Protohistoric (Other Keyword)

1-25 (28 Records)

Archaeological Site Documenation, Mapping and Archival Research for CA-MRP-250H, Yosemite National Park, El Portal, California, Requisition Number 8813-9-3111, Yosemite Project Number YOSE1999ZZ. (2000)
DOCUMENT Citation Only H. Ballard. J. Holson.

This resource is a citation record only, the Center for Digital Antiquity does not have a copy of this document. The information in this record has been migrated into tDAR from the National Archaeological Database Reports Module (NADB-R) and updated. Most NADB-R records consist of a document citation and other metadata but do not have the documents themselves uploaded. If you have a digital copy of the document and would like to have it curated in tDAR, please contact us at comments@tdar.org.


Archaeological Site Report Granite Hills Christian Church Property (1974)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Richard Carrico.

This resource is a citation record only, the Center for Digital Antiquity does not have a copy of this document. The information in this record has been migrated into tDAR from the National Archaeological Database Reports Module (NADB-R) and updated. Most NADB-R records consist of a document citation and other metadata but do not have the documents themselves uploaded. If you have a digital copy of the document and would like to have it curated in tDAR, please contact us at comments@tdar.org.


Caddo Salt Production in Northwestern Louisiana (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Paul Eubanks.

During the late seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries, northwestern Louisiana was known as a major hub of the salt trade. However, recent excavations at the Drake's Salt Works Site Complex suggest that this reputation may have been earned relatively late. These excavations have also raised the possibility that many of the salt producers at this saline were non-locals who visited northwestern Louisiana primarily for its salt resources. While the salt makers at Drake's Salt Works would have...


Communal Food Processing and Culture Contact: An Analysis of Plant Foods and Architecture in the Protohistoric North Carolina Piedmont (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Mallory Melton.

Communities cannot be fully identified by their built landscapes; they must also be understood in terms of mundane activities that enact communal bonds. In this paper I use plant remains and pit features to examine communal food processing events at two Protohistoric sites in Hillsborough, North Carolina: Wall (A.D. 1400-1600) and Jenrette (A.D. 1650-1680). By combining a functional analysis of features with a spatial analysis of plants, I have identified two types of discard patterns: larger...


Cultural Changes During the Protohistoric Period: An Oneota Case Study (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jaelyn Roland.

George Milner points out in his 2015 work, "Population Decline and Culture Change in the American Midcontinent: Bridging the Prehistoric and Historic Divide", that reactions and changes by Native Americans during the Protohistoric period were highly localized, and that each tribe was affected differently through direct and indirect contacts with Europeans. The La Crosse locality was inhabited by the Oneota until c. 1625 when the area was abandoned for the Riceford Creek locality (in southeastern...


The Devil’s Head Site in Maine: The Organization of the Protohistoric Wabanaki World (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Gabriel Hrynick.

Archaeological studies of the Protohistoric period in Maine and the Maritimes have emphasized cosmology implicitly through their focus on copper kettle burials. Archaeologically, copper kettle burials may be the only truly diagnostic archaeological manifestation of the Protohistoric period in this region. The Wabanaki ethnographic record reveals that seemingly mundane activities—the organization of space, the disposal of animal remains, for instance—were also central to Wabanaki relational...


Equus caballus during the Protohistoric: Looking for the Horse in the Archaeological Record (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Cassidee A. Thornhill.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The introduction of Equus caballus (modern horse) into Native American life on the Plains during European-American contact has been associated with major cultural and ecological changes to native lifeways. The horse influenced a variety of cultural practices including the distance at which resources could be exploited, the number of material goods that could...


Equus ferus caballus during the Protohistoric in Wyoming: Looking for the Horse in the Archaeological Record (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Cassidee A. Thornhill.

The introduction of Equus caballus (modern horse) into North America during European-American contact altered Native American life on the Plains. The horse influenced a variety of cultural practices including the distance at which resources could be exploited, the amount of material goods that could be transported and war practices. Considering the importance of the horse it should be expected that horse remains would be prevalent in the archaeological record. Despite the impact of the horse on...


Etzanoa: A Northern Caddoan Town (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Donald Blakeslee.

Documents associated with the Juan de Oñate expedition of 1601 allow identification of the proto-Wichita (Quiviran) town that he visited. Described by natives as taking two or three days to walk through, the Spanish saw only parts of it. Still, they counted 1,700 to 2,000 houses in the southern end of the community, which was described as about two leagues (five miles) long. Above that point, the Spanish traveled away from the river for another three leagues, and when scouts returned to the...


Excavation of a Chickasaw Homestead in Tupelo (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Daniel Turner. Steven Meredith. Martha Dorland.

In March and April 2015, a Phase II cultural resources investigation was conducted to assess the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) eligibility of the Webb Site (22LE516) in Tupelo, Mississippi. Excavations identified 36 cultural features, including the outlines of two Chickasaw houses and several nearby clay-extraction pits, or okaakinafa'. Materials recovered from the site suggest a single-component occupation between A.D. 1680 and 1760. The site lies near the eighteenth-century...


A Flow of People: Household and Community at the Cane Notch Site, a Protohistoric Cherokee Town on the Nolichucky, Upper East Tennessee (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Nathan Shreve. Eileen G. Ernenwein. Jay D. Franklin. S.D. Dean.

Radiometric dates from the protohistoric Cane Notch Site on the Nolichucky River in upper East Tennessee indicate contemporaneous ceramic assemblages characterized by multiple traditions. Our work produced wares referable to the Qualla and Overhill series, wares directly associated with 18th century Cherokee villages elsewhere. Burke wares, from the eastern side of the Appalachians, also occur in large numbers. These “different” wares at Cane Notch share common attributes, however, that also...


Glass Artifact Photographs, Millers Ferry 1963-1968 (2014)
IMAGE Veterans Curation Program.

Photographs of glass artifacts collected during the Millers Ferry 1963-1968 investigation in Wilcox County, Alabama.


Human Adaptation & Holocene Landscapes IN the Iowa River Greenbelt: Phase I Archaeological Survey of Primary Roads Project F-20-5(53)--20-42, Relocated US 20 Hardin & Grundy Counties (1990)
DOCUMENT Citation Only James Collins.

This resource is a citation record only, the Center for Digital Antiquity does not have a copy of this document. The information in this record has been migrated into tDAR from the National Archaeological Database Reports Module (NADB-R) and updated. Most NADB-R records consist of a document citation and other metadata but do not have the documents themselves uploaded. If you have a digital copy of the document and would like to have it curated in tDAR, please contact us at comments@tdar.org.


Incised Lines: Mortuary Ceramics and Their Role in Defining Protohistoric Chronologies in the Far Northeast 1900–1960 (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Trevor Lamb.

The first half of the twentieth century saw the creation of many professional and avocational archaeological institutions in Eastern Massachusetts. These institutions were motivated to both understand the prehistory of the Northeast, and to build large museum collections for comparative and public engagement purposes. The drive to acquire largely intact objects led to the excavation of many graves throughout New England and the Maritime Provinces, but the frequent discovery of graves in Eastern...


Inferring Iroquoian Architectural Variability from Magnetic Gradiometry (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Megan Conger. Jennifer Birch.

Magnetic gradiometry is an affordable and preservation-minded method to detect a wide range of subsurface features at historic and prehistoric archaeological sites. Horizontal excavation is the only way to confirm the nature of features detected by magnetic gradiometry, but in some cases may be impossible or undesirable. Excavation-based understandings of local architectural practices can be used to infer the nature of magnetic anomalies, as long as those understandings encompass the full range...


Metal Projectile Points of the Interior West: A Synthetic Overview (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only John Kennedy.

Metal projectile points of the Protohistoric and early Historic periods are a somewhat rare, yet ubiquitous artifact type that has received little attention regarding synthetic research. Their roughly 300 years of use across the interior west coincided with perhaps the most profound and rapid culture changes experienced by native groups of North America during the entirety of their prehistory and history. A survey of 14 states across the interior west is currently underway to gather data on all...


Millers Ferry 1963-1968
PROJECT John Cottier. Craig Sheldon. US Army Corps of Engineers Mandatory Center of Expertise for the Curation and Management of Archaeological Collections, St. Louis District. US Army Corps of Engineers, Mobile District.

The Millers Ferry 1963-1968 investigation is the responsibility of USACE, Mobile District, and is curated by the OAR in Moundville, Alabama. The collection consists of historic and prehistoric artifacts recovered from the archaeological investigation of 27 sites in the area of the Millers Ferry Lock and Dam reservoir, Wilcox County, Alabama. USACE, Mobile District planned the construction of the Millers Ferry Lock and Dam on the Alabama River under the Rivers and Harbors Act of 1945. The...


Mossy Bluff, an Early Alabamu Site in Northeast Alabama (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Steven Meredith. Daniel Turner.

The Alabamu people, along with the affiliated Coasati, were an important part of the Creek Confederacy in the late 18th century. Excavations at Mossy Bluff (1Ct610) in northeastern Alabama revealed the first Alabamu site to be identified in the area that they inhabited before their migration and coalescence with the Creeks. The site is located in a relatively secluded location, near the southeastern margin of what is interpreted to be the tribe’s pre-migration territory. This paper describes the...


A Phase I Archaeological Survey of Primary Roads Project BRF-76-2(20)--38-03, A.K.A. PIN 91-03030-1, Allamakee County (1993)
DOCUMENT Citation Only James Collins.

This resource is a citation record only, the Center for Digital Antiquity does not have a copy of this document. The information in this record has been migrated into tDAR from the National Archaeological Database Reports Module (NADB-R) and updated. Most NADB-R records consist of a document citation and other metadata but do not have the documents themselves uploaded. If you have a digital copy of the document and would like to have it curated in tDAR, please contact us at comments@tdar.org.


A Phase I Archaeological Survey of Primary Roads Project NHS-61-2(32)--19-29 A.K.A. PIN 72-29010-1, Des Moines County (1993)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Linda Forman.

This resource is a citation record only, the Center for Digital Antiquity does not have a copy of this document. The information in this record has been migrated into tDAR from the National Archaeological Database Reports Module (NADB-R) and updated. Most NADB-R records consist of a document citation and other metadata but do not have the documents themselves uploaded. If you have a digital copy of the document and would like to have it curated in tDAR, please contact us at comments@tdar.org.


Phase I Archaeological Survey of the Proposed Road Grading, County Road X-14, T92N-93N, R3-4 W, Clayton County (1993)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Susan R. Snow.

This resource is a citation record only, the Center for Digital Antiquity does not have a copy of this document. The information in this record has been migrated into tDAR from the National Archaeological Database Reports Module (NADB-R) and updated. Most NADB-R records consist of a document citation and other metadata but do not have the documents themselves uploaded. If you have a digital copy of the document and would like to have it curated in tDAR, please contact us at comments@tdar.org.


Protohistoric Social Dynamics in the Central Arkansas River Valley (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Rebecca Wiewel.

The Protohistoric period in the southeastern United States is known for being a time of social upheaval and transformation. Groups living in the Central Arkansas River Valley during the early seventeenth century had to contend with the aftermath of the De Soto entrada, severe drought conditions associated with the Little Ice Age, and perhaps widespread population movement accompanying the dissolution of chiefdoms in the Mississippi Valley. Societal coalescence is one strategy that many later...


Reanalyzing "The Rise": A Gobernador Phase Navajo Habitation Site in Northwest New Mexico. (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Wade Campbell. Matthew Magnani. Alex Wesson.

In 2003, a master’s thesis project examined a multicomponent Navajo habitation site dating to the 17th-18th centuries in the Dinétah region of northwest New Mexico. The initial survey program carried out a number of activities, including site mapping, surface collection, and artifact analyses; however, certain questions were left unanswered. A new phase of research initiated in the summer of 2017 aims to better characterize the site and explore the possibility of a pastoral adaptation on the...


Recent Insights into Protohistoric Foodways in the Northern Quoddy Region of the Northeast (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Katherine Patton. Susan Blair. Ramona Nicholas.

Despite more than a century of archaeological research in the Quoddy Region of southwestern New Brunswick, in the Canadian Maritime Provinces, the protohistoric and early contact periods in this area have remained obscure. However, recent research at several sites has begun to illuminate this period, and like many of the precedent Woodland period sites (prior to 500 BP), many of these newly studied protohistoric sites have produced shell-bearing components, and contain a wealth of information on...


A Stylistic Analysis of Protohistoric Polychrome Ceramics from the Lower Mississippi Valley (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Karla Oesch.

The unique nature of ceramics from the Mississippi Valley provides an important basis for detailed ceramic studies that serve to aid researchers in understanding social agency and processes. These ceramic assemblages, especially those dating to the Protohistoric period, will be the focus of this research. Ceramic vessels from counties in Arkansas and Mississippi will be used to compile database of design motifs, in addition to other ceramic characteristics. Using the dates from these sites, my...