area, Fort Wainwright, Central Alaska (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Kelly Graf. Julie Esdale. Ted Goebel.

In 2013 our team began a 3-year testing project to assess the research potential of the recently-discovered McDonald Creek archaeological site (FAI-2043). The site is located in the Tanana Flats of Central Alaska south of Fairbanks. Site testing indicated a well-stratified and reasonably preserved multicomponent site situated in unconsolidated eolian sand and silt deposits atop an ancient alluvial landform. Three cultural components have been identified so far, dating to the early Allerød,...


The Abbey of Pedro Mártir de Anglería – Excavation, Reconstruction and Conservation of an Early 16th Century Ecclesiastical Structure in Jamaica (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Robyn P Woodward.

Christianity anchored the material practices and social institutions of the Spanish settlers in the New World and while Christian friars undoubted arrived in Jamaica with the initial group of settlers in 1509, the Jamaican abbacy was not formally founded until 1515. The ecclesiastical authorities used temporary thatch and wood structures for worship at the capital of Sevilla la Nueva until funds were provided for the construction of a stone church in 1524.  The abbey however, was not quite...


Access to Information: The Case of Birch Island (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Julia Brenan.

This is an abstract from the "Capacity Building or Community Making? Training and Transitions in Digital Archaeology" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The recent archaeological project on Birch Island, Labrador, highlights questions of how digital data are used to gather and convey information to stakeholder communities, in particular, Indigenous groups with limited internet access in some remote locations. This paper questions if representing the...


Advancing the analysis of complex stratigraphy and house life histories at Keatley Creek on the Northwestern Canadian Plateau (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Julian Henao. Suzanne Villeneuve.

Digital methods have led to a new research paradigm in archaeology and have transformed the way in which archaeologists can engage with archaeological contexts or materials and ultimately understand the past. This paper discusses a few highlights resulting from implementing digital oriented methods and combined new conceptual approaches in the research at Keatley Creek on the Northwestern Canadian Plateau. Two primary objectives for digital methods have included improving resolution and...


Alaskan Legacy Collections Outside Alaska: Challenges, Opportunities and Potential (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Annalisa Hppner.

This is an abstract from the "SANNA v2.2: Case Studies in the Social Archaeology of the North and North Atlantic" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Alaskan "legacy collections" are housed at many American institutions outside of Alaska. These collections contain great potential for object-focused analysis, looking toward specific object classes, or even individual objects for in-depth review. This poster will present a summary of the locations of...


All was left in complete order: a first look at the wreck of HMS Erebus (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Ryan Harris.

From the outset, remote-sensing data clearly indicated that the wreck of HMS Erebus survived in remarkably sound condition, a fact later borne out by first-hand diver inspection. This owes to the relatively benign physical environment in which the wreck is situated, its rather atypical site formation history, as well as the elaborate measures taken by Master Shipwrights of the Royal Navy Dockyards to fortify Erebus for Arctic Service. This paper will provide an overview, both internally...


AMEC E&I Archaeological Investigation Results: DhRr-74 "Kikayt Village Site" (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Sarah K Smith.

Summary of results of archaeological investigations conducted by AMEC Environment & Infrastructre within the Kikayt village site (DhRr-74) located on the southern bank of the Fraser River in Surrey, British Coulumbia, Canada.  The Kikayt site is identified in the ethnigraphies of Hill-Tout as a Kwantlen First Nation fishing village, reportedly abandoned by 1858-1859 when the then capitol, New Westminster, was founded accross the river. The site was established as an Indian Reserve for the...


AMS RADIOCARBON DATING OF BONE SAMPLES FROM SITES HdSd-70 AND HdSd-370, BRITISH COLUMBIA, CANADA (2013)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Linda Scott Cummings.

Bone fragments collected from sites HdSd-70 and HdSd-370 were recovered during the Williston Reservoir Archaeology Project - 1301, British Columbia, Canada. Sites HdSd-70 and HdSd-370 are in close proximity to one another along an old river channel in the semi-eroded reservoir drawdown zone. The bone at these sites consisted of isolated and restricted surface and subsurface scatters at the edge of the channel. Dates from these samples are expected to fall in the mid- to late-Holocene.


AMS RADIOCARBON DATING OF SHELL FROM A FIRE PIT AT SITE 0918a-1, HAGAN CREEK, BRITISH COLUMBIA, CANADA (2012)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Kathryn Puseman. Linda Scott Cummings.

Shell fragments were recovered from a fire pit at Site 0918a-1 and submitted for AMS radiocarbon dating. This site is a small inland shell midden Hagan Creek, British Columbia, Canada.


Analysis of Québec shipwrecks: the necessity of integrating local divers to improve the management of maritime heritage (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Carolane Veilleux.

The province of Québec, Canada, has witnessed thousands of wrecks throughout its history. Despite this fact, the number of shipwrecks discovered remains very low. In 2009, 49 sites had been located in the province; in 2017, the total had hardly reached 80 wrecks. A great cultural potential is lying under the vast hydrographic system of Québec, but the maritime archaeologists have limited financial resources and few trained workers, not to mention the short field seasons. This brings up the topic...


Anarchy in the New-Found-Land: Winter Houses and Decentralized Power in the Rural North Atlantic (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Anatolijs Venovcevs.

Up until recently, historical archaeologists working on the island of Newfoundland have focused primarily on studying the rich archaeological remains of the summer cod fishery and the plantations left behind by the island’s mercantile aristocracy. However, this work overlooks the social realities of the island that primarily consisted of small coastal communities inhabited primarily by working class fishing families living far away from any obvious authority figures. This paper seeks to...


Ancient Alaskan Firewood Management Strategies and the Role of Selectivity: Preliminary Results (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Laura Crawford.

When historic Alaskans chose a settlement site, access to adequate fuel was as important as the availability of food and water. Despite its importance fuel use in the Arctic and Subarctic has received relatively little attention. Work currently underway aims to clarify the criteria used to select fuel in ancient Alaska by testing two hypotheses. The Efficiency Maximization hypothesis, derived from the prey choice model of human behavioral ecology, proposes that Alaskans ranked woody taxa...


Ancient DNA Analysis from Micro-fractures in Bridge River Stone Tools (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Clare Super. Meradeth Snow. Anna Prentiss. Ethan Ryan. Nathan Goodale.

There has been little research specifically designed to examine variability in how the porosity of lithic raw materials and micro-fractures from use-wear create environments that trap and preserve residues containing DNA on lithic tools. This study examines lithic tools made from a variety of raw materials to assess the effects of variability of raw material type, use-wear, and damage on preservation of ancient DNA (aDNA). aDNA analysis of stone tools can begin to address if the tools were used...


Ancient DNA Analysis of Fish Remains from Charlie Lake Cave (HbRf-39), British Columbia, Canada (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Thomas Royle. Dongya Y. Yang.

Excavations of Charlie Lake Cave (HbRf-39) in northeastern British Columbia, Canada, have recovered well-preserved faunal remains from stratified deposits that span the Late Pleistocene and Holocene. These remains represent a variety of taxa, including amphibians, birds, fish, mammals, and reptiles. A previous morphological analysis of the fish remains from the site (n=1,235) identified the majority of the fish remains as sucker (Catostomus sp.) (n=669). Due to bone fragmentation and other...


Ancient DNA and Historical Ecology: An Innovative Approach to Environmental Conservation (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Antonia Rodrigues. Chelsey Geralda Armstrong.

It is now generally accepted that humans are the primary drivers of environmental change; virtually no ecosystem has escaped our influence. With increasing awareness of the impact of humanity on the biosphere, researchers have begun to focus on understanding, protecting and perpetuating biological diversity at all scales and levels of biological organization. One of the best ways to understand current and future anthropogenic impacts on biodiversity is by studying their effects in the past....


Ancient DNA from Stone Tools (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Meradeth Snow. Clare Super. Anna Marie Prentiss.

Proteins and DNA can be trapped in the microcracks on the surface of stone tools, which can then be extracted and analyzed to aid in inferring the use of the tool (Shanks et al. 2001; 2005). This nondestructive method involves the use of sonication to release DNA from the microcracks, then amplification of regions of mitochondrial DNA that are species specific. This technique was applied to ground and chipped stone from the Bridge River site in British Columbia. Focus on groundstone was of...


And why would you want to study that? Reflections on Post-Conquest Archaeology (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Allison L Bain. Reginald Auger.

When Dr. Elizabeth Scott visited us in Quebec City during her last sabbatical leave she was interested in post-Conquest collections from the îlot des Palais and Île-aux-Oies sites. We were happy to oblige as the years immediately following the British Conquest are understudied, ignored and perhaps forgotten at times by archaeologists in our region. Is this due to the fact that we work in Quebec City, best known for its French flavour? And for its promotion of French heritage? After the Conquest,...


Anna and the Sea: Reflections on Anna Kerttula's Influence on a Generation of North Pacific Archaeology (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Ben Fitzhugh. Catherine West. Sven Haakanson.

This is an abstract from the "Celebrating Anna Kerttula's Contributions to Northern Research" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Archaeological research in Alaska and the broader North Pacific Rim has revealed a long and complex history of human occupation, dynamic human-environmental interactions, and – above all - underscores the relevance of archaeology to people living across the region today. These developments span the nearly two decades of Dr....


Applications of Microscopy and Thin Section Petrography in Iroquoian Ceramic Analysis (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Sarah Striker.

Iroquoian ceramic analysts typically focus on decorative style, in part because this approach maximizes the amount of information that can be obtained from an assemblage in a short amount of time. Decorative attributes can be rapidly identified and recorded, and a significant literature links patterns in decorative styles to social, temporal, and cultural trends. Characteristics of ceramic fabrics including clays and tempers are rarely examined, but adding these elements to the standard...


Applications of tribology to a study of use wear on bone tools, the Mackenzie Delta, NWT (1993)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Genevieve M Lemoine.

This resource is a citation record only, the Center for Digital Antiquity does not have a copy of this document. The information in this record has been migrated into tDAR from the EXARC Bibliography, originally compiled by Roeland Paardekooper, and updated. Most of these records consist of a document citation and other metadata but do not have the documents themselves uploaded. If you have a digital copy of the document and would like to have it curated in tDAR, please contact us using the...


Archaeological and architectural considerations of intertidal shellfish use and deposition on Hecate Island, Central Coast of British Columbia (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Seonaid Duffield. Duncan McLaren. Iain McKechnie.

Detailed tracking of the chronology and spatial extent of shell middens on the Northwest Coast is a challenging and often expensive proposition given the size and time depth often represented at these sites. The Hakai Ancient Landscapes Archaeology Project (HALAP) used vibracore technology to efficiently sample intact 7cm diameter stratigraphic profiles from multiple 4-6 m deep shell midden deposits at site EjTa-13 on Hecate Island. A series of radiocarbon dates from the initial core documents a...


Archaeological Investigations at the Stō:ló spiritual site Uwqw’iles - the Restmore Caves site (DiRj-34) (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Sarah Smith. Cara Brendzy. Lisa Dojack.

In 2014 Amec Foster Wheeler, in partnership with the Stō:ló Resource and Research Management Centre, conducted an archaeological investigation of rock shelter site DiRj-34 in response to a proposed development. The site was documented ethnographically by Wilson Duff in 1949 as the Restmore Caves and recorded as spiritual site Uwqw’iles by the Stō:ló Nation. The rock shelter is comprised of large boulders at the toe of the Canadian Cascade Range, adjacent to Hunter Creek on the south side of the...