Hunter-Gatherers (Other Keyword)

1-25 (126 Records)

10,000 Years of Stone Tool Use by Hunter-Gatherers in Central Texas (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Melissa Eiring. Sarah Wigley. Cynthia Munoz. Raymond Mauldin.

We report on stone tool patterns derived from several recent archaeological excavation projects in Central Texas that provide a record of lithic use spanning most of the prehistoric sequence in the region. The projects, located within a few kilometers of one another, effectively sample debitage and tools reflecting Late Paleoindian, Early and Middle Archaic, Late Archaic, and the Terminal Late Prehistoric periods. Supported by several radiocarbon dates, these assemblages span roughly 10,000...


Aboriginal Lithic Raw Material Procurement in Glen Canyon and Canyonlands, Southeastern Utah (1993)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Alan J. Osborn. Susan Veter. Jennifer Waters. Steve Baumann.

This report presents the results of two archeological studies of prehistoric lithic procurement locations: the Halls Crossing site (42SA14829) in Glen Canyon National Recreation Area and the White Crack site (42SA17597) in Canyonlands National Park in southeastern Utah. Both studies suggest that these lithic sources were exploited by mobile hunter-gatherers who produced bifacial cores that they transported throughout their ranges. These thin bifaces served as multipurpose implements,...


Analysis of Late Archaic-Early Woodland Adaptive Change Along the Middle Savannah River: a Proposed Study (1982)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Glen T. Hanson, Jr..

This resource is a citation record only, the Center for Digital Antiquity does not have a copy of this document. The information in this record has been migrated into tDAR from the National Archaeological Database Reports Module (NADB-R) and updated. Most NADB-R records consist of a document citation and other metadata but do not have the documents themselves uploaded. If you have a digital copy of the document and would like to have it curated in tDAR, please contact us at comments@tdar.org.


Ancient genomics of Neolithic to Bronze Age Baikal hunter-gatherers (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Peter De Barros Damgaard. Jeremy Choin. Andrzej Weber. Martin Sikora. Eske Willerslev.

Genome-wide data from hunter-gatherer populations of the Upper Paleolithic to Neolithic has provided unprecedented insight into the human evolutionary and demographic trajectory. However such datasets have hitherto been largely confined to Western Eurasia. The sole representative of Inner Asian past populations post-dating the split between paleolithic Europeans and Asians, as well as paleolithic Siberians and East Asians, are the Mal'ta and Afontova Gora individuals, the Ancient North East...


Anthropology Underwater: Landscape archaeology above and below water in the Great Lakes (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Ashley Lemke.

Submerged prehistoric landscapes have unique traits which make them invaluable to archaeologists – increased preservation of organic remains, Pompeii-like snap shots in time, and data that either do not exist on land or are deeply buried. These attributes make the few challenges that remain for conducting archaeology underwater more than worth the effort. Early human occupation in the Great Lakes has been difficult to investigate as acidic soils and dynamic water levels left many archaeological...


Archaeological Applications of Optimal Foraging Theory: Harvest Strategies of Aleut Hunter-Gatherers (1981)
DOCUMENT Citation Only David R. Yesner.

This resource is a citation record only, the Center for Digital Antiquity does not have a copy of this document. The information in this record has been migrated into tDAR from the National Archaeological Database Reports Module (NADB-R) and updated. Most NADB-R records consist of a document citation and other metadata but do not have the documents themselves uploaded. If you have a digital copy of the document and would like to have it curated in tDAR, please contact us at comments@tdar.org.


Archaeological Implications for an Agent-Based Model of Subsistence Intensification in the Western Desert of Australia (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Christopher Jazwa. Michael Price. Douglas Bird.

Agent-based models are useful tools for modeling decision making and its system level effects when the system being modeled is too complex to be accurately described by a simple mathematical model. This is important archaeologically because site distributions and material assemblages represent the aggregate results of many individual subsistence decisions that take place in a complex ecological and social landscape. In this poster, we present an agent-based model for subsistence intensification...


The Archaeology of Clovis Landscape Use at the Mockingbird Gap site, New Mexico and Surrounding Regions (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Marcus Hamilton. Briggs Buchanan.

In this paper we discuss recent work at the Mockingbird Gap Clovis site, New Mexico, and the surrounding region, designed to understand how Clovis hunter-gatherers utilized and adapted to the regional landscape and its available resources. Focusing on lithic raw material use, we show that the Clovis occupants of Mockingbird Gap had access to a wide diversity of high quality raw materials from a large area of the Southwest. Moreover, Clovis raw material network analysis across the continent...


Archaeology of Fueguian Islands: Tierra del Fuego, Dawson and Navarino, Human Settlement and Cultural Interaction (Patagonia, Chile) (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Flavia Morello Repetto. Fabiana Martin. Mauricio Massone. Marta Alfonso-Durruty. Manuel San Roman.

The fueguian archipelago, dominated by three mayor islands named Tierra del Fuego, Dawson and Navarino, is located in the southernmost end of South America. Peopled by hunter-gatherer societies since c. 10.500 BP, the interior sea formations date to Early Holocene. Shoreline environments have evidence of specialized marine adaptation since c. 6.500 BP, after which colonization has been generally interpreted as homogenous, stable and continuous. Ethnohistoric and ethnographic records account for...


Archaeology of Monitor Valley, 1. Epistemology (1983)
DOCUMENT Citation Only David Hurst Thomas.

This resource is a citation record only, the Center for Digital Antiquity does not have a copy of this document. The information in this record has been migrated into tDAR from the National Archaeological Database Reports Module (NADB-R) and updated. Most NADB-R records consist of a document citation and other metadata but do not have the documents themselves uploaded. If you have a digital copy of the document and would like to have it curated in tDAR, please contact us at comments@tdar.org.


Archaeology of Recent Caribou Hunters, Chapter 5 (1979)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Arthur E. Spiess.

This resource is a citation record only, the Center for Digital Antiquity does not have a copy of this document. The information in this record has been migrated into tDAR from the National Archaeological Database Reports Module (NADB-R) and updated. Most NADB-R records consist of a document citation and other metadata but do not have the documents themselves uploaded. If you have a digital copy of the document and would like to have it curated in tDAR, please contact us at comments@tdar.org.


Around the Lower Pecos in 1,095 Days: A Baseline Rock Art Documentation Project (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jerod Roberts. Victoria Roberts. Carolyn Boyd.

The Lower Pecos Canyonlands of southwest Texas and northern Mexico houses some of the most complex and compositionally intricate prehistoric rock art in the world. Presently, there are over 300 archaeological sites reported to include rock art in Val Verde County Texas, with a vast majority not being revisited since they received their site designation 30 to 50 years ago. In January 2017, Shumla Archaeological Research and Education Center launched the Baseline Rock Art Documentation Project: a...


Assessing hunter-gatherer mobility in Australia's Western Desert using historic aerial imagery from the 1950s (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Michael Price. Rebecca Bliege Bird. Douglas Bird.

Access to water, food, and other resources is a critical factor structuring hunter-gatherer mobility, but few landscape-level studies have examined how resource availability influences where foragers go and how long they remain at one place before moving on. Using a newly available set of aerial images from the Western Desert of Australia taken in 1953, we utilize a simple ideal-free distribution model to reconstruct forager mobility by the fire footprints they leave behind. We examine three...


Auditory Exostoses as Indicators of Mobility and Sexual Divisions of Labor in the Green River Valley, Kentucky (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Karen Stevens.

Auditory Exostoses (AEs), commonly called "surfer’s ear," are benign bony swellings in the external auditory canal and most often occur due to regular exposure of the ear to cold water and wind. Some of the highest frequencies of AEs encountered are found in Archaic Period populations of the Green River Valley, Kentucky. Previous measurements of sample populations have shown a range of 12.6 to 34.9 percent of adults with one or more AE, with even higher percentages existing among the male...


Beluga Hunters; an Archaeological Reconstruction of the History and Culture of the Mackenzie Delta Kittegaryumiut (1974)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Robert McGhee.

This resource is a citation record only, the Center for Digital Antiquity does not have a copy of this document. The information in this record has been migrated into tDAR from the National Archaeological Database Reports Module (NADB-R) and updated. Most NADB-R records consist of a document citation and other metadata but do not have the documents themselves uploaded. If you have a digital copy of the document and would like to have it curated in tDAR, please contact us at comments@tdar.org.


Blade production at El Sosiego locality, southern Patagonia, Argentina. (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Lucas Vetrisano.

Evidence for blade production has been found in the Santa Cruz River basin, with chronologies between ca. 1900 and 1100 years BP, although not all the cases gexhibit the same characteristics. Differential frequencies in blade numbers have been used to argue that the Santa Cruz River was a frontier between human populations, but there is also variability in knapping methods. I will focus on El Sosiego locality, which includes an archaeological site dating to ca. 1900 yr BP and surface materials...


Bridging the "Kansyore gap": Continuous Occupation and Changing Subsistence Strategies at Namundiri A, Eastern Uganda (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Mica Jones. Ruth Tibesasa.

Environmental heterogeneity and climatic instability in the mid-Holocene (~8,000-3,000 BP) are linked to increased socioeconomic diversity in East Africa. Increasing aridity ca. 6,000-5,000 BP encouraged early herders to migrate south into the region, while local hunter-gatherers intensified their reliance on ecologically-rich environments. Kansyore hunter-gatherers of the Lake Victoria basin established specialized subsistence systems that incorporated heavy pottery-use and seasonal site...


Burning Water: Time and Creation in the Rock Art of the Lower Pecos (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Carolyn Boyd. Kim Cox.

The White Shaman Mural (~2000 BP) is a planned composition with rules governing the portrayal of symbolic forms and the sequencing of colors. Using digital microscopy we determined that all black paint was applied first, followed by red, then yellow, and last white. Complex images were woven together to form an intricate visual narrative detailing the birth of the sun and beginning of time. One of the key figures in this creation narrative is a small anthropomorphic figure bearing red antlers...


Coming-for-the-Bison, Going-to-the-Sun – Evolution and Significance of Staging Places on the Northern Rocky Mountain Front (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Maria Zedeño. Jesse Ballenger. Matthew Pailes. Francois Lanoe.

As early as the terminal Pleistocene, the northern Rockies witnessed human movement across mountain passes and high terraces overlooking expanses of boreal forest, tundra, and melting ice. Applying lessons learned from David H. Thomas’ work in the central Great Basin, we combine the archaeology, geomorphology, and ethnohistory of the St. Mary River Bridge Site (24GL203) and other sites in the vicinity of east Glacier National Park to discuss how mobile groups colonized a landscape characterized...


The concept of "domesticity" in Magdalenian life (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Kathleen Sterling.

A number of recent publications about Magdalenian life have used terms such as "domestic" or "household" and their derivations to differentiate between different types of sites or tools, and perhaps also to underscore the fact that archaeology is about people, not just materials. This language also reflects the influence household archaeology has had in expanding studies of sedentary societies. It is not clear, however, that a distinction between domestic and non-domestic activities is...


Considering Robustness and Vulnerability in Texas Hunter-Gatherer Social-Ecological Systems using Stable Isotope Data (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Robert Hard. Jacob Freeman. Raymond Mauldin.

We analyze stable carbon and nitrogen isotopic data from over 200 foragers from inland, riverine, and coastal settings on the Texas Coastal Plain. Prehistoric foragers on the Texas Coastal Plain faced the challenge of maintaining a robust supply of food despite constant changes in their environments, including seasonal changes and changes that occurred over decades-to-centuries, like climate change and sea level rise. Given that coastal estuaries and inland river valleys had resources that...


Contemporary Hunter-Gather Archaeology in America: In American Archaeology Past and Future: a Celebration of the Society for American Arch (1986)
DOCUMENT Citation Only David Hurst Thomas.

This resource is a citation record only, the Center for Digital Antiquity does not have a copy of this document. The information in this record has been migrated into tDAR from the National Archaeological Database Reports Module (NADB-R) and updated. Most NADB-R records consist of a document citation and other metadata but do not have the documents themselves uploaded. If you have a digital copy of the document and would like to have it curated in tDAR, please contact us at comments@tdar.org.


Cooperation and Violence in Prehistoric California: A Brief Inter-Regional Evaluation (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Terry Jones. Al Schwitalla.

Inter-group cooperation in prehistoric California has traditionally been evaluated via the relative intensity of exchange--tracked archaeologically with shell beads and obsidian. Transported great distances (most commonly via down-the-line exchange) trade items in abundance imply amiable inter-group relations, if not actual cooperation. Violence, on the other hand, as represented in the ethnographic and bio-archaeological records, is generally assumed to represent hostile interactions between...


Correlating climate change and archaeological record in the Iron Gates Mesolithic (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Ivana Radovanovic.

Material culture record from the Danube Iron Gates Mesolithic reflects a variety of hunter-gatherer adaptive strategies, including shifts in the foraging methods, changes in preferential choices for the raw material extraction, and a variable use of the same locations for residential and/or aggregation camps covering over five millennia. Archaeological debates however remained focused mainly on a few hundred years of the local hunter-gatherers’ interaction with the incoming food producers during...


Cultural Resource Inventory of the Bennett Peak Area, Carbon County, Wyoming (1980)
DOCUMENT Citation Only J. Charles Mackey. John W. Greer.

This resource is a citation record only, the Center for Digital Antiquity does not have a copy of this document. The information in this record has been migrated into tDAR from the National Archaeological Database Reports Module (NADB-R) and updated. Most NADB-R records consist of a document citation and other metadata but do not have the documents themselves uploaded. If you have a digital copy of the document and would like to have it curated in tDAR, please contact us at comments@tdar.org.