Spanish Missions (Other Keyword)

1-12 (12 Records)

Bead Biographies: Exploring the Movement of Glass Beads in Colonial California (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Lee Panich. Rebecca Allen.

Recent excavations at Mission San José (ca. 1797-1840s) in central California unearthed over 3,000 glass beads. Such items are commonly recovered from Spanish colonial missions and contemporaneous sites on the Pacific Coast of North America, yet they have proven difficult to interpret beyond their assumed role as trade beads. We believe there is great potential for the humble glass bead to serve as the reference point against which to understand the complex social relationships that constituted...


Blazing Trails and Chasing Scoundrels: Kathleen K. Gilmore’s contribution to Spanish Colonial Archaeology in Texas and the Relentless Pursuit of Presidio Captain Felipe Rabago y Teran. (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Tamra Walter.

No history of Spanish Colonial archaeology in Texas is complete without addressing the accomplishments of Dr. Kathleen K. Gilmore. When reviewing her nearly 50-year career as an archaeologist, one is hard-pressed to find a Texas mission, presidio, rancho, or settlement that Dr. Gilmore did not visit, research, excavate, or write about. Among her most important projects were the missions and presidio of San Xavier in present-day Milam County. While researching the site, Dr. Gilmore became...


Building at Bac: Chronological Challenges in Conservation at Mission San Xavier (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Hannah Herrick.

Traces of early modern European presence in the Sonoran Desert endure today as plaster-white mission churches dotted across the arid landscape. Established by Jesuits as early as 1691 AD, Mission San Xavier del Bac in Tucson, Arizona is unique in its continued usage as a modern Catholic church. Its long-standing occupation necessitates nearly-constant conservation practices, which must be complementary to the church’s original construction. However, the absence of nearly two-hundred years’...


An Ethnobotanical Approach to an Apalachee Ceramic Jar (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jen Knutson. Robert Lynch.

A nearly intact, Chattahoochee roughened variety Chattahoochee, Apalachee ceramic jar was excavated in the 2014 summer field season by the University of West Florida Colonial Frontiers Archaeological Field School. It was recovered from the Spanish mission of San Joseph de Escambe situated in northwest Florida and occupied from 1741-1761. Testing of the vessel for organic residue, specifically Ilex vomitoria, may provide evidence to support to a hypothesis that the vessel was used to serve the...


From Producers to Consumers: Exploring the Role of Florida’s Eighteenth-Century Refugee Mission (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only John Worth.

Between the late sixteenth and mid seventeenth century, the multiethnic colony of Spanish Florida grew by assimilating indigenous chiefdoms into an expanding colonial system defined by missionization and fueled by the production of large quantities of surplus staple foods using Indian land and labor.  Rampant demographic collapse augmented by slave raiding by English-backed native groups resulted in the collapse and retreat of Florida’s formerly far-flung mission system by the early eighteenth...


Historical Survey of the Spanish Mission Sites on Guam 1669-1800 (1990)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Douglas E. Haynes. William L. Wuerch.

This resource is a citation record only, the Center for Digital Antiquity does not have a copy of this document. The information in this record has been migrated into tDAR from the National Archaeological Database Reports Module (NADB-R) and updated. Most NADB-R records consist of a document citation and other metadata but do not have the documents themselves uploaded. If you have a digital copy of the document and would like to have it curated in tDAR, please contact us at comments@tdar.org.


Interacting in Cramped Spaces: Material Culture and Identity at the Mission San Joseph de Sapala (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Christopher Moore.

Accounts by 16th- and 17th-century explorers, missionaries, and government officials clearly illustrate the considerable amount of variability in indigenous cultures, ethnicities, and traditions found throughout the Southeast at contact. Beginning in the mid-17th century, many of these formerly dispersed groups began to coalesce around mission communities in modern Georgia and Florida. The historical narrative of the contraction and eventual destruction of the Spanish mission system in Florida...


Investigating a possible Spanish Military Structure at the Site of San Joseph de Sapala, Sapelo Island, Georgia (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Christopher R. Moore. Richard Jefferies.

For the past 10 years, the Sapelo Island Mission Period Archaeological Project (SIMPAP) has been surveying and testing the site of the Mission San Joseph de Sapala on Sapelo Island, Georgia.  Over this time we have learned a great deal about the site’s Guale Indian and Spanish inhabitants.  Among the most interesting contexts investigated is a Spanish structure with a likely military function.  Architectural and other features associated with the structure yielded a relatively high frequency of...


Pluralistic Communities, Coalescence, and Population Aggregation at Mission Santa Catalina de Guale (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Elliot Blair. Kent Lightfoot.

Recent ethnohistorical research on the Spanish mission communities of La Florida has done much to document and elucidate complicated patterns of indigenous population relocations. These migrations, aggregations, and dispersals—due to multiple factors such as epidemics, Spanish reducción policies, and flight from antagonistic native groups—resulted in the formation of complex and diverse colonial social networks. At Mission Santa Catalina de Guale (GA), the most pronounced of these was the...


Reconsidering the Connections between Ecological Change and Political Change in Colonial California (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Lee Panich.

California is geographically separated from the rest of North America by high mountain ranges and extensive deserts, but paradoxically the region's Mediterranean climate may have facilitated the imposition of Euroamerican colonial rule in the late 18th century. In particular, many scholars suggest that ecological changes accelerated political changes in the missionized portion of California's coastal strip. There, the rapid spread of invasive plant and animal species had far-reaching effects on...


The Spanish Missions of La Florida: Archaeologies and Histories of Contact, Colonization, and Resistance (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Gifford Waters.

This is an abstract from the "The Archaeologies of Contact, Colony, and Resistance" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The nearly 200 years of Spanish mission activity in La Florida had profound impacts on the lives of both the Native Americans and Spanish. Missions were places of new contact, culture change, cultural continuity, religious instruction, and the locations of exchange and introduction of new foods, materials, and ideas. This presentation...


Wild animal use and landscape interpretations at Pimeria Alta Spanish colonial sites (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Nicole Mathwich.

European livestock accompanied the foundation of Spanish missions and presidios in the arid Pimeria Alta, altering the local landscape and native society. Livestock connected desert farmers to distant colonial markets and providing a new source of protein and grease, but also required new economic, social, and spatial arrangements, potentially affecting the availability of wild animals in native communities near Spanish colonial sites . This paper surveys wild animal presence and diversity at...